Islam In Africa And Europe

Author by : Norman C. Rothman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
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Description : This book is of interest to both the general reader and the student of Islamic, African, and European Affairs. It gives the historical and contemporary state of Islam in selected countries in Africa and Europe. Part one, a general introduction, reviews the arrival and evolution of Islam on the continents of Africa and Europe. Part II through Part VII concentrates on specific regions. Part II deals with North Africa with specific reference to Algeria and Libya. Part III examines West Africa with the focus on Mali and Nigeria. Part IV treats East Africa with studies of Somalia and Nigeria. Part V covers the Caucasus as it is concerned with Azerbaijan, Dagestan, and Chechnya. Part VI concentrates on the Balkan with chapters on the Albanian world and Bosnia respectively. Part VII discusses the Muslim diaspora in Europe through a scrutiny of the role in Islam in France, the United Kingdom (Great Britain), and Germany. Part VIII is devoted to concluding comments. In addition to citations and references, the book provides a glossary of terms in addition to the index. In addition to the obvious fields of Islamic, African, and European Studies, this inter-disciplinary work is of interest to students of history, government, comparative religion, and general anthropology and sociology with its focus on culture and society. It is the concluding volume of a trilogy that covers Islam on a global basis.


Transcultural Modernities

Author by : Elisabeth Bekers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
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Description : The swelling flows of migration from Africa towards Europe have aroused interest not only in the socio-political consequences of the migrants' insistent appeals to 'fortress Europe' but also in the artistic integration of African migrants into the cultural world of Europe. While in recent years the creative output of Africans living in Europe has received attention from the media and in academia, little critical consideration has been given to African migrants' modes of narration and the manner in which these modes give expression to, or are an expression of, their creators' transcultural realities.Transcultural Modernities: Narrating Africa in Europe responds to this need for reflection by examining the manner in which migrants compose and negotiate their Euro-African affiliations in their narratives. The book brings together scholars in the fields of literary and art criticism, cultural studies, and anthropology for an extensive interdisciplinary exchange on the specific modes of narration displayed in Euro-African literatures, the visual arts, and cinema, as well as offering ethnographic case studies. The result is a wide range of reflections on how African artists, writers, and ordinary people living in Europe experience and explore their transcultural and/or postcolonial environments, and how their experiences and explorations in turn contribute to the construction of modern Euro-African life-worlds.


Africa

Author by : Professor Emeritus Phyllis M Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
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Description : Since the publication of the first edition of this book in 1977, Africa has established itself as the most popular introductory text for African studies courses in North America. This third edition has been completely revised and brought up to date since the 1986 edition, reflecting changes in African society and politics, and in the scholarship available on this vast and complex continent. Contents I. Introduction 1. Africa: Problems and Perspectives. Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O'Meara 2. The Contemporary Map of Africa. Michael L. McNulty II. The African Past 3. Prehistoric Africa. Kathy D. Schick 4. Aspects of Early African History. John Lamphear and Toyin Falola 5. Islam and African Societies. John H. Hanson 6. Africa and Europe before 1900. Curtis A. Keim 7. The Colonial Era. Sheldon Gellar 8. Decolonization, Independence, and the Failure of Politics. Edmond J. Keller III. Society and Culture 9. Social Organization in Africa. John C. McCall 10. Economic Life in African Villages and Towns. Mahir Saul 11. African Systems of Thought. Ivan Karp 12. African Art. Patrick McNaughton and Diane Pelrine 13. African Music Performed. Ruth M. Stone 14. Popular Culture in Urban Africa. Dele Jegede 15. African Literature. Eileen Julien 16. Social Change in Contemporary Africa. Claire Robertson 17. Law and Society in Contemporary Africa. Takyiwaa Manuh IV. Economics and Politics 18. African Politics since Independence. N. Brian Winchester 19. Economic Change in Contemporary Africa. Sara Berry 20. The African Development Crisis. Richard Stryker and Stephen N. Ndegwa 21. South Africa. C. R. D. Halisi and Patrick O'Meara Africana Resources for Undergraduates: A Bibliographic Essay. Nancy J. Schmidt


Near West

Author by : Allen James Fromherz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edinburgh University Press
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Description : This book tells stories of interaction, conflict and common exchange between Berbers, Arabs, Latins, Muslims, Christians and Jews in North Africa and Latin Europe. Medieval Western European and North African history were part of a common Western Mediterranean culture. Examining shared commerce, slavery, mercenary activity, art and intellectual and religious debates, this book argues that North Africa was an integral part of western Medieval History. The book tells the history of North Africa and Europe through the eyes of Christian kings and Muslim merchants, Emirs and Popes, Sufis, Friars and Rabbis. It argues North Africa and Europe together experienced the Twelfth Century Renaissance and the Commercial Revolution. When Europe was highly divided during twelfth century, North Africa was enjoying the peak of its power, united under the Berber, Almohad Empire. In the midst of a common commercial growth throughout the medieval period, North Africa and Europe also shared in a burst of spirituality and mysticism. This growth of spirituality occurred even as representatives of Judaism, Christianity and Islam debated and defended their faiths, dreaming of conversion even as they shared the same rational methods. The growth of spirituality instigated a Second Axial Age in the history of religion. Challenging the idea of a Mediterranean split between between Islam and Christianity, the book shows how the Maghrib (North Africa) was not a Muslim, Arab monolith or as an extension of the exotic Orient. North Africa, not the Holy Land to the far East, was the first place where Latin Europeans encountered the Muslim other and vice versa. Medieval North Africa was as diverse and complex as Latin Europe. North Africa should not be dismissed as a side show of European history. North Africa was, in fact, an integral part of the story.


Islam In Europe

Author by : Jack Goody
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Description : This vigorously argued book reveals the central role that Islam has played in European history. Following the movement of people, culture and religion from East to West, Goody breaks down the perceived opposition between Islam and Europe, showing Islam to be a part of Europe's past and present. In an historical analysis of religious warfare and forced migration, Goody examines our understanding of legitimate violence, ethnic cleansing and terrorism. His comparative perspective offers important and illuminating insights into current political problems and conflicts. Goody traces three routes of Islam into Europe, following the Arab through North Africa, Spain and Mediterranean Europe; the Turk through Greece and the Balkans; and the Mongol through Southern Russia to Poland and Lithuania. Each thrust made its mark on Europe in terms of population and culture. Yet this was not merely a military impact: especially in Spain, but elsewhere too, Europe was substantially modified by this contact. Today it takes the form of some eleven million immigrants, not to speak of the possible incorporation of further millions through Bosnia, Albania and Turkey.


Mediterranean Contaminations

Author by : Giuliano Mion
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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Description : The series Studies on Modern Orient provides an overview of religious, political and social phenomena in modern and contemporary Muslim societies. The volumes do not only take into account Near and Middle Eastern countries, but also explore Islam and Muslim culture in other regions of the world, for example, in Europe and the US. The series Studies on Modern Orient was founded in 2010 by Klaus Schwarz Verlag.


Remaking Islam In African Portugal

Author by : Michelle Johnson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : When Guinean Muslims leave their homeland, they encounter radically new versions of Islam and new approaches to religion more generally. In Remaking Islam in African Portugal, Michelle C. Johnson explores the religious lives of these migrants in the context of diaspora. Since Islam arrived in West Africa centuries ago, Muslims in this region have long conflated ethnicity and Islam, such that to be Mandinga or Fula is also to be Muslim. But as they increasingly encounter Muslims not from Africa, as well as other ways of being Muslim, they must question and revise their understanding of "proper" Muslim belief and practice. Many men, in particular, begin to separate African custom from global Islam. Johnson maintains that this cultural intersection is highly gendered as she shows how Guinean Muslim men in Lisbon--especially those who can read Arabic, have made the pilgrimage to Mecca, and attend Friday prayer at Lisbon's central mosque--aspire to be cosmopolitan Muslims. By contrast, Guinean women--many of whom never studied the Qur'an, do not read Arabic, and feel excluded from the mosque--remain more comfortably rooted in African custom. In response, these women have created a "culture club" as an alternative Muslim space where they can celebrate life course rituals and Muslim holidays on their own terms. Remaking Islam in African Portugal highlights what being Muslim means in urban Europe and how Guinean migrants' relationships to their ritual practices must change as they remake themselves and their religion.


History Of Islam In Europe

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Islam is the second largest religious belief in Europe after Christianity. Islam entered southern Europe through the invading "Moors" of North Africa in the 8th-10th centuries; Muslim political entities existed firmly in what is today Spain, Portugal, South Italy and Malta for several centuries. This book traces the history of how Islam originated in Europe and how is exist today. This book is a compilation of high quality articles from the Internet.


Political Islam

Author by : Barry M. Rubin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


West Africa Before Europe And Other Addresses Delivered In England In 1901 And 1903

Author by : Edward Wilmot Blyden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Theclassics.Us
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Description : This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ... islam in western soudan. There is at the present moment probably no question of deeper practical interest to the European Powers, who for political and commercial objects have partitioned Africa among themselves, than the question of Islam in Soudan, both Eastern and Western. The elaborate Report of Sir Frederick Lngard, High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria, presented to Parliament in February, 1902, is almost of pathetic interest, considering the vastness of the area and the multitudinous Muslim papulation under his rule, and having regard also to the slender outfit at his command for administrative work. Public attention, in a most unusual decree, has been Article reprinted from Journal of West African Society; October, 1002. attracted to that important region, recently brought within the British Empire. Civilisation, within the last fifty years, has advanced with rapid strides, and the solidarity of humanity is being more and more recognised. Religion and race are ceasing to be barriers between man and man. "The steamship and the railway, and the thoughts that shake mankind," are annihilating distances and reducing differences and distinctions between communities alien to each other and living in various climes and countries. The Afkican Society is an offspring and illustration of the spirit of the times. So far as Africa is concerned, Miss Kingsley, whose memory it commemorates, has created a new standpoint for European thought. She has made it possible for African conditions, whether intellectual social or religious, to be studied by outsiders with patience and without prejudice; and the impulse she has given in that righteous direction will never be spent, because if the human intellect In its investigations can only be made to...


Political Islam Case Studies Africa Iran Europe Asia

Author by : Barry M. Rubin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Organized into sections, this book discusses the origins and world view of political Islam and its relationship with issues of terrorism and democracy. This three-volume collection also includes case studies that examine the ideas, strategy, tactics, leadership and opposition to the movement both in the Middle East and in other parts of the world.


Islamic European Expansion

Author by : Michael Adas
Languange : en
Publisher by : Temple University Press
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Description : This volume of essays makes available the essential background information and methods for effective teaching and writing on cross-cultural history. The contributors--some of the most distinguished writers of global and comparative history--chart the advances in understanding in their fields of concentration, revealing both specific findings and broad patterns that have emerged. The cover image, "The Arrival of the Dutch at Patane," from Theodore de Bry, India Orientals, Part VIII (Frankfurt: W. Richteri, 1607) depicts the two key phases of global history that are covered by the essays. Muslim inhabitants of the town of Patane on the Malayan peninsula warily confront a Dutch landing party whose bearing suggests that it is engaged in yet another episode in the saga of European overseas exploration and discovery. The presence of the Muslims in Malaya reflects an earlier process of expansion that saw Islamic civilization spread from Spain and Morocco in the west to the Philippines in the east in the millennium between the 7th and 17th centuries. The Dutch came by sea to an area on the coastal and island fringes of Asia, the one zone where their warships gave them a decisive edge in this era. The citizens of Patane had good reason to distrust the European intruders, since the Portuguese who had preceded the Dutch had used force whenever possible to control the formerly peaceful trade in the region and often to persecute Muslim Peoples. Author note: Michael Adas is Abraham Voorhees Professor of History at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. He is currently editor of the American Historical Association's series on Global and Comparative History and co-editor of the Cambridge University Press series on "Studies in Comparative World History." He has published numerous articles and books, including most recently (with Peter Stearns and Stuart Schwartz) World Civilization: The Global Experience (1992) and Turbulent Passage: A Global History of the Twentieth Century (1993).


Europe S Gift To Africa

Author by : Gabriel Kingsley Osei
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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The Muslim Diaspora Volume 1 570 1500

Author by : Everett Jenkins, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
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Description : This first volume covers the development of Islam in the period from the birth of Muhammad in C.E. 570 through 1500, during which Islam grew to dominate the area which has come to be known as the Middle East. Along with their religion, Muslims carried their culture, their goods, and their innovations to the far corners of the globe. Their contributions to Western civilization-such as new kinds of agriculture (irrigation, oranges, sugarcane, cotton), manufactured goods (satin, rugs, paper, perfumes), and technology (astrolabe, compass, lateen sail)--are set out in detail.


Early Islamic North Africa

Author by : Corisande Fenwick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : This volume proposes a new approach to the Arab conquests and the spread of Islam in North Africa. In recent years, those studying the Islamic world have shown that the coming of Islam was not marked by devastation or decline, but rather by considerable cultural and economic continuity. In North Africa, with continuity came significant change. Corisande Fenwick argues that the establishment of Muslim rule also coincided with a phase of intense urbanization, the appearance of new architectural forms (mosques, housing, hammams), the spread of Muslim social and cultural practices, the introduction of new crops and manufacturing techniques and the establishment of new trading links with sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and the Middle East. This concise and accessible book offers the first assessment of the archaeology of early Islamic North Africa (7th–9th centuries), drawing on a wide range of new evidence from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. It lays out current debates about its interpretation and suggests new ways of thinking about this crucial period in world history. Essential reading for those interested in understanding the impact of the Arab conquests and the spread of Islam on daily life, it will also challenge students of archaeology and history to think in new ways about North Africa, the earliest Islamic empires and states and the transition from the Roman to the medieval Mediterranean.


Christian Muslim Relations A Bibliographical History

Author by : David Thomas
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : (CMR 7) is a history of all the known works on relations from Central and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and South America in the period 1500-1600. Its detailed entries contain descriptions, assessments and comprehensive bibliographical details on individual works.


Islam And The European Empires

Author by : David Motadel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Past & Present Books
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Description : A comparative account of the engagement of all major European empires with Islam in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, exploring an array of themes, ranging from the accommodation of Islam under imperial rule to Islamic anti-colonial resistance and contributing to our understanding of religion and power in the modern world.


Africa From The Sixteenth To The Eighteenth Century

Author by : Bethwell A. Ogot
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
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Total Read : 10
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Description : Volume V of this acclaimed series is now available in an abridged paperback edition. The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa's contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography. This fifth volume of the acclaimed series covers the history of the continent from the beginning of the sixteenth century to the close of the eighteenth century in which two themes emerge: first, the continuing internal evolution of the states and cultures of Africa during this period; second, the increasing involvement of Africa in external trade--with major but unforeseen consequences for the whole world. In North Africa, we see the Ottomans conquer Egypt. South of the Sahara, some of the larger, older states collapse, and new power bases emerge. Traditional religions continue to coexist with both Christianity (suffering setbacks) and Islam (in the ascendancy). Along the coast, particularly of West Africa, Europeans establish a trading network which, with the development of New World plantation agriculture, becomes the focus of the international slave trade. The immediate consequences of this trade for Africa are explored, and it is argued that the long-term global consequences include the foundation of the present world-economy with all its built-in inequalities.


Arab Versus European

Author by : Norman Robert Bennett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Africana Pub
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The Muslim Diaspora 1500 1799

Author by : Everett Jenkins
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 9
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Description : This first volume covers the development of Islam in the period from the birth of Muhammad in C.E. 570 through 1500, during which Islam grew to dominate the area which has come to be known as the Middle East. --


The Muslim Discovery Of Europe

Author by : Bernard Lewis
Languange : en
Publisher by : W. W. Norton & Company
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Description : "Full of rare and exact information.... A distinguished work."—New York Review of Books The eleventh-century Muslim world was a great civilization while Europe lay slumbering in the Dark Ages. Slowly, inevitably, Europe and Islam came together, through trade and war, crusade and diplomacy. The ebb and flow between these two worlds for seven hundred years, illuminated here by a brilliant historian, is one of the great sagas of world history.


A Global History Of The Ancient World

Author by : Eivind Heldaas Seland
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
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Description : Ancient history has traditionally focused on Greece and Rome. This book takes a global approach to the distant past, following the development of human societies across the globe from the last Ice Age, 11,700 years ago, to the rise of Islam in the seventh century CE. The only book of its kind, A Global History of the Ancient World provides succinct narratives of the first Asian, African, and European civilizations and their importance for later history without foregoing the key topics of conventional textbooks. Thematic overviews give truly global perspectives on connections, disconnections and parallel developments shaping the ancient world. Written for students of history, classics, and related disciplines, the book will appeal to anyone interested in widening their view of early history.


The Muslim Diaspora Volume 2 1500 1799

Author by : Everett Jenkins, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
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Description : This second volume details the continued spread of Muslim culture and peoples during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a period that saw the height of the powerful Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires, followed by their precipitous decline. The contributions of Muslims to the development of Western civilization continue to be highlighted in this chronology, most notably the impact of the Ottoman Empire on Western art and literature and its role in creating an environment in which the Protestant Reformation could take root. This volume reveals the interconnectedness of the Muslim, Jewish, African and European diasporas during this period.


Mediterraneans

Author by : Julia Ann Clancy-Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
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Total Read : 20
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Description : Today labor migrants mostly move south to north across the Mediterranean. Yet in the nineteenth century thousands of Europeans and others, some of bourgeois status but many impoverished, moved south to North Africa, Egypt, and the Levant. This extraordinary study of a dynamic borderland, the Tunis region, forged by diverse kinds of migrants and mobilities offers the fullest picture to date of the Mediterranean before, and during, French colonialism. In a vibrant examination of people in motion, Clancy-Smith tells the story of countless migrants, travelers, and adventurers who traversed the Mediterranean, changing it forever. Who were they? Why did they leave home? What awaited them in North Africa? And most importantly, how did an Arab-Muslim state and society make room for the newcomers? Combining fleeting facts, tales of success and failure, and vivid cameos, Clancy-Smith explores questions raised by migrations: women and gender, legal pluralism, finding work, informal sector economies, missionaries, and Islamic reform. With vivid details and broad geographical and historical sweep, the book gives a groundbreaking view of one of the principal ways that the Mediterranean became modern.


Islam In Europe

Author by : Jack Goody
Languange : en
Publisher by : Polity
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
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File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : This vigorously argued book reveals the central role that Islam has played in European history. Following the movement of people, culture and religion from East to West, Goody breaks down the perceived opposition between Islam and Europe, showing Islam to be a part of Europe's past and present. In an historical analysis of religious warfare and forced migration, Goody examines our understanding of legitimate violence, ethnic cleansing and terrorism. His comparative perspective offers important and illuminating insights into current political problems and conflicts. Goody traces three routes of Islam into Europe, following the Arab through North Africa, Spain and Mediterranean Europe; the Turk through Greece and the Balkans; and the Mongol through Southern Russia to Poland and Lithuania. Each thrust made its mark on Europe in terms of population and culture. Yet this was not merely a military impact: especially in Spain, but elsewhere too, Europe was substantially modified by this contact. Today it takes the form of some eleven million immigrants, not to speak of the possible incorporation of further millions through Bosnia, Albania and Turkey.


Europe And Islam

Author by : Franco Cardini
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wiley-Blackwell
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
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Description : In this book Franco Cardini examines the ideas, prejudices, disinformation and anti-information that have formed and coloured Europe's attitude towards Islam over 1500 years.


Transnational Islam And Regional Security

Author by : Frederic Volpi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
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Description : This volume investigates the impact of a new brand of transnational terrorism and political violence produced by radical Islamist groups from the Maghreb on the regional security dynamics. It describes the causes of the problems and the strategies devised by European and North African states in order to address it and details the successes and failures of co-operation between states and society on both shores of the Mediterranean. Investigating the grand security strategies that have been devised for the Mediterranean after the Cold War and after 9/11, the contributors focus on the role of police and military apparati in securitizing the new threats that have become prominent after 9/11, and the unintended consequences of these strategies. In addition, the contributors analyze the relationship between Islamist groups, the state and society and highlight some key causes of political violence and radicalism. They outline how a better use of the law, migration, and intercultural dialogue might provide useful alternatives or complements to the mostly securitarian strategies that are currently dominant in the region.


The Muslim Diaspora Volume 1 570 1500

Author by : Everett Jenkins, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 167
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : This first volume covers the development of Islam in the period from the birth of Muhammad in C.E. 570 through 1500, during which Islam grew to dominate the area which has come to be known as the Middle East. Along with their religion, Muslims carried their culture, their goods, and their innovations to the far corners of the globe. Their contributions to Western civilization-such as new kinds of agriculture (irrigation, oranges, sugarcane, cotton), manufactured goods (satin, rugs, paper, perfumes), and technology (astrolabe, compass, lateen sail)--are set out in detail.