Jewish Christian Gospel Tradition

Author by : Albertus Frederik Johannes Klijn
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This work represents the first independent study of the Jewish-Christian Gospel fragments and of the use of the Jewish-Christian Gospel tradition in early Christian and medieval literature. The author identifies and introduces the Jewish-Christian Gospels and their sources, presents a critical study of genuine and spurious references to Jewish-Christian Gospels, and then goes on to offer a critical text (with apparatus and bibliography), a translation and a full commentary for each individual fragment.


The Hebrew Gospel And The Development Of The Synoptic Tradition

Author by : James R. Edwards
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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Description : This book offers a new explanation of the development of the first three Gospels based on a careful examination of both patristic testimony to the "Hebrew Gospel" and internal evidence in the canonical Gospels themselves. James Edward breaks new ground and challenges assumptions that have long been held in the New Testament guild but actually lack solid evidence.


Gnostica Judaica Catholica Collected Essays Of Gilles Quispel

Author by : Gilles Quispel
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume brings together a rich and varied collection of essays by Gilles Quispel (1916-2006), Professor of the History of the Early Church at Utrecht University from 1951 until his retirement in 1983. During his illustrious career, Professor Quispel was also visiting Professor at Harvard University in 1964/65, and visiting Professor at the Catholic University of Leuven from 1969 until 1974. The fifty essays collected in this volume testify to most of the prominent themes from Professor Quispel’s scholarly career: the writings of the Nag Hammadi library in general and the Gospel of Thomas in particular; Tatian’s Diatessaron and its influences; the Hermetica; Mani and Manichaeism; the Jewish origins of Gnosticism; and Gnosis and the future of Christianity. This volume also makes a number of his less known earlier publications (mainly presented under the heading ‘Catholica’) available to the international community. Until shortly before he died, Professor Quispel remained active in his study of the Gospel of Thomas. He had been one of the first to acquire the Coptic text of the Gospel of Thomas, of which he published the first translation in 1959 and his final translation in 2005. He was also active in researching the Diatessaron, and Valentinus ‘the Gnostic’. One of his most recent essays – published for the first time in this volume – is on ‘the Muslim Jesus.’


Jesus And Gospel Traditions In Bilingual Context

Author by : Sang-Il Lee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Walter de Gruyter
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Description : Most historical Jesus and Gospel scholars have supposed that the Jesus and Gospel traditions were unidirectionally transmitted from Judaeo-Palestinian into Hellenistic, from oral into written and from Aramaic into Greek, and never vice versa. However, this book proposes that linguistic milieus of 1st-century Palestine and the Roman Near East were bilingual in Greek and vernacular languages and that the earliest church in Jerusalem was a bilingual Christian community. The study of bilingualism creates fresh insights into the origins of Jesus and Gospel traditions, historical Jesus research and the beginnings of Christianity.


Jewish Christian Gospel Tradition

Author by : Klijn
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This work represents the first independent study of the Jewish Christian Gospel fragments and of the use of the Jewish-Christian Gospel tradition in early Christian and medieval literature.


Between The Menorah And The Cross

Author by : Stephen Beebe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Xlibris Corporation
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Description : In the first century of Christianity the church lived a precarious existence in Palestine. Externally it faced the oppression of Rome and the opposition of an orthodox Jewish majority. Internally the Gospel writers struggled to consolidate a congregation of Jewish converts with stubbornly ingrained Judaic traditions. By reading the Gospels with this historical perspective, we can see the day-to-day trials of the early church, and how the church fathers faced up to the challenges of traditions that contradicted the teachings of the new faith. In comparison to the Jewish tradition into which Jesus was born, one of the most radical Christian teachings was associated with the nature of the human soul and its continuing existence after death. The Old Testament is not explicit about an afterlife, and a firm belief in an eternal soul did not form a part of traditional Judaism. When Jesus spoke of eternal life, this was a challenge to His audience, and even His own followers had difficulty assimilating this concept. Another concept that was perhaps even more challenging for early Jewish Christians was the position of Jesus as One at the right hand of God, and a Spirit that existed from the very dawn of creation. To the Jews this teaching violated the sacrosanct principle of monotheism a principle that was inherited from Abraham and that was at the very center of Jewish consciousness. Between the Menorah and the Cross takes a fresh look at the differences between Christianity and Judaism, examining the teachings of Jesus that contrasted markedly with the orthodox Jewish view. Reflecting on this dimension offers a new perspective on the mission of Christ in the first century. While we are familiar with the clashes between Jesus and the scribes and Pharisees, it seldom occurs to us that the issues at the center of those conflicts were also issues to be dealt with between the church fathers and their Jewish Christian congregations. For while the Jewish Christians had accepted Jesus as Messiah, other points of Christian doctrine were slow to be assimilated. Thus the church fathers struggled to deepen their congregations in the subtleties of the Message of Jesus. But more significant still is the fact that their experience colored the way that they wrote the Gospels, the vocabulary that they chose, and the nuances that they embedded in the text. In other words, the way we read the Gospels today is influenced by the experience of Christians in the first century! Only by reexamining their experience and their historical context can we really appreciate the message in the Gospels. Chapter 1. Jacobs pillow: A scientific materialist reconciles with Christianity This chapter describes the authors early sense of discomfort with Jesus and with Christianity in general. Rebelling against his traditional family religion, he ran the gauntlet from skeptic to atheist to scientific materialist. When finally he became a member of the Bah Faith, he still had not reconciled with Christianity, much less did he feel at ease with the Jesus that he had known through Christianity. The author had to overcome that sense of discomfort by understanding better the milieu in which the Gospels were written, which in turn reveals the underlying intentions of the Gospel writers with regard to Jesus. Chapter 2. From Abraham to Jesus: The building blocks of faith Surveying the broad sweep of Judeo-Christian history from Abraham to Jesus, we find an evolution of concepts and a maturation of faith. Abraham was the source of monotheism, and monotheism in turn led to the law and ethics of Moses. What did Jesus contribute to this process? Until Jesus appeared, there was very little said in the Bible about life after death, nor about an immortal human soul. It was Jesus who introduced a firm concept of the eternal, indestructible human soul. This represented a milestone in hum


Recovering Jewish Christian Sects And Gospels

Author by : Petri Luomanen
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This book provides a new approach to patristic sources on the earliest Jewish Christians. It shows the artificial nature of the church fathers’ discourse and challenges the widely accepted theory of three Jewish-Christian gospels, bringing the Gospel of the Hebrews closer to its synoptic cousins.


Rabbinical Translations Of Matthew

Author by : Rav Yaakov Bar Yosef
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lulu Press, Inc
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Description : Matthew in the list of Apostles, usually pairing him with St. Thomas, the New Testament offers scanty and uncertain information about him. Outside the New Testament, a statement of importance about him is the passage from the Apostolic Father Papias of Hierapolis preserved by Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea: “So then Matthew composed the Oracles in the Hebrew language, and each one interpreted them as he could.” The Gospel According to Matthew was certainly written for a Jewish-Christian church in a strongly Jewish environment, but that this Matthew is definitely the synoptic author is seriously doubted. Tradition notes his ministry in Judaea, after which he supposedly missioned to the East, suggesting Ethiopia and Persia. Legend differs as to the scene of his missions and as to whether he died a natural or a martyr’s death. Matthew’s relics were reputedly discovered in Salerno (Italy) in 1080. His symbol is an angel.


Judaism Jewish Identities And The Gospel Tradition

Author by : James G. Crossley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Contemporary Gospel studies have recently taken increasing interest in the Jewish context of Jesus and the gospels. Judaism, Jewish Identities and the Gospel Tradition offers an overview of the ways in which Judaism is used in the canonical gospels and how this relates to the idea of a 'Jewish Jesus'. The essays bring together a range of influential scholars to analyse the role of Judaism in gospel studies. The book explores constructions of gender, the impact of the historical Jesus, and the significant steps toward Christian distinctiveness made in the gospel of John. The essays cover a range of biblical texts: from the Lord's Prayer to Mark's Christology and the Gerasene Demoniac to themes of poverty in Luke


Jesus And The Gospel

Author by : William Reuben Farmer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Augsburg Fortress Publishing
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Description : This book provides a credible account of the essential development of the tradition concerning Jesus from his own time to that of Constantine. The author, an internationally known and highly original scholar, situates the beginnings of the Jesus tradition with special reference to the Roman-Jewish War of AD 66-70. Attention is given to Paul in relation to the developing Jesus tradition, and to the normative importance of the historical and theological solidarity of Peter and Paul in the face of Judaizers on the one hand, and Gnostics who questioned the normativity of the imitatio Christi ideal on the other. With an account of the relationships between Jewish and Hellenistic literature and the literary and theological form of the Gospels, Prof. Farmer dwells especially on the incorporation of the Jesus tradition into that form. There is a new treatment of the sequence of the Gospels, a full discussion of the external evidence for any treatment of that sequence, and a comprehensive documentation of the secondary character of Mark. The author, who has long been associated with Matthean priority, here lays out his views on that position.


Jesus And The Oral Gospel Tradition

Author by : Henry Wansborough
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : A collection of papers from two international symposia by such important scholars as Aune, Dunn, Gerhardsson, Meyer, Rordorf and Talmon. The articles share the conviction that the only way to break the deadlock in the Synoptic problem is to examine the oral tradition about Jesus which lay behind the Gospels, and to continue even beyond them. The book addresses such central issues as the characteristics of oral tradition: oral tradition in Judaism, in the teaching of Jesus (his aphorisms and the narrative meshalim) and in the Gospel narratives; and the relationships of John, Paul and the Didache to oral tradition. This volume should bring onto a new plane the discussion of the all-important oral stage of Gospel tradition.


The Gospel Of Thomas

Author by : Samuel Zinner
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Matheson Trust
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Description : A translation from Coptic and Greek texts of the Gospel of Thomas, with an in-depth study of the intellectual and historical circumstance of the text, including mystic Jewish and early Christian sources.


The Gospel Of The Savior

Author by : Michael J. Kruger
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume is the first complete analysis of the apocryphal gospel fragment P.Oxy. 840 since its initial discovery nearly a century ago. The various palaeographical and historical questions raised by this apocryphal story are examined, particularly its descriptions of first-century ritual purity practices and its relationship to early Jewish-Christian communities.


Why B Os On The Relationship Between Gospel Genre And Implied Audience

Author by : Justin Marc Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : Justin Marc Smith argues that the gospels were intended to be addressed to a wide and varied audience. He does this by considering them to be works of ancient biography, comparative to the Greco-Roman biography. The earliest Christian interpreters of the Gospels did not understand their works to be sectarian documents. Rather, the wider context of Jesus literature in the second and third centuries points toward the broader Christian practice of writing and disseminating literary presentations of Jesus and Jesus traditions as widely as possible. Smith addresses the difficulty in reconstructing the various gospel communities that might lie behind the gospel texts and suggests that the 'all nations' motif present in all four of the canonical gospels suggests an ideal secondary audience beyond those who could be identified as Christian.


The Non Canonical Gospels

Author by : Paul Foster
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : A fascinating volume, which brings together leading experts in the field, to discuss the most significant of the non-canonical gospels.


Hebrew In The Church

Author by : Pinchas E. Lapide
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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Description : This is a print on demand book and is therefore non- returnable. This book represents the only comprehensive attempt made thus far to survey all the efforts among Christians and Jews from New Testament times onward to translate the New Testament and the Christian liturgy into Hebrew. Whether the translators were intended to convert the Jews or to equip them with information necessary for the discussion of religion with Christians, they served to promote conversation and overcome divisions. The author's intimate knowledge of not only Biblical but also Michnaic and Modern Hebrew has enabled him to appreciate the various efforts at translation with acute sensitivity. Thus, the book is virtually a catalog of successes and failures in mutual understanding. More than the mere data of history, Hebrew in the Church is a penetrating contribution to the entire history of Jewish-Christian relations. It sheds fresh light on history itself, and it suggests important implications for anyone concerned with the exegesis of the New Testament. This unprecedented volume should receive the serious attention not only of specialists, but of all who work for a new understanding between Christians and Jews.


The Gospel Of Matthew And Christian Judaism

Author by : David C. Sim
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : In this meticulously researched study, David C. Sim reconstructs the Matthean community at the time the Gospel was written and traces its full history. Dr. Sim demonstrates that the Matthean community should be located in Antioch in the late first century, and he argues that the history of this community can only be understood in the context of the factionalism of the early Christian movement. He identifies two distinctive and opposing Christian perspectives: the first represented by the Jerusalem church and the Matthean community, which maintained that the Christian message must be preached within the context of Judaism; and the second represented by Paul and the Pauline communities, in which Christians were not expected to observe the Jewish law. Dr. Sim reconstructs not only the conflict between Matthew's Christian Jewish community and the Pauline churches, but also its further conflicts with the Jewish and Gentile worlds in the aftermath of the Jewish war.


The Original Gospel Of Thomas In Translation

Author by : April D. DeConick
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Provides the first comprehensive analysis of the stages of development of the Gospel of Thomas


Thomasine Traditions In Antiquity

Author by : Jon Ma. Asgeirsson
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume is a selection of papers presented to the Society of Biblical Literature Thomasine Traditions Group from 1996 to 2001. It offers an extensive discussion of the social and cultural world of the gospel, particularly examining its relationship to other contemporary Christian writings and Graeco-Roman literature.


The Qur An And The Aramaic Gospel Traditions

Author by : Emran El-Badawi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book is a study of related passages found in the Arabic Qur’ān and the Aramaic Gospels, i.e. the Gospels preserved in the Syriac and Christian Palestinian Aramaic dialects. It builds upon the work of traditional Muslim scholars, including al-Biqā‘ī (d. ca. 808/1460) and al-Suyūṭī (d. 911/1505), who wrote books examining connections between the Qur’ān on the one hand, and Biblical passages and Aramaic terminology on the other, as well as modern western scholars, including Sidney Griffith who argue that pre-Islamic Arabs accessed the Bible in Aramaic. The Qur’ān and the Aramaic Gospel Traditions examines the history of religious movements in the Middle East from 180-632 CE, explaining Islam as a response to the disunity of the Aramaic speaking churches. It then compares the Arabic text of the Qur’ān and the Aramaic text of the Gospels under four main themes: the prophets; the clergy; the divine; and the apocalypse. Among the findings of this book are that the articulator as well as audience of the Qur’ān were monotheistic in origin, probably bilingual, culturally sophisticated and accustomed to the theological debates that raged between the Aramaic speaking churches. Arguing that the Qur’ān’s teachings and ethics echo Jewish-Christian conservatism, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Religion, History, and Literature.


Jewish Christianity And The History Of Judaism

Author by : Annette Yoshiko Reed
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Description : "Jewish-Christianity" is a contested category in current research. But for precisely this reason, it may offer a powerful lens through which to rethink the history of Jewish/Christian relations. Traditionally, Jewish-Christianity has been studied as part of the origins and early diversity of Christianity. Collecting revised versions of previously published articles together with new materials, Annette Yoshiko Reed reconsiders Jewish-Christianity in the context of Late Antiquity and in conversation with Jewish studies. She brings further attention to understudied texts and traditions from Late Antiquity that do not fit neatly into present day notions of Christianity as distinct from Judaism. In the process, she uses these materials to probe the power and limits of our modern assumptions about religion and identity.


Jewish Traditions In Early Christian Literature Volume 1 Paul And The Jewish Law

Author by : Peter Tomson
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : Series: Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum Section 1 - The Jewish people in the first century Historial geography, political history, social, cultural and religious life and institutions Edited by S. Safrai and M. Stern in cooperation with D. Flusser and W.C. van Unnik Section 2 - The Literature of the Jewish People in the Period of the Second Temple and the Talmud Section 3 - Jewish Traditions in Early Christian Literature


Faith Transformed

Author by : John C. Merkle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Liturgical Press
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Description : Traditionally, Christian churches have taught that the validity of Judaism came to an end with the emergence of Christianity. But in the last half-century, many Christians have reputiated this teaching and have affirmed the abiding validity of Judaism. Consequently, they have had to reevaluate Christian self-understanding in relation to Judaism. In Faith Transformed, Christian scholars who have been at the forefront of Christian-Jewish relations share how their encounters with Jews and Judaism have transformed their understanding and practice of Christianity. They reveal how their Christian faith has been profoundly enriched by drawing inspiration from the Jewish tradition.


Irreconcilable Differences A Learning Resource For Jews And Christians

Author by : David Sandmel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Written by Jewish and Christian educators for use by college and adult learners, this volume explores eight basic questions that lie at the core of both traditions and that can serve as a bridge for understanding. Among the questions are: Do Jews and Christians worship the same God? Do Jews and Christians read the Bible the same way? What is the place of the land of Israel for Jews and Christians? Are the irreconcilable differences between Christians and Jews a blessing, a curse, or both? Each chapter includes discussion questions.