Biomedical Odysseys

Biomedical Odysseys
Author: Priscilla Song
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-05-16
ISBN: 1400885280
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Odysseys Book Excerpt:

Thousands of people from more than eighty countries have traveled to China since 2001 to undergo fetal cell transplantation. Galvanized by the potential of stem and fetal cells to regenerate damaged neurons and restore lost bodily functions, people grappling with paralysis and neurodegenerative disorders have ignored the warnings of doctors and scientists back home in order to stake their futures on a Chinese experiment. Biomedical Odysseys looks at why and how these individuals have entrusted their lives to Chinese neurosurgeons operating on the forefront of experimental medicine, in a world where technologies and risks move faster than laws can keep pace. Priscilla Song shows how cutting-edge medicine is not just about the latest advances in biomedical science but also encompasses transformations in online patient activism, surgical intervention, and borderline experiments in health care bureaucracy. Bringing together a decade of ethnographic research in hospital wards, laboratories, and online patient discussion forums, Song opens up important theoretical and methodological horizons in the anthropology of science, technology, and medicine. She illuminates how poignant journeys in search of fetal cell cures become tangled in complex webs of digital mediation, the entrepreneurial logics of postsocialist medicine, and fraught debates about the ethics of clinical experimentation. Using innovative methods to track the border-crossing quests of Chinese clinicians and their patients from around the world, Biomedical Odysseys is the first book to map the transnational life of fetal cell therapies.

Essentials of Evidence Based Practice of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care

Essentials of Evidence Based Practice of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care
Author: Hemanshu Prabhakar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2021-11-26
ISBN: 0128218282
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Evidence Based Practice of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care Book Excerpt:

The current practice of medicine is largely moving toward applying an evidence-based approach. Evidence-based medicine is the integration of best research evidence using systematic reviews of the medical literature and then translating it into practice by selecting treatment options for specific cases based on the best research. Clinicians rely on the availability of evidence and accordingly take decisions to provide best treatment to their patients. Clinical management of neurologically compromised patients is challenging and varied; for this reason, treating physicians including neuroanesthesiologists are always in search of best available evidence for patient management and care. Essentials of Evidence-Based Practice of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care highlights the various controversies that exist in the practice of neuroanesthesia and provides conclusive evidence-based solutions. This comprehensive resource succinctly discusses evidence-based practice of neuroanesthesia based on systematic reviews in clinical neuroscience research. Topics include neurophysiology: ICP or CPP thresholds; neuropharmacology: intravenous or inhalational anesthetics; and neuromonitoring: ICP monitoring. Evidence-based practice is now an integral part of neuroscience, and this book will help residents and trainees gain knowledge to apply it to their practice. • Highlights the various controversies that exist in the practice of neuroanesthesia and provides conclusive evidence-based solutions • Topics include neurophysiology: ICP or CPP thresholds; neuropharmacology: intravenous or inhalational anesthetics; and neuromonitoring: ICP monitoring • Provides residents and trainees with the knowledge to apply evidence-based practice of neuroanesthesia to their practice

The Neuroscience of Spinal Cord Injury

The Neuroscience of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Colin R. Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1200
Release: 2022-05-27
ISBN: 0323995764
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Spinal Cord Injury Book Excerpt:

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury will enhance readers’ understanding of the complexities of the diagnosis and management of spinal cord injuries. Featuring chapters on drug delivery, exercise, and rehabilitation, this volume discusses in detail the impact of the clinical features, diagnosis, management, and long-term prognosis of spinal cord injuries on the lives of those affected. The book has applicability for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, and anyone working to better understand spinal cord injuries. Spinal injury affects about 10 million people annually worldwide, impacting on the family unit and causing lifelong disabilities, with varied symptoms including paresthesia, spasticity, loss of motor control, and often severe pain. Cellular, Molecular, Physiological, and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury will enhance readers’ understanding of the biological and psychological effects of spinal cord injury. Featuring chapters on gene expression, metabolic effects, and behavior, this volume discusses in detail the impact of spinal cord injury to better understand the underlying pathways and processes. The book has applicability for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, and anyone working to better understand these injuries. Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury: Covers both the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord injury Contains chapter abstracts, key facts, dictionary, and summary points to aid in understanding Features chapters on epidemiology and pain Includes MRI usage, biomarkers, and stem cell and gene therapy for management of spinal cord injury Discusses pain reduction, drug delivery, and rehabilitation Cellular, Molecular, Physiological, and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury: Summarizes the neuroscience of spinal cord injury, including cellular and molecular biology Contains chapter abstracts, key facts, dictionary, and summary points to aid in understanding Features chapters on signaling and hormonal events Includes plasticity and gene expression Examines health and stress behaviors after spinal cord injury

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Colin R. Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN: 0128224991
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury Book Excerpt:

Diagnosis and Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury will enhance readers’ understanding of the complexities of the diagnosis and management of spinal cord injuries. Featuring chapters on drug delivery, exercise, and rehabilitation, this volume discusses in detail the impact of the clinical features, diagnosis, management, and long-term prognosis of spinal cord injuries on the lives of those affected. The book has applicability for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, and anyone working to better understand spinal cord injuries. Covers both the diagnosis and treatment of spinal cord injury Contains chapter abstracts, key facts, dictionary, and summary points to aid in understanding Features chapters on epidemiology and pain Includes MRI usage, biomarkers, and stem cell and gene therapy for management of spinal cord injury Discusses pain reduction, drug delivery, and rehabilitation

Colon Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy Vol 3

Colon Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy Vol  3
Author: Dhananjay Shukla
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3030727025
Category: Colon (Anatomy)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Colon Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy Vol 3 Book Excerpt:

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major global health challenge as the third leading cause for cancer related mortalities worldwide. Despite advances in therapeutic strategies, the five-year survival rate for CRC patients has remained the same over time due to the fact that patients are often diagnosed in advanced metastatic stages. Drug resistance is another common reason for poor prognosis. Researchers are now developing advanced therapeutic strategies such as immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and combination nanotechnology for drug delivery. In addition, the identification of new biomarkers will potentiate early stage diagnosis. This book is the third of three volumes on recent developments in colorectal diagnosis and therapy. Each volume can be read on its own, or together. Each volume focuses on different novel therapeutic advances, biomarkers, and identifies therapeutic targets for treatment. Written by leading international experts in the field, coverage addresses the role of diet habits and lifestyle in reducing gastrointestinal disorders and incidence of CRC. Chapters discuss current and future diagnostic and therapeutic options for colorectal cancer patients, focusing on immunotherapeutics, nanomedicine, biomarkers, and dietary factors for the effective management of colon cancer.

21st Century Nanoscience A Handbook

21st Century Nanoscience     A Handbook
Author: Klaus D. Sattler
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2020-04-08
ISBN: 1000702863
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

21st Century Nanoscience A Handbook Book Excerpt:

This 21st Century Nanoscience Handbook will be the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field of nanoscience. Handbook of Nanophysics by the same editor published in the fall of 2010 and was embraced as the first comprehensive reference to consider both fundamental and applied aspects of nanophysics. This follow-up project has been conceived as a necessary expansion and full update that considers the significant advances made in the field since 2010. It goes well beyond the physics as warranted by recent developments in the field. This seventh volume in a ten-volume set covers bioinspired systems and methods. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date large reference work for the field. Chapters written by international experts in the field. Emphasises presentation and real results and applications. This handbook distinguishes itself from other works by its breadth of coverage, readability and timely topics. The intended readership is very broad, from students and instructors to engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical researchers, industry professionals, governmental scientists, and others whose work is impacted by nanotechnology. It will be an indispensable resource in academic, government, and industry libraries worldwide. The fields impacted by nanophysics extend from materials science and engineering to biotechnology, biomedical engineering, medicine, electrical engineering, pharmaceutical science, computer technology, aerospace engineering, mechanical engineering, food science, and beyond.

Spinal Cord Injury Therapy

Spinal Cord Injury Therapy
Author: José Juan Antonio Ibarra Arias,Gabriel Guízar-Sahagún,Elisa García-Vences
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN: 1789841615
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spinal Cord Injury Therapy Book Excerpt:

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the main pathologies causing significant loss of neurological function. Therefore, a variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are the aims of several studies. To provide the best care, it is important to know and understand the therapeutic approaches that have shown important progress in this topic. This book contains eight chapters that are divided into three sections: Introduction, Pharmacological Therapies, and Non-Pharmacological Therapies. The authors of the chapters deal with the pathophysiology of SCI, the effect of antioxidant and immunosuppressive agents, stem cell-based therapies, the use of cultured cells for transference or transplantation, and the application of non-invasive modalities (transcutaneous electrical spinal cord stimulation, etc.) for SCI rehabilitation.

Disability

Disability
Author: Romel W. Mackelprang,Richard O. Salsgiver,Ryan C. Parrey
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN: 0197606385
Category: People with disabilities
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disability Book Excerpt:

"Disability is an indispensable tool for human service practitioners in understanding disability from an empowerment perspective. The authors address policy, theory, description, and practice, stressing the difference of disability rather than the dysfunction of disability. The text is illustrated with in-depth personal narratives by those living with disability and thought-provoking sidebars that ask readers to consider the implications of their own reactions to disability. Mackelprang and Salsgiver establish the historical and societal context in which those with disabilities are marginalized, discuss the major groupings of disabilities, and, finally, offer a model for assessment and practice that human service practitioners can adopt. The book develops a contemporary perspective in which people with disabilities are considered valuable and contributing members of society. Using this book, students will find not only a prescription for professional assessment and practice, but also the necessary understanding of common issues those with disabilities face, the social contexts in which they live, and the tools to work with people with disabilities as equals and partners"--

Noninvasive Ventilation in Medicine

Noninvasive Ventilation in Medicine
Author: Mayank Vats
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2019-02
ISBN: 1789852897
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Noninvasive Ventilation in Medicine Book Excerpt:

Cellular Molecular Physiological and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury

Cellular  Molecular  Physiological  and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury
Author: Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Colin R. Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN: 0128224282
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellular Molecular Physiological and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury Book Excerpt:

Spinal injury affects about 10 million people annually worldwide, impacting on the family unit and causing lifelong disabilities, with varied symptoms including paresthesia, spasticity, loss of motor control, and often severe pain. Cellular, Molecular, Physiological, and Behavioral Aspects of Spinal Cord Injury will enhance readers’ understanding of the biological and psychological effects of spinal cord injury. Featuring chapters on gene expression, metabolic effects, and behavior, this volume discusses in detail the impact of spinal cord injury to better understand the underlying pathways and processes. The book has applicability for neuroscientists, neurologists, clinicians, and anyone working to better understand these injuries. Summarizes the neuroscience of spinal cord injury, including cellular and molecular biology Contains chapter abstracts, key facts, dictionary, and summary points to aid in understanding Features chapters on signaling and hormonal events Includes plasticity and gene expression Examines health and stress behaviors after spinal cord injury

The Role of Neurovascular Unit in Neurodegeneration

The Role of Neurovascular Unit in Neurodegeneration
Author: Dennis Qing Wang,Eng-King Tan
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-05-05
ISBN: 2889761266
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Neurovascular Unit in Neurodegeneration Book Excerpt:

Bioinformatics Tools and Web Server for Cancer Biomarker Development Volume II

Bioinformatics Tools  and Web Server  for Cancer Biomarker Development  Volume II
Author: Xiangqian Guo,Longxiang Xie,Liuyang Wang,Jing Zhao,Wan Zhu
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-06-16
ISBN: 2889763838
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics Tools and Web Server for Cancer Biomarker Development Volume II Book Excerpt:

Progress in Motor Control

Progress in Motor Control
Author: Jozsef Laczko,Mark L. Latash
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2016-12-30
ISBN: 3319473131
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Motor Control Book Excerpt:

This single volume brings together both theoretical developments in the field of motor control and their translation into such fields as movement disorders, motor rehabilitation, robotics, prosthetics, brain-machine interface, and skill learning. Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. Its goal is to promote cooperation and mutual understanding among researchers addressing different aspects of the complex phenomenon of motor coordination. Topics covered include recent theoretical advances from various fields, the neurophysiology of complex natural movements, the equilibrium-point hypothesis, motor learning of skilled behaviors, the effects of age, brain injury, or systemic disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, and brain-computer interfaces. The chapter ‘Encoding Temporal Features of Skilled Movements—What, Whether and How?’ is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.

Application of Intelligent Systems in Multi modal Information Analytics

Application of Intelligent Systems in Multi modal Information Analytics
Author: Vijayan Sugumaran,Zheng Xu,Huiyu Zhou
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2021-04-16
ISBN: 3030748146
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Intelligent Systems in Multi modal Information Analytics Book Excerpt:

This book provides comprehensive coverage of the latest advances and trends in information technology, science and engineering. Specifically, it addresses a number of broad themes, including multi-modal informatics, data mining, agent-based and multi-agent systems for health and education informatics, which inspire the development of intelligent information technologies. The contributions cover a wide range of topics such as AI applications and innovations in health and education informatics; data and knowledge management; multi-modal application management; and web/social media mining for multi-modal informatics. Outlining promising future research directions, the book is a valuable resource for students, researchers and professionals, and a useful reference guide for newcomers to the field. This book is a compilation of the papers presented in the 2021 International Conference on Multi-modal Information Analytics, held in Huhehaote, China, on April 23–24, 2021.

Internet of Things for Human centered Design

Internet of Things for Human centered Design
Author: Sofia Scataglini,Silvia Imbesi,Gonçalo Marques
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 981168488X
Category: Biomedical engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Internet of Things for Human centered Design Book Excerpt:

The book presents the state of the art of the Internet of Things (IoT), applied to Human-Centered Design (HCD) projects addressed to ageing users, from the perspective of health, care and well-being. The current focus on the ageing population is opening up new opportunities for the development of niche solutions aimed at the niche category of older users who are beginning to experience physical and cognitive decline but are still independent and need to maintain their autonomy for as long as possible. The combination between the needs expressed by older users and the opportunities offered by the recent innovative technologies related to the Internet of Things allows research institutions, stakeholders, and academia to target and design new solutions for older users, safeguarding their well-being, health, and care, improving their quality of life. This book discusses and analyses the most recent services, products, systems and environments specifically conceived for older users, in order to enhance health, care, well-being and improve their quality of life. This approach is coherent with the percept of AAL or enhanced living environment, looking to the users comfort, autonomy, engagement and healthcare. The book describes and analyses aspects of HCD with older users looking to the emerging technologies, products, services, and environments analysed in their actual application in different areas, always concerning the design for the elderly related to the IoT, just as the development of biomonitoring devices, tools for activity recognition and simulation, creation of smart living environments, solutions for their autonomy, assistance and engagement enhancing health, care and wellbeing. The book is intended for researchers, designers, engineers, and practitioners in healthcare to connect academia, stakeholders, and research institutions to foster education, research and innovation.

Stem Cell based Therapy for Neurodegenerative Diseases

Stem Cell based Therapy for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Author: Fabin Han,Pengzhe (Paul) Lu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2020-10-26
ISBN: 9811543704
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stem Cell based Therapy for Neurodegenerative Diseases Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the state-of-the-art in stem-cell-based therapies for neurodegenerative diseases, and highlights advances in both animal models and clinical trials. It comprehensively discusses most neurodegenerative diseases, including such as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and Huntington’s diseases, amyotrophic sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy and retinal degeneration, in which stem cells could potentially be used for therapy in the future. It also addresses the challenges and problems relating to the translation of stem-cell-based therapies into treatments. As such, the book will appeal to research scientists, physicians, graduate students, and medical professionals in the field of stem cells, neuroscience, neurology, neurorestoratology and major neurological disorders.

Stem Cell Therapy

Stem Cell Therapy
Author: Hala Gabr,Wael Abo El-Kheir
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2020-09-15
ISBN: 9780128215692
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stem Cell Therapy Book Excerpt:

Stem cell therapy is a fast-growing field of medicine with remarkable prospects in a broad spectrum of diseases. Stem Cell Therapy: Practical Considerations addresses the biological properties of stem cells, mechanisms of action; as well as actual therapeutic decisions such as cell type, source, dose, manipulation, and route of injection. After discussing all this data, the book will illustrate how to travel through the idea from abstract question to laboratory experiment, animal experiment and then on to design a clinical trial throughout all its phases. Written for scientists and postgraduate students in the field of stem cell research and therapy. The authors will cover practical therapeutic issues they have long experienced in the field. Provides readers the basics and clinical practice of stem cell therapy Helps to debunk controversies regarding data fabrication in the field Guides the reader through the mechanisms of the regenerative function of stem cells; as well as the therapeutic decisions such as delivery route, delivery timing, cell doses, and follow-up

Cell Based Liver Regeneration

Cell Based Liver Regeneration
Author: Hala Gabr,Wael Abo El-Kheir
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2021-10-01
ISBN: 0128223413
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cell Based Liver Regeneration Book Excerpt:

Stem cell therapy is a fast-growing field of medicine with remarkable prospects in a broad spectrum of diseases. Cell-Based Liver Regeneration: Current Aspects and Future Approaches addresses the full spectrum of regenerative medicine in liver diseases. Coverage will include the basic science, current research and a comprehensive review of clinical trials conducted in the field. The book will discuss the various types of stem cells for liver regeneration, presenting the advantages and disadvantages of each type. A review of all aspects of implanting stem cell therapy for the liver, such as: choosing the cell type, the source, laboratory manipulation, dose, route and follow-up. The book concludes with a full discussion of the current clinical trials involving cellular therapy in liver regeneration. Cell-Based Liver Regeneration: Current Aspects and Future Approaches is written for stem cell biologists, liver biologists, hepatologists and graduate students by authors with extensive knowledge in basic, pre-clinical and clinical stem cell research. Introduces basic concepts of liver regeneration Discusses the various types of stem cells used in liver regeneration Explores published and ongoing clinical trials involving cellular therapy in liver regeneration

Cutting Edge Enabling Technologies for Regenerative Medicine

Cutting Edge Enabling Technologies for Regenerative Medicine
Author: Heung Jae Chun,Chan Hum Park,Il Keun Kwon,Gilson Khang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2018-10-24
ISBN: 9811309507
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cutting Edge Enabling Technologies for Regenerative Medicine Book Excerpt:

This book explores in depth the latest enabling technologies for regenerative medicine. The opening section examines advances in 3D bioprinting and the fabrication of electrospun and electrosprayed scaffolds. The potential applications of intelligent nanocomposites are then considered, covering, for example, graphene-based nanocomposites, intrinsically conductive polymer nanocomposites, and smart diagnostic contact lens systems. The third section is devoted to various drug delivery systems and strategies for regenerative medicine. Finally, a wide range of future enabling technologies are discussed. Examples include temperature-responsive cell culture surfaces, nanopatterned scaffolds for neural tissue engineering, and process system engineering methodologies for application in tissue development. This is one of two books to be based on contributions from leading experts that were delivered at the 2018 Asia University Symposium on Biomedical Engineering in Seoul, Korea – the companion book examines in depth novel biomaterials for regenerative medicine.

Paraplegia

Paraplegia
Author: José Juan Antonio Ibarra Arias,Carlos Alberto Cuellar Ramos
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2021-05-12
ISBN: 1789855411
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paraplegia Book Excerpt:

In the last decade, diverse research areas have developed novel approaches to overcome dysfunctions after a spinal cord injury (SCI). Even though motor restoration attracts the most clinical attention, sensory, autonomic, and mental health are also aspects fundamental to improving the quality of life of SCI patients. Over four sections of therapeutic, rehabilitation, and technological approaches, this book examines preclinical and clinical studies using mesenchymal stem cells and pharmacological or electrical stimulation strategies. Chapters also address the impact of paraplegia and associated loss of autonomic functions, including bowel and sexual dysfunction, as well as the convergence of new technologies aimed at providing postural support and enhancing mobility.