Journal Of The Assembly Of The State Of New York At Their One Hundred And Forty Fourth Session Vol 2

Author by : New York State Assembly
Languange : en
Publisher by : Forgotten Books
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Description : Excerpt from Journal of the Assembly of the State of New York at Their One Hundred and Forty-Fourth Session, Vol. 2: Begun and Held at the Capitol, in the City of Albany, on Wednesday, the Fifth Day of January, 1921 I have no particular program of legislation other than I have heretofore stated, to announce to you. My experience in this House has shown me that the problems which confront each session of the Legislature arise in the course of time. Each one of you is interested in some particular form of legislation and I beseech you to have this legislation prepared for introduction at an early period in order that the House may speedily get down to business. I look forward to a. Short and successful session of the House, and with your cooperation and help I am sure this can be done. Senators Fearon and Boylan, a committee from the Senate. Appeared and announced that the Senate. Was organized and ready to proceed to business. Senators Robinson and Cotillo a committee from the Senate, appeared and announced that the Senate Had elected Clayton R. Lusk president pro tem. Of the Senate. Mr. T. K. Smith offered for the consideration of the House a resolution, in the words following. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Bulletin Of The New York Public Library

Author by : New York Public Library
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Includes its Report, 1896-19 .


Until Justice Be Done America S First Civil Rights Movement From The Revolution To Reconstruction

Author by : Kate Masur
Languange : en
Publisher by : W. W. Norton & Company
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Description : A groundbreaking history of the movement for equal rights that courageously battled racist laws and institutions, Northern and Southern, in the decades before the Civil War. The half-century before the Civil War was beset with conflict over equality as well as freedom. Beginning in 1803, many free states enacted laws that discouraged free African Americans from settling within their boundaries and restricted their rights to testify in court, move freely from place to place, work, vote, and attend public school. But over time, African American activists and their white allies, often facing mob violence, courageously built a movement to fight these racist laws. They countered the states’ insistences that states were merely trying to maintain the domestic peace with the equal-rights promises they found in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. They were pastors, editors, lawyers, politicians, ship captains, and countless ordinary men and women, and they fought in the press, the courts, the state legislatures, and Congress, through petitioning, lobbying, party politics, and elections. Long stymied by hostile white majorities and unfavorable court decisions, the movement’s ideals became increasingly mainstream in the 1850s, particularly among supporters of the new Republican party. When Congress began rebuilding the nation after the Civil War, Republicans installed this vision of racial equality in the 1866 Civil Rights Act and the Fourteenth Amendment. These were the landmark achievements of the first civil rights movement. Kate Masur’s magisterial history delivers this pathbreaking movement in vivid detail. Activists such as John Jones, a free Black tailor from North Carolina whose opposition to the Illinois “black laws” helped make the case for racial equality, demonstrate the indispensable role of African Americans in shaping the American ideal of equality before the law. Without enforcement, promises of legal equality were not enough. But the antebellum movement laid the foundation for a racial justice tradition that remains vital to this day.


The City Record

Author by : New York (N.Y.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


General E A Paine In Western Kentucky

Author by : Dieter C. Ullrich
Languange : en
Publisher by : McFarland
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Total Read : 68
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Description : When General E. A. Paine assumed command of the military District of Western Kentucky at Paducah in the summer of 1864, he encountered an unwelcoming and defiant populace, a thriving black market and an undisciplined army plagued by low morale. Outside the picket lines, armed guerrillas were pillaging towns, terrorizing citizens and even murdering the vocal few that supported the Union. Paine was assigned the impossible task to cure the district's many ailments and defend a hostile area that covered over 2,300 square miles. In less than two months, he succeeded where past commanders had failed. To the region's secessionist majority, Paine's tenure was a "reign of terror;" to the Unionist minority, it was a "happy and jubilant" time. An abolitionist, Paine supported the Emancipation Proclamation, promoted the enlistment of African American troops and encouraged fair wages to former slaves. These principled views, however, led to his downfall. His critics and enemies wanted him out. Falsified reports led to his removal from command and court martial. Paine was exonerated on all but one minor charge, yet generations of local and state historians perpetuated the Paine-the-monster myth. This book tells the true story of General E. A. Paine.


Discretionary Justice

Author by : Carolyn Strange
Languange : en
Publisher by : NYU Press
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Description : The pardon is an act of mercy, tied to the divine right of kings. Why did New York retain this mode of discretionary justice after the Revolution? And how did governors’ use of this prerogative change with the advent of the penitentiary and the introduction of parole? This book answers these questions by mining previously unexplored evidence held in official pardon registers, clemency files, prisoner aid association reports and parole records. This is the first book to analyze the histories of mercy and parole through the same lens, as related but distinct forms of discretionary decision-making. It draws on governors’ public papers and private correspondence to probe their approach to clemency, and it uses qualitative and quantitative methods to profile petitions for mercy, highlighting controversial cases that stirred public debate. Political pressure to render the use of discretion more certain and less personal grew stronger over the nineteenth century, peaking during constitutional conventionsand reaching its height in the Progressive Era. Yet, New York’s legislators left the power to pardon in the governor’s hands, where it remains today. Unlike previous works that portray parole as the successor to the pardon, this book shows that reliance upon and faith in discretion has proven remarkably resilient, even in the state that led the world toward penal modernity.


A Politician Turned General

Author by : Jeffrey Norman Lash
Languange : en
Publisher by : Kent State University Press
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Description : Examines the political career and military service of the Illinois Whig, Republican politician, and Northern political general who rose to distinction as a prominent member of the Union high command in the West during the Civil War.


Journal Of The Senate Of The State Of New York At Their One Hundred And Forty Fourth Session Vol 2

Author by : New York Senate
Languange : en
Publisher by : Forgotten Books
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Description : Excerpt from Journal of the Senate of the State of New York at Their One Hundred and Forty-Fourth Session, Vol. 2: Begun and Held at the Capitol, in the City of Albany, on Wednesday, the Fifth Day of January, 1921 Ordered, That the Clerk return said bill to the Assembly, with a message that the Senate has concurred in the passage of the same. The Assembly bill (n o. 1175, Rec. No. 207) entitled An act to amend the Agricultural Law, in relation to payment of expenses incurred in enforcing orders of the Agricultural Department, was read the third time. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Journal

Author by : New York (State). Legislature. Assembly
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 33
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Description :


We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing Less

Author by : Hugh Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
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Total Read : 58
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Description : Historians have focused almost entirely on the attempt by southern African Americans to attain equal rights during Reconstruction. However, the northern states also witnessed a significant period of struggle during these years. Northern blacks vigorously protested laws establishing inequality in education, public accommodations, and political life and challenged the Republican Party to live up to its stated ideals. In "We Will Be Satisfied With Nothing Less," Hugh Davis concentrates on the two issues that African Americans in the North considered most essential: black male suffrage rights and equal access to the public schools. Davis connects the local and the national; he joins the specifics of campaigns in places such as Cincinnati, Detroit, and San Francisco with the work of the National Equal Rights League and its successor, the National Executive Committee of Colored Persons. The narrative moves forward from their launching of the equal rights movement in 1864 to the "end" of Reconstruction in the North two decades later. The struggle to gain male suffrage rights was the centerpiece of the movement’s agenda in the 1860s, while the school issue remained a major objective throughout the period. Following the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870, northern blacks devoted considerable attention to assessing their place within the Republican Party and determining how they could most effectively employ the franchise to protect the rights of all citizens.


Manufacturing Revolution

Author by : Lawrence A. Peskin
Languange : en
Publisher by : JHU Press
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Total Read : 70
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Description : "While much has been written about the industrial revolution," writes Lawrence Peskin, "we rarely read about industrial revolutionaries." This absence, he explains, reflects the preoccupation of both classical and Marxist economics with impersonal forces rather than with individuals. In Manufacturing Revolution Peskin deviates from both dominant paradigms by closely examining the words and deeds of individual Americans who made things in their own shops, who met in small groups to promote industrialization, and who, on the local level, strove for economic independence. In speeches, petitions, books, newspaper articles, club meetings, and coffee–house conversations, they fervently discussed the need for large-scale American manufacturing a half-century before the Boston Associates built their first factory. Peskin shows how these economic pioneers launched a discourse that continued for decades, linking industrialization to the cause of independence and guiding the new nation along the path of economic ambition. Based upon extensive research in both manuscript and printed sources from the period between 1760 and 1830, this book will be of interest to historians of the early republic and economic historians as well as to students of technology, business, and industry.


Enterprising America

Author by : William J. Collins
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
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Description : The rise of America from a colonial outpost to one of the world’s most sophisticated and productive economies was facilitated by the establishment of a variety of economic enterprises pursued within the framework of laws and institutions that set the rules for their organization and operation. To better understand the historical processes central to American economic development, Enterprising America brings together contributors who address the economic behavior of American firms and financial institutions—and the associated legal institutions that shaped their behavior—throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Collectively, the contributions provide an account of the ways in which businesses, banks, and credit markets promoted America’s extraordinary economic growth. Among the topics that emerge are the rise of incorporation and its connection to factory production in manufacturing, the organization and operation of large cotton plantations in comparison with factories, the regulation and governance of banks, the transportation revolution’s influence on bank stability and survival, and the emergence of long-distance credit in the context of an economy that was growing rapidly and becoming increasingly integrated across space.