Optical Refrigeration

Optical Refrigeration
Author: Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2010-12-13
ISBN: 3527628053
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Refrigeration Book Excerpt:

Edited by the two top experts in the field with a panel of International contributors, this is a comprehensive up-to-date review of research and applications. Starting with the basic physical principles of laser cooling of solids, the monograph goes on to discuss the current theoretical issues being resolved and the increasing demands of growth and evaluation of high purity materials suitable for optical refrigeration, while also examining the design and applications of practical cryocoolers. An advanced text for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students (masters, PHDs and Postdoc) in laser and optical material science, and cryogenics.

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author: S V Petrushkin,V V Samartsev
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2009-10-26
ISBN: 1845696832
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling of Solids Book Excerpt:

Laser cooling is an important emerging technology in such areas as the cooling of semiconductors. The book examines and suggests solutions for a range of problems in the development of miniature solid-state laser refrigerators, self-cooling solid-state lasers and optical echo-processors. It begins by looking at the basic theory of laser cooling before considering such topics as self-cooling of active elements of solid-state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state information media of optical echo-processors, and problems of cooling solid-state quantum processors. Laser Cooling of Solids is an important contribution to the development of compact laser-powered cryogenic refrigerators, both for the academic community and those in the microelectronics and other industries. Provides a timely review of this promising field of research and discusses the fundamentals and theory of laser cooling Particular attention is given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes Reviews previous experimental investigations in laser cooling and presents progress towards key potential applications

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author: Anton Rayner
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Laser cooling
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling of Solids Book Excerpt:

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author: Richard I. Epstein,Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
Publsiher: Society of Photo Optical
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2007
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling of Solids Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Laser Cooling of Solids

Laser Cooling of Solids
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling of Solids Book Excerpt:

We present an overview of solid-state optical refrigeration also known as laser cooling in solids by fluorescence upconversion. The idea of cooling a solid-state optical material by simply shining a laser beam onto it may sound counter intuitive but is rapidly becoming a promising technology for future cryocooler. We chart the evolution of this science in rare-earth doped solids and semiconductors.

Laser Cooling

Laser Cooling
Author: Galina Nemova
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2016-10-26
ISBN: 1315341050
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling Book Excerpt:

In the recent decades, laser cooling or optical refrigeration—a physical process by which a system loses its thermal energy as a result of interaction with laser light—has garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to the importance of its applications. Optical solid-state coolers are one such application. They are free from liquids as well as moving parts that generate vibrations and introduce noise to sensors and other devices. They are based on reliable laser diode pump systems. Laser cooling can also be used to mitigate heat generation in high-power lasers. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in laser cooling done by various scientific teams all over the world that are currently revolutionizing optical refrigerating technology. It includes recent results on laser cooling by redistribution of radiation in dense gas mixtures, three conceptually different approaches to laser cooling of solids such as cooling with anti-Stokes fluorescence, Brillouin cooling, and Raman cooling. It also discusses crystal growth and glass production for laser cooling applications. This book will appeal to anyone involved in laser physics, solid-state physics, low-temperature physics or cryogenics, materials research, development of temperature sensors, or infrared detectors.

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology
Author: Brahim Attaf
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2011-04-01
ISBN: 9533072350
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. The book presents, in addition, some studies carried out in orthopedic and stomatological applications and others aiming to design and produce new devices using the latest advances in nanotechnology. This wide variety of theoretical, numerical and experimental results can help specialists involved in these disciplines to enhance competitiveness and innovation.

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN: 0444633308
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Book Excerpt:

The Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths is an ongoing series covering all aspects of rare earth science—chemistry, life sciences, materials science, and physics. The main emphasis of the Handbook is on rare earth elements [Sc, Y and the lanthanides (La through Lu)] but information is also included, whenever relevant, on the closely related actinide elements. The individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, up-to-date critical reviews written by highly experienced invited experts. The series, which was started in 1978 by Professor Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., combines and integrates both the fundamentals and applications of these elements and now publishes two volumes a year. Individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, critical reviews Contributions are written by highly experienced, invited experts Up-to-date overviews of developments in the field

Oxide Electronics

Oxide Electronics
Author: Asim K. Ray
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2021-04-12
ISBN: 1119529476
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxide Electronics Book Excerpt:

Oxide Electronics Multiple disciplines converge in this insightful exploration of complex metal oxides and their functions and properties Oxide Electronics delivers a broad and comprehensive exploration of complex metal oxides designed to meet the multidisciplinary needs of electrical and electronic engineers, physicists, and material scientists. The distinguished author eschews complex mathematics whenever possible and focuses on the physical and functional properties of metal oxides in each chapter. Each of the sixteen chapters featured within the book begins with an abstract and an introduction to the topic, clear explanations are presented with graphical illustrations and relevant equations throughout the book. Numerous supporting references are included, and each chapter is self-contained, making them perfect for use both as a reference and as study material. Readers will learn how and why the field of oxide electronics is a key area of research and exploitation in materials science, electrical engineering, and semiconductor physics. The book encompasses every application area where the functional and electronic properties of various genres of oxides are exploited. Readers will also learn from topics like: Thorough discussions of High-k gate oxide for silicon heterostructure MOSFET devices and semiconductor-dielectric interfaces An exploration of printable high-mobility transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors Treatments of graphene oxide electronics, magnetic oxides, ferroelectric oxides, and materials for spin electronics Examinations of the calcium aluminate binary compound, perovoksites for photovoltaics, and oxide 2Degs Analyses of various applications for oxide electronics, including data storage, microprocessors, biomedical devices, LCDs, photovoltaic cells, TFTs, and sensors Suitable for researchers in semiconductor technology or working in materials science, electrical engineering, and physics, Oxide Electronics will also earn a place in the libraries of private industry researchers like device engineers working on electronic applications of oxide electronics. Engineers working on photovoltaics, sensors, or consumer electronics will also benefit from this book.

Advances in Laser Materials Processing

Advances in Laser Materials Processing
Author: Jonathan R. Lawrence
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2010-07-27
ISBN: 1845699815
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Laser Materials Processing Book Excerpt:

Because of its capacity for continuous development and flexibility of use, the laser has become a mainstream manufacturing tool in many industrial sectors. This timely book relays the state-of-the-art in laser materials processing technology and applications and likely advances to be made from current research taking place around the world. The book also promotes appreciation for laser applications in a variety of industrial sectors. After two introductory chapters, the book reviews the main areas of laser processing. Starting with laser cutting and machining, the book discusses laser welding, annealing and hardening. It then considers surface treatment, coating and materials deposition as well as other engineering techniques such as peening and net-shape engineering, before discussing laser micro and nano-fabrication techniques. The book concludes by looking at modelling and process control. With its distinguished editorial team and contributions from renowned researchers working in every corner of the globe, Advances in laser materials processing provides a comprehensive yet detailed coverage of the many topics that comprise the field of laser materials processing. It provides a reference source for the scientists and engineers in such areas as metals processing and microelectronics, as well those conducting laser materials processing research in either academia or industry. A comprehensive practitioner guide and reference work explaining state-of-the-art laser processing technologies in manufacturing and other disciplines Explores the challenges, potential and future directions through the continuous development of new, application-specific lasers in materials processing Discusses coatings and material deposition with lasers with including the production of coatings by laser-assisted processes, laser direct metal deposition and laser induced forward transfer (LIFT)

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering
Author: Yin-Chung Chen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling of Solids Through Inelastic Light Scattering Book Excerpt:

Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics

Advances in Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 321
Release: 1998-09-09
ISBN: 0080561519
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Book Excerpt:

This series, established in 1965, is concerned with recent developments in the general area of atomic, molecular, and optical physics. The field is in a state of rapid growth, as new experimental and theoretical techniques are used on many old and new problems. Topics covered also include related applied areas, such as atmospheric science, astrophysics, surface physics, and laser physics. Articles are written by distinguished experts who are active in their research fields. The articles contain both relevant review material as well as detailed descriptions of important recent developments.

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Laser Induced Cooling of Solids

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Laser Induced Cooling of Solids
Author: Elton Soares de Lima Filho
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2015
ISBN: 9781369485806
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Laser Induced Cooling of Solids Book Excerpt:

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods
Author: Galina Nemova
Publsiher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2019
ISBN: 9781510630574
Category: Laser cooling
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods Book Excerpt:

"The primary objective of this Field Guide is to present an overview of the various concepts and methods of laser cooling including Doppler cooling, polarization gradient cooling, different sub-recoil schemes of laser cooling, laser cooing with anti-Stokes fluorescence and so on. This Field Guide will serve to introduce students, scientists, and engineers to this exciting field"--

Laser Cooling in Thulium doped Solids

Laser Cooling in Thulium doped Solids
Author: Chad William Hoyt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Doped semiconductors
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling in Thulium doped Solids Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Solid State Lasers

Handbook of Solid State Lasers
Author: B Denker,E Shklovsky
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2013-02-20
ISBN: 0857097504
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Solid State Lasers Book Excerpt:

Solid-state lasers which offer multiple desirable qualities, including enhanced reliability, robustness, efficiency and wavelength diversity, are absolutely indispensable for many applications. The Handbook of solid-state lasers reviews the key materials, processes and applications of solid-state lasers across a wide range of fields. Part one begins by reviewing solid-state laser materials. Fluoride laser crystals, oxide laser ceramics, crystals and fluoride laser ceramics doped by rare earth and transition metal ions are discussed alongside neodymium, erbium and ytterbium laser glasses, and nonlinear crystals for solid-state lasers. Part two then goes on to explore solid-state laser systems and their applications, beginning with a discussion of the principles, powering and operation regimes for solid-state lasers. The use of neodymium-doped materials is considered, followed by system sizing issues with diode-pumped quasi-three level materials, erbium glass lasers, and microchip, fiber, Raman and cryogenic lasers. Laser mid-infrared systems, laser induced breakdown spectroscope and the clinical applications of surgical solid-state lasers are also explored. The use of solid-state lasers in defense programs is then reviewed, before the book concludes by presenting some environmental applications of solid-state lasers. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, the Handbook of solid-state lasers is an authoritative guide for all those involved in the design and application of this technology, including laser and materials scientists and engineers, medical and military professionals, environmental researchers, and academics working in this field. Reviews the materials used in solid-state lasers Explores the principles of solid-state laser systems and their applications Considers defence and environmental applications

Seeing Photons

Seeing Photons
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Standing Committee on Technology Insightâ¬"Gauge, Evaluate, and Review,Committee on Developments in Detector Technologies
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2010-09-28
ISBN: 0309162300
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeing Photons Book Excerpt:

The Department of Defense recently highlighted intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities as a top priority for U.S. warfighters. Contributions provided by ISR assets in the operational theaters in Iraq and Afghanistan have been widely documented in press reporting. While the United States continues to increase investments in ISR capabilities, other nations not friendly to the United States will continue to seek countermeasures to U.S. capabilities. The Technology Warning Division of the Defense Intelligence Agency's (DIA) Defense Warning Office (DWO) has the critical responsibility, in collaborations with other components of the intelligence community (IC), for providing U.S. policymakers insight into technological developments that may impact future U.S. warfighting capabilities. To this end, the IC requested that the National Research Council (NRC) investigate and report on key visible and infrared detector technologies, with potential military utility, that are likely to be developed in the next 10-15 years. This study is the eighth in a series sponsored by the DWO and executed under the auspices of the NRC TIGER (Technology Insight-Gauge, Evaluate, and Review) Standing Committee.

Frontiers Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy

Frontiers Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Ottavio Forte
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

This book is based on the Proceedings of the Institute Frontier Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy, held in Erice, Sicily, Italy, from the 17th of June to the 2nd of July 2007. The meeting was organized by the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the Ettore Majoran Center for Scientific Culture. Other Institutes organized by this School are listed on pp. vi-vii. The book can be downloaded for free through the Buy this book link on the right side of this page.

Laser Cooling

Laser Cooling
Author: Galina Nemova
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016
ISBN: 9781523108367
Category: Laser cooling
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Cooling Book Excerpt:

This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in laser cooling made by different scientific teams all over the world, who are currently revolutionizing optical refrigerating technology. It includes recent results on laser cooling by redistribution of radiation in dense gas mixtures, three conceptually different approaches to laser cooling of solids such as cooling with anti-Stokes fluorescence, Brillouin cooling and Raman cooling. It also discusses crystal growth and glass production for laser cooling applications.

Heat Transfer Physics

Heat Transfer Physics
Author: Massoud Kaviany
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2014-02-10
ISBN: 1107041783
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heat Transfer Physics Book Excerpt:

This graduate textbook describes atomic-level kinetics (mechanisms and rates) of thermal energy storage, transport (conduction, convection, and radiation), and transformation (various energy conversions) by principal energy carriers. The approach combines the fundamentals of molecular orbitals-potentials, statistical thermodynamics, computational molecular dynamics, quantum energy states, transport theories, solid-state and fluid-state physics, and quantum optics. The textbook presents a unified theory, over fine-structure/molecular-dynamics/Boltzmann/macroscopic length and time scales, of heat transfer kinetics in terms of transition rates and relaxation times, and its modern applications, including nano- and microscale size effects. Numerous examples, illustrations, and homework problems with answers that enhance learning are included. This new edition includes applications in energy conversion (including chemical bond, nuclear, and solar), expanded examples of size effects, inclusion of junction quantum transport, and discussion of graphene and its phonon and electronic conductances. New appendix coverage of Phonon Contributions Seebeck Coefficient and Monte Carlo Methods are also included.