Handbook of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Handbook of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: David A. Cremers,Leon J. Radziemski
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2013-03-15
ISBN: 1118567366
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Starting from fundamentals and moving through a thorough discussion of equipment, methods, and techniques, the Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy provides a unique reference source that will be of value for many years to come for this important new analysis method. The authors, with a total of over 60 years of experience in the LIBS method, use a combination of tutorial discussions ranging from basic principles up to more advanced descriptions along with extensive figures and photographs to clearly explain topics addressed in the text. In this second edition, chapters on the use of statistical analysis and advances in detection of weapons of mass destruction have been added. Tables of data related to analysis with LIBS have been updated. The Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition: provides a thorough but understandable discussion of the basic principles of the method based on atomic emission spectroscopy, including recently available data leading to better characterization of the LIBS plasma; presents a discussion of the many advantages of the method along with limitations, to provide the reader a balanced overview of capabilities of the method; describes LIBS instrumentation ranging from basic set-ups to more advanced configurations; presents a comprehensive discussion of the different types of components (laser, spectrometers, detectors) that can be used for LIBS apparatuses along with suggestions for their use, as well as an up-to-date treatment of the newest advances and capabilities of LIBS instruments; presents the analytical capabilities of the method in terms of detection limits, accuracy, and precision of measurements for a variety of different sample types; discusses methods of sampling different media such as gases, liquids, and solids; presents an overview of some real-world applications of the method, with new emphasis on sampling of biologically and physically dangerous materials; provides an up-to-date list of references to LIBS literature along with the latest detection limits and a unique list of element detection limits using a uniform analysis method; provides annotated examples of LIBS spectra which can serve as references for the general reader and will be especially useful for those starting out in the field.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Reinhard Noll
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2012-01-14
ISBN: 3642206689
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

This book is a comprehensive source of the fundamentals, process parameters, instrumental components and applications of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The effect of multiple pulses on material ablation, plasma dynamics and plasma emission is presented. A heuristic plasma modeling allows to simulate complex experimental plasma spectra. These methods and findings form the basis for a variety of applications to perform quantitative multi-element analysis with LIBS. These application potentials of LIBS have really boosted in the last years ranging from bulk analysis of metallic alloys and non-conducting materials, via spatially resolved analysis and depth profiling covering measuring objects in all physical states: gaseous, liquid and solid. Dedicated chapters present LIBS investigations for these tasks with special emphasis on the methodical and instrumental concepts as well as the optimization strategies for a quantitative analysis. Requirements, concepts, design and characteristic features of LIBS instruments are described covering laboratory systems, inspections systems for in-line process control, mobile systems and remote systems. State-of-the-art industrial applications of LIBS systems are presented demonstrating the benefits of inline process control for improved process guiding and quality assurance purposes.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS 2 Volume Set

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS   2 Volume Set
Author: Vivek K. Singh,Durgesh K. Tripathi,Yoshihiro Deguchi,Zhenzhen Wang
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2023-02-21
ISBN: 9781119758402
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS 2 Volume Set Book Excerpt:

Essential resource covering the field of LIBS, with respect to its fundamentals, established and novel applications, and future prospects Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), presents in two comprehensive volumes a thorough discussion of the basic principles of the method, including important recently available data which can lead to a better characterization of the LIBS plasma. This extensive work contains detailed discussions on the lasers, spectrometers, and detectors that can be used for LIBS apparatuses and describes various instrumentation, ranging from basic setups to more advanced configurations. As a modern resource, the work includes the newest advances and capabilities of LIBS instruments, featuring the recent developments of Dual-Pulse LIBS, Femtosecond LIBS, and Micro-LIBS as well as their applications. Throughout, the contributions discuss the analytical capabilities of the method in terms of detection limits, accuracy, and precision of measurements for a variety of samples. Lastly, an extensive range of applications is presented, including food technology, environmental science, nuclear reactors, nanoscience and nanotechnology, and biological and biomedical developments. Sample topics covered within the work include: Diagnostics of laser induced plasma (LIP): LIBS plasma and its characteristics, factors affecting the LIBS plasma, methods of enhancing LIBS sensitivity, and LTE/non-LTE plasmas Instrumental developments in LIBS: light collection system and spectral detection systems, handheld LIBS, deep sea LIBS, and industrial sorters and analyzers Femtosecond laser ablation: laser-matter interaction, laser absorption, energy transport, ablation mechanisms and threshold, and plasma characterization Micro-analysis and LIBS imaging: microjoule laser sources, scaling libs to microjoule energies, micrometer scaling, advanced applications, and future prospects Spectroscopic and analytical scientists working with LIBS will find this wide-ranging reference immensely helpful in developing LIBS instrumentation and applications. Researchers and students in natural sciences and related programs of study will be able to use the work to acquire foundational knowledge on the method and learn about cutting-edge advancements being made in the field.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for Material Analysis

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS  for Material Analysis
Author: Mohannad H. Hussein
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2016-02-18
ISBN: 9783659830105
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for Material Analysis Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Narayan Thakur
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2007-10-03
ISBN: 9780080551012
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is basically an emission spectroscopy technique where atoms and ions are primarily formed in their excited states as a result of interaction between a tightly focused laser beam and the material sample. The interaction between matter and high-density photons generates a plasma plume, which evolves with time and may eventually acquire thermodynamic equilibrium. One of the important features of this technique is that it does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas and biological materials (like teeth, leaf or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. The present book has been written by active specialists in this field, it includes the basic principles, the latest developments in instrumentation and the applications of LIBS . It will be useful to analytical chemists and spectroscopists as an important source of information and also to graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. * Recent research work * Possible future applications * LIBS Principles

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for the Measurement of Spatial Structures and Fuel Distribution in Flames

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS  for the Measurement of Spatial Structures and Fuel Distribution in Flames
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for the Measurement of Spatial Structures and Fuel Distribution in Flames Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Andrzej W. Miziolek,Vincenzo Palleschi,Israel Schechter
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006-09-07
ISBN: 1139458310
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is an emerging technique for determining elemental composition. With the ability to analyse solids, liquids and gases with little or no sample preparation, it is more versatile than conventional methods and is ideal for on-site analysis. This is a comprehensive reference explaining the fundamentals of the LIBS phenomenon, its history and its fascinating applications across eighteen chapters written by recognized leaders in the field. Over 300 illustrations aid understanding. This book will be of significant interest to researchers in chemical and materials analysis within academia and industry.

Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS to International Safeguards

Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS  to International Safeguards
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS to International Safeguards Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Sergio Musazzi,Umberto Perini
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2014-07-08
ISBN: 3642450857
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

This book deals with the Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) a widely used atomic emission spectroscopy technique for elemental analysis of materials. It is based on the use of a high-power, short pulse laser excitation. The book is divided into two main sections: the first one concerning theoretical aspects of the technique, the second one describing the state of the art in applications of the technique in different scientific/technological areas. Numerous examples of state of the art applications provide the readers an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique. The LIBS theoretical aspects are reviewed. The book helps the readers who are less familiar with the technique to understand the basic principles. Numerous examples of state of the art applications give an almost complete scenario of the LIBS technique potentiality. These examples of applications may have a strong impact on future industrial utilization. The authors made important contributions to the development of this field.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Jagdish P. Singh,Surya Thakur
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2020-06-02
ISBN: 0128188308
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Edition, covers the basic principles and latest developments in instrumentation and applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). Written by active experts in the field, it serves as a useful resource for analytical chemists and spectroscopists, as well as graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration. This fully revised second edition includes several new chapters on new LIBS techniques as well as several new applications, including flame and off-gas measurement, pharmaceutical samples, defense applications, carbon sequestration and site monitoring, handheld instruments, and more. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. It does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas, and biological materials (like teeth, leaves, or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. This comprehensive reference introduces the topic to readers in a simple, direct, and accessible manner for easy comprehension and maximum utility. Covers even more applications of LIBS beyond the first edition, including combustion, soil physics, environment, and life sciences Includes new chapters on LIBS techniques that have emerged in the last several years, including Femtosecond LIBS and Molecular LIBS Provides inspiration for future developments in this rapidly growing field in the concluding chapter

Lithium Analysis

Lithium Analysis
Author: Sandra Mader
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2013
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lithium Analysis Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS Conce Pts Instrumentation Data Analysis and Applicatio Ns V2

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS   Conce Pts  Instrumentation  Data Analysis and Applicatio Ns V2
Author: V. K. Singh
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-12-29
ISBN: 9781119906360
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS Conce Pts Instrumentation Data Analysis and Applicatio Ns V2 Book Excerpt:

Application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for Quantitative Elemental Analysis

Application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS  for Quantitative Elemental Analysis
Author: Steven Tassios,Yulia A Uvarova,Monica leGras
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS for Quantitative Elemental Analysis Book Excerpt:

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS and Its Application to Solution Samples

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS  and Its Application to Solution Samples
Author: Helen Antony Archontaki
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Laser spectroscopy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS and Its Application to Solution Samples Book Excerpt:

A Guide to Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

A Guide to Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Pablo A. Foster
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 173
Release: 2020
ISBN: 9781536189940
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

"This compilation focuses on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, a technique that provides a versatile qualitative and quantitative analysis of any sample. The authors present perspectives on the current trends in the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for insulation condition monitoring. A guide to laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a classification tool is provided, along with combinations of well-established classification algorithms with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and their implementation schemes"--

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy  LIBS
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1982
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy LIBS Book Excerpt:

We have used the breakdown spark from a focused laser beam to generate analytically useful emission spectra of minor constituents in air and other carrier gases. The medium was sampled directly. It was not necessary to reduce the sample to solution nor to introduce electrodes. The apparatus is particularly simple; a pulsed laser, spectrometer, and some method for time resolution. The latter is essential in laser-induced-breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) because of the strong early continuum. High temperatures in the spark result in vaporization of small particles, dissociation of molecules, and excitation of atomic and ionic spectra, including species which are normally difficult to detect. In one application, we have monitored beryllium in air at conventrations below 1 .mu.g/m3, which is below 1 ppB (w/w). In another we have monitored chlorine and fluorine atoms in real time. LIBS has the potential for real-time direct sampling of contaminants in situ.

Laser induced Plasma and Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Laser induced Plasma and Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 126
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser induced Plasma and Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Trace Metals

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Trace Metals
Author: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2018-06-21
ISBN: 9781721643516
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Trace Metals Book Excerpt:

An alternative approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) determination of trace metal determination in liquids is demonstrated. The limits of detection (LOD) for the technique ranged from 10 ppb to 10 ppm for 15 metals metals (Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg, Pb) tested. Simons, Stephen (Technical Monitor) and VanderWal, Randall L. and Ticich, Thomas M. and West, Joseph R., Jr. Glenn Research Center NASA/CR-2004-212980, E-14455

Industrial Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Industrial Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Author: Yoshihiro Deguchi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is an analytical detection technique based on atomic emission spectroscopy to measure elemental composition. With the development of lasers and detection systems, applications of LIBS encompass a broad range, including physics, engineering, space missions, environment, et cetera due to the unique features of little or no sample preparation, noncontact, fast response, and multielemental analysis. The fundamental and application have been extensively studied to improve LIBS technique. This chapter largely targets the engineering fields, especially practical applications. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy will be discussed in this chapter including its fundamentals, industrial applications, and challenges.

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Microanalysis of Surfaces

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Microanalysis of Surfaces
Author: Shyama Prasad Banerjee,University of Alberta. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 189
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Atomic emission spectroscopy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Microanalysis of Surfaces Book Excerpt:

The utilization of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) as a potential material characterization technique has been demonstrated through academic and industrial research in past. LIBS has been applied for lateral surface scanning of materials and in depth resolution analysis. The necessity of improving lateral and depth resolution has led to the the development of microLIBS, a regime using low energy microjoule laser pulses. Femtosecond lasers have advanced the technique by its ability to produce high finer micromachined features. The optimization of pulse energy, optics, detectors and experimental environments are required to obtain precise surface microanalysis using LIBS. This thesis has been focused on a number of essential aspects of LIBS microanalysis. Laser ablation characteristics of materials depend on laser parameters and material properties. The single shot ablation threshold of chromium has been determined using UV femtosecond laser pulses and compared with two temperature model (TTM) predictions. The spatio-temporal evolution of the femtosecond laser induced micro-plasma plumes were characterized in the nanojoule ablation regime. The plume splitting, angular distribution of the plumes, plume lengths and plume images at threshold energies were characterized. Analytical models were used to compare plasma plume expansion and propagation characteristics. A LIBS depth profiling technique has been studied together with deep blind hole drilling using femtosecond laser pulses. The material removal rates were measured and compared with analytical calculations. The depth sensitive region that contributes to the LIBS emission has been evaluated for a single shot depth profiling study. It has been demonstrated by experiment and TTM model calculations that the depth sensitive region is much smaller than the ablated crater depth. Thin chromium lines on silicon wafers were prepared and scanning microanalysis across these metal strips using UV femtosecond pulses were carried out. Lateral resolution of the order of a micron has been obtained using LIBS.