Law And Legality In The Ottoman Empire And Republic Of Turkey

Author by : Kent F. Schull
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
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Description : The editors of this volume have gathered leading scholars on the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey to chronologically examine the sweep and variety of sociolegal projects being carried in the region. These efforts intersect issues of property, gender, legal literacy, the demarcation of village boundaries, the codification of Islamic law, economic liberalism, crime and punishment, and refugee rights across the empire and the Aegean region of the Turkish Republic.


Nineteenth Century Local Governance In Ottoman Bulgaria

Author by : M. Safa Saraçoglu
Languange : en
Publisher by : EUP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
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Description : This book provides a detailed exploration of the way in which administrative and judicial offices and practices provided an essential space for politics in 19th-century Bulgaria, securing local inhabitants' participation with Ottoman imperial governance. Combining a wealth of primary documents in both Bulgarian and Ottoman Turkish, this is the first systematic and comprehensive study of the connection between imperially-designed institutions and local politics.


Ottoman And Turkish Law

Author by : Fatih Öztürk
Languange : en
Publisher by : iUniverse
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description : For the last two centuries, Turkish residents have been dreaming of the realization of the rule of law. Through a collection of essays, Ottoman and Turkish Law explores this dream and shows that when Turks and their state start to believe law is above all, change will occur. In these essays, author Fatih Öztürk provides unique perspectives on why Turkey, in the aftermath of Ottoman decline, requires a closer examination of its practices under the modern rule of law. Compiled and evaluated while Öztürk was living in Ireland, the articles, written from a constitutional law point of view, revolve around the question of how fundamental rights in a liberal democracy can be protected. Furthering the goal of achieving greater protection of human rights in modern democracies, Ottoman and Turkish Law approaches the rule of law from the international perspective. It draws attention to the inability of the Turkish legal system to rid itself of arcane and outdated legal interpretations, practices, and traditions. It provides impetus for Turkey to move toward a more thorough, modern, and socially as well as historically relevant approach.


Nineteenth Century Local Governance In Ottoman Bulgaria

Author by : M. Safa Saraçoğlu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 65
Total Download : 817
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Description : An essential quick-reference book for students of Gothic literature, theatre and literary theory.


Turkish Foreign Policy

Author by : Pınar Gözen Ercan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
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Description : Rich in its spatial scope, this edited collection provides an extensive and detailed overview of contemporary Turkish foreign policy. From the founding principles of foreign policy in the early republic to changing patterns during the second half of the 20th century, this text not only charts underexplored periods in Turkish foreign policy history, but also offers a fresh analysis of recent events, with new challenges ever-emerging in this region. This volume is essential reading for students, scholars and professionals of International Relations, foreign policy and international law who would like to study Turkish foreign policy.


Creating The Desired Citizen

Author by : Ihsan Yilmaz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
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Description : For decades after the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the Turkish state promoted the idea of a desired citizen. The Kemalist state treated these citizens as superior, with full rights; but the 'others', those outside this desired citizenship, were either tolerated or considered undesirable citizens. And this caused the marginalization of ethnic and religious minorities, religious Muslims and leftists alike. In this book, Ihsan Yilmaz shows how historical traumas, victimhood, insecurities, anxieties, fears and siege mentality have negatively impacted on and radicalised the nation-building projects of the two competing hegemonic ideologies/regimes (those of Ataturk and Erdogan) and their treatment of majority and minority ethnic, religious and political groups. Yilmaz reveals the significant degree of overlap between the desired, undesired citizen and tolerated citizen categories of these two regimes, showing how both regimes aimed to create a perception of a homogenous Turkish nation.


Constitutional Developments Of Turkey Since Ottoman Times To The Present State Of The Modern Turkish Republic

Author by : Mehmet Merdan Hekimoglu
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Total Read : 33
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Description : Research Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Law - Public Law / Miscellaneous, language: English, abstract: This Study concerns itself with the Turkish constitutional developments from Ottoman times to the present state of the modern Turkish Republic.In this way, the historical constitutional experience of the Turkish society will be presented compactly. To this end, first a general overview of Turkish history of law is to be given. The constitutional developments are hereby pointed out from the Ottoman State to the today's Turkish Republic, whereby the respective constitution laws are presented content together. A comparative method will be pursued at this point. Then an introduction is given into the Turkish constitutional amendments in the frame of the EU full membership of Turkey whereby the meaning of these constitutional amendments is shown under the 1982 Constitution of Turkey. Finally, it will be shown that the Turkish people can entirely make a new constitution with only their own natural inner dynamics. The Turkish society, with its rich constitutional experience and its advanced level of development is in a position to do so easily.


Islamic Family Law In Europe And Islamic World Current Situation And Challenges

Author by : Mouez Khalfaoui
Languange : en
Publisher by : Carl Grossmann Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
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Description : The essays presented in this special issue of the Electronic Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (EJIMEL) offer sustained consideration of issues arising from the interaction between the Islamic family laws being lived in Europe and the Muslim world. They discuss in different ways the dynamics of Muslim matrimonial laws as they are debated and developing in thought and practice both in the Muslim-majority and European states. Furthermore, they examine the challenges in Islamic family law faced by all sides and the solutions to these challenges that are at our disposal. The authors are drawn from a range of disciplines including law, Islamic studies, theology, social anthropology, and other social sciences.


Encyclopedia Of The Ottoman Empire

Author by : Ga ́bor A ́goston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 601
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Description : Presents a comprehensive A-to-Z reference to the empire that once encompassed large parts of the modern-day Middle East, North Africa, and southeastern Europe.


Legal Imperialism

Author by : Turan Kayaoğlu
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
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Description : Legal Imperialism examines the important role of nineteenth-century Western extraterritorial courts in non-Western states. These courts, created as a separate legal system for Western expatriates living in Asian and Islamic coutries, developed from the British imperial model, which was founded on ideals of legal positivism. Based on a cross-cultural comparison of the emergence, function, and abolition of these court systems in Japan, the Ottoman Empire, and China, Turan Kayaoglu elaborates a theory of extraterritoriality, comparing the nineteenth-century British example with the post-World War II American legal imperialism. He also provides an explanation for the end of imperial extraterritoriality, arguing that the Western decision to abolish their separate legal systems stemmed from changes in non-Western territories, including Meiji legal reforms, Republican Turkey's legal transformation under Ataturk, and the Guomindang's legal reorganization in China. Ultimately, his research provides an innovative basis for understanding the assertion of legal authority by Western powers on foreign soil and the influence of such assertion on ideas about sovereignty.


Memory Laws Memory Wars

Author by : Nikolay Koposov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 69
Total Download : 646
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Description : Laws against Holocaust denial are perhaps the best-known manifestation of the present-day politics of historical memory. In Memory Laws, Memory Wars, Nikolay Koposov examines the phenomenon of memory laws in Western and Eastern Europe, Ukraine, and Russia and exposes their very different purposes in the East and West. In Western Europe, he shows how memory laws were designed to create a common European memory centred on the memory of the Holocaust as a means of integrating Europe, combating racism, and averting national and ethnic conflicts. In Russia and Eastern Europe, by contrast, legislation on the issues of the past is often used to give the force of law to narratives which serve the narrower interests of nation states and protect the memory of perpetrators rather than victims. This will be essential reading for all those interested in ongoing conflicts over the legacy of the Second World War, Nazism, and communism.


The Young Turk Legacy And Nation Building

Author by : Erik J. Zürcher
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
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Description : The grand narrative of "The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building" is that of the essential continuity of the late Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey that was founded in 1923. Erik J. Zurcher shows that Kemal's 'ideological toolkit', which included positivism, militarism, nationalism and a state-centred world view, was shared by many other Young Turks. Authoritarian rule, a one-party state, a legal framework based on European principles, advanced European-style bureaucracy, financial administration, military and educational reforms and state-control of Islam, can all be found in the late Ottoman Empire, as can policies of demographic engineering. The book focuses on the attempts of the Young Turks to save their empire through forced modernization as well as on the attempts of their Kemalist successors to build a strong national state. The decade of almost continuous warfare, ethnic conflict and forced migration between 1911 and 1922 forms the background to these attempts and accordingly occupies a central position in this volume. This is a powerful history reflecting and contributing to the latest research from a leading historian of modern Turkey. It is essential for all readers interested in the history of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, and for an understanding of a key player in the politics of the Middle East and Europe.


The Subjects Of Ottoman International Law

Author by : Lâle Can
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 145
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Description : The core of this edited volume originates from a special issue of the Journal of the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association (JOTSA) that goes well beyond the special issue to incorporate the stimulating discussions and insights of two Middle East Studies Association conference roundtables and the important work of additional scholars in order to create a state-of-the-field volume on Ottoman sociolegal studies, particularly regarding Ottoman international law from the eighteenth century to the end of the empire. It makes several important contributions to Ottoman and Turkish studies, namely, by introducing these disciplines to the broader fields of trans-imperial studies, comparative international law, and legal history. Combining the best practices of diplomatic history and history from below to integrate the Ottoman Empire and its subjects into the broader debates of the nineteenth-century trans-imperial history this unique volume represents the exciting work and cutting-edge scholarship on these topics that will continue to shape the field in years to come.


Water And Politics In Turkey

Author by : Vakur Sumer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 352
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : As Turkey approaches EU membership it faces the challenge of implementing the requirements of the WFD by the date of its accession to the union, something that will require major structural change and financial investment. Water and Politics in Turkey provides a comprehensive, detailed and authoritative examination of all aspects water management and water resources in Turkey, from evaluation of existing institutions and practices to assessing the difficulties inherent in the enormous changes that must be implemented as Turkey prepares for EU membership. It will be essential reading for water professionals, policy makers, environmentalists, and all those with an interest in Turkey the workings of the European Union.


Mehmut Munir Ertegun

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 23
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Description : Typed, signed note Turkey/America Mehmet Münir Ertegün (1883 - 11 November 1944) was a Turkish legal counsel in international law to the Sublime Porte of the late Ottoman Empire and a diplomat of the Turkish Republic during its early years. Ertegün married Emine Hayrünnisa Rüstem in 1917 and the couple had three children, two of whom were Ahmet and Nesuhi Ertegün, the brothers who founded Atlantic Records and who became iconic figures in the American music industry. Born in Istanbul to a civil servant father, Mehmet Cemil Bey, and a mother Ayse Hamide Hanim, who was a daughter of Sufi shaykh Ibrahim Edhem Efendi, he studied law at Istanbul University and graduated in 1908. He was a close figure and aide to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk during the Turkish Independence War and the chief legal counsel of the Turkish delegation to the Treaty of Lausanne. After the Western powers recognized the newly-founded Republic of Turkey in 1923, he was sent to Geneva to the League of Nations as an observer for the Turkish Republic. During this assignment he frequently went to Paris for the Ottoman Public Debt negotiations. Following this posting to the League of Nations he was appointed ambassador to Switzerland (1925-1930), France (1930-1932), the United Kingdom (1932-1934) and the United States (1934-1944). He held this last post until he died in Washington, D.C. in 1944. In 1946, a year after World War II had ended, his body was carried back to Istanbul by the USS Missouri and buried in the garden of Sufi tekke, Özbekler Tekkesi in Sultantepe, Üsküdar near his shaykh grandfather Ibrahim Edhem Efendi, who was once the head of the Tekke. When Ertegün died, there was not yet a mosque in Washington D.C. at which his funeral could be held. The Islamic Center of Washington was built as a result.


The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of International Law

Author by : Bardo Fassbender
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 161
File Size : 48,7 Mb
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Description : This handbook provides an authoritative and original overview of the origins of public international law. It analyses the modern history of international law from a global perspective, and examines the lives of those who were most responsible for shaping it.


Turkey Second Edition

Author by : Heather Lehr Wagner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 671
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal out of the remains of the Ottoman Empire. Under Kemal's leadership and a governing principle called Kemalism, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. Its strategic location on the border of the Asian and European continents lends the country a unique blend of Eastern and Western traditions. While Turkey prides itself on being a democratic, secular society, ethnic conflict between the Turks and the Kurds, Turkey's largest ethnic minority, has plagued the country. Recent calls to increasingly govern by Islamic law have also created new conflict in this country, which has been pursuing membership in the European Union.


Hague Yearbook Of International Law Annuaire De La Haye De Droit International Vol 26 2013

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 196
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : The title of the Hague Yearbook of International Law reflects the close ties which have always existed between the AAA and the City of The Hague with its international law institutions, and indicates the Yearbook’s aim of devoting attention to developments taking place in the international law institutions based in The Hague. However, the Yearbook has a broader scope as well: to offer a platform for review of new developments in the field of international law. As of the 2010 Volume, the Yearbook has been compiled by a new and expanded Editorial Board, offering fresh ideas and a new approach. A newly established Advisory Board has also been added, including ICJ Judge Bruno Simma, Serge Brammertz, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Jacomijn J. van Haersolte-van Hof, advocate (advocaat) at HaersolteHof and arbitrator (The Netherlands) and Professor Peter Hilpold, Innsbruck University (Austria). Sections have been created on public international law, private international law, international investment law and international criminal law, containing in-depth articles on current issues. The breadth of the Yearbook’s content thus offers an interesting and valuable illustration of the dynamic developments in the various sub-areas of international law.


Secularism And State Religion In Modern Turkey

Author by : Emir Kaya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 600
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Description : The Diyanet, the official face of Islam in Turkey, is the `Presidency of Religious Affairs', a governmental department established in 1924 after the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and the abolition of Caliphate. In this book, Emir Kaya offers an in-depth multidisciplinary analysis of this vital institution. Focusing on the role of the Diyanet in society, Kaya explores the balance the institution has to strike between the Muslim traditions of the Turkish population and the secular creed of the Turkish state. By examining the various laws that either bolstered or hindered the Diyanet's budgets and activities, Kaya highlights the institutional mindsets of the Diyanet membership. He also evaluates its successes and failures as a state department that must consistently operate within the context of the religiosity of Turkish society. By situating all of this within the two competing - but often complimentary - concepts of religion and secularism, Kaya offers a book that is important for those researching the interplay of Islam and the state in Turkey and beyond.


Mixed Legal Systems East And West

Author by : Vernon Valentine Palmer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 151
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : Advancing legal scholarship in the area of mixed legal systems, as well as comparative law more generally, this book expands the comparative study of the world’s legal families to those of jurisdictions containing not only mixtures of common and civil law, but also to those mixing Islamic and/or traditional legal systems with those derived from common and/or civil law traditions. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, the book takes us far beyond the usual focus of comparative law with analysis of a broad range of countries, including relatively neglected and under-researched areas. The discussion is situated within the broader context of the ongoing development and evolution of mixed legal systems against the continuing tides of globalization on the one hand, and on the other hand the emergence of Islamic governments in some parts of the Middle East, the calls for a legal status for Islamic law in some European countries, and the increasing focus on traditional and customary norms of governance in post-colonial contexts. This book will be an invaluable source for students and researchers working in the areas of comparative law, legal pluralism, the evolution of mixed legal systems, and the impact of colonialism on contemporary legal systems. It will also be an important resource for policy-makers and analysts.


Great Events In Religion An Encyclopedia Of Pivotal Events In Religious History 3 Volumes

Author by : Florin Curta
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 125
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Description : This three-volume set presents fundamental information about the most important events in world religious history as well as substantive discussions of their significance and impact. • Presents readers with essential information about the chief events in religious history that will help them better understand world history and promote a greater respect for culturally diverse religious traditions • Provides cross-references and sidebars that cite print and electronic resources for further reading with each entry • Includes a selected, general bibliography of print and electronic resources suitable for student research


Orthodox Christians In The Late Ottoman Empire

Author by : Ayse Ozil
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 948
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Description : Orthodox Christians, as well as other non-Muslims of the Ottoman Empire, have long been treated as insular and homogenous entities, distinctly different and separate from the rest of the Ottoman world. Despite this view prevailing in mainstream historiography, some scholars have suggested recently that non-Muslim life was not as monolithic and rigid as is often supposed. In an endeavour to understand the ties among Christians within the administrative, social and economic structures of the imperial and Orthodox Christian worlds, Ayşe Ozil engages in a rarely undertaken comparative analysis of Ottoman, Greek and European archival sources. Using the hitherto under-explored region of Hüdavendigar in the heartland of the empire as a case study, she questions commonplace assumptions about the meaning of ethno-religious community within a Middle Eastern imperial framework. Offering a more nuanced investigation of Ottoman Christians by connecting Ottoman and Greek history, which are often treated in isolation from one another, this work sheds new light on communal existence.


The Collective Dimension Of Freedom Of Religion

Author by : Mine Yıldırım
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 901
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : The right to freedom of religion or belief, as enshrined in international human rights documents, is unique in its formulation in that it provides protection for the enjoyment of the rights "in community with others". This book explores the notion of the collective dimension of freedom of religion or belief with a view to advance the protection of this right. The book considers Turkey which provides a useful test case where both the domestic legislation can be assessed against international standards, while at the same time lessons can be drawn for the improvement of the standard of international review of the protection of the collective dimension of freedom of religion or belief. The book asks two main questions: what is the scope and nature of protection afforded to the collective dimension of freedom of religion or belief in international law, and, secondly, how does the protection of the collective dimension of freedom of religion or belief in Turkey compare and contrast to international standards? In doing so it seeks to identify how the standard of international review of the collective dimension of freedom of religion can be improved.


The Army Lawyer

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : LLMC
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
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Description :


Ways To Modernity In Greece And Turkey

Author by : Anna Frangoudaki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
Total Download : 891
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : This is a clear and original examination of the impact of modernity on Greece and Turkey, and the influence of the West on these former states of the Ottoman Empire during the crucial hundred years between 1850 and 1950. "Ways to Modernity in Greece and Turkey" explores the reactions and coping mechanisms displayed in both societies in reaction to Europe's all-pervasive influence. Elites in both societies engaged in defensive modernization, culminating in parallel attempts to mould their nations in line with the western blueprint. The authors examine reforms in the legal regime, the changing nature of family and gender relations, and re-engineered conceptions of space and the built environment. They describe and analyse different aspects of the changes in the two societies over this period, as they defined their practices and identities against Europe, and often against each other.