Leadership And The Cult Of The Personality

Author by : Jane F. Gardner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edgar Kent
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Description : Leadership and the Cult of the Personality


Ruler Personality Cults From Empires To Nation States And Beyond

Author by : Kirill Postoutenko
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Inhaltsverzeichnis: Symbolic patterns and interactional dynamics in ruler personality cults : state of the art and open questions / Kirill Postoutenko and Darin Stephanov -- "Personality cults" : the career of the contested notion / Dmitri Zakharine -- The mechanisms of cult production : an overview / Xavier Marquez -- Making the cult of personality from bottom up : the case of seventeenth-century Mughal India / Ali Anooshahr -- A personality cult against one's will? Traits and trajectories of popular veneration of Emperor Alexander I (r. 1801-1825) / Darin Stepanov -- Of death and dominion : Queen Victoria and the cult of colonial loyalty / John Plunkett -- The magic mirror : supplicant letters and the role of false equivalences in shaping ruler dominance / Eva Giloi -- Father of the people, face of the nation : continuities and splits in premodern foundations of modern ruler personality cults / Alexey Tikhomirov -- The image of Josip Broz Tito in post-Yugoslavia : between national and local memory / Tamara Trošt -- Deification, canonization and random signaling : upholding and sustaining personality cults / Kirill Postoutenko -- 'We thank you, our beloved leader!' the origins and evolution of Nicolae Ceaușescu's cult of personality / Manuela Marin -- Embodied practices of leadership : the case of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan / Charlotte Joppien -- Symbolic patterns and interactional dynamics in ruler personality cults : responding to questions and formulating ideas for future research / Kirill Postoutenko and Darin Stephanov.


Soviet Leaders

Author by : Olga A. Narkiewicz
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Biographies of Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Andropov, Chemenko and Gorbachev.


Mao Cult

Author by : Daniel Leese
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Although many books have explored Mao's posthumous legacy, none has scrutinized the massive worship that was fostered around him during the Cultural Revolution. This book is the first to do so. By analyzing secret archival documents, Daniel Leese traces the history of the cult within the Communist Party and at the grassroots level. The party leadership's original intention was to develop a prominent brand symbol, which would compete with the nationalists' elevation of Chiang Kai-shek. However, they did not anticipate that Mao would use this symbolic power to mobilize Chinese youth to rebel against party bureaucracy itself. The result was anarchy and when the army was called in it relied on mandatory rituals of worship such as daily reading of the Little Red Book to restore order. Such fascinating detail sheds light not only on the personality cult of Mao, but also on hero-worship in other traditions.


Leader Symbols And Personality Cult In North Korea

Author by : Jae-Cheon Lim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The legitimacy of the North Korean state is based solely on the leaders’ personal legitimacy, and is maintained by the indoctrination of people with leader symbols and the enactment of leadership cults in daily life. It can thus be dubbed a "leader state". The frequency of leader symbols and the richness and scale of leader-symbol-making in North Korea are simply unrivalled. Furthermore, the personality cults of North Korean leaders are central to people’s daily activity, critically affecting their minds and emotions. Both leader symbols and cult activities are profoundly entrenched in the institutions and daily life, and if separated and cancelled, the North Korean state would be transformed. This book analyses North Korea as a "leader state", focusing on two elements, leader symbols and cult activities. It argues that these elements have been, and continue to be, the backbone of North Korea, shaping North Korean culture. To reveal the "leader state" character, the book specifically examines North Korea’s leadership cults, its use of leader symbols in these cults, and the nature of the symbolism involved. How has the North Korean state developed the cult of the Kim Il Sung family? How does the state use leader symbols to perpetuate this cult? How has the state developed myths and rituals that sustain the cult in daily life? What leader images has state propaganda manufactured? How does the state’s manipulation of leader symbols affect the symbolism that is assigned to the leader’s actions? In answering these questions, this book sheds new light on the strength and resilience of the North Korean state, and shows how it has been able to survive even the most difficult economic period of the mid-1990s. Leader Symbols and Personality Cult in North Korea will be essential reading for students and scholars of North Korea, Korean politics, Asian politics, political sociology and visual politics.


The Cult Of The Duce

Author by : Stephen Gundle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
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Description : The cult of the Duce is the first book to explore systematically the personality cult of the Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. It examines the factors which informed the cult and looks in detail at its many manifestations in the visual arts, architecture, political spectacle and the media. The conviction that Mussolini was an exceptional individual first became dogma among Fascists and then was communicated to the people at large. Intellectuals and artists helped fashion the idea of him as a new Caesar while the modern media of press, photography, cinema and radio aggrandised his every public act. The book considers the way in which Italians experienced the personality cult and analyses its controversial resonances in the postwar period. Academics and students with interests in Italian and European history and politics will find the volume indispensable to an understanding of Fascism, Italian society and culture, and modern political leadership. Among the contributions is an Afterword by Mussolini’s leading biographer, R.J.B. Bosworth.


Leadership And Social Movements

Author by : Colin Barker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
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Description : Despite the explosion of social movement research in Europe and the US in the last 20 years, the question of leadership has been relatively neglected. This probing examination of the theory and practice of social movement leadership critically re-examines a series of classic cases. The essays illuminate the complex dynamics and competing forms taken by social movement leadership as well as its impact on movement successes and failures.


The Leader Cult In Communist Dictatorships

Author by : B. Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : The first book to analyze the distinct leader cults that flourished in the era of 'High Stalinism' as an integral part of the system of dictatorial rule in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Fifteen studies explore the way in which these cults were established, their function and operation, their dissemination and reception, the place of the cults in art and literature, the exportation of the Stalin cult and its implantment in the communist states of Eastern Europe, and the impact which de-Stalinisation had on these cults.


Political Posters In Central And Eastern Europe 1945 95

Author by : James Aulich
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
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Description : The political poster was one of the most widely discredited and closely policed aspects of cultural life in the former Communist Bloc. As a weapon in an ideologically defined social struggle for human emancipation and as a medium of critical engagement, the poster had a decisive political and social status it could never aspire to in the West.


Charismatic Leadership And Social Movements

Author by : Jan Willem Stutje
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
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Total Read : 42
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Description : Much of the writing on charisma focuses on specific traits associated with exceptional leaders, a practice that has broadened the concept of charisma to such an extent that it loses its distinctiveness – and therefore its utility. More particularly, the concept's relevance to the study of social movements has not moved beyond generalizations. The contributors to this volume renew the debate on charismatic leadership from a historical perspective and seek to illuminate the concept's relevance to the study of social movements. The case studies here include such leaders as Mahatma Gandhi; the architect of apartheid, Daniel F. Malan; the heroine of the Spanish Civil War, Dolores Ibarruri (la pasionaria); and Mao Zedong. These charismatic leaders were not just professional politicians or administrators, but sustained a strong symbiotic relationship with their followers, one that stimulated devotion to the leader and created a real group identity.


Performative Politics And Petrified Image

Author by : Daniel Leese
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : The modern personality cult, the godlike glorification of a political leader with mass medial techniques supported by excessive popular worship, appears to be a nearly universal feature of the 20th century with leader cults spreading from Albania to Zimbabwe. While the Stalin cult proved to be most influential in providing a blueprint for other socialist leader cults, none was to rival the intensity and scope of the cult of Mao Zedong during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Contrary to claims of the Chinese Communist Party that emphasize the traditional nature of the cult or functionalist approaches that reduce it to mere social engineering, I propose to interpret the leader cult as a medium of symbolic power, as the creation of a communicative space that affected both the leadership's performative politics and the populace's adaptation of its directives. Socialist leader cults, unlike their fascist counterparts, relied less on the leader's fervent rhetoric than on the distribution and collective study of his printed works. Intended as a loyalty-creating device to ease the identification with the Communist Movement for its often illiterate supporters, the cult merged the success of the revolution with the fate of a single person. Controlling the leader's powerful image and sayings thus became a formidable task, as the gap between the petrified public image of an omniscient, unmoved mover and day to day politics paved the way for varying interpretations on all levels of society. Perhaps never have these tendencies become more obvious then during the Cultural Revolution, when cult-building came to serve most different purposes oscillating between manipulation, ritual obedience and cult anarchy. Like a magnifying glass, the cultural revolutionary Mao cult presents us with the unique possibility of studying the workings, consequences and defects of personality cults, offering a comparison with the experiences of other countries up to the present day.


The Personality Cult Of Stalin In Soviet Posters 1929 1953

Author by : Anita Pisch
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU Press
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Description : From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.


How To Be A Dictator

Author by : Frank Dikötter
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : 'Brilliant' NEW STATESMAN, BOOKS OF THE YEAR'Enlightening and a good read' SPECTATOR'Moving and perceptive' NEW STATESMANMussolini, Hitler, Stalin, Mao Zedong, Kim Il-sung, Ceausescu, Mengistu of Ethiopia and Duvalier of Haiti. No dictator can rule through fear and violence alone. Naked power can be grabbed and held temporarily, but it never suffices in the long term. A tyrant who can compel his own people to acclaim him will last longer. The paradox of the modern dictator is that he must create the illusion of popular support. Throughout the twentieth century, hundreds of millions of people were condemned to enthusiasm, obliged to hail their leaders even as they were herded down the road to serfdom. In How to Be a Dictator, Frank Dikötter returns to eight of the most chillingly effective personality cults of the twentieth century. From carefully choreographed parades to the deliberate cultivation of a shroud of mystery through iron censorship, these dictators ceaselessly worked on their own image and encouraged the population at large to glorify them. At a time when democracy is in retreat, are we seeing a revival of the same techniques among some of today's world leaders? This timely study, told with great narrative verve, examines how a cult takes hold, grows, and sustains itself. It places the cult of personality where it belongs, at the very heart of tyranny.


Anatomy Of Authoritarianism In The Arab Republics

Author by : Joseph Sassoon
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 97
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Description : Examines the system of authoritarianism in eight Arab republics, including life under these regimes and the mechanisms underpinning their resilience.


Marxism Today

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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The Invisible Shining

Author by : Bal zs Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central European University Press
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Description : This book offers a detailed analysis of the construction, reception and eventual decline of the cult of the Hungarian Communist Party Secretary, M ty s R kosi, one of the most striking examples of orchestrated adulation in the Soviet bloc. While his cult never approached the magnitude of that of Stalin, R kosi?s ambition to outshine the other ?best disciples? and become the best of the best was manifest in his diligence in promoting a Soviet-type following in Hungary. The main argument of Bal zs Apor is that the cult of personality is not just a curious aspect of communist dictatorship, it is an essential element of it. The monograph is primarily concerned with techniques and methods of cult construction, as well as the role various institutions played in the creation of mythical representations of political fi gures. Separate chapters present visual and non-visual methods of cult construction. The author engages with a wider international literature on Stalinist cults in an impressive manner. Apor uses the case of R kosi to explore how personality cults are created, how such cults are perceived, and how they are eventually unmade. The book addresses the success?generally questionable?of such projects, as well as their uncomfortable legacies.


Martyr Cults And Political Identities In Lebanon

Author by : Sabrina Bonsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : Sabrina Bonsen sheds light on political cults of martyrs in Lebanon and reconsiders the context of their emergence, development and distinct characteristics since 1920. She examines how the honouring of martyrs became an established practice in Lebanese politics and is crucial to grasp the logic of violence and conflict. Drawing on the case of the Amal movement, the author analyses central narratives to the group’s discourse and practices concerning martyrdom to show how identity construction and strategies of legitimizing power are intertwined. Moreover, the book provides insides into political competition strategies, especially in regards to the two major Shiʿite political actors, Amal and Hizbullah, and takes a new look on martyrdom by going beyond cultural-religious explanations.


China Report

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Russia After The War Hopes Illusions And Disappointments 1945 1957

Author by : Elena Zubkova
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 99
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Description : The years of late Stalinism are one of the murkiest periods in Soviet history, best known to us through the voices of Ehrenburg, Khrushchev and Solzhenitsyn. This is a sweeping history of Russia from the end of the war to the Thaw by one of Russia's respected younger historians. Drawing on the resources of newly opened archives as well as the recent outpouring of published diaries and memoirs, Elena Zubkova presents a richly detailed portrayal of the basic conditions of people's lives in Soviet Russia from 1945 to 1957. She brings out the dynamics of postwar popular expectations and the cultural stirrings set in motion by the wartime experience versus the regime's determination to reassert command over territories and populations and the mechanisms of repression. Her interpretation of the period establishes the context for the liberalizing and reformist impulses that surfaced in the post-Stalin succession struggle, characterizing what would be the formative period for a future generation of leaders: Gorbachev, Yeltsin and their contemporaries.


Summary Of The Yugoslav Press

Author by : Joint Translation Service
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Consciousness Or Cult

Author by : Lucille M. Michaels
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Khrushchev In The Kremlin

Author by : Jeremy Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 55
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Description : This book presents a new picture of the politics, economics and process of government in the Soviet Union under the leadership of Nikita Khrushchev. Based in large part on original research in recently declassified archive collections, the book examines the full complexity of government, including formal and informal political relationships; economic reforms and nationality relations in the national republics of the USSR; the treatment of political dissent; economic progress through technological innovation; relations with the Eastern bloc; corruption and deceit in the economy; and the reform of the railways and construction sectors. The book re-evaluates the Khrushchev era as one which represented a significant departure from the Stalin years, introducing a number of policy changes that only came to fruition later, whilst still suffering from many of the limitations imposed by the Stalinist system. Unlike many other studies which consider the subject from the perspective of the Cold War and superpower relations, this book provides an overview of the internal development of the Soviet Union in this period, locating it in the broader context of Soviet history. This is the companion volume to the Jeremy Smith and Melanie Ilic’s previous edited collection, Soviet State and Society under Nikita Khrushchev (Routledge, 2009).


Leadership The Key Concepts

Author by : Antonio Marturano
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This is an indispensable and authoritative guide to the most crucial ideas, concepts and debates surrounding the study and exercise of leadership. Bringing together entries written by a wide range of international experts, this is an essential desktop resource for managers and leaders in all kinds of institutions and organizations, as well as students of business, sociology and politics. Topics covered in this guide include: authority creativity cross-cultural leadership motivation emotional intelligence group dynamics.