The American War in Afghanistan

The American War in Afghanistan
Author: Carter Malkasian
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 561
Release: 2021-06-15
ISBN: 0197550797
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American War in Afghanistan Book Excerpt:

A New York Times Notable Book The first authoritative history of American's longest war by one of the world's leading scholar-practitioners. The American war in Afghanistan, which began in 2001, is now the longest armed conflict in the nation's history. It is currently winding down, and American troops are likely to leave soon but only after a stay of nearly two decades. In The American War in Afghanistan, Carter Malkasian provides the first comprehensive history of the entire conflict. Malkasian is both a leading academic authority on the subject and an experienced practitioner, having spent nearly two years working in the Afghan countryside and going on to serve as the senior advisor to General Joseph Dunford, the US military commander in Afghanistan and later the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff. Drawing from a deep well of local knowledge, understanding of Pashto, and review of primary source documents, Malkasian moves through the war's multiple phases: the 2001 invasion and after; the light American footprint during the 2003 Iraq invasion; the resurgence of the Taliban in 2006, the Obama-era surge, and the various resets in strategy and force allocations that occurred from 2011 onward, culminating in the 2018-2020 peace talks. Malkasian lived through much of it, and draws from his own experiences to provide a unique vantage point on the war. Today, the Taliban is the most powerful faction, and sees victory as probable. The ultimate outcome after America leaves is inherently unpredictable given the multitude of actors there, but one thing is sure: the war did not go as America had hoped. Although the al-Qa'eda leader Osama bin Laden was killed and no major attack on the American homeland was carried out after 2001, the United States was unable to end the violence or hand off the war to the Afghan authorities, which could not survive without US military backing. The American War in Afghanistan explains why the war had such a disappointing outcome. Wise and all-encompassing, The American War in Afghanistan provides a truly vivid portrait of the conflict in all of its phases that will remain the authoritative account for years to come.

Fighting the Forever War

Fighting the Forever War
Author: Lisa M. Mundey
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2022-02-08
ISBN: 1476646821
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fighting the Forever War Book Excerpt:

During two decades of fighting in Afghanistan, U.S. service members confronted numerous challenges in their mission to secure the country from the threat of al-Qaeda and the Taliban and assist in rebuilding efforts. Because the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan occurred simultaneously, much of the American public conflated them or failed to notice the Afghanistan War; and most of the war's archival material remains classified and closed to civilian researchers. Drawing on interviews and letters home, this book relates the Afghanistan War through the experiences of American troops, with firsthand accounts of both combat and humanitarian operations, the environment, living conditions and interactions with the locals.

The Taliban at War

The Taliban at War
Author: Antonio Giustozzi
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2019-09-01
ISBN: 0197507131
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Taliban at War Book Excerpt:

How does the Taliban wage war? How has its war changed over time? Firstly, the movement's extraordinary military operation relies on financial backing. This volume analyses such funding. The Taliban's external sources of support include foreign governments and non-state groups, both of which have affected the Taliban's military campaigns and internal politics. Secondly, this is the first full-length study of the Taliban to acknowledge and discuss in detail the movement's polycentric character. Here not only the Quetta Shura, but also the Haqqani Network and the Taliban's other centers of power, are afforded the attention they deserve. The Taliban at War is based on extensive field research, including hundreds of interviews with Taliban members at all levels of the organization, community elders in Taliban-controlled areas, and other sources. It covers the Taliban insurgency from its first manifestations in 2002 up to the end of 2015. The five-month Battle of Kunduz epitomized the ongoing transition of the Taliban from an insurgent group to a more conventional military force, intent on fighting a protracted civil war. In this latest book, renowned Afghanistan expert Antonio Giustozzi rounds off his twenty years of studying the Taliban with an authoritative study detailing the evolution of its formidable military machine.

US Nation Building in Afghanistan

US Nation Building in Afghanistan
Author: Conor Keane
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2016-03-31
ISBN: 1317003195
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

US Nation Building in Afghanistan Book Excerpt:

Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The main objective of the book is to deepen readers understanding of the impact of bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the Bush Administration. It rejects the ’rational actor’ model, according to which the US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Why We Lost

Why We Lost
Author: Daniel P. Bolger
Publsiher: HMH
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2014-11-11
ISBN: 0544438345
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why We Lost Book Excerpt:

A commander’s “compelling” behind-the-scenes view of the United States at war after 9/11, from high-level strategy to combat on the ground (The Wall Street Journal). Over his thirty-five year career, Daniel P. Bolger rose through the ranks of the army infantry to become a three-star general, commanding in both Afghanistan and Iraq. Perhaps more than anyone else, he was witness to the full extent of these wars, from September 11th to withdrawal from the region. Not only did Bolger participate in top-level planning and strategy meetings, he also regularly carried a rifle alongside soldiers in combat actions. Writing with hard-won experience and unflinching honesty, Bolger argues that while we lost in Iraq and Afghanistan, we did not have to. Intelligence was garbled. Key decision makers were blinded by spreadsheets or theories. And we never really understood our enemy. Why We Lost is a timely, forceful, and compulsively readable account from a fresh and authoritative perspective, “filled with heartfelt stories of soldiers and Marines in firefights and close combat. It weighs in mightily to the ongoing debate over how the United States should wage war” (The Washington Post).

My Life with the Taliban

My Life with the Taliban
Author: Abdul Salam Zaeef
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN: 1849044449
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

My Life with the Taliban Book Excerpt:

This is the autobiography of Abdul Salam Zaeef, a senior former member of the Taliban. His memoirs, translated from Pashto, are more than just a personal account of his extraordinary life. My Life with the Taliban offers a counter-narrative to the standard accounts of Afghanistan since 1979. Zaeef describes growing up in rural poverty in Kandahar province. Both of his parents died at an early age, and the Russian invasion of 1979 forced him to flee to Pakistan. He started fighting the jihad in 1983, during which time he was associated with many major figures in the anti-Soviet resistance, including the current Taliban head Mullah Mohammad Omar. After the war Zaeef returned to a quiet life in a small village in Kandahar, but chaos soon overwhelmed Afghanistan as factional fighting erupted after the Russians pulled out. Disgusted by the lawlessness that ensued, Zaeef was one among the former mujahidin who were closely involved in the discussions that led to the emergence of the Taliban, in 1994. Zaeef then details his Taliban career as civil servant and minister who negotiated with foreign oil companies as well as with Afghanistan's own resistance leader, Ahmed Shah Massoud. Zaeef was ambassador to Pakistan at the time of the 9/11 attacks, and his account discusses the strange "phoney war" period before the US-led intervention toppled the Taliban. In early 2002 Zaeef was handed over to American forces in Pakistan, notwithstanding his diplomatic status, and spent four and a half years in prison (including several years in Guantanamo) before being released without having been tried or charged with any offence. My Life with the Taliban offers a personal and privileged insight into the rural Pashtun village communities that are the Taliban's bedrock. It helps to explain what drives men like Zaeef to take up arms against the foreigners who are foolish enough to invade his homeland.

The March to Kandahar

The March to Kandahar
Author: Rodney Atwood
Publsiher: Pen and Sword
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2012-03-19
ISBN: 1844689476
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The March to Kandahar Book Excerpt:

The book describes the role of Frederick Roberts in the 2nd Afghan War, culminating in his famous march in 1880 with 10,000 picked British and Indian soldiers, 300 miles in twenty-three days, from Kabul to Kandahar, to defeat the Afghan army of Ayub Khan, pretender to the Amirship of Kabul. The march made Roberts one of late Victorian Englands great military heroes, partly because of the achievement itself, partly because the victory restored British prestige after defeat, and finally because of Roberts astute use of the press to puff his victory. This overcame the earlier damage done to his reputation by the political storm raised by his hanging over eighty Afghans in revenge for the massacre of a British envoy and his escort. It enabled the liberal Viceroy of India, Lord Ripon, to extract his forces from an Afghan imbroglio with prestige restored and an emir on the Afghan throne who for thirty-nine years maintained friendship with British India. Roberts (or Bobs as he was known) subsequently advanced to command the Indian Army, working closely with future Viceroys to influence Indian defense policy on the North-West Frontier, being hymned by Rudyard Kipling, poet of empire. His best-selling autobiography, Forty-One Years in India, established his image before the British public and he remains one of Britains best known, if least understood, military figures.

Hist Afghanistan V 1 2

Hist Afghanistan V 1   2
Author: Percy Sykes
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN: 1317845870
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hist Afghanistan V 1 2 Book Excerpt:

First published in 2007. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Life and Campaigns of Hugh First Viscount Gough Field Marshal

The Life and Campaigns of Hugh  First Viscount Gough  Field Marshal
Author: Robert Sangster Rait
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1908
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: China
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Life and Campaigns of Hugh First Viscount Gough Field Marshal Book Excerpt:

Shall England Keep India

Shall England Keep India
Author: Sir Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 48
Release: 1886
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Afghanistan
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shall England Keep India Book Excerpt:

Handbuch der Orientalistik

Handbuch der Orientalistik
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 596
Release: 1991
ISBN: 9789004092716
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbuch der Orientalistik Book Excerpt:

The Numismatic Circular

The Numismatic Circular
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1894
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Coins
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Numismatic Circular Book Excerpt:

The Numismatic Circular and Catalogue of Coins Tokens Commemorative War Medals Books Cabinets

The Numismatic Circular and Catalogue of Coins  Tokens  Commemorative   War Medals  Books   Cabinets
Author: Spink & Son
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1894
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Numismatic Circular and Catalogue of Coins Tokens Commemorative War Medals Books Cabinets Book Excerpt:

The Rule of Law in Afghanistan

The Rule of Law in Afghanistan
Author: Whit Mason
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-04-14
ISBN: 1139495526
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rule of Law in Afghanistan Book Excerpt:

How, despite the enormous investment of blood and treasure, has the West's ten-year intervention left Afghanistan so lawless and insecure? The answer is more insidious than any conspiracy, for it begins with a profound lack of understanding of the rule of law, the very thing that most dramatically separates Western societies from the benighted ones in which they increasingly intervene. This volume of essays argues that the rule of law is not a set of institutions that can be exported lock, stock and barrel to lawless lands, but a state of affairs under which ordinary people and officials of the state itself feel it makes sense to act within the law. Where such a state of affairs is absent, as in Afghanistan today, brute force, not law, will continue to rule.

Justin Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus Volume II Books 13 15

Justin  Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus  Volume II  Books 13 15
Author: Marcus Junianus Justinus,J. C. Yardley,Pat Wheatley,Waldemar Heckel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2011-12-15
ISBN: 0199277591
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Justin Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus Volume II Books 13 15 Book Excerpt:

Pompeius Trogus, a Romanized Gaul living in the age of Augustus, wrote a forty-four book universal history (The Philippic History) of the non-Roman Mediterranean world. This work was later abbreviated by M. Junianus Justinus. Alexander the Great's life has been examined in minute detail by scholars for many decades, but the period of chaos that ensued after his death in 323 BC has received much less attention. Few historical sources recount the history of this period consecutively. Justin's abbreviated epitome of the lost Philippic history of Pompeius Trogus is the only relatively continuous account we have left of the events that transpired in the 40 years from 323 BC. This volume supplies a historical analysis of this unique source for the difficult period of Alexander's Successors up to 297 BC, a full translation, and running commentary on Books 13-15.

The Lion of Sabray

The Lion of Sabray
Author: Patrick Robinson
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-11-08
ISBN: 1501117998
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Lion of Sabray Book Excerpt:

Patrick Robinson, coauthor of the #1 New York Times bestseller Lone Survivor and “preeminent writer of modern naval fiction” (The Florida Times Union) shares the gripping untold story of Mohammed Gulab, the Afghani warrior who defied the Taliban and saved the life of American hero and Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell. Bestselling author Patrick Robinson helped Marcus Luttrell bring his harrowing story of survival to the page and the big screen with Lone Survivor. But the Afghani man who saved his life was always shrouded in mystery. Now, with The Lion of Sabray, Robinson reveals the amazing backstory of Mohammed Gulab—the brave man who forever changed the course of life for his Afghani family, his village, and himself when he discovered Luttrell badly injured and barely conscious on a mountainside in the Hindu Kush just hours after the firefight that killed the rest of Luttrell’s team. Operating under the 2,000-year-old principles of Pashtunwali—the tribal honor code that guided his life—Gulab refused to turn Luttrell over to the Taliban forces that were hunting him, believing it was his obligation to protect and care for the American soldier. Because Gulab was a celebrated Mujahedeen field commander and machine-gunner who beat back the Soviets as a teenager, the Taliban were wary enough that they didn’t simply storm the village and take Luttrell, which gave Gulab time to orchestrate his rescue. In addition to Gulab’s brave story, The Lion of Sabray cinematically reveals previously unknown details of Luttrell’s rescue by American forces—which were only recently declassified—and sheds light on the ramifications for Gulab, his family, and his community. Going beyond both the book and the movie versions of Lone Survivor, The Lion of Sabray is a must-read for anyone who wants to know more about the brave man who helped the Lone Survivor make it home.

Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions

Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions
Author: Frank L. Holt
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2003-11-24
ISBN: 0520238818
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions Book Excerpt:

"Frank Holt probably knows more than anyone alive about the mysterious Greek kingdoms in Bactria and on the frontiers of India that were one of the odder legacies of Alexander's Eastern conquests. The literary evidence is sparse, the coins remain ambiguous, the topography defeats all but the toughest. Holt's forays into this world are those of a clever and persistent detective: he loves cracking problems, and the tougher they are, the better. This time—very properly beginning by invoking the name of Sherlock Holmes—he has given us what Conan Doyle would probably have called 'The Adventure of the Elephant Medallions.’ Debate has raged over the scene these portray ever since the first was discovered. A cavalryman with a lance confronts an opponent on an elephant. Who are they? What is the occasion? Guesses have ranged from Alexander to the Greco-Bactrian monarch Eucratides, from Porus at the Jhelum to Darius at Gaugamela. Using his numismatic and historical skills like a Holmesian magnifying-glass, Holt takes us through the theories, deftly explodes the fallacies, and comes up with a (for me) entirely cogent and satisfying solution. He has also, somewhere along the way, acquired a really marvelous prose style. Not only is the problem in itself a page-turner; Holt also throws in, by way of introduction, the best short impressionistic account of Alexander's career I have ever read. This is high scholarship at its most exciting."—Peter Green, author of Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B. C.: A Historical Biography "[This book] brings to a wider audience one of the few contemporary pieces of evidence for the image and ideology of Alexander the Great. While relatively well known to experts in the field, the 'elephant medallions' of the title are far less well understood, and have thus played a smaller part, in popular accounts of Alexander than they probably should. Holt's book offers a well thought out introduction first to Alexander and the Alexander story, second to the entrance of the 'medallions' into modern scholarship, and third to the medallions themselves."—Andrew Meadows, Curator of Greek Coins, British Museum

Merchant Vessels of the United States

Merchant Vessels of the United States
Author: United States. Coast Guard
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Merchant Vessels of the United States Book Excerpt:

The Modern Part of an Universal History

The Modern Part of an Universal History
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1759
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Modern Part of an Universal History Book Excerpt:

Toppling Foreign Governments

Toppling Foreign Governments
Author: Melissa Willard-Foster
Publsiher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-11-19
ISBN: 0812296788
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toppling Foreign Governments Book Excerpt:

In 2011, the United States launched its third regime-change attempt in a decade. Like earlier targets, Libya's Muammar Qaddafi had little hope of defeating the forces stacked against him. He seemed to recognize this when calling for a cease-fire just after the intervention began. But by then, the United States had determined it was better to oust him than negotiate and thus backed his opposition. The history of foreign-imposed regime change is replete with leaders like Qaddafi, overthrown after wars they seemed unlikely to win. From the British ouster of Afghanistan's Sher Ali in 1878 to the Soviet overthrow of Hungary's Imre Nagy in 1956, regime change has been imposed on the weak and the friendless. In Toppling Foreign Governments, Melissa Willard-Foster explores the question of why stronger nations overthrow governments when they could attain their aims at the bargaining table. She identifies a central cause—the targeted leader's domestic political vulnerability—that not only gives the leader motive to resist a stronger nation's demands, making a bargain more difficult to attain, but also gives the stronger nation reason to believe that regime change will be comparatively cheap. As long as the targeted leader's domestic opposition is willing to collaborate with the foreign power, the latter is likely to conclude that ousting the leader is more cost effective than negotiating. Willard-Foster analyzes 133 instances of regime change, ranging from covert operations to major military invasions, and spanning over two hundred years. She also conducts three in-depth case studies that support her contention that domestically and militarily weak leaders appear more costly to coerce than overthrow and, as long as they remain ubiquitous, foreign-imposed regime change is likely to endure.