Liquid Biphasic System

Liquid Biphasic System
Author: Pau Loke Show,Sze Ying Lee,Kit Wayne Chew
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-11-28
ISBN: 0128223987
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Biphasic System Book Excerpt:

Downstream bioprocesses have a significant role to play in the creation of a sustainable biobased economy, enabling the creation of new products and systems from the more sustainable bioprocessing of natural products. Liquid Biphasic System: Fundamentals and Applications in Bioseparation Technology explores in detail the fundamental processes and applications of this new separation system, aiding in the understanding of the basic principles of the technique and offering constructive criticisms of the latest findings. Including coverage of the background, principles, mechanisms, and applications, Liquid Biphasic System addresses how to adapt the technology for the purification of useful compounds with greater cost efficiency and greener processing. It is essential reading for bioprocess engineers, biochemical engineers, biosystem engineers, chemists, and microbiologists working in the fields of bioprocessing. Researchers, scientists, and engineers concerned with the selection and evaluation of alternative bioseparation processes will find the book particularly useful. Provides information and examples of advanced separations in a single source Includes detailed descriptions of novel bioseparation systems Covers the latest technologies related to advanced liquid–liquid separation and their applications in various industries

Liquid Biphasic System

Liquid Biphasic System
Author: Pau Loke Show,Sze Ying Lee,Kit Wayne Chew
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-12-16
ISBN: 0128199865
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Biphasic System Book Excerpt:

Downstream bioprocesses have a significant role to play in the creation of a sustainable biobased economy, enabling the creation of new products and systems from the more sustainable bioprocessing of natural products. Liquid Biphasic System: Fundamentals and Applications in Bioseparation Technology explores in detail the fundamental processes and applications of this new separation system, aiding in the understanding of the basic principles of the technique and offering constructive criticisms of the latest findings. Including coverage of the background, principles, mechanisms, and applications, Liquid Biphasic System addresses how to adapt the technology for the purification of useful compounds with greater cost efficiency and greener processing. It is essential reading for bioprocess engineers, biochemical engineers, biosystem engineers, chemists, and microbiologists working in the fields of bioprocessing. Researchers, scientists, and engineers concerned with the selection and evaluation of alternative bioseparation processes will find the book particularly useful. Provides information and examples of advanced separations in a single source Includes detailed descriptions of novel bioseparation systems Covers the latest technologies related to advanced liquid-liquid separation and their applications in various industries

The Science and Application of Aqueous Two Phase Systems and Liquid Liquid Phase Separation in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

The Science and Application of Aqueous Two Phase Systems and Liquid Liquid Phase Separation in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author: John Paul Frampton,Brendan M. Leung,Anderson Ho Cheung Shum
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 117
Release: 2020-01-13
ISBN: 288963356X
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science and Application of Aqueous Two Phase Systems and Liquid Liquid Phase Separation in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book Excerpt:

The phase separation of incompatible liquids has been a topic of significant importance in chemical and industrial engineering for many years. Well-understood examples of this phenomenon include the phase separation of oil with water and the phase separation of non-polar organic solvents with water. Similar behavior is observed when aqueous solutions of two or more incompatible polymers or polymers and salts are mixed. In these mixtures (referred to as aqueous two-phase systems), the separated phases are composed mostly of water. Aqueous two-phase systems have been used extensively for the extraction of high-value biological products from mixtures of biological materials. In recent years, aqueous two-phase systems have also found increased use as materials for streamlining and improving the capabilities of cell and molecular assays, and for the design of advanced cell culture systems. Similar behavior of biological materials in living systems has also been observed, with emerging roles in cell physiology.

Catalysis in Ionic Liquids

Catalysis in Ionic Liquids
Author: Chris Hardacre,Vasile Parvulescu
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2014-03-20
ISBN: 1782621326
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catalysis in Ionic Liquids Book Excerpt:

Although ionic liquids have only been studied in depth during the last decades, the field is now maturing to such a degree that the focus is on larger scale applications for use in real processes such as catalysis. Current information is scattered across the literature and Catalysis in Ionic Liquids provides a critical analysis of the research published to date on ionic solvents in all areas of the catalytic science. The book covers both catalyst synthesis using ionic liquids as solvents and green syntheses using both ionic liquids as well as mixtures of ionic liquids and carbon dioxide (as a subcritical and supercritical liquid), including enzymatic, homogeneous, and heterogeneous catalysis, electrocatalysis and organocatalysis. As well as the catalysis community, the book will also be of interest to postgraduates, postdoctoral workers and researchers in academia and industry working in organic synthesis, new materials synthesis, renewable sources of energy and electrochemistry. Written by leading experts in the field, this is the reference source to find about catalysis in ionic liquids.

Liquid Interfaces In Chemical Biological And Pharmaceutical Applications

Liquid Interfaces In Chemical  Biological And Pharmaceutical Applications
Author: Alexander G. Volkov
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 878
Release: 2001-01-30
ISBN: 9780203908754
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Interfaces In Chemical Biological And Pharmaceutical Applications Book Excerpt:

Provides a comprehensive treatment of surface chemistry and its applications to chemical engineering, biology, and medicine. Focuses on the chmical and physical structure of oil-water interfaces and membrane surfaces. Details interfacial potentials, ion solvation, and electrostatic instabilities in double layers.

Advanced Applications of Ionic Liquids

Advanced Applications of Ionic Liquids
Author: Jamal Akhter Siddique,Shahid Pervez Ansari,Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 569
Release: 2022-11-15
ISBN: 0323984002
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Applications of Ionic Liquids Book Excerpt:

Advanced Applications of Ionic Liquids discusses the intersection of nanotechnology with ionic liquids (ILs) and materials, along with opportunities for advanced engineering applications in various research fields. Novel materials at nano scales with ILs creates an upsurge in the thermal and electrochemical constancy of the nano scale particles, making them ideal for industrial applications. The implementation of ILs at nano scale includes an interaction of constituents, which is beneficial for electron transfer reactions. These new composites can be implemented as sensors, electronics, catalysts and photonics. Including ILs in polymer composites enhance electrochemical consistency, govern particle size, upsurge conductivity, reduce toxicity, and more. This book is a comprehensive reference for researchers working with IL based technologies for environmental and energy applications. Covers all industrial aspects and advanced applications of ionic liquids (ILs) Discusses the advanced applications of ILs across multiple fields, including industrial chemistry and chemical engineering Includes a discussion of the use of ionic liquids in functional polymers, with applications for catalysis, energy conservation, sensors, and more

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry Two Volume Set Print

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry   Two Volume Set  Print
Author: Jerry L. Atwood
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1745
Release: 2013-10-09
ISBN: 1482258161
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry Two Volume Set Print Book Excerpt:

The two-volume Encyclopedia of Supramolecular Chemistry offers authoritative, centralized information on a rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. User-friendly and high-quality articles parse the latest supramolecular advancements and methods in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, environmental and materials science and engineering, physics, computer science, and applied mathematics. Designed for specialists and students alike, the set covers the fundamentals of supramolecular chemistry and sets the standard for relevant future research.

Green Technologies

Green Technologies
Author: Pau Loke Show,Suchithra Thangalazhy Gopakumar,Dominic C. Y. Foo
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-11-23
ISBN: 3039365193
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Technologies Book Excerpt:

Green technologies can be identified as key components in Industry 4.0. The scope of this book is to address how conventional green technologies can be a part of smart industries by minimizing waste, maximizing productivity, optimizing the supply chain, or by additive manufacturing. This theme focuses on the scope and challenges of integrating current environmental technologies in future industries. This book, “Green Technologies: Bridging Conventional Practices and Industry 4.0”, aims to incorporate and introduce the advances in green technologies to the cyber-based industries. It is hoped that the novel green technologies presented in this book are useful in assisting the global community in working towards fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals.

Microreactors in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis

Microreactors in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis
Author: Thomas Wirth
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 297
Release: 2008-09-08
ISBN: 3527622861
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microreactors in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis Book Excerpt:

This one-stop reference is the first book on this emerging and rapid developing field with a focus on synthesis and catalysis. As such, it covers all aspects from academia and industry in a clearly structured way. Leading experts provide the background information as an initial aid for newcomers to the field, while chapters on different reaction types and industrial applications make this an equally vital resource for specialists.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction
Author: Bruce A Moyer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2019-06-18
ISBN: 135162752X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction Book Excerpt:

This volume will capture transformational changes in both the chemistry and engineering side of solvent extraction, creating new directions and deepening our understanding of the structure and dynamics of liquid-liquid systems from the molecular- to nano- to meso- to bulk-scale. Reviews will cover advances in microfluidics, new tools for understanding the structure and dynamics of the liquid-liquid interface, ionic liquids in liquid-liquid extraction, molecular dynamics to visualize interactions in the solvent phase, liquid-liquid electrochemistry to interrogate the energetics of interfacial transport and complexation, design of new extractants, and the streamlining of process applications.

Green Solvents Volume 6

Green Solvents  Volume 6
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2013-09-30
ISBN: 3527325921
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Solvents Volume 6 Book Excerpt:

The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important volume on the role of ionic liquids in green chemistry. Edited by Peter Wasserscheid, one of the pioneers of ionic liquid research, and Annegret Stark, this is an essential resource for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers.

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis
Author: Peter Wasserscheid,Thomas Welton
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2006-03-06
ISBN: 3527605444
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionic Liquids in Synthesis Book Excerpt:

The demand for increasingly clean and efficient chemical syntheses is becoming more urgent from both an economic and an environmental standpoint. Many technologies rely on large quantities of hazardous even toxic solvents. A promising and now established approach is the development of new, ionic solvents that are fluid at room temperature. These solvents not only have the potential to increase chemical reactivity and thus lead to more efficient processes, but are also non-flammable and are less toxic than conventional solvents due to their low vapor pressure. This volume brings together the latest developments in this fascinating field, supplemented by numerous practical tips, and thus provides those working in both research and industry with an indispensable source of information.

Industrial Catalysis

Industrial Catalysis
Author: Jens Hagen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2015-09-24
ISBN: 3527684654
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Catalysis Book Excerpt:

Now in it's 3rd Edition, Industrial Catalysis offers all relevant information on catalytic processes in industry, including many recent examples. Perfectly suited for self-study, it is the ideal companion for scientists who want to get into the field or refresh existing knowledge. The updated edition covers the full range of industrial aspects, from catalyst development and testing to process examples and catalyst recycling. The book is characterized by its practical relevance, expressed by a selection of over 40 examples of catalytic processes in industry. In addition, new chapters on catalytic processes with renewable materials and polymerization catalysis have been included. Existing chapters have been carefully revised and supported by new subchapters, for example, on metathesis reactions, refinery processes, petrochemistry and new reactor concepts. "I found the book accesible, readable and interesting - both as a refresher and as an introduction to new topics - and a convenient first reference on current industrial catalytic practise and processes." Excerpt from a book review for the second edition by P. C. H. Mitchell, Applied Organometallic Chemistry (2007)

Soft Matters for Catalysts

Soft Matters for Catalysts
Author: Qingmin Ji,Harald Fuchs
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2019-09-25
ISBN: 1351272829
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soft Matters for Catalysts Book Excerpt:

With the increasing demand for optimization of energy storage, maintenance of the environment, and effective production, control on nanostructures of catalysts and optimization of their organization have become key to achieving high efficiency and specificity in energy and material conversion systems. This book emphasizes and summarizes the novel design of soft matters (molecules, polymers, assembled motifs, etc.) for nanocatalysts and nanocatalyst supports. The diversity or specialty of soft matters offers a new perspective and great promise for the development of new nanocatalytic systems for future requirements. Soft matters can provide a simple and well-defined space for the discovery of new catalysts. This book covers nonmetallic organocatalysts, organometallic compounds, dendrimers, ionic liquids, enzymes, polymers, various organized nanoarchitectures for supporting catalysts, and molecular dynamics in catalytic surface reactions. It gives readers a complete picture of the catalysis systems based on soft matters and is a useful reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students and researchers in chemistry, biology, materials science, nanoscience, polymer science, and catalysis.

Catalyst Separation Recovery and Recycling

Catalyst Separation  Recovery and Recycling
Author: David J. Cole-Hamilton,Robert P. Tooze
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2006-01-13
ISBN: 9781402040863
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catalyst Separation Recovery and Recycling Book Excerpt:

This book looks at new ways of tackling the problem of separating reaction products from homogeneous catalytic solutions. The new processes involve low leaching supported catalysts, soluble supports such as polymers and dendrimers and unusual solvents such as water, fluorinated organics, ionic liquids and supercritical fluids. The advantages of the different possibilities are discussed alongside suggestions for further research that will be required for commercialisation. Unlike other books, in addition to the chemistry involved, the book looks at the process design that would be required to bring the new approaches to fruition. Comparisons are given with existing processes that have already been successfully applied and examples are given where these approaches are not suitable. The book includes: - New processes for the separation of products from solutions containing homogeneous catalysts - Catalysts on insoluble or soluble supports – fixed bed catalysts - continuous flow or ultrafiltration - Biphasic systems: water - organic, fluorous - organic, ionic liquid – organic, supercritical fluids (monophasic or biphasic with water, organic or ionic liquid) - Comparisons with current processes involving atmospheric or low temperature distillation - Consideration of Chemistry and Process Design - Advantages and disadvantages of each process exposed - Consideration of what else is need for commercialisation

Bioprocess Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering
Author: Pau Loke Show,Chien Wei Ooi,Tau Chuan Ling
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2019-06-13
ISBN: 0429882513
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioprocess Engineering Book Excerpt:

Bioprocess Engineering: Downstream Processing is the first book to present the principles of bioprocess engineering, focusing on downstream bioprocessing. It aims to provide the latest bioprocess technology and explain process analysis from an engineering point of view, using worked examples related to biological systems. This book introduces the commonly used technologies for downstream processing of biobased products. The covered topics include centrifugation, filtration, membrane separation, reverse osmosis, chromatography, biosorption, liquid-liquid separation, and drying. The basic principles and mechanism of separation are covered in each of the topics, wherein the engineering concept and design are emphasized. This book is aimed at bioprocess engineers and professionals who wish to perform downstream processing for their feedstock, as well as students.

Green Solvents II

Green Solvents II
Author: Ali Mohammad,Dr. Inamuddin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2012-03-19
ISBN: 9400728905
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Solvents II Book Excerpt:

The conventional solvents used in chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical and separation processes represent a great challenge to green chemistry because of their toxicity and flammability. Since the beginning of “the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry” in 1998, a general effort has been made to replace conventional solvents with environmentally benign substitutes. Water has been the most popular choice so far, followed by ionic liquids, surfactant, supercritical fluids, fluorous solvents, liquid polymers, bio-solvents and switchable solvent systems. Green Solvents Volume I and II provides a throughout overview of the different types of solvents and discusses their extensive applications in fields such as extraction, organic synthesis, biocatalytic processes, production of fine chemicals, removal of hydrogen sulphide, biochemical transformations, composite material, energy storage devices and polymers. These volumes are written by leading international experts and cover all possible aspects of green solvents’ properties and applications available in today’s literature. Green Solvents Volume I and II is an invaluable guide to scientists, R&D industrial specialists, researchers, upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Ph.D. scholars, college and university professors working in the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

Photochemical Water Splitting

Photochemical Water Splitting
Author: Neelu Chouhan,Ru-Shi Liu,Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 425
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN: 1315279630
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photochemical Water Splitting Book Excerpt:

Cleavage of water to its constituents (i.e., hydrogen and oxygen) for production of hydrogen energy at an industrial scale is one of the "holy grails" of materials science. That can be done by utilizing the renewable energy resource i.e. sunlight and photocatalytic material. The sunlight and water are abundant and free of cost available at this planet. But the development of a stable, efficient and cost-effective photocatalytic material to split water is still a great challenge. To develop the effective materials for photocatalytic water splitting, various type of materials with different sizes and structures from nano to giant have been explored that includes metal oxides, metal chalcogenides, carbides, nitrides, phosphides, and so on. Fundamental concepts and state of art materials for the water splitting are also discussed to understand the phenomenon/mechanism behind the photoelectrochemical water splitting. This book gives a comprehensive overview and description of the manufacturing of photocatalytic materials and devices for water splitting by controlling the chemical composition, particle size, morphology, orientation and aspect ratios of the materials. The real technological breakthroughs in the development of the photoactive materials with considerable efficiency, are well conversed to bring out the practical aspects of the technique and its commercialization.

Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids

Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids
Author: Marcelle Gaune-Escard,Kenneth R. Seddon
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2012-07-06
ISBN: 0470947764
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids Book Excerpt:

For many years, the related fields of molten salts and ionic liquids have drifted apart, to their mutual detriment. Both molten salts and ionic liquids are liquid salts containing only ions - all that is different is the temperature! Both fields involve the study of Coulombic fluids for academic and industrial purposes; both employ the same principles; both require skilled practitioners; both speak the same language; all then that is truly different is their semantics, and how superficial is that? The editors of this book, recognising that there was so much knowledge, both empirical and theoretical, which can be passed from the molten salt community to the ionic liquid community, and vice versa, organised a landmark meeting in Tunisia, designed to bridge the gap and heal the rift. Leaders from both communities met for a week for a mutual exchange, with a high tutorial content intermixed with cutting edge findings. This volume is a condensate of the principal offerings of that week, and emphasises the success which was achieved. Indeed, four future biannual meetings, under the title of “EUCHEM Conferences on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids”, have now been planned as a direct result of this meeting of minds. Topics discussed in this volume include structure, dynamics, electrochemistry, interfacial and thermodynamic properties, spectroscopy, synthesis, and theoretical studies. Experimental and theoretical methods for investigating these data are elaborated, as are techniques for data collection and analysis. This book represents the first serious discussion on the transfer of these methods and techniques between the differing temperature regimes, and is a major contribution to the future of both fields.

Biocatalysis in Green Solvents

Biocatalysis in Green Solvents
Author: Pedro Lozano
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2022-08-02
ISBN: 032391425X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocatalysis in Green Solvents Book Excerpt:

Biocatalysis in Green Solvents offers a pragmatic overview and instruction in biocatalysis and enzymology of green solvents for sustainable industries and medicine, running from concept to application. Here, international experts in the field discuss structure-function relationships of enzymes in ionic liquids (ILs) and examine how enzymes act as selective catalysts for fine biochemical synthesis in non-aqueous environments. Several integral green biochemical processes of biocatalytic transformation and pure product separation are described in detail. Application focused chapters discuss the role of biocatalysis in creating and implementing deep eutectic solvents, biomass derived solvents, sub and supercritical fluids, carbon dioxide biphasic systems, and enzymatic membrane reactors, as well as applying these biocatalytic processes in drug discovery and production. Examines the structure-function relationships of enzymes in ionic liquids and biocatalytic processes for various applications across industry and medicine Includes clear instruction in core green biochemical processes—of (bio)catalytic transformation—and pure product separation Features chapter contributions from international experts across academia and industry