Literary Research And The American Realism And Naturalism Period

Author by : Linda L. Stein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
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Description : Literary Research and the American Realism and Naturalism Period: Strategies and Sources will help those interested in researching this era. Authors Linda L. Stein and Peter J. Lehu emphasize research methodology and outline the best practices for the research process, paying attention to the unique challenges inherent in conducting studies of national literature.


The Problem Of American Realism

Author by : Michael Davitt Bell
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
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Description : Ever since William Dean Howells declared his "realism war" in the 1880s, literary historians have regarded the rise of "realism" and "naturalism" as the great development in American post-Civil War fiction. Yet there are many problems with this generalization. It is virtually impossible, for example, to extract from the novels and manifestoes of American writers of this period any consistent definitions of realism or naturalism as modes of literary representation. Rather than seek common traits in widely divergent "realist" and "naturalist" literary works, Michael Davitt Bell focuses here on the role that these terms played in the social and literary discourse of the 1880s and 1890s. Bell argues that in America, "realism" and "naturalism" never achieved the sort of theoretical rigor that they did in European literary debate. Instead, the function of these ideas in America was less aesthetic than ideological, promoting as "reality" a version of social normalcy based on radically anti-"literary" and heavily gendered assumptions. What effects, Bell asks, did ideas about realism and naturalism have on writers who embraced and resisted them? To answer this question, he devotes separate chapters to the work of Howells and Frank Norris (the principal American advocates of realism and naturalism in the 1880s and 1890s), Mark Twain, Henry James, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, and Sarah Orne Jewett. Bell reveals that a chief function of claiming to be a realist or a naturalist was to provide assurance that one was a "real" man rather than an "effeminate" artist. Since the 1880s, Bell asserts, all serious American fiction writers have had to contend with this problematic conception of literaryrealism. The true story of the transformation of American fiction after the Civil War is the history of this contention - a history of individual accommodations, evasions, holding actions, and occasional triumphs.


Literary Research And The American Realism And Naturalism Period

Author by : Linda L. Stein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
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Total Read : 52
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Description : Literary Research and the American Realism and Naturalism Period: Strategies and Sources will help those interested in researching this era. Authors Linda L. Stein and Peter J. Lehu emphasize research methodology and outline the best practices for the research process, paying attention to the unique challenges inherent in conducting studies of national literature.


The Theory And Practice Of American Literary Naturalism

Author by : Donald Pizer
Languange : en
Publisher by : SIU Press
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Description : In his first book devoted exclusively to naturalism, Donald Pizer brings together thirteen essays and four reviews written over a thirty-year period that in their entirety constitute a full-scale interpretation of the basic character and historical shape of naturalism in America. The essays fall into three groups. Some deal with the full range of American naturalism, from the 1590s to the late twentieth century, and some are confined either to the 1890s or to the twentieth century. In addition to the essays, an introduction in which Pizer recounts the development of his interest in American naturalism, reviews of recent studies of naturalism, and a selected bibliography contribute to an understanding of Pizer's interpretation of the movement. One of the recurrent themes in the essays is that the interpretation of American naturalism has been hindered by the common view that the movement is characterized by a commitment to Emile Zola's deterministic beliefs and that naturalistic novels are thus inevitably crude and simplistic both in theme and method. Rather than accept this notion, Pizer insists that naturalistic novels be read closely not for their success or failure in rendering obvious deterministic beliefs but rather for what actually does occur within the dynamic play of theme and form within the work. Adopting this method, Pizer finds that naturalistic fiction often reveals a complex and suggestive mix of older humanistic faiths and more recent doubts about human volition, and that it renders this vital thematic ambivalence in increasingly sophisticated forms as the movement matures. In addition, Pizer demonstrates that American naturalism cannot be viewed monolithically as a school with a common body of belief and value. Rather, each generation of American naturalists, as well as major figures within each generation, has responded to threads within the naturalistic impulse in strikingly distinctive ways. And it is indeed this absence of a rigid doctrinal core and the openness of the movement to individual variation that are responsible for the remarkable vitality and longevity of the movement. Because the essays have their origin in efforts to describe the general characteristics of American naturalism rather than in a desire to cover the field fully, some authors and works are discussed several times (though from different angles) and some referred to only briefly or not at all. But the essays as a collection are "complete" in the sense that they comprise an interpretation of American naturalism both in its various phases and as a whole. Those authors whose works receive substantial discussion include Stephen Crane, Frank Norris, Theodore Dreiser, Edith Wharton, James T. Farrell, Norman Mailer, Joyce Carol Oates, and William Kennedy. Of special interest is Pizer's essay on Ironweed, which appears here for the first time.


Haunting Realities

Author by : Monika Elbert
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Alabama Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
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Description : Haunting Realities: Naturalist Gothic and American Realism is an innovative collection of essaysexamining the sometimes paradoxical alignment of Realism and Naturalism with the Gothic in American literature to highlight their shared qualities. Following the golden age of British Gothic in the late eighteenth century, the American Gothic’s pinnacle is often recognized as having taken place during the decades of American Romanticism. However, Haunting Realities explores the period of American Realism—the end of the nineteenth century—to discover evidence of fertile ground for another age of Gothic proliferation. At first glance, “Naturalist Gothic” seems to be a contradiction in terms. While the Gothic is known for its sensational effects, with its emphasis on horror and the supernatural, the doctrines of late nineteenth-century Naturalism attempted to move away from the aesthetics of sentimentality and stressed sobering, mechanistic views of reality steeped in scientific thought and the determinism of market values and biology. Nonetheless, what binds Gothicism and Naturalism together is a vision of shared pessimism and the perception of a fearful, lingering presence that ominously haunts an impending modernity. Indeed, it seems that in many Naturalist works reality is so horrific that it can only be depicted through Gothic tropes that prefigure the alienation and despair of modernism. In recent years, research on the Gothic has flourished, yet there has been no extensive study of the links between the Gothic and Naturalism, particularly those which stem from the early American Realist tradition. Haunting Realities is a timely volume that addresses this gap and is an important addition to scholarly work on both the Gothic and Naturalism in the American literary tradition.


Literary Research And American Postmodernism

Author by : Emily Witsell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 254
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : This book is a guide to scholarly research in the field of American postmodern literature, defined as the period between 1950 and 1990 and provide advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars of literature with a comprehensive view of the print and online resources available in literature and related subject areas


Haunting Realities

Author by : Monika Maria Elbert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 254
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : Haunting Realities: Naturalist Gothic and American Realism is an innovative collection of essays examining the sometimes paradoxical alignment of Realism and Naturalism with the Gothic in American literature to highlight their shared qualities. Following the golden age of British Gothic in the late eighteenth century, the American Gothic's pinnacle is often recognized as having taken place during the decades of American Romanticism. However, Haunting Realities explores the period of American Realism--the end of the nineteenth century--to discover evidence of fertile ground for another age of Gothic proliferation. At first glance, "Naturalist Gothic" seems to be a contradiction in terms. While the Gothic is known for its sensational effects, with its emphasis on horror and the supernatural, the doctrines of late nineteenth-century Naturalism attempted to move away from the aesthetics of sentimentality and stressed sobering, mechanistic views of reality steeped in scientific thought and the determinism of market values and biology. Nonetheless, what binds Gothicism and Naturalism together is a vision of shared pessimism and the perception of a fearful, lingering presence that ominously haunts an impending modernity. Indeed, it seems that in many Naturalist works reality is so horrific that it can only be depicted through Gothic tropes that prefigure the alienation and despair of modernism. In recent years, research on the Gothic has flourished, yet there has been no extensive study of the links between the Gothic and Naturalism, particularly those which stem from the early American Realist tradition. Haunting Realities is a timely volume that addresses this gap and is an important addition to scholarly work on both the Gothic and Naturalism in the American literary tradition.


Literary Research And The British Renaissance And Early Modern Period

Author by : Jennifer Bowers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 292
File Size : 46,9 Mb
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Description : This guide provides the best practices and reference resources, both print and electronic, that can be used in conducting research on literature of the British Renaissance and Early Modern Period. This volume seeks to address specific research characteristics integral to studying the period, including a more inclusive canon and the predominance of Shakespeare.


Chesnutt And Realism

Author by : Ryan Simmons
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Alabama Press
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Total Read : 16
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Description : Chesnutt and Realism provides an important examination of Charles Chesnutt as a practitioner of realism.


Literary Research And The Anglo Saxon And Medieval Eras

Author by : Dustin Booher
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
Total Download : 159
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : "Literary Research and the Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Eras: Strategies and Sources is a guide to scholarly research in the field of medieval English literature covering the period 450 CE to 1500 CE. The volume presents the best practices for building a foundation of sound scholarship practices in the field of medieval English literature"--


Literary Research And British Postmodernism

Author by : Bridgit McCafferty
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
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Description : Literary Research and British Postmodernism is a guide for researchers of postwar British literature that defines best practices for scholars conducting research in this period. Individual chapters connect the complex relationships between print and multimedia, technological advancements, and the influence of critical theory that converge in postwar British literature.


Literary Research And Canadian Literature

Author by : Gabriella Reznowski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
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File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : This guide addresses the tools and best practices for selecting and evaluating print and electronic sources related to the extensive and varied literature of Canada. Beginning with an overview of the strategies needed to conduct online research, individual chapters examine general literary reference materials; relevant online library catalogs, including national and union library catalogs; scholarly journals; archival collections; microform and digital collections; periodicals, literary magazines, newspapers, and reviews; and Web and electronic resources. Special topics discussed include 'little magazines,' scholarly gateways, and cultural resources. The guide culminates in a chapter that illustrates the application of the strategies explored to solve a research problem. The strategies discussed within the guide are applicable to both canonical and lesser-known authors, therefore making this work relevant to anyone interested in researching Canadian literature.


Literary Research And The British Eighteenth Century

Author by : Peggy Keeran
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
Total Download : 494
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : The 18th century in Britain was a transition period for literature. For the literary scholar, these changes mean that different search strategies may be required to conduct research into primary and secondary source material across the era. This book addresses the unique challenges faced by the scholars of the period, and explores a multitude of primary and secondary resources. In addition, each chapter addresses the research methods and tools best used to extract relevant information and compares and evaluates sources, making this book an invaluable guide to any literary scholar and student of the British 18th century.


Literary Research And Postcolonial Literatures In English

Author by : H. Faye Christenberry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 688
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Postcolonial literatures can be defined as the body of creative work written by authors whose lands were formerly colonized. This book is a research guide to postcolonial literatures in English, specifically from former British colonies in Africa, the Caribbean, and South Asia. While this volume focuses exclusively on Anglophone literatures, it does not address those from Australia, Canada, Ireland, and New Zealand as they have already been covered in previous volumes in the series.


Literary Research And The Literatures Of Australia And New Zealand

Author by : Faye H. Christenberry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 285
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : This book is a research guide to the literatures of Australia and New Zealand. It contains references to many different types of resources, paying special attention to the unique challenges inherent in conducting research on the literatures of these two distinct but closely connected countries.


Literary Research And Irish Literature

Author by : Greg J. Matthews
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 628
File Size : 51,7 Mb
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Description : Literary Research and Irish Literature: Strategies & Sources explores primary and secondary research resources relevant to the study of Irish literary authors, works, genres, and history. Sources covered include general literary research guides; union library catalogs; print and online bibliographies; manuscripts and archives; microfilm and digitization projects; scholarly journals; periodicals, newspapers, and reviews; and electronic and Web resources. To ease comparison and evaluation of references, each chapter addresses how to choose and utilize research methods and tools to yield the most relevant information. This guide also examines the strengths and weaknesses of core and specialized electronic and print research tools and standard search techniques and_when appropriate_covers the historical and cultural contexts and usability issues of unique reference sources. This volume, number 5 in the series, raises trenchant issues in Irish literary scholarship, such as the problem of defining what Irish literature is; gaps in criticism and secondary literature devoted to Irish literature; neglected areas of scholarly inquiry, including Irish literature by women and lesser-known writers; and the rewards of interdisciplinary research. It concludes with a brief consideration of a scenario illustrating how a scholar might use strategies and sources covered in the text to solve a research problem.


Literary Research And The Victorian And Edwardian Ages 1830 1910

Author by : Melissa S. Van Vuuren
Languange : en
Publisher by : Scarecrow Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 794
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : This volume discusses traditional and new resources for researching British literature of the Victorian and Edwardian ages and the ways in which those resources can be used in conjunction with one another.


Creating Realities

Author by : Erhan Simsek
Languange : en
Publisher by : transcript Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 711
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Description : Business is woven into the very fabric of American life, yet rarely surfaces in the nation's literary history. Even in novels about business, it proves an elusive motif that fails to mirror actual business organizations. This book argues that literary representations of business remain ineffable because business serves potential aesthetic functions, subtly yet meaningfully impacting readers. Exploring the complex representation of business in realist, naturalist and modernist works, Erhan Simsek reveals these functions by analyzing how the motif intertwines with social developments, literary movements and author biographies. He thus illuminates the motif itself while highlighting the utility of a focus on the changing functions of literature.


Realism And Naturalism

Author by : Richard Daniel Lehan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of Wisconsin Press
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Total Read : 13
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Description : Lehan's book provides readers with an illuminating and readable comprehensive intellectual and literary history of the major American, British, and Continental novels of Realism and Naturalism from 1850 to 1950. He offers readers a new way of reading these novels-working outward from the text to forms of historical representation. In this way, literary naturalism can be seen as a narrative mode that creates its own reality separate from that of other narrative modes. Employing this strategy, Lehan contends, readers will find a spectrum of meaning in these works that allows and encourages intertextuality-one novel talking or responding to another-for example, Zola's Nana to Dreiser's Sister Carrie or Zola's L'Assomoir to Sinclair's The Jungle. The range of novelists and sub genres is staggering-Lehan studies the gothic novel, the urban novel, the detective novel, the novel of imperial adventure, the western novel, the noir novel, and the novels of utopia and distopia.


American Realists And Naturalists

Author by : Donald Pizer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 821
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Description : Contains biographical sketches of American writers associated with the literary movements known as realism and naturalism between the close of the Civil War and the beginning of World War I.


Google Services

Author by : Source Wikipedia
Languange : en
Publisher by : PediaPress
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 675
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 139. Chapters: Google Chrome, YouTube, Google Maps, Gmail, Google Books, Google Street View, List of Google products, Orkut, Chromium, Gmail interface, Satellite map images with missing or unclear data, Google Books Library Project, Apache Wave, AdSense, Google Talk, AdWords, Google Desktop, Google Groups, Google Videos, Google Translate, Google Apps, Google Buzz, Google Translator Toolkit, Google News, Picasa, Google App Engine, Google Docs, Google Web Toolkit, Google Analytics, Google Scholar and academic libraries, Google Answers, Google Calendar, Google Toolbar, Blogger, Sitemaps, Google Image Labeler, Google Code, Gears, Gizmo5, Ad Manager, SketchUp, IGoogle, Vevo, Google Reader, Google Fast Flip, Google Sidewiki, Google Health, Google Map Maker, Google Person Finder, Google Sites, Google Trends, Supplemental Result, Google Pack, Google Apps Script, Google One Pass, History of Google Docs, Jaiku, Google App Inventor, Google eBooks, Google Lively, Google Quick Search Box, Sitemap index, Google Circles, V8, Google Code Search, Google Friend Connect, Chrome Web Store, Google Images, Google Checkout, Dodgeball, Living stories, Google Web Accelerator, Google Notebook, Google Chart API, Google Base, Google Moderator, Google Browser Sync, Google Public DNS, Google Dictionary, Google Personalized Search, Google Questions and Answers, Google Product Search, Google Bookmarks, Google Finance, Google WiFi, Google Alerts, Checker Plus for Google Calendar, Google Real-Time Search, Google Moon, Google Image Swirl, Google Webmaster Tools, Google Cloud Print, Google Current, Google Squared, Google News Archive, Google Offers, Google Mars, Google 3D Warehouse, Google Grants, Google Gadgets, Google Contacts, Google Website Optimizer, Google Insights for Search, Google Labs, Google Data Liberation Front, Google Business Solutions, Google X, ..


Working Women In American Literature 1865 1950

Author by : Miriam S. Gogol
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 231
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Description : This book examines working women in realistic and naturalistic literature. By addressing intersecting issues of race and class and including a study of domestic work, it contributes to the fields of multiculturalism, feminism, and working-class studies and to the increasing research interests in these areas.


The Oxford Handbook Of American Literary Realism

Author by : Keith Newlin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford Handbooks
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description : "The Oxford Handbook of American Literary Realism offers 35 original essays of fresh interpretations of the artistic and political challenges of representing life accurately. Organized by topic and theme, essays draw upon recent scholarship in literary and cultural studies to offer an authoritative and in-depth reassessment of major and minor figures and the contexts that shaped their work. One set of essays explores realism's genesis and its connection to previous and subsequent movements. Others examine the inclusiveness of representation, the circulation of texts, and the aesthetic representation of science, time, space, and the subjects of medicine, the New Woman, and the middle class. Still others trace the connection to other arts--poetry, drama, illustration, photography, painting, and film--and to pedagogic issues in the teaching of realism"--


A Study Guide For Naturalism

Author by : Gale, Cengage Learning
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gale, Cengage Learning
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 386
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Description : A Study Guide for "Naturalism," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Literary Movements for Students. This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Literary Movements for Students for all of your research needs.


Bibliographical Guide To The Study Of The Literature Of The U S A

Author by : Clarence Gohdes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Duke University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 472
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : This fifth revised edition features approximately 1,900 items, most of which are annotated. It addresses several interdisciplinary studies that have become prominent in the last decade, especially on popular culture, racial and other minorities, Native Americans and Chicanos, and literary regionalism. It allots more space to computer aids, science fiction, children's literature, literature of the sea, film and literature, and linguistic studies of American English and includes a new section on psychology. The appendix lists the biography of each of 135 deceased American authors. ISBN 0-8223-0592-5 : $22.50 (For use only in the library).


The American Counterfeit

Author by : Mary McAleer Balkun
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Alabama Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 387
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : Focusing on texts written between 1880 and 1930, this book explores the concept of the 'counterfeit', both in terms of material goods and invented identities, and the ways that the acquisition of objects came to define individuals in American culture and literature.


Undergraduate Announcement

Author by : University of Michigan--Dearborn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description :


A Companion To American Fiction 1865 1914

Author by : Robert Paul Lamb
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 108
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : A Companion to American Fiction, 1865-1914 is a groundbreaking collection of essays written by leading critics for a wide audience of scholars, students, and interested general readers. An exceptionally broad-ranging and accessible Companion to the study of American fiction of the post-civil war period and the early twentieth century Brings together 29 essays by top scholars, each of which presents a synthesis of the best research and offers an original perspective Divided into sections on historical traditions and genres, contexts and themes, and major authors Covers a mixture of canonical and the non-canonical themes, authors, literatures, and critical approaches Explores innovative topics, such as ecological literature and ecocriticism, children’s literature, and the influence of Darwin on fiction