Description : We know more about the development of John Locke's ideas than we do about almost any other philosopher's before modern times. This book brings together a comprehensive collection of the writings on politics and society that stand outside the canonical works which Locke published during his lifetime. In the aftermath of the Revolution of 1688 the three works by which he is chiefly known appeared: the Two Treatises of Government, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and A Letter Concerning Toleration, and the themes raised in these works had been reflected upon over many years. Mark Goldie's edition makes possible the fullest exploration of the evolution of Locke's ideas concerning the philosophical foundations of morality and sociability, the boundary of church and state, the shaping of constitutions, and the conduct of government and public policy.
Description : The aim of this book is twofold: to explain the reconciliation of religion and politics in the work of John Locke, and to explore the relevance of that reconciliation for politics in our own time. Confronted with deep social divisions over ultimate beliefs, Locke sought to unite society in a single liberal community. Reason could identify divine moral laws that would be acceptable to members of all cultural groups, thereby justifying the authority of government. Greg Forster demonstrates that Locke's theory is liberal and rational but also moral and religious, providing an alternative to the two extremes of religious fanaticism and moral relativism. This account of Locke's thought will appeal to specialists and advanced students across philosophy, political science and religious studies.
Description : John Locke's theory of toleration is generally seen as advocating the privatization of religion. This interpretation has become conventional wisdom: secularization is widely understood as entailing the privatization of religion, and the separation of religion from power. This book turns that conventional wisdom on its head and argues that Locke secularizes religion, that is, makes it worldly, public, and political. In the name of diverse citizenship, Locke reconstructs religion as persuasion, speech, and fashion. He insists on a consensus that human rights are sacred insofar as humans are the creatures, and thus, the property of God. Drawing on a range of sources beyond Locke's own writings, Pritchard portrays the secular not as religion's separation from power, but rather as its affiliation with subtler, and sometimes insidious, forms of power. As a result, she captures the range of anxieties and conflicts attending religion's secularization: denunciations of promiscuous bodies freed from patriarchal religious and political formations, correlations between secular religion and colonialist education and conversion efforts, and more recently, condemnations of the coercive and injurious force of unrestricted religious speech.
Description : J. R. and Philip Milton present the first critical edition of John Locke's Essay concerning Toleration and a number of other writings on law and politics composed between 1667 and 1683. Although Locke never published any of these works himself they are of very great interest for students of his intellectual development because they are markedly different from the early works he wrote while at Oxford and show him working out ideas that were to appear in his mature political writings, the Two Treatises of Government and the Epistola de Tolerantia. The Essay concerning Toleration was written in 1667, shortly after Locke had taken up residence in the household of his patron Lord Ashley, subsequently Earl of Shaftesbury. It has been in print since the nineteenth century, but this volume contains the first critical edition based on all the extant manuscripts; it also contains a detailed account of Locke's arguments and of the contemporary debates on comprehension and toleration. Also included are a number of shorter writings on church and state, including a short set of queries on Scottish church government (1668), Locke's notes on Samuel Parker (1669), and 'Excommunication' (1674). The other two main works contained in this volume are rather different in character . One is a short tract on jury selection which was written at the time of Shaftesbury's imprisonment in 1681. The other is 'A Letter from a Person of Quality', a political pamphlet written by or for Shaftesbury in 1675 as part of his campaign against the Earl of Danby. This was published anonymously and is of disputed authorship; it was first attributed to Locke in 1720 and since then has occupied an uncertain position in the Locke canon. This volume contains the first critical edition based on contemporary printed editions and manuscripts and it includes a detailed account of the Letter's composition, authorship, and subsequent history. This volume will be an invaluable resource for all historians of early modern philosophy, of legal, political, and religious thought, and of 17th century Britain.
Description : Humanomics in business ethics / Deirdre N. McCloskey -- Introduction / Eugene Heath and Byron Kaldis -- Wealth and commerce in archaic Greece: Homer and Hesiod / Mark S. Peacock -- Aristotle and business: friend or foe? / Fred D. Miller, Jr -- Confucian business ethics: possibilities and challenges / David Elstein and Qing Tian -- The earthly city and the ethics of exchange: spiritual, social, and material economy in Augustine's theological anthropology / Todd Breyfogle -- Thomas Aquinas: the economy at the service of justice and the common good / Martin Schlag -- The ethics of commerce in Islam: Ibn Khaldun's Muqaddimah revisited / Munir Quddus and Salim Rashid -- Hobbes's idea of moral conduct in a society of free individuals / Timothy Fuller -- John Locke's defense of commercial society: individual rights, voluntary cooperation, and mutual gain / Eric Mack -- As free for acorns as for honesty: Mandevillean maxims for the ethics of commerce / Eugene Heath -- "Commerce cures destructive prejudices": Montesquieu and the spirit of commercial society / Henry C. Clark -- Hume on commerce, society, and ethics / Christopher J. Berry -- The fortune of others: Adam Smith and the beauty of commerce / Douglas J. Den Uyl -- Why Kant's insistence on purity of the will does not preclude an application of Kant's ethics to for-profit businesses / Norman Bowie -- Tocqueville: the corporation as an ethical association / Alan S. Kahan -- J. S. Mill and business ethics / Nicholas Capaldi -- Karl Marx on history, capitalism, and . . . business ethics? -- William H. Shaw -- Friedrich Hayek's defense of the market order / Karen I. Vaughn -- The power and the limits of Milton Friedman's arguments against corporate social responsibility / Alexei Marcoux -- Beyond the difference principle: Rawlsian justice, business ethics, and the morality of the market / Matt Zwolinski -- Commitments and corporate responsibility: Amartya Sen on motivations to do good / Ann E. Cudd
Description : This study provides a comprehensive reinterpretation of the meaning of Locke's political thought. John Dunn restores Locke's ideas to their exact context, and so stresses the historical question of what Locke in the Two Treatises of Government was intending to claim. By adopting this approach, he reveals the predominantly theological character of all Locke's thinking about politics and provides a convincing analysis of the development of Locke's thought. In a polemical concluding section, John Dunn argues that liberal and Marxist interpretations of Locke's politics have failed to grasp his meaning. Locke emerges as not merely a contributor to the development of English constitutional thought, or as a reflector of socio-economic change in seventeenth-century England, but as essentially a Calvinist natural theologian.
Description : This book will be the first to examine the variety of British international thought, its continuities and innovations. The editors combine new essays on familiar thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke with important but neglected writers and publicists such as Travers Twiss, James Bryce, and Lowes Dickinson.
Description : "Explores the concept of the social contract and how it shapes citizenship. Argues that the modern social contract is an account of the ethical and cultural conditions upon which modern citizenship depends"--Provided by publisher.
Description : This thought provoking book begins with an historiography of Calvinist political theory and interpretations/definitions of natural law. Narrative of individuals (Ancient Greece to Protestant Reformation) who contributed to natural law. Biography of John Calvin including his philosophy and his political theory. Description of how Calvinist political theory developed between 1559 and 1649. Biography of John Locke, his theology and his political theory. The book concludes with a redefinition of Calvinist political theory.
Description : John Locke's Second Treatise of Government' (c1681) is perhaps the key founding liberal text. A Letter Concerning Toleration', written in 1685 (a year when a Catholic monarch came to the throne of England and Louis XVI unleashed a reign of terror against Protestants in France), is a classic defence of religious freedom. Yet many of Locke's other writings -- not least the Constitutions of Carolina', which he helped draft -- are almost defiantly anti-liberal in outlook. This comprehensive collection brings together the main published works (excluding polemical attacks on other people's views) with the most important surviving evidence from among Locke's papers relating to his political philosophy. David Wootton's wide-ranging and scholarly Introduction sets the writings in the context of their time, examines Locke's developing ideas and unorthodox Christianity, and analyses his main arguments. The result is the first fully rounded picture of Locke's political thought in his own words.