Description : Up to the founding of the London County Council in 1889, the Jewish role in municipal politics was marginal. However, with the influx of Jewish refugees from Eastern Europe, an anti-alien agitation developed in which London politicians (including some Jews) participated. During World War I, hostility to foreign-born Jews increased, especially to Russian Jews reluctant to fight for an ally of Tsarist Russia. During the 1920s the Conservative LCC discriminated against foreign-born Jews (even when naturalized) in housing, education, and employment. As a result, Jews moved towards Labour. Jewish official bodies were reluctant to protest openly or exploit their electoral strength, especially when antisemitism increased with the arrival of refugees from Nazi Germany and with the rise of fascism. With the drift to the suburbs after 1945 and support for the Conservative Party, Jews were inactive in the new Greater London Council and were thus taken by surprise when a radical anti-Zionist Labour group, associated with anti-Jewish militant Black politics, took over the GLC in 1981. The clash between them ended only when the government abolished the GLC.
Description : This title was first published in 2000. With the advent of the Second World War, fascism became inextricably associated with anti-Semitism. It is hardly surprising, therefore, to find that a significant number of Jewish people were politically inclined towards the left and were actively involved in socialist movements. The essays in this volume seek to arrive at an understanding of Jewish involvement in Labour movements outside Israel from the end of the First World War to the final stages of World War Two. This was a period which saw the creation of several international socialist institutions. Gail Malmgreen looks at the American Jewish Labor Committee and examines the interaction between trades unions and the Jewish community. Deborah Osmond, Christine Collette and Jason Heppell discuss the contributions made by Jews living in Britain to Labour politics, including the Communist Party of Great Britain and the Labour and Socialist International. The reactions and stances of the British Labour party in relation to Zionism and the Holocaust are the subjects of essays by Isabelle Tombs and Paul Kelemen. David De Vries's study of the position of Jewish white-collar workers in British-ruled Palestine provides another perspective on the complex web of relationships between British and Jewish identity, class, labour and politics. An invaluable bibliography by Arieh Lebowitz of sources for the study of Jewish interaction with the American and British Labour movements completes this important survey.
Description : A history of the Jewish community in Britain, including resettlement, integration, acculturation, economic transformation and immigration.
Description : This major, authoritative reference work embraces the spectrum of organized political activity in the British Isles. It includes over 2,500 organizations in 1,700 separate entries. Arrangement is in 20 main subject sections, covering the three main p
Description : This book challenges the widely held view which condemns as weak and half-hearted Anglo-Jewish efforts on behalf of European Jews during the Nazi period. Anglo-Jewish organizations achieved remarkable successes in the pre-war years, combining their administrative expertise with the financial guarantee of maintenance to accomplish the rescue of over fifty thousand refugees. By tragic contrast, their lack of political and diplomatic experience during wartime rendered them almost entirely incapable of influencing an intransigent government engaged in global war to save Jewish lives.
Description : In its first appearance in 1892, Israel Zangwill's Children of the Ghetto created a sensation in both England and America, becoming the first Anglo-Jewish bestseller and establishing Zangwill as the literary voice of Anglo-Jewry. A novel set in late nineteenth-century London, Children of the Ghetto gave an inside look into an immigrant community that was almost as mysterious to the more established middle-class Jews of Britain as to the non-Jewish population, providing a compelling analysis of a generation caught between the ghetto and modern British life. This volume brings back to print the 1895 edition of Children of the Ghetto, the latest American version known to have been corrected by the author. Meri-Jane Rochelson places the novel in proper context by providing a biographical, historical, and critical introduction; a bibliography of primary and secondary sources; and notes on the text, making this ground-breaking novel accessible to a new generation of readers, both Jewish and non-Jewish alike.
Description : This work examines the attitudes of the Conservative Party towards Jews in Britain, Palestine and elsewhere from 1900-1948. It aims to show how the Conservative Party in the first half of the 20th century regarded both itself and British society on the one hand, and Britain's role on the other.
Description : This authoritative and comprehensive guide to key people and events in Anglo-Jewish history stretches from Cromwell's re-admittance of the Jews in 1656 to the present day and contains nearly 3000 entries, the vast majority of which are not featured in any other sources.
Description : In 1935-45 the Communist Party of Great Britain succeeded in gaining the mass support of East London Jewry using ethnic rather than class appeal. Many of the communists' goals in this period coincided with those of the Jews as a group - e.g. opposition to the British Union of Fascists led by Mosley and to other antisemitic right-wing groups; support for the opening of a second front during the war, which could help the USSR liberate Eastern European Jews. The Communist Party fought against antisemitism in Britain, supported Jewish defense organizations in the 1930s (such as the Jewish People's Council against Fascism and Anti-Semitism), and defended German Jewish refugees who were interned by the authorities. The National Jewish Committee was established within the CPGB to deal with specifically Jewish problems. The communists played on the belief of many Jews that the USSR had solved its "Jewish problem." After the war the popularity of the CPGB among London Jews declined, mainly because of the growth of Soviet antisemitism.
Description : If the invective of Nietzsche and Shaw is to be taken as an endorsement of the lasting quality of an artist, then Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy takes pride of place beside Tennyson and Brahms in the canon of great nineteenth-century artists. Mendelssohn Perspectives presents valuable new insights into Mendelssohn’s music, biography and reception. Critically engaging a wide range of source materials, the volume combines traditional musical-analytical studies with those that draw on other humanistic disciplines to shed new light on the composer’s life, and on his contemporary and posthumous reputations. Together, these essays bring new historical and interpretive dimensions to Mendelssohn studies. The volume offers essays on Mendelssohn's Jewishness, his vast correspondence, his music for the stage, and his relationship with music of the past and future, as well as the compositional process and handling of form in the music of both Mendelssohn and his sister, the composer Fanny Hensel. German literature and aesthetics, gender and race, philosophy and science, and issues of historicism all come to bear on these new perspectives on Mendelssohn.