Magnesium in the Central Nervous System

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System
Author: Robert Vink,Mihai Nechifor
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2011
ISBN: 9780987073068
Category: Central nervous system
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System Book Excerpt:

The brain is the most complex organ in our body. Indeed, it is perhaps the most complex structure we have ever encountered in nature. Both structurally and functionally, there are many peculiarities that differentiate the brain from all other organs. The brain is our connection to the world around us and by governing nervous system and higher function, any disturbance induces severe neurological and psychiatric disorders that can have a devastating effect on quality of life. Our understanding of the physiology and biochemistry of the brain has improved dramatically in the last two decades. In particular, the critical role of cations, including magnesium, has become evident, even if incompletely understood at a mechanistic level. The exact role and regulation of magnesium, in particular, remains elusive, largely because intracellular levels are so difficult to routinely quantify. Nonetheless, the importance of magnesium to normal central nervous system activity is self-evident given the complicated homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the concentration of this cation within strict limits essential for normal physiology and metabolism. There is also considerable accumulating evidence to suggest alterations to some brain functions in both normal and pathological conditions may be linked to alterations in local magnesium concentration. This book, containing chapters written by some of the foremost experts in the field of magnesium research, brings together the latest in experimental and clinical magnesium research as it relates to the central nervous system. It offers a complete and updated view of magnesiums involvement in central nervous system function and in so doing, brings together two main pillars of contemporary neuroscience research, namely providing an explanation for the molecular mechanisms involved in brain function, and emphasizing the connections between the molecular changes and behavior. It is the untiring efforts of those magnesium researchers who have dedicated their lives to unraveling the mysteries of magnesiums role in biological systems that has inspired the collation of this volume of work.

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System
Author: Robert Vink,Mihai Nechifor
Publsiher: University of Adelaide Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2011
ISBN: 0987073052
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnesium in the Central Nervous System Book Excerpt:

The brain is the most complex organ in our body. Indeed, it is perhaps the most complex structure we have ever encountered in nature. Both structurally and functionally, there are many peculiarities that differentiate the brain from all other organs. The brain is our connection to the world around us and by governing nervous system and higher function, any disturbance induces severe neurological and psychiatric disorders that can have a devastating effect on quality of life. Our understanding of the physiology and biochemistry of the brain has improved dramatically in the last two decades. In particular, the critical role of cations, including magnesium, has become evident, even if incompletely understood at a mechanistic level. The exact role and regulation of magnesium, in particular, remains elusive, largely because intracellular levels are so difficult to routinely quantify. Nonetheless, the importance of magnesium to normal central nervous system activity is self-evident given the complicated homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the concentration of this cation within strict limits essential for normal physiology and metabolism. There is also considerable accumulating evidence to suggest alterations to some brain functions in both normal and pathological conditions may be linked to alterations in local magnesium concentration. This book, containing chapters written by some of the foremost experts in the field of magnesium research, brings together the latest in experimental and clinical magnesium research as it relates to the central nervous system. It offers a complete and updated view of magnesiums involvement in central nervous system function and in so doing, brings together two main pillars of contemporary neuroscience research, namely providing an explanation for the molecular mechanisms involved in brain function, and emphasizing the connections between the molecular changes and behavior. It is the untiring efforts of those magnesium researchers who have dedicated their lives to unraveling the mysteries of magnesiums role in biological systems that has inspired the collation of this volume of work.

Central Nervous System Trauma

Central Nervous System Trauma
Author: S. Tsuyoshi Ohnishi,Tomoko Ohnishi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 610
Release: 1995-07-27
ISBN: 9780849380945
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Central Nervous System Trauma Book Excerpt:

Central nervous system trauma, which encompasses stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, head injury, and spinal cord injury, is a leading cause of death in developed countries. In the search for underlying mechanisms, membrane involvement has been the common link. This fourth volume in the Membrane-Linked Diseases series is therefore dedicated to research on CNS trauma. Focusing on the mechanism of membrane damage, Central Nervous System Trauma: Research Techniques presents a variety of experimental techniques to study the mechanism of CNS trauma. Animal and tissue culture models provide the bulk of the research findings in this area. Possible pharmacological interventions are analyzed. This volume offers numerous illustrative examples, including full color figures. This book serves as a valuable resource for students and researchers, assisting in the comprehension of current trends in CNS trauma and helping to stimulate the discovery of new research areas.

MAGNESIUM ITS BIOL SIGNIFICANCE

MAGNESIUM ITS BIOL SIGNIFICANCE
Author: Jerry K. Aikawa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 152
Release: 1981-04-20
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

MAGNESIUM ITS BIOL SIGNIFICANCE Book Excerpt:

Abstract: Current knowledge of the biological role of magnesium is synthesized. The presence of magnesium is traced to the evolution of the earth and the beginning of life. Magnesium's role in photosynthesis, cellular processes, physiological processes (body temperature control, hibernation), and geochemistry are discussed. Discussion of magnesium in humans includes information relating to: physiology; deficiencies (adults and children); human diseases (cardiovascular system); excesses; interactions with other cations; central nervous system; and nephrolithiasis (renal stores). Deficiencies in ruminants and experimental animals also are explored. (rkm).

Handbook of Innovations in Central Nervous System Regenerative Medicine

Handbook of Innovations in Central Nervous System Regenerative Medicine
Author: Antonio Salgado
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2020-06-10
ISBN: 0128180854
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Innovations in Central Nervous System Regenerative Medicine Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Innovations in CNS Regenerative Medicine provides a comprehensive overview of the CNS regenerative medicine field. The book describes the basic biology and anatomy of the CNS and how injury and disease affect its balance and the limitations of the present therapies used in the clinics. It also introduces recent trends in different fields of CNS regenerative medicine, including cell transplantation, bio and neuro-engineering, molecular/pharmacotherapy therapies and enabling technologies. Finally, the book presents successful cases of translation of basic research to first-in-human trials and the steps needed to follow this path. Areas such as cell transplantation approaches, bio and neuro-engineering, molecular/pharmacotherapy therapies and enabling technologies are key in regenerative medicine are covered in the book, along with regulatory and ethical issues. Describes the basic biology and anatomy of the CNS and how injury and disease affect its balance Discusses the limitations of present therapies used in the clinics Introduces the recent trends in different fields of CNS regenerative medicine, including cell transplantation, bio and neuro-engineering, molecular/pharmacotherapy therapies, and enabling technologies Presents successful cases of translation of basic research to first-in-human trials, along with the steps needed to follow this path

Pre eclampsia

Pre eclampsia
Author: Fiona Lyall,Michael Belfort
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 572
Release: 2007-05-10
ISBN: 9780521831895
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pre eclampsia Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the research in pre-eclampsia and the practical management of this common and life-threatening disorder.

Iron in Central Nervous System Disorders

Iron in Central Nervous System Disorders
Author: Peter Riederer,M.B.H. Youdim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 205
Release: 1993-12-30
ISBN: 9783211825204
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Iron in Central Nervous System Disorders Book Excerpt:

The role of the metals copper, zinc, magnesium, lead, manganese, mercury, lithium and aluminium in neuropsychiatric disease are well known and has been discussed on several occasions. Yet little attention has been paid to iron, the most abundant transitional metal in the body and the earth's crust. Iron plays a major role as a cofactor of numerous metabolic enzymes, it is important for DNA and protein synthesis, and has a crucial role in the oxygen carrying capacity of haemoglobin. Some of the most devastating diseases of systemic organs are associated with abnormal iron metabolism. Yet only very recently its role in the central nervous system has been considered. Thus nutritional iron defi ciency and iron overload afflict some 500-600 million people. It is also well recognized that too little or too much iron can produce profound effects on the metabolic state of the cell, and therefore the regulation of iron uptake and disposition is tightly relegated by the cell. Its transport into the cell and storage are handled by transferrin, ferritin and haemo siderin. Nowhere are these processes so well recognized as in the case of brain iron metabolism. Iron does not have ready access to the adult brain as it does to other tissues, since it does not cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). All the iron present in brain is deposited before the closure of BBB at an early age where it is sequestered and conserved. Therefore its turnover is extremely slow.

Mineral and Metal Neurotoxicology

Mineral and Metal Neurotoxicology
Author: Masayuki Yasui,M. Anthony Verity
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 1996-09-26
ISBN: 9781439810699
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral and Metal Neurotoxicology Book Excerpt:

Trace minerals and metals such as zinc, copper, and magnesium are accepted as a "natural" part of the human system. Interactions of some elements and/or disturbances in trace-metal or mineral homeostasis can, however, be toxic to the central nervous system (CNS). Mineral and Metal Neurotoxicology describes a wide range of basic and clinical issues

Perioperative Patient Care

Perioperative Patient Care
Author: Julia A. Kneedler,Gwen H. Dodge
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 468
Release: 1994
ISBN: 9780867206425
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perioperative Patient Care Book Excerpt:

Present Knowledge in Nutrition

Present Knowledge in Nutrition
Author: Bernadette P. Marriott,Diane F. Birt,Virginia A. Stalling,Allison A. Yates
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 678
Release: 2020-07-21
ISBN: 0128198427
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Present Knowledge in Nutrition Book Excerpt:

Present Knowledge in Nutrition: Basic Nutrition and Metabolism, Eleventh Edition, provides an accessible, referenced source on the most current information in the broad field of nutrition. Now broken into two volumes and updated to reflect scientific advancements since the publication of the last edition, the book includes expanded coverage on basic nutrition, metabolism and clinical and applied topics. This volume provides coverage of macronutrients, vitamins, minerals and other dietary components and concludes with new approaches in nutrition science that apply to many, if not all, of the nutrients and dietary components presented throughout the reference. Advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students in nutrition, public health, medicine and related fields will find this resource useful. In addition, professionals in academia and medicine, including clinicians, dietitians, physicians, health professionals, academics and industrial and government researchers will find the content extremely useful. The book was produced in cooperation with the International Life Sciences Institute (https://ilsi.org/). Provides an accessible source of the most current, reliable and comprehensive information in the broad field of nutrition Features new chapters on topics of emerging importance, including the microbiome, eating disorders, nutrition in extreme environments, and the role of nutrition and cognition in mental status Covers topics of clinical relevance, including the role of nutrition in cancer support, ICU nutrition, supporting patients with burns, and wasting, deconditioning and hypermetabolic conditions

Renal and Electrolyte Disorders

Renal and Electrolyte Disorders
Author: Robert W. Schrier
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1608310728
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renal and Electrolyte Disorders Book Excerpt:

Geared to residents and fellows in nephrology, internal medicine, and other specialties, this classic text bridges the gap between basic and clinical sciences for the many disorders associated with electrolyte imbalances and kidney dysfunction. This edition has been thoroughly revised by world-renowned contributors to reflect recent developments in renal pathophysiology. Highlights include completely updated information on the role of the kidney in hypertension, afferent and efferent mechanisms of renal sodium retention, and delineation of mutation defects causing congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Each chapter begins with normal function and pathophysiology and quickly moves to clinical conditions and treatment. Numerous illustrations, tables, charts, and graphs make complex subjects understandable. Up-to-date references are also included.

Mosby s Paramedic Textbook

Mosby s Paramedic Textbook
Author: Mick J. Sanders,Lawrence M. Lewis,Gary Quick
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 1787
Release: 2012
ISBN: 0323072755
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mosby s Paramedic Textbook Book Excerpt:

Reflecting the 2010 Emergency Cardiovascular Care guidelines, Mosby's Paramedic Textbook, 4th Edition provides a comprehensive learning tool for both first-time and refresher paramedic students. Coverage includes an overview of key subjects such as pharmacology, airway management, medical disorders, patient assessment, and trauma. ALS patient care skills are presented step by step, both in the book and in online video clips. New to this edition are nine new chapters, many new topics, and 150 new photos. Written by paramedic expert Mick Sanders, Mosby's Paramedic Textbook follows the National EMS Education Standards and offers complete coverage of the National Standard Curriculum (NSC) for the EMT-Paramedic. More than 1,000 illustrations -- including 150 that are NEW -- accurately present different techniques and skills. Chapter openers, objectives and key terms set the stage for learning. Advanced Life Support (ALS) skills are presented step by step and in full color. Critical thinking questions help in understanding concepts and in applying them to patient care. A summary and a list of references in each chapter make review easier. A herbal appendix in the pharmacology chapter provides access to herbal content. Drug monographs on the Evolve companion website include Mosby's Essential Drugs, with instant access to comprehensive, up-to-date information on the medications that are administered by paramedics as well as those most commonly prescribed to patients. NEW! Nine new chapters and thoroughly updated content align the text with the new National EMS Education Standards and reflect the 2010 ECC (Emergency Cardiovascular Care) guidelines. NEW topics include coronary bypass, endocarditis, adult IO infusion, bird flu, new fluid resuscitation guidelines for trauma patients, drugs of abuse (Vicodin, Oxycontin), prediabetes, and management of hypothermia and drowning. NEW Show Me the Evidence boxes show the value and impact of evidence-based research. NEW Did You Know? boxes supplement chapter content with interesting and relevant information. NEW Look Again feature includes cross-references and specific page numbers for easy review of information that was covered in earlier chapters. NEW farm considerations in the Trauma section enhance rural practice with the kinematics of farm machinery incidents. Additional Critical Thinking boxes encourage the application of critical thinking skills to "real-life" EMS. Additional cultural considerations enhance your ability to deal with the issues of multicultural patients. NEW Advanced Practice Procedures in Critical Care appendix provides an overview of specialty procedures for paramedics who work in critical care settings. Revised and updated Emergency Drug Index reflects the new 2010 ECC guidelines with coverage of more than 75 emergency drugs, their dose and administration, onset and duration, indications and contraindications, adverse reactions, and special considerations.

Pharmacology for Midwives

Pharmacology for Midwives
Author: Sue Jordan
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2010-06-30
ISBN: 0230365701
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmacology for Midwives Book Excerpt:

The new edition of this ground-breaking text is an essential resource for the management of drugs during pregnancy, labour and the postnatal period. Fully updated in line with current midwifery practice, it includes new chapters on Disorders of the Immune System and Recreational Drugs, and expanded coverage of pain relief.

Nervous System Diseases Advances in Research and Treatment 2013 Edition

Nervous System Diseases   Advances in Research and Treatment  2013 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 491
Release: 2013-06-21
ISBN: 1481678000
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nervous System Diseases Advances in Research and Treatment 2013 Edition Book Excerpt:

Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Neuromuscular Diseases. The editors have built Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Neuromuscular Diseases in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Wylie Churchill Davidson s A Practice of Anesthesia

Wylie Churchill Davidson s A Practice of Anesthesia
Author: Thomas Healy,Paul Knight
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1397
Release: 2003-10-31
ISBN: 1444114026
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wylie Churchill Davidson s A Practice of Anesthesia Book Excerpt:

The new edition of this popular text has been extensively revised and updated throughout. It will continue to provide the trainee or practising anesthetist with all the information, both background and practical, that will be needed in the busy clinical setting or during revision for qualifying examinations.Major changes for the new edition include

Infusion Therapy

Infusion Therapy
Author: Alaa Abd-Elsayed
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2019-05-23
ISBN: 3030174786
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infusion Therapy Book Excerpt:

There is a significant gap in current knowledge about infusion therapy for treating different pain, headache and psychiatric conditions. Infusion therapy is now a common practice but there is considerable variation in how the therapy is implemented in different centers which can be both dangerous, if high doses are given, or ineffective, if low doses are given. This book provides a practical guide to infusion therapy for clinicians on how to safely and effectively perform this kind of therapy. Chapters cover the pharmacology of each medication and evidence in literature regarding indications, contraindications and doses. A recommended algorithm is provided for patient selection, doses, infusion technique/doses and appropriate monitoring. Infusion Therapy is the first comprehensive, clinical guide to this practice and is an invaluable resource for clinicians in anesthesia, pain medicine, internal medicine and palliative care. It will also be of interest to researchers and pharmacologists who would like to find out how clinicians use infusions.

Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice E Book

Fluid  Electrolyte  and Acid Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice   E Book
Author: Stephen P. DiBartola
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 1520
Release: 2011-06-01
ISBN: 143770655X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluid Electrolyte and Acid Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice E Book Book Excerpt:

The leading reference for the diagnosis and management of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base imbalances in small animals, Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice, 4th Edition provides cutting-edge, evidence-based guidelines to enhance your care of dogs and cats. Information is easy to find and easy to use, with comprehensive coverage including fluid and electrolyte physiology and pathophysiology and their clinical applications, as well as the newest advances in fluid therapy and a discussion of a new class of drugs called vaptans. Lead author Stephen DiBartola is a well-known speaker and the "go-to" expert in this field, and his team of contributors represents the most authoritative and respected clinicians and academicians in veterinary medicine. Over 30 expert contributors represent the "cream of the crop" in small animal medicine, ensuring that this edition provides the most authoritative and evidence-based guidelines. Scientific, evidence-based insights and advances integrate basic physiological principles into practice, covering patient evaluation, differential diagnosis, normal and abnormal clinical features and laboratory test results, approaches to therapy, technical aspects of therapy, patient monitoring, assessing risk, and prediction of outcomes for each disorder. Hundreds of tables, algorithms, and schematic drawings demonstrate the best approaches to diagnosis and treatment, highlighting the most important points in an easy-access format. Drug and dosage recommendations are included with treatment approaches in the Electrolyte Disorders section. Clear formulas in the Fluid Therapy section make it easier to determine the state of dehydration, fluid choice, and administration rate and volume in both healthy and diseased patients. Updated chapters cover the latest advances in fluid therapy in patient management, helping you understand and manage a wide range of potentially life-threatening metabolic disturbances. Expanded Disorders of Sodium and Water chapter includes information on a new class of drugs called vaptans, vasopressin receptor antagonists that may soon improve the ability to manage patients with chronic hyponatremia. Hundreds of new references cover the most up-to-date advances in fluid therapy, including renal failure and shock syndromes.

Maternal Child Nursing E Book

Maternal Child Nursing   E Book
Author: Emily Slone McKinney,Susan R. James,Sharon Smith Murray,Kristine Nelson,Jean Ashwill
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 1448
Release: 2021-09-03
ISBN: 0323697895
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maternal Child Nursing E Book Book Excerpt:

Build your skills in the science and art of maternity and pediatric nursing! Maternal-Child Nursing, 6th Edition makes it easy to understand the essentials of women’s health, maternity, and children’s nursing care. It simplifies the steps of the nursing process and relates them to care, helping you develop clinical judgment skills and provide safe, effective care in evidence-based practice. This edition adds case studies preparing you for the new Next Generation NCLEX® examination. Best of all, active learning tools and features make it fun to master nursing concepts, offering plenty of opportunities to apply your knowledge to the practice setting. Nursing Care Plans help students apply the nursing process to plan individualized care in the most common maternity and pediatric situations. Clinical Reference sections in pediatrics chapters provide basic information on disorders and their related anatomy and physiology, differences in body systems between children and adults, commonly used drugs, lab values, diagnostic tests, and procedures. Clinical Judgment boxes highlight situations designed to test clinical judgment skills. Health Promotion boxes highlight information needed to perform a comprehensive assessment of well infants and children at various ages. Safety Alerts emphasize what is important to remember when providing safe and optimal quality care. Pathophysiology boxes present an illustrated overview of illnesses and how to manage them. Want to Know boxes provide teaching guidelines, including sample answers for questions that are likely to be asked or topics that need to be taught. Communication Cues offer practical tips for verbal and nonverbal communication with patients and families. Glossary at the end of the book gives students quick access to all key terms and definitions. NEW! Next Generation NCLEX® (NGN) examination-style case studies expose students to how content will be tested in the exam; case studies are either single-situation or unfolding studies. NEW! Updated Drug Guides summarize the latest information on medications.

Nurse s 5 minute Clinical Consult

Nurse s 5 minute Clinical Consult
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9781582556987
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nurse s 5 minute Clinical Consult Book Excerpt:

Nurse's 5-Minute Clinical Consult: Multisystem Disorders focuses on nursing care and collaborative management for a patient who presents with an acute disorder that affects more than one body system. Coexisting disorders that complicate treatment options are also discussed. For more than 75 multisystem disorders, the book presents rapid-reference information including causes, risk factors, pathophysiologic effects by body system, assessment findings, diagnostic test results, treatment, complications, care modifications, expected outcomes, patient teaching, and important alerts. Charts show coexisting disorders that complicate treatment and necessary care modifications. Recurring icons highlight pathophysiology, warnings, and life-threatening disorders.

urotext basics

urotext basics
Author: R. A. S. Hemat
Publsiher: Urotext
Total Pages: 868
Release: 2001
ISBN: 190373701X
Category: Genitourinary organs
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

urotext basics Book Excerpt: