Mankind An Interpretation Of A Medieval Morality Play

Author by : Torben Schmidt
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
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Description : Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1 (A), Justus-Liebig-University Giessen (Instiute anglisitc linguistics), course: The Medieval Drama - Texts and Cultural Backgrounds, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: There are some obvious differences between the morality and the miracle plays. The latter did stress moral truths besides teaching facts of the bible, but on the whole did not lend themselves to allegorical formulation except when there was no well – defined Bible story to be followed. A good example in this case is the life of Maria Magdalen, before she was converted. The miracle play dealt with what were believed to be historical events and its main characters were for the most part ready- made for the playwright by the Bible and inherited tradition. The morality play on the other hand, stood by itself, unconnected to a cycle, and the plots were extremely stereotyped. “They afforded less scope for original creation than those of the miracles, which were crowded with major and minor characters, Herold, Pilate, Pharaoh, Noah’s wife, Satan, Adam and Eve,” (Kinghorn 1968: p.116) and a host of others, both scriptural and non-scriptural. As far as the characters in the morality plays are concerned one could say that these characters, like for instance the Seven Deadly Sins, did only offer very limited opportunities for development. “Gluttony could hardly be other than a fat lout, Sloth a half- awake lounger, Luxury an overdressed woman, Avarice a grasping old man and Anger continually in a rage”( Kinghorn 1968: p.116). As far as allegorical formulations are concerned it has to pointed out that the morality play characters were always personified vices and virtues, producing a conflict of sorts and providing enough material for a plot. The Christian Virtues, the Seven Deadly Sins, Pride of Life, World, Flesh Youth, Age, Holy Church, Wealth, Health, Mercy, Learning and, of course, Mankind are just a few examples for personages which were made to behave as though they were human by the didactic aim of the author ( Kinghorn 1968: p.116), but all these characters are always contained within their own narrow definition. Since these allegorical personages were not characters but walking abstractions, they provided the playwright only very limited opportunities for development. Everything that was said and done by these characters showed clearly the moral truth which was of course the subject of the plot. The late medieval morality plays mark a well - defined movement away from the religious drama towards the completely secular drama in England. [...]


Three Late Medieval Morality Plays Everyman Mankind And Mundus Et Infans

Author by : G.A. Lester
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : "Take example, all ye that this do hear or see..." The Morality Play was popular in England between 1400 and 1600. It offers moral instruction and spiritual teaching with personal abstractions representing good and evil. Surviving plays from that period number about sixty and the three in this edition were among the first ten. Mankind is a plain, honest farming man who struggles against worldly and spiritual temptation. The bawdy humour and violent action in the play serve to make the moral point and instruct by example. Everyman portrays a man's struggles in the face of death to raise himself to a state of grace so that he may experience everlasting life. It is exceptional among the Moralities for this narrow focus on the last phase of life, and conveys its message with awe-inspiring seriousness. Mundus et Infans is more typical of the Morality genre. It shows an arrogant, bullying protagonist led astray by a single evildoer into a life of debauchery, before the inevitable conversion to virtue. In showing the whole of man's life it is the antithesis of Everyman, the action of which seems to take place in a single day.


Flamboyant Drama

Author by : Michael R. Kelley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press
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Description : In addition to providing new readings of three anonymous morality plays differ­ing in design and texture, Kelley's book gives an overview of the fifteenth-centu­ry flamboyant art form, that strange mixture of artistry, moral theology, bawdy irreverence, physical action, and sermonic eloquence, which succeeded the mystery plays at the end of the medieval period. As John Gardner notes in his Foreword, Kelley has done for the morality plays what earlier scholars did for the mysteries: ?He has pointed out their controlling aesthetic and shown why, in their time and place, they were a joy to see and hear.”


Three Late Medieval Morality Plays Everyman Mankind And Mundus Et Infans

Author by : G.A. Lester
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
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Description : "Take example, all ye that this do hear or see..." The Morality Play was popular in England between 1400 and 1600. It offers moral instruction and spiritual teaching with personal abstractions representing good and evil. Surviving plays from that period number about sixty and the three in this edition were among the first ten. Mankind is a plain, honest farming man who struggles against worldly and spiritual temptation. The bawdy humour and violent action in the play serve to make the moral point and instruct by example. Everyman portrays a man's struggles in the face of death to raise himself to a state of grace so that he may experience everlasting life. It is exceptional among the Moralities for this narrow focus on the last phase of life, and conveys its message with awe-inspiring seriousness. Mundus et Infans is more typical of the Morality genre. It shows an arrogant, bullying protagonist led astray by a single evildoer into a life of debauchery, before the inevitable conversion to virtue. In showing the whole of man's life it is the antithesis of Everyman, the action of which seems to take place in a single day.


Early English Performance Medieval Plays And Robin Hood Games

Author by : John Marshall
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Covering a period of nearly 40 years’ work by the author this collection of essays in the Shifting Paradigms in Early English Drama Studies series brings the perspective of a Drama academic and practitioner of early English plays to the understanding of how medieval plays and Robin Hood games of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were performed. It explores why, where, when, and how the plays happened, who took part, and who were the audiences. The insights are informed by a combination of research and the public presentation of surviving texts. The research included in the volume unites the early English experiences of religious and secular performance. This recognition challenges the dominant critical distinction of the past between the two and the consequent privileging of biblical and moral plays over secular entertainments. What further binds, rather than separates, the two is that the destination of funds raised by the different activities maintained the civic and parochial needs of the institutions upon which the people depended. This collection redefines the inclusive nature and common interests of the purposes that lay behind generically different undertakings. They shared an extraordinary investment of human and financial resources in the anticipation of a profit that was pious and practical.


Festive Drama

Author by : Societe Internationale Pour L'Etude Du Theatre Medieval Colloque 1989
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer Ltd
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Description : Essays on festive drama - plays, pageantry and traditional ceremonies - of the European middle ages, with comparative material.


Studies In Medieval Renaissance Culture

Author by : Paul Maurice Clogan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
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Description : Medievalia et Humanistica has won worldwide recognition as the first scholarly publication in America to devote itself exclusively to Medieval and Renaissance studies.


Bibliograpy Of Medieval Drama

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
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Description :


The Diabolical Game To Win Man S Soul

Author by : Dorothy Renshaw Castle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
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Description : This book defends the author's theory that the medieval morality play "Mankind" is a work of literary art whose central organizing principle is the metaphor of the game, which unites all parts of the play, including the scatological humor, into a well-constructed whole. The combination of techniques of classical rhetorical analysis and modern structural analysis based on the theories of Claude Levi-Strauss and Tzvetan Tartistry displays the literary from two different perspectives, thus yielding new insights into the themes, linguistic structure, and interpretation of "Mankind."


Mankind

Author by : Kathleen M Ashley
Languange : en
Publisher by : ISD LLC
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Description : Mankind is at once conventional in its adherence to morality and extraordinary in its effervescence and wit. The text is a morality play warning Mankind how it may be led astray by temptation, while simultaneously entertaining the audience with banter between the characters representing vice. In its small-scale staging, with a smaller number of actors and props, it was written for a theater troupe of the kind that foreshadows modern professional English drama. Presented with a gloss, notes, an introduction, and a glossary, this edition of the lively Middle English play is perfect for any level of Middle English instruction and invaluable to those who teach early drama.


Theater Of The Word

Author by : Julie Paulson
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Notre Dame Pess
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Description : In Theater of the Word: Selfhood in the English Morality Play, Julie Paulson sheds new light on medieval constructions of the self as they emerge from within a deeply sacramental culture. The book examines the medieval morality play, a genre that explicitly addresses the question of what it means to be human and takes up the ritual traditions of confession and penance, long associated with medieval interiority, as its primary subjects. The morality play is allegorical drama, a “theater of the word," that follows a penitential progression in which an everyman figure falls into sin and is eventually redeemed through penitential ritual. Written during an era of reform when the ritual life of the medieval Church was under scrutiny, the morality plays as a whole insist upon a self that is first and foremost performed—constructed, articulated, and known through ritual and other communal performances that were interwoven into the fabric of medieval life. This fascinating look at the genre of the morality play will be of keen interest to scholars of medieval drama and to those interested in late medieval culture, sacramentalism, penance and confession, the history of the self, and theater and performance.


Drama And Resistance

Author by : Claire Sponsler
Languange : en
Publisher by : U of Minnesota Press
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Description : Provides a cultural and historical context for medieval popular drama. In Drama and Resistance, Claire Sponsler explores the intertwined histories of bodily subjectivity, commodity culture, and theatricality in late medieval England. In a fascinating consideration of popular drama in the period from 1350 to 1520, she argues that many types of performances during this time represented cultural evasions of the imposition of disciplinary power. The medieval theater was a social site where resistance, masked from the full scrutiny of authority by theatricality, was practiced, articulated, and enacted. Sponsler examines three key discourses of authoritarian bodily and commodity control -- clothing laws, conduct literature, and Books of Hours -- and pairs them with three kinds of theatrical performances that enact resistance to disciplining codes -- Robin Hood performances, morality plays, and Corpus Christi pageants. She considers the contradictions and inconsistencies in the repressive official discourses and analyzes the ways in which the staging of forbidden acts like cross-dressing, social and sexual misbehavior, and violence against the body challenged these discourses. Drawing on recent social theory, Drama and Resistance is an important contribution to medieval studies and the history of theater.


Staging Faith

Author by : Victor I. Scherb
Languange : en
Publisher by : Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
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Description : "Illustrating this thesis through an examination of the plays themselves, Staging Faith explores how different modes of production resulted in different types of dramatic organization, different relationships between the audience and the dramatic action, and how dramatists exploited the symbolic and affective potential of different types of settings, props, and dramatic actions. The simple place-and-scaffold play accommodated an oppositional structure, one that could be embodied spatially in the arrangement of the scaffolds and further articulated in processional action. The symbolic images in these dramas often have a strongly devotional character and attempt to unite the play's audience around a central devotional object or scene."--BOOK JACKET.


Images Of Language In Middle English Vernacular Writings

Author by : Kathy Cawsey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer
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Description : An exploration of the use of images in Middle English texts, tracing out what can be deduced of a theory of language.


A Critical Edition Of The Medieval Play Mankind

Author by : Frank Knittel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edwin Mellen Press
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Description : This critical examination of Mankind seeks to lay to rest the contention that the play is obscene and crude. The evidence presented in the critical introduction, the body of the play itself, and the opinions of current scholars demonstrate that Mankind, more than any other medieval drama, is a link to the Renaissance drama immediately following. With its intricate, well-developed metrical scheme, and moral and philosophical themes, it represents an artistic achievement beyond that found in the typical drama of the Middle Ages. The authors of this book offer the opinion that the play's occasional humour as well as its high seriousness provide a happy combination of both wit and morality.


English Medieval Misericords

Author by : Paul Hardwick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell Press
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Total Read : 21
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Description : A comprehensive survey of the intriguing misericord carvings, setting them in their religious context and looking at their different themes and motifs.


On The Queerness Of Early English Drama

Author by : Tison Pugh
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Toronto Press
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Total Read : 31
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Description : This book probes occluded depictions of queerness in early English drama, ranging from medieval morality plays to Reformation interludes and beyond.


The Cambridge Companion To Medieval English Theatre

Author by : Richard Beadle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : A comprehensive, illustrated companion to the perennially popular drama of the English Middle Ages.


A Short History Of English Renaissance Drama

Author by : Helen Hackett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : Shakespeare is a towering presence in English and indeed global culture. Yet considered alongside his contemporaries he was not an isolated phenomenon, but the product of a period of astonishing creative fertility. This was an age when new media - popular drama and print - were seized upon avidly and inventively by a generation of exceptionally talented writers. In her sparkling new book, Helen Hackett explores the historical contexts of English Renaissance drama by situating it in the wider history of ideas. She traces the origins of Renaissance theatre in communal religious drama, civic pageantry and court entertainment and vividly describes the playing conditions of Elizabethan and Jacobean playhouses. Examining Marlowe, Shakespeare and Jonson in turn, the author assesses the distinctive contribution made by each playwright to the creation of English drama. She then turns to revenge tragedy, with its gothic poetry of sex and death; city comedy, domestic tragedy and tragicomedy; and gender and drama, with female roles played by boy actors in commercial playhouses while women participated in drama at court and elsewhere. The book places Renaissance drama in the exciting and vibrant cosmopolitanism of sixteenth-century London.


Moral Play And Counterpublic

Author by : Ineke Murakami
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : In this study, Murakami overturns the misconception that popular English morality plays were simple medieval vehicles for disseminating conservative religious doctrine. On the contrary, Murakami finds that moral drama came into its own in the sixteenth century as a method for challenging normative views on ethics, economics, social rank, and political obligation. From its inception in itinerate troupe productions of the late fifteenth century, "moral play" served not as a cloistered form, but as a volatile public forum. This book demonstrates how the genre’s apparently inert conventions—from allegorical characters to the battle between good and evil for Mankind’s soul—veiled critical explorations of topical issues. Through close analysis of plays representing key moments of formal and ideological innovation from 1465 to 1599, Murakami makes a new argument for what is at stake in the much-discussed anxiety around the entwined social practices of professional theater and the emergent capitalist market. Moral play fostered a phenomenon that was ultimately more threatening to ‘the peace’ of the realm than either theater or the notorious market--a political self-consciousness that gave rise to ephemeral, non-elite counterpublics who defined themselves against institutional forms of authority.


The Castle Of Perseverance

Author by : David N Klausner
Languange : en
Publisher by : ISD LLC
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Description : This edition is based upon a new transcription of The Castle of Perseverance, now published with a gloss, notes, glossary, and an introduction, to enable classroom study of this classic morality play. The Castle of Perseverance, like the other surviving morality plays, deals allegorically with the life of man, his struggle against temptation and sin, and his hope of final redemption. The play begins before Mankind's birth and concludes with his salvation after death, presented as a close call, and features both the traditional enemies of Mankind, the World, the Flesh and the Devil, as well as his two advisors, the Good Angel and the Bad Angel. Students of Middle English at all levels will find this edition useful in their studies of medieval morality plays.


English Drama Before Shakespeare

Author by : Peter Happe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : English Drama before Shakespeare surveys the range of dramatic activity in English up to 1590. The book challenges the traditional divisions between Medieval and Renaissance literature by showing that there was much continuity throughout this period, in spite of many innovations. The range of dramatic activity includes well-known features such as mystery cycles and the interludes, as well as comedy and tragedy. Para-dramatic activity such as the liturgical drama, royal entries and localised or parish drama is also covered. Many of the plays considered are anonymous, but a coherent, biographical view can be taken of the work of known dramatists such as John Heywood, John Bale, and Christopher Marlowe. Peter Happé's study is based upon close reading of selected plays, especially from the mystery cycles and such Elizabethan works as Thomas Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy. It takes account of contemporary research into dramatic form, performance (including some important recent revivals), dramatic sites and early theatre buildings, and the nature of early dramatic texts. Recent changes in outlook generated by the publication of the written records of early drama form part of the book's focus. There is an extensive bibliography covering social and political background, the lives and works of individual authors, and the development of theatrical ideas through the period. The book is aimed at undergraduates, as well as offering an overview for more advanced students and researchers in drama and in related fields of literature and cultural studies.


Rhetorical Subversion In Early English Drama

Author by : Douglas W. Hayes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peter Lang
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Description : This book centers on the uses and abuses of language in early English drama. It examines a number of plays alongside classical and sixteenth-century rhetorical treatises and focuses on the appearances of one stock character, the Vice figure, to determine how he uses language to dupe, implicate, and control others in the plays. The Vice figure is usually very skilled in the use of rhetoric and, in many cases, seems to be so persuasive and entertaining that the moral aims of the drama appear to be jeopardized. Douglas W. Hayes investigates the moral and rhetorical ambivalence of the Vice figure not only in Medieval morality plays and Tudor interludes, but also in the language of later characters related to the Vice such as Marlowe's Mephastophilis and Shakespeare's Falstaff and Iago.


Folklore Literature And Cultural Theory

Author by : Cathy L. Preston
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Shakespeare And The Medieval World

Author by : Helen Cooper
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : Helen Cooper's unique study examines how continuations of medieval culture into the early modern period, forged Shakespeare's development as a dramatist and poet. Medieval culture pervaded his life and work, from his childhood, spent within reach of the last performances of the Coventry Corpus Christi plays, to his dramatisation of Chaucer in The Two Noble Kinsmen three years before his death. The world he lived in was still largely a medieval one, in its topography and its institutions. The language he spoke had been forged over the centuries since the Norman Conquest. The genres in which he wrote, not least historical tragedy, love-comedy and romance, were medieval inventions. A high proportion of his plays have medieval origins and he kept returning to Chaucer, acknowledged as the greatest poet in the English language. Above all, he grew up with an English tradition of drama developed during the Middle Ages that assumed that it was possible to stage anything - all time, all space. Shakespeare and the Medieval World provides a panoramic overview that opens up new vistas within his work and uncovers the richness of his inheritance.


Theatricality In The Horror Film

Author by : André Loiselle
Languange : en
Publisher by : Anthem Press
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Description : The horror film generally presents a situation where normality is threatened by a monster. From this premise, Theatricality in the Horror Film argues that scary movies often create their terrifying effects stylistically and structurally through a radical break with the realism of normality in the form of monstrous theatricality. Theatricality in the horror fi lm expresses itself in many ways. For example, it comes across in the physical performance of monstrosity: the overthe-top performance of a chainsaw-wielding serial killer whose nefarious gestures terrify both his victims within the film and the audience in the cinema. Theatrical artifice can also appear as a stagy cemetery with broken-down tombstones and twisted, gnarly trees, or through the use of violently aberrant filmic techniques, or in the oppressive claustrophobia of a single-room setting reminiscent of classical drama. Any performative element of a film that flaunts its difference from what is deemed realistic or normal on screen might qualify as an instance of theatrical artifice, creating an intense affect in the audience. This book argues that the artificiality of the frightening spectacle is at the heart of the dark pleasures of horror.