Market Led Agrarian Reform

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
Total Download : 756
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : Three-fourths of the world’s poor are rural poor. Most of the rural poor remain dependent on land-based livelihoods for their incomes and reproduction despite significant livelihood diversification in recent years. Land issue remains critical to any development discourse today. Market-led agrarian reform (MLAR) has gained prominence since the early 1990s as an alternative to state-led land reforms. This neoliberal policy is based on the inversion of what its proponents see as the features of earlier approaches, and calls for redistribution via privatized, decentralized transactions between ‘willing sellers’ and ‘willing buyers’. Its proponents, especially those associated with the World Bank, have claimed success where the policy has been implemented, but such claims have been contested by independent scholars as well as by peasant movements who are struggling to gain access to land. This book presents three thematic papers and six country studies. The thematic papers address issues of formalisation of property rights, gendered land rights, and neoliberal enclosure. These studies demonstrate the pervasive influence of neoliberal ideas on property rights and rural development debates, well beyond the ‘core’ question of land redistribution. The country cases bring together experiences from Brazil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Philippines, South Africa and Egypt. Common findings include the success of landowners in minimising the impact of reform, and a lack of post-transfer support, translating into marginal impact on poverty. The limitations of the market-led approach, and the implications of the studies presented here for the future of agrarian reform, are considered in the editors’ introduction. This book was a special issue of The Third World Quarterly.


Market Led Agrarian Reform Critical Perspectives On Neoliberal Land Policies And The Rural Poor

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 548
File Size : 41,9 Mb
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Description : Three-fourths of the world's poor are rural poor. Most of the rural poor remain dependent on land-based livelihoods for their incomes and reproduction despite significant livelihood diversification in recent years. Land issue remains critical to any development discourse today. Market-led agrarian reform (MLAR) has gained prominence since the early 1990s as an alternative to state-led land reforms. This neoliberal policy is based on the inversion of what its proponents see as the features of earlier approaches, and calls for redistribution via privatized, decentralized transactions between 'willing sellers' and 'willing buyers'. Its proponents, especially those associated with the World Bank, have claimed success where the policy has been implemented, but such claims have been contested by independent scholars as well as by peasant movements who are struggling to gain access to land. This book presents three thematic papers and six country studies. The thematic papers address issues of formalisation of property rights, gendered land rights, and neoliberal enclosure. These studies demonstrate the pervasive influence of neoliberal ideas on property rights and rural development debates, well beyond the 'core' question of land redistribution. The country cases bring together experiences from Brazil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Philippines, South Africa and Egypt. Common findings include the success of landowners in minimising the impact of reform, and a lack of post-transfer support, translating into marginal impact on poverty. The limitations of the market-led approach, and the implications of the studies presented here for the future of agrarian reform, are considered in the editors' introduction. This book was a special issue of The Third World Quarterly.


Exposing Market Led Agrarian Reform

Author by : Kirsten Daub
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 441
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description : In recent years Market-Led Agrarian Reform has been promoted in the global South as a more effective approach than State-Led Agrarian Reform. This thesis uses in-depth qualitative research to assess the experience of several Guatemalan communities in their quest to obtain land through Guatemalaś market Assisted land distribution program over the past 10 years. Six categories are used to evaluate MLAR in Guatemala: the pace and efficiency of reform; the extent to which complementary reforms have been enacted; accessibility to participants; quality of land; technical assistance available; and access to start-up capital and markets for agricultural production. The findings of this thesis support the conclusions made by a number of researchers assessing other country experiences with MLAR that this type of land distribution program is fairly ineffective at redistributing land or fostering sustainable rural livelihoods in Latin America.


Pro Poor Land Reform

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Ottawa Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 735
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : Using empirical case materials from the Philippines and referring to rich experiences from different countries historically, this book offers conceptual and practical conclusions that have far-reaching implications for land reform throughout the world. Examining land reform theory and practice, this book argues that conventional practices have excluded a significant portion of land-based production and distribution relationships, while they have inadvertently included land transfers that do not constitute real redistributive reform. By direct implication, this book is a critique of both mainstream market led agrarian reform and conventional state-led land reform. It offers an alternative perspective on how to move forward in theory and practice and opens new paths in land policy research.


Competing Views And Strategies On Agrarian Reform International Perspective

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ateneo University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 526
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : After two decades of implementation, the Comprehensive Agrarian Program continues to be the object of political controversy in the Philippines. Volume 1: Competing Views and Strategies on Agrarian Reform: International Perspective aims to broaden the discussion by focusing on international political, policy and theoretical debates, as well as on some empirical cases from different countries that are relevant to the study of agrarian issues in the Philippines. Volume 2: Competing Views and Strategies on Agrarian Reform: Philippine Perspective aims to deepen the discussion by focusing on the Philippine agrarian reform experience, but drawing lessons that are relevant to theory-building and to policy discourse and political actions in situations elsewhere. The overarching theme of the twin books is "critical thinking": conventional assumptions are interrogated, popular propositions critically examined, and new ways of questioning proposed.


Transnational Agrarian Movements Confronting Globalization

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras, Jr.
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 353
File Size : 50,5 Mb
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Description : Readers of this book will encounter peasants and farmers whostruggle at home and traverse national borders to challenge theWorld Trade Organization and other powerful global institutions. Studies the activists in Brazil who uproot plots of geneticallymodified soybeans, forest dwellers in Indonesia who chop downrubber plantations to cultivate rice to feed their families,‘runaway villages’ in China that take up arms to resistcorrupt officials, and Mexican migrants who, having exited indesperation, return from abroad to transform their communities Little-known transnational agrarian movements of the earlytwentieth century share the stage with more recent, high-profileglobal alliances, such as Vía Campesina Celebrates a dynamic sector of international civil society, andtackles the thorny questions of successes and failures, ethical andpolitical dilemmas, troubled alliances with NGOs, protestrepertoires, and representation claims Analyzes contemporary collective action in all its complexity,acknowledging ambiguities and contradictions, posing challengingquestions, and providing concrete strategies for scholars andactivists


Pro Poor Land Reform

Author by : Saturnino M. Borras
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Ottawa Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 723
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : This book is an important, engaging and provocative contribution to the land reform literature. Using empirical case materials from the Philippines, it combines re-thinking of key concepts and debates on redistributive land reform with skilful case analysis of reform implementation processes.


Gentrification Foreign Land Ownership And Market Led Land Reforms In South Africa

Author by : Nhamo Wellington Samasuwo
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 601
File Size : 54,5 Mb
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Description :


Peasants And Globalization

Author by : A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 858
File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description : In 2007, for the first time in human history, a majority of the world’s population lived in cities. However, on a global scale, poverty overwhelmingly retains a rural face. This book assembles an unparalleled group of internationally-eminent scholars in the field of rural development and social change in order to explore historical and contemporary processes of agrarian change and transformation and their consequent impact upon the livelihoods, poverty and well-being of those who live in the countryside. The book provides a critical analysis of the extent to which rural development trajectories have in the past and are now promoting a change in rural production processes, the accumulation of rural resources, and shifts in rural politics, and the implications of such trajectories for peasant livelihoods and rural workers in an era of globalization. Peasants and Globalizationthus explores continuity and change in the debate on the ‘agrarian question’, from its early formulation in the late 19th century to the continuing relevance it has in our times, including chapters from Terence Byres, Amiya Bagchi, Ellen Wood, Farshad Araghi, Henry Bernstein, Saturnino M Borras, Ray Kiely, Michael Watts and Philip McMichael. Collectively, the contributors argue that neoliberal social and economic policies have, in deepening the market imperative governing the contemporary world food system, not only failed to tackle to underlying causes of rural poverty but have indeed deepened the agrarian crisis currently confronting the livelihoods of peasant farmers and rural workers. This crisis does not go unchallenged, as rural social movements have emerged, for the first time, on a transnational scale. Confronting development policies that are unable to reduce, let alone eliminate, rural poverty, transnational rural social movements are attempting to construct a more just future for the world’s farmers and rural workers.


Land Reform

Author by : Food And Agriculture Org. Staff
Languange : en
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 976
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : This issue of the journal on land tenure reform issues contains articles on: land and political power in Colombia; land reform in Scotland and the proposed community right to buy land; market-led agrarian reforms in Brazil; agricultural land lease programmes in Ukraine; land distribution and labour migration in China; poverty and gender inequality of land access in Benin.