Mass Transport Gravity Flows and Bottom Currents

Mass Transport  Gravity Flows  and Bottom Currents
Author: G. Shanmugam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2020-11-15
ISBN: 9780128225769
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Transport Gravity Flows and Bottom Currents Book Excerpt:

Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents focuses solely on important downslope and alongslope processes. It provides clear definitions and characteristics based on soil mechanics, fluid mechanics, and sediment concentration by volume. The book addresses Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, Density plumes, Hyperpycnal Flows, the Triggering Mechanisms of Downslope Processes, Bottom Currents, and Soft-Sediment Deformation Structures. The mechanics of each process are described in detail and used to provide empirically-driven categories to help recognize these deposits it the rock record. Case studies clearly illustrate of the problems inherent in recognizing these processes in the rock record, and potential solutions are provided alongside with future avenues of research. An appendix also provides step-by-step guidance in describing and interpreting sediments. Comprehensively addresses modern downslope and alongslope processes, including definitions and mechanisms, and provides key criteria for recognition of depositional facies in the rock record Provides case studies to illustrate each downslope and alongslope process Identifies key problems and potential solutions for future research Uses pragmatic, empirical, data-driven interpretations to revise conventional facies models

Mass Transport Gravity Flows and Bottom Currents

Mass Transport  Gravity Flows  and Bottom Currents
Author: G. Shanmugam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-10-31
ISBN: 0128225742
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Transport Gravity Flows and Bottom Currents Book Excerpt:

Mass Transport, Gravity Flows, and Bottom Currents: Downslope and Alongslope Processes and Deposits focuses solely on important downslope and alongslope processes. The book provides clear definitions and characteristics based on soil mechanics, fluid mechanics and sediment concentration by volume. It addresses Slides, Slumps, and Debris Flows, Grain Flows, Liquefied/Fluidized Flows, and Turbidity Currents, Density plumes, Hyperpycnal Flows, the Triggering Mechanisms of Downslope Processes, Bottom Currents, and Soft-Sediment Deformation Structures. The mechanics of each process are described in detail and used to provide empirically-driven categories to help recognize these deposits it the rock record. Case studies clearly illustrate of the problems inherent in recognizing these processes in the rock record, and potential solutions are provided alongside future avenues of research. An appendix also provides step-by-step guidance in describing and interpreting sediments. Comprehensively addresses modern downslope and alongslope processes, including definitions and mechanisms Provides key criteria for the recognition of depositional facies in the rock record Includes case studies to illustrate each downslope and alongslope process Identifies key problems and potential solutions for future research Uses pragmatic, empirical, data-driven interpretations to revise conventional facies models

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems
Author: Jon R. Rotzien,Cindy A. Yeilding,Richard A. Sears,F. Javier Hernández-Molina,Octavian Catuneanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 808
Release: 2022-08-18
ISBN: 0323919219
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems Book Excerpt:

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems: Science, Discovery and Applications helps readers identify, understand and interpret deepwater sedimentary systems at various scales – both onshore and offshore. This book describes the best practices in the integration of geology, geophysics, engineering, technology and economics used to inform smart business decisions in these diverse environments. It draws on technical results gained from deepwater exploration and production drilling campaigns and global field analog studies. With the multi-decadal resilience of deepwater exploration and production and the nature of its inherent uncertainty, this book serves as the essential reference for companies, consultancies, universities, governments and deepwater practitioners around the world seeking to understand deepwater systems and how to explore for and produce resources in these frontier environments. From an academic perspective, readers will use this book as the primer for understanding the processes, deposits and sedimentary environments in deep water – from deep oceans to deep lakes. This book provides conceptual approaches and state-of-the-art information on deepwater systems, as well as scenarios for the next 100 years of human-led exploration and development in deepwater, offshore environments. The students taught this material in today’s classrooms will become the leaders of tomorrow in Earth’s deepwater frontier. This book provides a broad foundation in deepwater sedimentary systems. What may take an individual dozens of academic and professional courses to achieve an understanding in these systems is provided here in one book. Presents a holistic view of how subsurface and engineering processes work together in the energy industry, bringing together contributions from the various technical and engineering disciplines Provides diverse perspectives from a global authorship to create an accurate picture of the process of deepwater exploration and production around the world Helps readers understand how to interpret deepwater systems at various scales to inform smart business decisions, with a significant portion of the workflows derived from the upstream energy industry

New Perspectives on Deep water Sandstones

New Perspectives on Deep water Sandstones
Author: G. Shanmugam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 509
Release: 2012-03-14
ISBN: 0444563350
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Perspectives on Deep water Sandstones Book Excerpt:

This handbook is vital for understanding the origin of deep-water sandstones, emphasizing sandy-mass transport deposits (SMTDs) and bottom-current reworked sands (BCRSs) in petroleum reservoirs. This cutting-edge perspective, a pragmatic alternative to the conventional turbidite concepts, is crucial because the turbidite paradigm is built on a dubious foundation without empirical data on sandy turbidity currents in modern oceans. In the absence of evidence for sandy turbidity currents in natural environments, elegant theoretical models and experimental observations of turbidity currents are irrelevant substitutes for explaining the origin of sandy deposits as "turbidites." In documenting modern and ancient SMTDs (sandy slides, sandy slumps, and sandy debrites) and BCRSs (deposits of thermohaline [contour] currents, wind-driven currents, and tidal currents), the author describes and interprets core and outcrop (1:20 to 1:50 scale) from 35 case studies worldwide (which include 32 petroleum reservoirs), totaling more than 10,000 m in cumulative thickness, carried out during the past 36 years (1974-2010). The book dispels myths about the importance of sea level lowstand and provides much-needed clarity on the triggering of sediment failures by earthquakes, meteorite impacts, tsunamis, and cyclones with implications for the distribution of deep-water sandstone petroleum reservoirs. Promotes pragmatic interpretation of deep-water sands using alternative possibilities Validates the economic importance of SMTDs and BCRS in deep-water exploration and production Rich in empirical data and timely new perspectives

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 5622
Release: 2020-12-16
ISBN: 0081029098
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Geology Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks
Author: Erik Flügel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 976
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 366208726X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks Book Excerpt:

This unparelleled reference synthesizes the methods used in microfacies analysis and details the potential of microfacies in evaluating depositional environments and diagenetic history, and, in particular, the application of microfacies data in the study of carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs and the provenance of archaeological materials. Nearly 230 instructive plates (30 in color) showing thin-section photographs with detailed explanations form a central part of the content. Helpful teaching-learning aids include detailed captions for hundreds of microphotographs, boxed summaries of technical terms, many case studies, guidelines for the determination and evaluation of microfacies criteria, for enclosed CD with 14000 references, self-testing exercises for recognition and characterization skills, and more

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4306
Release: 2019-04-12
ISBN: 0128130822
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Book Excerpt:

The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and are critical components of Earth’s climate system. This new edition of Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences summarizes the breadth of knowledge about them, providing revised, up to date entries as well coverage of new topics in the field. New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and the cryosphere, climate and climate change, hydrothermal and cold seep systems. The structure of the work provides a modern presentation of the field, reflecting the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief. In this framework maximum attention has been devoted to making this an organic and unified reference. Represents a one-stop. organic information resource on the breadth of ocean science research Reflects the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and climate change Provides scientifically reliable information at a foundational level, making this work a resource for students as well as active researches

The Northern North Atlantic

The Northern North Atlantic
Author: Priska Schafer,Priska Schäfer,Will Ritzrau,Michael Schlüter,Jörn Thiede
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2001-04-02
ISBN: 9783540672319
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Northern North Atlantic Book Excerpt:

The northern North Atlantic is one of the regions most sensitive to past and present global changes. This book integrates the results of an interdisciplinary project studying the properties of the Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Seas and the processes of pelagic and benthic particle formation, particle transport, and deposition in the deep-sea sediments. Ice-related and biogeochemical processes have been investigated to decipher the spatial and temporal variability of the production and fate of organic carbon in this region. Isotopic stratigraphy, microfossil assemblages and paleotemperatures are combined to reconstruct paleoceanographic conditions and to model past climatic changes in the Late Quaternary. The Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Seas can now be considered one of the best studied subbasins of the world`s oceans.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Hydrology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Water Resources Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Provenance of Arenites

Provenance of Arenites
Author: G.G. Zuffa
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN: 9401728097
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Provenance of Arenites Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Reading Provenance from Arenites, Cetraro, Cosenza, Italy, June 3-11, 1984

Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences

Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences
Author: Geoffroy Lamarche,Joshu Mountjoy,Suzanne Bull,Tom Hubble,Sebastian Krastel,Emily Lane,Aaron Micallef,Lorena Moscardelli,Christof Mueller,Ingo Pecher,Susanne Woelz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 621
Release: 2015-10-02
ISBN: 3319209795
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences Book Excerpt:

This book is a comprehensive collection of state-of-the-art studies of seafloor slope instability and their societal implications. The volume captures the most recent and exciting scientific progress made in this research field. As the world’s climate and energy needs change, the conditions under which slope instability occurs and needs to be considered, are also changing. The science and engineering of submarine – or more widely subaqueous – mass movements is greatly benefiting from advances in seafloor and sub-seafloor surveying technologies. Ultra-high-resolution seafloor mapping and 3D seismic reflection cubes are becoming commonly available datasets that are dramatically increasing our knowledge of the mechanisms and controls of subaqueous slope failure. Monitoring of slope deformation, repeat surveying and deep drilling, on the other hand, are emerging as important new techniques for understanding the temporal scales of slope instability. In essence, rapid advances in technology are being readily incorporated into scientific research and as a result, our understanding of submarine mass movements is increasing at a very fast rate. The volume also marks the beginning of the third IGCP project for the submarine mass movement research community, IGCP-640 S4SLIDE (Significance of Modern and Ancient Submarine Slope LandSLIDEs). The Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences symposium is the biannual meeting under the IGCP umbrella.

Contourites

Contourites
Author: M. Rebesco,A. Camerlenghi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2008-11-25
ISBN: 9780080931869
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contourites Book Excerpt:

Contourites are sediments deposited or substantially reworked by bottom currents. The study of contourites is crucial for several fields of fundamental and applied research: paleoclimatology and paleo-oceanography, since these fairly continuous and relatively high-resolution sediments hold the key for priceless information on the variability in circulation patter, current velocity, oceanographic history and basin interconnectivity; hydrocarbon exploration, since accumulation of source rocks may be favored by weak bottom currents, whereas "clean" deep-sea sands may be formed by robust flows; and slope stability, since low-permeability fine-grained contourites facilitate the formation of overpressurized gliding planes when fresh contourites with a high pore-water content becomes rapidly loaded, or when their rigid biosiliceous microfabric collapses due to diagenetic conditions. Despite its significance, this group of sediments is poorly known by the majority of non-specialists. Notwithstanding the growing interest and the intensified research in contourites, a textbook that might also serve as a reference book on contourites was missing until now. This book addresses all aspects of the knowledge in the field of contourites and provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the subject. It also can serve as a standard reference work for non-specialists, and in particular postgraduate students, university teachers and lecturers, researchers and professionals who are seeking an authoritative source of information about contourites. * reviews both theoretical topics and case histories * provides practical advice on multidisciplinary research techniques * provides also nonspecialist users with an intuitively-accessible, cross-referenced, and comprehensive coverage of the knowledge in the field. * provides a helpful tool for research in the preparation of classroom lectures

Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program

Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program
Author: Ocean Drilling Program
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Borings
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Book Excerpt:

Deep Marine Systems

Deep Marine Systems
Author: Kevin T. Pickering,Richard N. Hiscott
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 597
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN: 1405125780
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Marine Systems Book Excerpt:

Deep-water (below wave base) processes, although generally hidden from view, shape the sedimentary record of more than 65% of the Earth’s surface, including large parts of ancient mountain belts. This book aims to inform advanced-level undergraduate and postgraduate students, and professional Earth scientists with interests in physical oceanography and hydrocarbon exploration and production, about many of the important physical aspects of deep-water (mainly deep-marine) systems. The authors consider transport and deposition in the deep sea, trace-fossil assemblages, and facies stacking patterns as an archive of the underlying controls on deposit architecture (e.g., seismicity, climate change, autocyclicity). Topics include modern and ancient deep-water sedimentary environments, tectonic settings, and how basinal and extra-basinal processes generate the typical characteristics of basin slopes, submarine canyons, contourite mounds and drifts, submarine fans, basin floors and abyssal plains.

River Flow 2016

River Flow 2016
Author: George Constantinescu,Marcelo Garcia,Dan Hanes
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2016-06-22
ISBN: 1315644479
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

River Flow 2016 Book Excerpt:

Understanding and being able to predict fluvial processes is one of the biggest challenges for hydraulics and environmental engineers, hydrologists and other scientists interested in preserving and restoring the diverse functions of rivers. The interactions among flow, turbulence, vegetation, macroinvertebrates and other organisms, as well as the transport and retention of particulate matter, have important consequences on the ecological health of rivers. Managing rivers in an ecologically friendly way is a major component of sustainable engineering design, maintenance and restoration of ecological habitats. To address these challenges, a major focus of River Flow 2016 was to highlight the latest advances in experimental, computational and theoretical approaches that can be used to deepen our understanding and capacity to predict flow and the associated fluid-driven ecological processes, anthropogenic influences, sediment transport and morphodynamic processes. River Flow 2016 was organized under the auspices of the Committee for Fluvial Hydraulics of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR). Since its first edition in 2002, the River Flow conference series has become the main international event focusing on river hydrodynamics, sediment transport, river engineering and restoration. Some of the highlights of the 8th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics were to focus on inter-disciplinary research involving, among others, ecological and biological aspects relevant to river flows and processes and to emphasize broader themes dealing with river sustainability. River Flow 2016 (extended abstract book 854 pages + full paper CD-ROM 2436 pages) contains the contributions presented during the regular sessions covering the main conference themes and the special sessions focusing on specific hot topics of river flow research, and will be of interest to academics interested in hydraulics, hydrology and environmental engineering.

Mass transport Deposits in Deepwater Settings

Mass transport Deposits in Deepwater Settings
Author: R. Craig Shipp,Paul Weimer,Henry W. Posamentier
Publsiher: SEPM Soc for Sed Geology
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2011
ISBN: 156576286X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass transport Deposits in Deepwater Settings Book Excerpt:

Historically, submarine-mass failures or mass-transport deposits have been a focus of increasingly intense investigation by academic institutions particularly during the last decade, though they received much less attention by geoscientists in the energy industry. With recent interest in expanding petroleum exploration and production into deeper water-depths globally and more widespread availability of high-quality data sets, mass-transport deposits are now recognized as a major component of most deep-water settings. This recognition has lead to the realization that many aspects of these deposits are still unknown or poorly understood. This volume contains twenty-three papers that address a number of topics critical to further understanding mass-transport deposits. These topics include general overviews of these deposits, depositional settings on the seafloor and in the near-subsurface interval, geohazard concerns, descriptive outcrops, integrated outcrop and seismic data/seismic forward modeling, petroleum reservoirs, and case studies on several associated topics. This volume will appeal to a broad cross section of geoscientists and geotechnical engineers, who are interested in this rapidly expanding field. The selection of papers in this volume reflects a growing trend towards a more diverse blend of disciplines and topics, covered in the study of mass-transport deposits.

Sedimentary Basins

Sedimentary Basins
Author: Gerhard Einsele
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 810
Release: 2000-07-27
ISBN: 9783540661931
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sedimentary Basins Book Excerpt:

This completely revised and enlarged second edition provides an up-to-date overview of all major topics in sedimentary geology. It is unique in its quantitative approach to denudation-accumulation systems and basin fillings, including dynamic aspects. The relationship between tectonism and basin evolution as well as the concepts of sequence cycle and event stratigraphy in various depositional environments are extensively discussed. Numerous, often composite figures, a well-structured text, brief summaries in boxes, and several examples from all continents make the book an invaluable source of information for students, researchers and professors in academia as well as for professionals in the oil industry.

Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
Author: John H. Steele,Steve A. Thorpe,Karl K. Turekian
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2010-10-08
ISBN: 0080964869
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Currents Book Excerpt:

Ocean Currents is a derivative of the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd Edition and serves as an important reference on current ocean current knowledge and expertise in one convenient and accessible source. Its selection of articles—all written by experts in their field—focuses on key ocean current concepts. Its topics include ocean currents, the circulation of deep water, the contrasting circulations of the seas, the circulation in fjords, estuaries and the effects of rivers, and the intermittency and variability of the oceans. Ocean Currents serves as an ideal reference for topical research. References related articles on ocean currents to facilitate further research Richly illustrated with figures and tables that aid in understanding key concepts Includes an introductory overview of ocean currents and then explores each topic in detail, making it useful to experts and graduate-level researchers Topical arrangement makes it the perfect desk reference

Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
Author: Sam Boggs
Publsiher: Macmillan College
Total Pages: 774
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geology, Stratigraphic
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy Book Excerpt:

Aimed at advanced undergraduates but suitable also for graduate students and professionals, it covers processes of sedimentation, describes the characteristics of sedimentary rocks formed in major sedimentary environments, and discusses the fundamental principles of stratigraphy and basin analysis, including recent developments in the important fields of magnetostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy, isotope stratigraphy, and sea-level analysis. The book presents divergent views on controversial topics and is extensively referenced and up-to-date thus encouraging students to refer to recently published literature.

Glacigenic Sediments

Glacigenic Sediments
Author: K. Brodzikowski,A. J. van Loon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 673
Release: 1990-12-11
ISBN: 9780080869636
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glacigenic Sediments Book Excerpt:

This book aims primarily at providing those involved in fundamental or applied research in the fields of geology, geomorphology and hydrology with a systematic overview of glacigenic sediments. A generally applicable terminology is proposed which should facilitate communication between scientists from several fields. Also it should form a bridge between western and eastern "schools" dealing with Quaternary geology. Because the book is mainly devoted to depositional processes and the resulting deposits, the approach and the terminology followed in this book are obviously founded strongly on sedimentology, the geological discipline that deals specifically with these phenomena. The book will be helpful in describing the sediments involved, interpreting their genesis, establishing their extent and their mutual relationships, and thus in the reconstruction of the palaeogeographic development. The large list of references reflects the author's extensive search of the literature.