Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems
Author: Bjorn Mysen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 908
Release: 2022-10-09
ISBN: 0128232099
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems Book Excerpt:

Mass Transport in Magmatic Systems describes the properties and processes of these natural occurrences, including a description and discussions of how properties can be used for quantitative description of mass and energy transport on, and in, Earth and terrestrial planets. As the experimentally obtained chemical and physical properties of magma is scattered across literature, this book provides a comprehensive volume on the topic. Moreover, links between properties and processes are rarely appreciated. This makes it challenging for a non-experimentalist to access, evaluate, and apply such data. Incorporates information from a range of subdisciplines, from materials science to geology, geophysics and geochemistry Highlights links between properties and processes of magmatic systems Presents chapters that can stand on their own, with practical applications and a section for non-expert readers

Magmatic Systems

Magmatic Systems
Author: Michael P. Ryan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 401
Release: 1994-08-26
ISBN: 0080959911
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magmatic Systems Book Excerpt:

With its integrated and cohesive coverage of the current research, Magmatic Systems skillfully explores the physical processes, mechanics, and dynamics of volcanism. The text utilizes a synthesized perspective--theoretical, experimental, and observational--to address the powerful regulatory mechanisms controlling the movement of melts and cooling, with emphasis on mantle plumes, mid-ocean ridges, and intraplate magmatism. Further coverage of subduction zone magmatism includes: Fluid mechanics of mixed magma migration Internal structure of active systems Grain-scale melt flow Rheology of partial melts Numerical simulation of porous media melt migration Nonlinear (chaotic and fractal) processes in magma transport In all, Magmatic Systems will prove invaluable reading to those in search of an interdisciplinary perspective on this active topic. Key Features * Fluid mechanics of magma migration from surface region to eruption site * Internal structure of active magmatic systems * Grain-scale melt flow in mantle plumes and beneath mid-ocean ridges * Physics of magmatic systems and magma dynamics

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems
Author: Harry C. Hardee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 22
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geothermal resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comparative Assessment of Five Potential Sites for Hydrothermal magma Systems Book Excerpt:

Contact Metamorphism

Contact Metamorphism
Author: Derrill M. Kerrick
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN: 1501509616
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contact Metamorphism Book Excerpt:

Volume 26 of Reviews in Mineralogy provides a multidisciplinary review of our current knowledge of contact metamorphism. As in any field of endeavor, we are provided with new questions, thereby dictating future directions of study. Hopefully, this volume will provide inspiration and direction for future research on contact metamorphism. The Mineralogical Society of America sponsored the short course on Contact Metamorphism, October 17-19, 1991, at the Pala Mesa Resort, Fallbrook, California, prior to its annual meeting with the Geological Society of America.

Physics of Magmatic Processes

Physics of Magmatic Processes
Author: Robert Bero Hargraves
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN: 1400854490
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Magmatic Processes Book Excerpt:

While the chemical aspects of igneous petrology have dominated research for many years, the physical processes associated with the generation, transport, and crystallization of magma have been somewhat neglected. Here a group of distinguished scientists, whose current research embraces both chemical and physical aspects of the field, illustrates these new directions in igneous petrology. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1456
Release: 2015-03-06
ISBN: 0123859395
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book Excerpt:

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

Geothermal Energy Update

Geothermal Energy Update
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978-06
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geothermal engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geothermal Energy Update Book Excerpt:

Volcanic Lakes

Volcanic Lakes
Author: Dmitri Rouwet,Bruce Christenson,Franco Tassi,Jean Vandemeulebrouck
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 533
Release: 2015-03-02
ISBN: 3642368336
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanic Lakes Book Excerpt:

This book aims to give an overview on the present state of volcanic lake research, covering topics such as volcano monitoring, the chemistry, dynamics and degassing of acidic crater lakes, mass-energy-chemical-isotopic balance approaches, limnology and degassing of Nyos-type lakes, the impact on the human and natural environment, the eruption products and impact of crater lake breaching eruptions, numerical modeling of gas clouds and lake eruptions, thermo-hydro-mechanical and deformation modeling, CO2 fluxes from lakes, volcanic lakes observed from space, biological activity, continuous monitoring techniques, and some aspects more. We hope to offer an updated manual on volcanic lake research, providing classic research methods, and point towards a more high-tech approach of future volcanic lake research and continuous monitoring.

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems
Author: Peter Halbach,V. Tunnicliffe,James R. Hein
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mid-ocean ridges
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Mass Transfer in Marine Hydrothermal Systems Book Excerpt:

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems
Author: D. Loper
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400935870
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems Book Excerpt:

This volume contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Structure and Dynamics of Partially Solidified Systems held at Stanford Sierra Lodge, Tahoe, California, May 12-16, 1986. This work shop grew out of a realization that there was a significant amount of interest and activity in this topic in several unrelated disciplines, and that it would be mutually beneficial to bring together those mathemati' cians, scientists and engineers interested in this subject to share their knowledge and ideas with each other. Partially solidified systems occur in a variety of natural and man made environments. Perhaps the most well-known occurrence involves the solidification of metallic alloys. Typically as a molten alloy is cooled, the solid phase advances from the cold boundary into the liquid as a branching forest of dendritic crystals. This creates a region of mixed solid and liquid phases, commonly referred to as a mushy zone, in which the solid forms a rigidly connected framework with the liquid occurring in the intercrystalline gaps. In addition to the casting of metallic alloys, mushy zones can occur in weld pools, the Earth's core and. mantle, magma chambers, temperate glaciers, frozen soils, frozen lakes and sea ice. A second mechanical configuration for the solid phase is as a suspension of small crystals within the liquid; this is referred to as a slurry.

Intra oceanic Subduction Systems

Intra oceanic Subduction Systems
Author: Robert D. Larter,Philip T. Leat
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781862391475
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intra oceanic Subduction Systems Book Excerpt:

Recycling of oceanic plate back into the Earth's interior at subduction zones is one of the key processes in Earth evolution. Volcanic arcs, which form above subduction zones, are the most visible manifestations of plate tectonics, the convection mechanism by which the Earth loses excess heat. They are probably also the main location where new continental crust is formed, the so-called 'subduction factory' About 400f modern subduction zones on Earth are intra-oceanic. These subduction systems are generally simpler than those at continental margins as they commonly have a shorter history of subduction and their magmas are not contaminated by ancient sialic crust. They are therefore the optimum locations for studies of mantle processes and magmatic addition to the crust in subduction zones.

Modeling Volcanic Processes

Modeling Volcanic Processes
Author: Sarah A. Fagents,Tracy K. P. Gregg,Rosaly M. C. Lopes
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 1139619225
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Volcanic Processes Book Excerpt:

Understanding the physical behavior of volcanoes is key to mitigating the hazards active volcanoes pose to the ever-increasing populations living nearby. The processes involved in volcanic eruptions are driven by a series of interlinked physical phenomena, and to fully understand these, volcanologists must employ various physics subdisciplines. This book provides the first advanced-level, one-stop resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and reviewing the state-of-the-art in modeling volcanic processes. Each chapter begins by explaining simple modeling formulations and progresses to present cutting-edge research illustrated by case studies. Individual chapters cover subsurface magmatic processes through to eruption in various environments and conclude with the application of modeling to understanding the other volcanic planets of our Solar System. Providing an accessible and practical text for graduate students of physical volcanology, this book is also an important resource for researchers and professionals in the fields of volcanology, geophysics, geochemistry, petrology and natural hazards.

Chemical Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems

Chemical  Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems
Author: L. Caricchi,J. D. Blundy
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 227
Release: 2015-11-06
ISBN: 1862397325
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems Book Excerpt:

Our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that regulate the evolution of magmatic systems has improved tremendously since the foundations were laid down 100 years ago by Bowen. The concept of crustal magma chambers has progressively evolved from molten-rock vats to thermally, chemically and physically heterogeneous reservoirs that are kept active by the periodic injection of magma. This new model, while more complex, provides a better framework to interpret volcanic activity and decipher the information contained in intrusive and extrusive rocks. Igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, and numerical modelling, all contributed towards this new picture of crustal magmatic systems. This book provides an overview of the wide range of approaches that can nowadays be used to understand the chemical, physical and temporal evolution of magmatic and volcanic systems.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1981-02
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Magma Transport and Storage

Magma Transport and Storage
Author: Michael P. Ryan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 420
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magma Transport and Storage Book Excerpt:

Based on the Symposium on Magma Transport and Storage from Source to Eruption Site, held at the 28th International Geological Congress, in Washington DC, July 9-19, 1989. The symposium brought together scientists working from a broad range of perspectives to explore the processes, pathways and mechanics of magmatic movement, combining their individual focuses into a unified theme. Combines treatments of the current research on magma movement in the earth's mantle, oceanic and continental crusts and volcanic centers based on approaches from continuum mechanics, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, experimental high-pressure geophysics, seismology and seismic tomography, observational volcanology and geodesy, field and structural geology. Chapters blend review material with new research results to promote accessibility and provide a measure of self-containment.

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts
Author: Harald Behrens,James D. Webster
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN: 1501508377
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sulfur in Magmas and Melts Book Excerpt:

Volume 73 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents a compilation of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on August 21-23, 2011 called Sulfur in Magmas and Melts and its Importance for Natural and Technical Processes held at the Hotel der Achtermann, in Goslar, Germany following the 2011 Goldschmidt Conference in Prague, Czech Republic. It covers Studies of sulfur in melts - motivations and overview, Analytical methods for sulfur determination in glasses, rocks, minerals and fluid inclusions, Spectroscopic studies on sulfur speciation in synthetic and natural glasses, Diffusion and redox reactions of sulfur in silicate melts, The role of sulfur compounds in coloring and melting kinetics of industrial glass, Experimental studies on sulfur solubility in silicate melts at near-atmospheric pressure and Modeling the solubility of sulfur in magmas: a 50-year old geochemical challenge.

Fluids in the Crust

Fluids in the Crust
Author: K. Shmulovich,B.W. Yardley,G. Gonchar
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401112266
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluids in the Crust Book Excerpt:

For much of the 20th century, scientific contacts between the Soviet Union and western countries were few and far between, and often super ficial. In earth sciences, ideas and data were slow to cross the Iron Curtain, and there was considerable mutual mistrust of diverging scient ific philosophies. In geochemistry, most western scientists were slow to appreciate the advances being made in the Soviet Union by os. Korz hinskii, who put the study of ore genesis on a rigorous thermodynamic basis as early as the 1930s. Korzhinskii appreciated that the most fun damental requirement for the application of quantitative models is data on mineral and fluid behaviour at the elevated pressures and temper atures that occur in the Earth's crust. He began the work at the Institute of Experimental Mineralogy (IEM) in 1965, and it became a separate establishment of the Academy of Sciences in Chernogolovka in 1969. The aim was to initiate a major programme of high P-T experimental studies to apply physical chemistry and thermodynamics to resolving geological problems. For many years, Chernogolovka was a closed city, and western scient ists were unable to visit the laboratories, but with the advent of peres troika in 1989, the first groups of visitors were eagerly welcomed to the IEM. What they found was an experimental facility on a massive scale, with 300 staff, including 80 researchers and most of the rest pro viding technical support.

Ore bearing Granite Systems

Ore bearing Granite Systems
Author: Holly J. Stein,Judith L. Hannah
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 364
Release: 1990-01-01
ISBN: 0813722462
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ore bearing Granite Systems Book Excerpt:

Fluid Flow and Transport in Rocks

Fluid Flow and Transport in Rocks
Author: B. Jamtveit,B.W. Yardley
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400915330
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluid Flow and Transport in Rocks Book Excerpt:

This book represents the proceedings of the 9th written by a very active group of physicists at Kongsberg seminar, held at the Norwegian Mining the University of Oslo - physicists interested in Museum located in the city of Kongsberg about complex systems in general and geo-like systems 70 km Southwest of Oslo. The Kongsberg district in particular. is known for numerous Permian vein deposits of The content of the book is organized into three native silver, and mining activity in the area lasted major parts following the introductory chapter. for more than 300 years, finally ceasing in 1957. Chapters 2 to 7 primarily treat the role of fluids The previous eight Kongsberg seminars were in specific geological environments, ranging from focused on ore-forming processes and all of these sedimentary basins (Chapters 2-3) to contact were organized by Professor Arne Bj0rlykke, now metamorphic/hydrothermal scenarios (Chapters director of the Norwegian Geological Survey. 4-5) and regional metamorphic settings (Chapters Since process-orientated research tends to break 6-7). The following four chapters (8-11) focus down the traditional barriers between the different on various properties of fluid-rock systems that geological disciplines, this seminar has always are critical in controlling flow and transport been a meeting point for people with a variety through rocks. These include: mineral solubility of geological backgrounds.

The Third Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks

The Third Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks
Author: M. Brown,P.A. Candela,D.L. Peck,W.E. Stephens,R.J. Walker,E-an Zen
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 359
Release: 1996-01-01
ISBN: 0813723159
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Third Hutton Symposium on the Origin of Granites and Related Rocks Book Excerpt: