Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment
Author: M. F. Ashby
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 629
Release: 2012-03-28
ISBN: 0123859719
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials and the Environment Book Excerpt:

Addressing the growing global concern for sustainable engineering, Materials and the Environment, 2e is the only book devoted exclusively to the environmental aspects of materials. It explains the ways in which we depend on and use materials and the consequences these have, and it introduces methods for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of minimizing environmental impact. Along with its noted in-depth coverage of material consumption, the material life-cycle, selection strategies, and legislative aspects, the second edition includes new case studies, important new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. This book is intended for instructors and students as well as materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data New to this edition: New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment
Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-01-15
ISBN: 9780128215210
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials and the Environment Book Excerpt:

Written by Mike Ashby, one of the world's foremost materials authorities, Materials and the Environment: Eco-Informed Material Choice, Third Edition continues to be the first and only textbook devoted solely to the environmental aspects of materials and their selection, production, use and disposal, It explores human dependence on materials and its environmental consequences and provides perspective, background, methods, and data for thinking about and designing with materials to minimize their environmental impact. Organized into 15 chapters, Materials and the Environment looks at the history of our increasing dependence on materials and energy. It explains where materials come from and how they are used in a variety of industries, along with their life cycle and their relationship to energy and carbon. It also examines controls and economic instruments that hinder the use of engineering materials, considers sustainability from a materials perspective, and highlights the importance of low-carbon power and material efficiency. Furthermore, it discusses the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of engineering metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and natural materials in relation to environmental issues. The third edition features improved clarity and logic-flow, revised figures, examples and problems, and updated coverage of many of the book's topics, including bio-based and bio-derived materials, natural and man-made fibers, and material criticality. This book is intended for instructors and students of Engineering, Materials Science and Industrial/Product Design, as well as for materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color data sheets for dozens of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data

Materials and the Environment

Materials and the Environment
Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2020-12-21
ISBN: 0128215267
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials and the Environment Book Excerpt:

Materials and the Environment, Third Edition, discusses the history of our increasing dependence on materials and energy. The book explains where materials come from and how they are used in a variety of industries, along with their lifecycle and relationship to energy and carbon. In addition, it covers the controls and economic instruments that hinder the use of engineering materials, considers sustainability from a materials perspective, and highlights the importance of low-carbon power and material efficiency. Further sections cover the mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of engineering metals, polymers, ceramics, composites and natural materials and their relationship to environmental issues. This book is intended for instructors and students of Engineering, Materials Science and Industrial/Product Design, as well as for materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs. Introduces methods and tools for thinking about, and designing with, materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations Includes full-color datasheets for dozens of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data

Transmaterial Next

Transmaterial Next
Author: Blaine Brownell
Publsiher: Chronicle Books
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-05-30
ISBN: 1616896213
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transmaterial Next Book Excerpt:

Virtually every revolution in architecture has been preceded by a revolution in materials: think iron, glass, steel, concrete, plastics, or composites. What is the next revolutionary material that will reshape the very nature of architecture? A solid that's lighter than air, metal latticework so delicate it rests on a dandelion, building insulation made from processed seaweed, self-generating microbial glue that repairs cracks in concrete, or transparent solar panels? Materials expert Blaine Brownell, author of our bestselling Transmaterial series, reveals emerging trends and applications that are transforming the technological capacity, environmental performance, and design potential of architecture in Transmaterial Next. This book is an essential compendium for thinking architects, designers, and other creative professionals passionate about materials and looking for their bleeding edge and practical implementation.

DeGarmo s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing

DeGarmo s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing
Author: Degarmo,J. T. Black,Ronald A. Kohser
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1298
Release: 2011-08-30
ISBN: 0470924675
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DeGarmo s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Now in its eleventh edition, DeGarmo's Materials and Processes in Manufacturing has been a market-leading text on manufacturing and manufacturing processes courses for more than fifty years. Authors J T. Black and Ron Kohser have continued this book's long and distinguished tradition of exceedingly clear presentation and highly practical approach to materials and processes, presenting mathematical models and analytical equations only when they enhance the basic understanding of the material. Completely revised and updated to reflect all current practices, standards, and materials, the eleventh edition has new coverage of additive manufacturing, lean engineering, and processes related to ceramics, polymers, and plastics.

EcoDesign and Sustainability I

EcoDesign and Sustainability I
Author: Yusuke Kishita,Mitsutaka Matsumoto,Masato Inoue,Shinichi Fukushige
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2020-11-02
ISBN: 9811567794
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

EcoDesign and Sustainability I Book Excerpt:

This book highlights cutting-edge ecodesign research, covering product and service design, smart manufacturing, and social perspectives in ecodesign. Featuring selected papers presented at EcoDesign 2019: 11th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, it also includes diverse, interdisciplinary approaches to foster ecodesign research and activities. In the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it addresses the need for the manufacturing industry to design innovations for sustainable value creation, taking into account technological developments, legislation, and consumer lifestyles. Further, the book discusses the concept of circular economy, which originated in Europe and aims to increase resource efficiency by shifting away from the linear economy. Focusing on product life cycle design and management, smart manufacturing, circular economy, and business strategies, and providing useful approaches and solutions to these emerging concepts, this book is intended for both researchers and practitioners working in the broad field of ecodesign and sustainability.

Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019

Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019
Author: Stefan Albrecht,Matthias Fischer,Philip Leistner,Liselotte Schebek
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2020-09-21
ISBN: 3030505197
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019 Book Excerpt:

This book covers the latest developments in life cycle assessment LCA both in terms of methodology and its application in various research areas. It includes methodological questions as well as case studies concerning energy and mobility, materials and engineering, sustainable construction and future technologies. With numerous research articles from leading German and Austrian research institutes, the book is a valuable source for professionals working in the field of sustainability assessment, researchers interested in the current state of LCA research, and advanced university students in various scientific and technical fields. Chapter “Life Cycle Assessment of a Hydrogen and Fuel Cell RoPax Ferry Prototype” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Environmental Sustainability and Economy

Environmental Sustainability and Economy
Author: Pardeep Singh,Pramit Verma,Daniela Perrotti,K.K. Srivastava
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2021-07-30
ISBN: 0128223650
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Sustainability and Economy Book Excerpt:

Environmental Sustainability and Economy contains the latest practical and theoretical concepts of sustainability science and economic growth. It includes the latest research on sustainable development, the impact of pollution due to economic activities, energy policies and consumption influencing growth and environment, waste management and recycling, circular economy, and climate change impacts on both the environment and the economy. The 21st century has seen the rise of complex and multi-dimensional pathways between different aspects of sustainability. Due to globalization, these relationships now work at varying spatiotemporal scales resulting in global and regional dynamics. This book explores the complex relationship between sustainable development and economic growth, linking the environmental and social aspects with the economic pillar of sustainable development. Utilizing global case studies and interdisciplinary perspectives, Environmental Sustainability and Economy provides a comprehensive account of sustainable development and the economics of environmental protection studies with a focus on the environmental, geographical, economic, anthropogenic and social-ecological environment. Includes extensive interdisciplinary coverage, including intersectional topics such as environmental pollution and economic growth, resource utilization and circular economy, climate change and emissions, and sustainable solutions and green behavior Discusses market innovations and strategies through the lens of global case studies in sustainability and economic growth Bridges the gap between environmental studies and economics to reflect sustainable practices for enhancing environmental protection in response to climate change

The Secret Life of Stuff

The Secret Life of Stuff
Author: Julie Hill
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2011-01-06
ISBN: 1409040232
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Secret Life of Stuff Book Excerpt:

Wouldn't you like: - Products that don't damage the environment? - A better way of life without agonising about your 'footprint'? - To really know your stuff? Climate change? Biofuels? Nuclear power? Landfills? Recycling? Renewable energy? Environmental issues can feel overwhelming. But, in fact, it is simple; it all comes down to one thing - stuff. Our use of the Earth's resources - whether a crisp packet or a cargo ship, a T-shirt or a wind turbine - has an inescapable impact on our future. In The Secret Life of Stuff, Julie Hill uncovers the origins and the true cost of what we use. Her inventory of over-consumption may shock but it is the first step towards overcoming waste. The misuse of stuff is not your fault, it's a product of history. But it is only by understanding what has gone wrong, that everyone - politicians, business people and us as consumers - can create a new and better material world.

Technologies for economic and functional lightweight design

Technologies for economic and functional lightweight design
Author: Klaus Dröder,Thomas Vietor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2021-03-10
ISBN: 3662629240
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for economic and functional lightweight design Book Excerpt:

This book comprises the proceedings of the conference “Future Production of Hybrid Structures 2020”, which took place in Wolfsburg. The conference focused on hybrid lightweight design, which is characterized by the combination of different materials with the aim of improving properties and reducing weight. In particular, production technologies for hybrid lightweight design were discussed, new evaluation methods for the ecological assessment of hybrid components were presented and future-oriented approaches motivated by nature for the development of components, assemblies and systems were introduced. Lightweight design is a key technology for the development of sustainable and resource-efficient mobility concepts. Vehicle manufacturers operate in an area of conflict between customer requirements, competition and legislation. Material hybrid structures, which combine the advantages of different materials, have a high potential for reducing weight, while simultaneously expanding component functionality. The future, efficient use of function-integrated hybrid structures in vehicle design requires innovations and constant developments in vehicle and production technology. There is a great demand, especially with regard to new methods and technologies, for "affordable" lightweight construction in large-scale production, taking into account the increasing requirements with regard to variant diversity, safety and quality.

Including Consumption in Emissions Trading

Including Consumption in Emissions Trading
Author: Manuel W. Haussner
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-03-26
ISBN: 1800376855
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Including Consumption in Emissions Trading Book Excerpt:

This timely book addresses the need for further measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union, arguing that the EU Emissions Trading Scheme does not offer sufficient incentives for the carbon-intensive materials sector. It highlights the challenge that emissions from industries such as iron and steel, cement and aluminium, amongst others, pose to the EU’s commitment to significantly cut emissions by 2030.

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design
Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2016-09-23
ISBN: 0081006101
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design Book Excerpt:

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Fifth Edition, describes the procedures for material selection in mechanical design in order to ensure that the most suitable materials for a given application are identified from the full range of materials and section shapes available. Extensively revised for this fifth edition, the book is recognized as one of the leading materials selection texts, providing a unique and innovative resource for students, engineers, and product/industrial designers. Includes significant revisions to chapters on advanced materials selection methods and process selection, with coverage of newer processing developments such as additive manufacturing Contains a broad scope of new material classes covered in the text with expanded data tables that include “functional materials such as piezoelectric, magnetostrictive, magneto-caloric, and thermo-electric materials Presents improved pedagogy, such as new worked examples throughout the text and additional end-of-chapter exercises (moved from an appendix to the relevant chapters) to aid in student learning and to keep the book fresh for instructors through multiple semesters “Forces for Change chapter has been re-written to outline the links between materials and sustainable design

Materials

Materials
Author: Michael F. Ashby,Hugh Shercliff,David Cebon
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-12-03
ISBN: 0080982816
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Book Excerpt:

Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design—winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—is the ultimate materials engineering text and resource for students developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. Written by world-class authors, it takes a unique design led-approach that is broader in scope than other texts, thereby meeting the curriculum needs of a wide variety of courses in the materials and design field, from introduction to materials science and engineering to engineering materials, materials selection and processing, and materials in design. This new edition retains its design-led focus and strong emphasis on visual communication while expanding its treatment of crystallography and phase diagrams and transformations to fully meet the needs of instructors teaching a first-year course in materials. The book is fully linked with the leading materials software package used in over 600 academic institutions worldwide as well as numerous government and commercial engineering departments. Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Design-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applications Highly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and properties Chapters on materials selection and design are integrated with chapters on materials fundamentals, enabling students to see how specific fundamentals can be important to the design process Available solutions manual, lecture slides, online image bank and materials selection charts for use in class handouts or lecture presentations Links with the Cambridge Engineering Selector (CES EduPack), the powerful materials selection software

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution
Author: Avelino Nunez-Delgado
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 776
Release: 2021-02-16
ISBN: 0323851843
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution Book Excerpt:

Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution: Current State and Trends presents data on current use and future trends regarding sorbent materials employed against soil, water, and air pollution. The book is organized first by use and research for a variety of geographic areas. It will then focus on different sorbent materials and their uses, followed by various pollutants and their management. Including updated and extensive data from an assortment of sources, the book is organized to be very accessible, including with an interactive table to help identify the results of appropriate sorbents for each environmental compartment. The growing concern regarding soil, water and air pollution all over the world has implications for climate change and sustainability, making Sorbents Materials for Controlling Environmental Pollution: Current State and Trends an important reference for environmental scientists to identify tools for moving forward in solving these problems. Includes data and examples from various geographic locations worldwide Synthesizes data for a variety of sorbent material from different sources Presents data for various kinds of pollutants across environmental spheres, including soil, water, and air Utilizes an interactive table for quicker access to data and results

Advanced Materials in Smart Building Skins for Sustainability

Advanced Materials in Smart Building Skins for Sustainability
Author: Julian Wang,Donglu Shi,Yehao Song
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2022-11-30
ISBN: 3031096959
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Materials in Smart Building Skins for Sustainability Book Excerpt:

Conventional building skins are constructed as static structures upon the typical design conditions in terms of external climate and internal occupant activities. This generates dissociation between the envelope structure and its environment. With the emerging advanced materials, such as chromic-based materials, spectrally selective coatings, and transparent photovoltaic, more dynamic and smarter building skins are now achievable and constructible. This book updates readers on the key areas of smart building skins embodied in the novel advanced materials with unique structures and smart properties that enable multiple functions in energy efficiency, solar harvesting, and environmental greenness. It synergistically integrates the topics and knowledge of material design and experimental studies, theoretical analyses of building energy-saving mechanisms and solar energy utilization, and new design methodologies and processes taking advanced materials into account at different scales - from nano to the macroscale.

Materials for Design

Materials for Design
Author: Chris Lefteri
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-05-12
ISBN: 1780675348
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials for Design Book Excerpt:

Over the last ten years there has been a huge growth in the area of materials for design, but most books on this subject deal with advanced, semi-formed materials (that is, materials sold as sheet, rod, tube, etc.). This book provides much-needed information on the raw materials, and the low-down on how these can be used. Organized into three sections embracing grown, oil-based and mined materials, each entry includes information on key features, typical applications, production processes and sustainability issues. This fact-packed book will allow professional designers and students from a range of disciplines to understand in simple, exciting, visual terms the different qualities and features of materials.

Research into Design for Communities Volume 2

Research into Design for Communities  Volume 2
Author: Amaresh Chakrabarti,Debkumar Chakrabarti
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1063
Release: 2017-04-13
ISBN: 9811035210
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research into Design for Communities Volume 2 Book Excerpt:

This book showcases cutting-edge research papers from the 6th International Conference on Research into Design (ICoRD 2017) – the largest in India in this area – written by eminent researchers from across the world on design process, technologies, methods and tools, and their impact on innovation, for supporting design for communities. While design traditionally focused on the development of products for the individual, the emerging consensus on working towards a more sustainable world demands greater attention to designing for and with communities, so as to promote their sustenance and harmony - within each community and across communities. The special features of the book are the insights into the product and system innovation process, and the host of methods and tools from all major areas of design research for the enhancement of the innovation process. The main benefit of the book for researchers in various areas of design and innovation are access to the latest quality research in this area, with the largest collection of research from India. For practitioners and educators, it is exposure to an empirically validated suite of theories, models, methods and tools that can be taught and practiced for design-led innovation. The contents of this volume will be of use to researchers and professionals working in the areas on industrial design, manufacturing, consumer goods, and industrial management.

Raw Materials Substitution Sustainability

Raw Materials Substitution Sustainability
Author: Elza Bontempi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 101
Release: 2017-07-27
ISBN: 3319608312
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Raw Materials Substitution Sustainability Book Excerpt:

This book is the first to propose a simplified quantitative approach to evaluating raw materials’ substitution sustainability, which takes into account their embodied energy and CO2 footprint. In addition to the new quantitative model, it also presents qualitative concepts as well as a number of case studies, and includes helpful illustrations to explain the concept and approach. Europe has launched several initiatives to promote research and innovation in raw materials and to find candidates for natural resources substitution. However, while there is a tremendous interest in raw material substitution, the lack of a simplified approach to comparing the materials’ sustainability and effective legal frameworks make final market applications extremely challenging. The market for new raw materials can only be established if industrial sectors are appropriately sensitized and stimulated. Addressing these and other issues, the book offers a valuable resource not only for scientists, researchers, and politicians, but also for industrial and business operators looking for a way to evaluate raw materials’ substitution sustainability.

Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering

Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering
Author: William D. Callister, Jr.,David G. Rethwisch
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1080
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1118061608
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering Book Excerpt:

"This text treats the important properties of the three primary types of materials--metals, ceramics, and polymers--as well as composites, and the relationships that exist between the structural elements of these materials and their properties. Emphasis is placed on mechanical behavior and failure including, techniques that are employed to improve the mechanical and failure characteristics in terms of alteration of structural elements. Furthermore, individual chapters discuss each of corrosion, electrical, thermal, magnetic, and optical properties. New and cutting-edge materials are also discussed. Even if an instructor does not have a strong materials background (i.e., is from mechanical, civil, chemical, or electrical engineering, or chemistry departments), he or she can easily teach from this text. The material is not at a level beyond which the students can comprehend--an instructor would not have to supplement in order to bring the students up to the level of the text. Also, the author has attempted to write in a concise, clear, and organized manner, using terminology that is familiar to the students. Extensive student and instructor resource supplements are also provided."--Publisher's description.

Materials and Sustainable Development

Materials and Sustainable Development
Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2022-06-26
ISBN: 0323985467
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials and Sustainable Development Book Excerpt:

Materials and Sustainable Development, Second Edition, written by noted materials selection authority Mike Ashby, provides a structure and framework for analyzing sustainable development and the role of materials in it. The book's aim is to introduce ways of exploring sustainable development to readers in a way that avoids simplistic interpretations and approaches complexity in a systematic way. There is no completely 'right' answer to questions of sustainable development, instead, there is a thoughtful, well-researched response that recognizes concerns of stakeholders, conflicting priorities, and the economic, legal and social aspects of the technology and its environmental legacy. The intent of the book is not to offer solutions to sustainability challenges but rather to improve the quality of discussion and enable informed, balanced debate. This updated edition has been updated to reflect new insights, regulatory trends and other developments that have occurred since publication of the previous edition. Describes sustainable development in increasingly detailed progression, from a broad overview to specific tools and methods Includes updated chapter length case studies on topics such as biopolymers, electric cars, bamboo, and lighting that vividly illustrate the sustainable development process from a materials perspective Covers business and economic aspects in chapters on corporate sustainability and the "circular materials economy"