Earth s Oldest Rocks

Earth s Oldest Rocks
Author: Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1330
Release: 2007-10-26
ISBN: 9780080552477
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth s Oldest Rocks Book Excerpt:

Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

Saturn from Cassini Huygens

Saturn from Cassini Huygens
Author: Michele Dougherty,Larry Esposito,Stamatios Krimigis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 805
Release: 2009-09-30
ISBN: 1402092172
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Saturn from Cassini Huygens Book Excerpt:

This book is one of two volumes meant to capture, to the extent practical, the scienti?c legacy of the Cassini-Huygens prime mission, a landmark in the history of planetary exploration. As the most ambitious and interdisciplinary planetary exploration mission ?own to date, it has extended our knowledge of the Saturn system to levels of detail at least an order of magnitude beyond that gained from all previous missions to Saturn. Nestled in the brilliant light of the new and deep understanding of the Saturn planetary system is the shiny nugget that is the spectacularly successful collaboration of individuals, - ganizations and governments in the achievement of Cassini-Huygens. In some ways the pa- nershipsformedandlessonslearnedmaybethemost enduringlegacyofCassini-Huygens.The broad, international coalition that is Cassini-Huygens is now conducting the Cassini Equinox Mission and planning the Cassini Solstice Mission, and in a major expansion of those fruitful efforts, has extended the collaboration to the study of new ?agship missions to both Jupiter and Saturn. Such ventures have and will continue to enrich us all, and evoke a very optimistic vision of the future of international collaboration in planetary exploration. The two volumes in the series Saturn from Cassini-Huygens and Titan from Cassini- Huygens are the direct products of the efforts of over 200 authors and co-authors. Though each book has a different set of three editors, the group of six editors for the two volumes has worked together through every step of the process to ensure that these two volumes are a set.

Astrobiology

Astrobiology
Author: Charles S. Cockell
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2020-06-15
ISBN: 1119550351
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astrobiology Book Excerpt:

A guide to understanding the formation of life in the Universe The revised and updated second edition of Astrobiology offers an introductory text that explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements required for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth, and the habitability of other planets. Written by a noted expert on the topic, the book examines many of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology, which cover a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics, and astronomy. The book explores many profound questions such as: How did life originate on Earth? How has life persisted on Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology is centered on investigating the past and future of life on Earth by looking beyond Earth to get the answers. Astrobiology links the diverse scientific fields needed to understand life on our own planet and, potentially, life beyond. This new second edition: Expands on information about the nature of astrobiology and why it is useful Contains a new chapter “What is Life?” that explores the history of attempts to understand life Contains 20% more material on the astrobiology of Mars, icy moons, the structure of life, and the habitability of planets New ‘Discussion Boxes’ to stimulate debate and thought about key questions in astrobiology New review and reflection questions for each chapter to aid learning New boxes describing the careers of astrobiologists and how they got into the subject Offers revised and updated information throughout to reflect the latest advances in the field Written for students of life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, the updated edition of Astrobiology is an essential introductory text that includes recent advances to this dynamic field.

Asteroids Meteorites and Comets

Asteroids  Meteorites  and Comets
Author: Linda T. Elkins-Tanton
Publsiher: Infobase Publishing
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1438131860
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asteroids Meteorites and Comets Book Excerpt:

Praise for the previous edition:" ... offer[s] detail-rich discussions ..."

Exploring the Trans Neptunian Solar System

Exploring the Trans Neptunian Solar System
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 65
Release: 1998-05-29
ISBN: 0309060419
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring the Trans Neptunian Solar System Book Excerpt:

In the last decade, our knowledge of the outer solar system has been transformed as a result of the Voyager 2 encounter with Neptune and its satellite Triton and from Earth-based observations of the Pluto-Charon system. However, the planetary system does not simply end at the distance of Pluto and Neptune. In the past few years, dozens of bodies have been discovered in near-circular, low inclination orbits near or beyond the orbit of Neptune. These bodies are now believed to be directly related to each other and to Pluto, Charon, and Triton, and as a class they define and occupy the inner boundary of a hitherto unexplored component of the solar system, the trans-neptunian region. Exploring the Trans-Neptunian Solar System reviews current understanding of the trans-neptunian solar system and makes recommendations for the future exploration of this distant realm.

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials
Author: Thomas J. Bernatowicz,Ernst K. Zinner
Publsiher: A I P Press
Total Pages: 776
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Astrophysical Implications of the Laboratory Study of Presolar Materials Book Excerpt:

Annotation Contains revised papers from a fall 1996 conference, in sections on the microanalytical study of presolar material from meteorites, theory of nucleosynthesis and stellar evolution, isotopic composition of the galaxy, mixing and grain formation in supernova ejecta, grain formation around stars, the interstellar medium and molecular clouds, presolar cloud collapse and formation of the solar nebula, and survival of presolar grains. Contributors come from related fields of meteoritics, materials science, observational astronomy, and theoretical astrophysics. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

The Early Earth

The Early Earth
Author: James Badro,Michael J. Walter
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2015-08-28
ISBN: 1118860365
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Early Earth Book Excerpt:

The Early Earth: Accretion and Differentiation provides a multidisciplinary overview of the state of the art in understanding the formation and primordial evolution of the Earth. The fundamental structure of the Earth as we know it today was inherited from the initial conditions 4.56 billion years ago as a consequence of planetesimal accretion, large impacts among planetary objects, and planetary-scale differentiation. The evolution of the Earth from a molten ball of metal and magma to the tectonically active, dynamic, habitable planet that we know today is unique among the terrestrial planets, and understanding the earliest processes that led to Earth’s current state is the essence of this volume. Important results have emerged from a wide range of disciplines including cosmochemistry, geochemistry, experimental petrology, experimental and theoretical mineral physics and geodynamics. The topics in this volume include: Condensation of primitive objects in the solar nebula, planetary building blocks Early and late accretion and planetary dynamic modeling Primordial differentiation, core formation, Magma Ocean evolution and crystallization This volume will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, and researchers in the fields of geophysics, geochemistry, cosmochemistry, and planetary science.

The Web of Geological Sciences

The Web of Geological Sciences
Author: Marion Eugene Bickford
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 611
Release: 2013
ISBN: 0813725003
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Web of Geological Sciences Book Excerpt:

"This volume covers many of the important advances in the geological sciences from 1963 to 2013. These advances include understanding plate tectonics, exploration of the Moon and Mars, development of new computing and analytical technologies, understanding of the role of microbiology in geologic processes, and many others"--Provided by publisher.

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry
Author: Jason Harvey,James Day
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 797
Release: 2016-03-07
ISBN: 1501502093
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry Book Excerpt:

Highly Siderophile and Strongly Chalcophile Elements in High Temperature Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry, Volume 81 This RiMG (Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry) volume investigates the application of highly siderophile (HSE) and strongly chalcophile elements. This volume has its origin in a short course sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society held in San Diego, California on the 11th and 12th December 2015, ahead of the American Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting, which featured a session with the same title. Topics in this volume include: analytical methods and data quality experimental constraints applied to understanding HSE partitioning nucleosynthetic variations of siderophile and chalcophile elements HSE in the Earth, Moon, Mars and asteroidal bodies HSE and chalcophile elements in both cratonic and non-cratonic mantle, encompassing both sub-continental and sub-oceanic lithosphere the importance of the HSE for studying volcanic and magmatic processes, and an appraisal of the importance of magmatic HSE ore formation in Earth’s crust. Highly siderophile and strongly chalcophile elements comprise Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Rh, Pd, Au, Te, Se and S and are defined by their strong partitioning into the metallic phase, but will also strongly partition into sulfide phases, in the absence of metal. The chemical properties of the HSE mean that they are excellent tracers of key processes in high temperature geochemistry and cosmochemistry, having applications in virtually all areas of earth science. A key aspect of the HSE is that three long-lived, geologically useful decay systems exist with the HSE as parent (107Pd-107Ag), or parent-daughter isotopes (187Re-187Os and 190Pt-186Os). The material in this book is accessible for graduate students, researchers, and professionals with interests in the geochemistry and cosmochemistry of these elements, geochronology, magmatic ore bodies and the petrogenesis of platinum-group minerals.

Radioactive Geochronometry

Radioactive Geochronometry
Author: Heinrich D Holland,Karl K. Turekian
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2010-09-30
ISBN: 9780080967097
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Geochronometry Book Excerpt:

The history of Earth in the Solar System has been unraveled using natural radioactivity. The sources of this radioactivity are the original creation of the elements and the subsequent bombardment of objects, including Earth, in the Solar System by cosmic rays. Both radioactive and radiogenic nuclides are harnessed to arrive at ages of various events and processes on Earth. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry displays the range of radioactive geochronometric studies that have been addressed by researchers in various fields of Earth science. These range from the age of Earth and the Solar System to the dating of the history of Earth that assists us in defining the major events in Earth history. In addition, the use of radioactive geochronometry in describing rates of Earth surface processes, including the climate history recorded in ocean sediments and the patterns of circulation of the fluid Earth, has extended the range of utility of radioactive isotopes as chronometric and tracer tools. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry

The Sciences

The Sciences
Author: James Trefil,Robert M. Hazen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2016-09-13
ISBN: 1119049687
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sciences Book Excerpt:

This text is an unbound, three hole punched version. The Sciences: An Integrated Approach, Binder Ready Version, 8th Edition by James Trefil and Robert Hazen uses an approach that recognizes that science forms a seamless web of knowledge about the universe. This text fully integrates physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth sciences, and biology and emphasizes general principles and their application to real- world situations. The goal of the text is to help students achieve scientific literacy. Applauded by students and instructors for its easy-to-read style and detail appropriate for non-science majors, the eighth edition has been updated to bring the most up-to-date coverage to the students in all areas of science.

Beryllium

Beryllium
Author: Edward S. Grew
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 703
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN: 1501508849
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beryllium Book Excerpt:

Volume 50 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry treats Beryllium and its cosmogenic isotopes. This volume includes an overview of Be studies in the earth sciences and a systematic classification of Be minerals based on their crystal structure. It treats the analysis of these minerals by the secondary ion mass spectroscopy as well as experimental studies of systems involving Be. Moreover, this volume reviews the behavior of Be in the Solar System, with an emphasis on meteorites, the Moon and Mars, and the implications of this behavior for the evolution of the solar system. It gives an overview of the terrestrial geochemistry of Be and discusses the contamination of the environment by this anthropogenic toxin. It reports use of the longer lived Be-10 to assess erosion rates and other surficial processes and how this isotope can yield independent temporal records of geomagnetic field variations for comparison with records obtained by measuring natural remnant magnetization, be a chemical tracer for processes in convergent margins, and can date events in Cenozoic tectonics. It reviews applications of the shorter lived isotope Be-7 in environmental studies as well. Residual phases include acidic plutonic and volcanic rocks, whose geochemistry and evolution are covered, while granitic pegmatites, which are well-known for their remarkable, if localized, Be enrichments and a wide variety of Be mineral assemblages, are reviewed. Not all Be concentrations have obvious magmatic affinities; for example, one class of emerald deposits results from Be being introduced by heated brines. Pelitic rocks are an important reservoir of Be in the Earth's crust and their metamorphism plays a critical role in recycling of Be in subduction zones, eventually, anatectic processes complete the cycle, providing a source of Be for granitic rocks.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook
Author: Mike S. Lee
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1362
Release: 2012-05-08
ISBN: 047053673X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mass Spectrometry Handbook Book Excerpt:

Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program 1986

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program  1986
Author: United States. Office of Space Science and Applications,Planetary Geology and Geophysics Programs (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 558
Release: 1987
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Planets
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program 1986 Book Excerpt:

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program 1990

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program  1990
Author: Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 590
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Planets
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reports of Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program 1990 Book Excerpt:

Planetary Materials

Planetary Materials
Author: James J. Papike
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 884
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN: 1501508806
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planetary Materials Book Excerpt:

Volume 36 of Reviews in Mineralogy presents a comprehensive coverage of the mineralogy and petrology of planetary materials. The book is organized with an introductory chapter that introduces the reader to the nature of the planetary sample suite and provides some insights into the diverse environments from which they come. Chapter 2 on Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs) and Chapter 3 on Chondritic Meteorites deal with the most primitive and unevolved materials we have to work with. It is these materials that hold the clues to the nature of the solar nebula and the processes that led to the initial stages of planetary formation. Chapter 4, 5, and 6 consider samples from evolved asteroids, the Moon and Mars respectively. Chapter 7 is a brief summary chapter that compares aspects of melt-derived minerals from differing planetary environments.

First International Conference on Laboratory Research for Planetary Atmospheres

First International Conference on Laboratory Research for Planetary Atmospheres
Author: Kenneth Fox
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 500
Release: 1990
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Planets
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

First International Conference on Laboratory Research for Planetary Atmospheres Book Excerpt:

Stable Isotope Geochemistry

Stable Isotope Geochemistry
Author: Jochen Hoefs
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2009-01-13
ISBN: 3540707034
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book Excerpt:

Stable Isotope Geochemistry is an introduction to the use of stable isotopes in the geosciences. It is subdivided into three parts: theoretical and experimental principles; fractionation processes of light and heavy elements; the natural variations of geologically important reservoirs. Since the application of stable isotopes to earth sciences has grown in the last few years, a new edition appears necessary. Recent progress in analysing the rare isotopes of certain elements for instance allow the distinction between mass-dependent and mass-independent fractionations. Special emphasis has been given to the growing field of "heavy" elements. Many new references have been added, which will enable quick access to recent literature. For students and scientists alike the book will be a primary source of information with regard to how and where stable isotopes can be used to solve geological problems.

1967 Summer Study of Lunar Science and Exploration

1967 Summer Study of Lunar Science and Exploration
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 416
Release: 1967
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Moon
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1967 Summer Study of Lunar Science and Exploration Book Excerpt:

Future of lunar manned and unmanned exploration and Apollo applications program.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1990-03
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Excerpt: