Description : Materials Science and Engineering theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Materials Science and Engineering is concerned with the development and selection of the best possible material for a particular engineering task and the determination of the most effective method of producing the materials and the component. The Theme with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, discusses Materials Science and Engineering. In this theme the history of materials is traced and the concept of structure (atomic structure, microstructure and defect structure) and its relationship to properties developed. The theme is structured in five main topics: Materials Science and Engineering; Optimization of Materials Properties; Structural and Functional Materials; Materials Processing and Manufacturing Technologies; Detection of Defects and Assessment of Serviceability; Materials of the Future, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs
Description : Presents the basic principles of Material Science in an introductory manner. This book includes a number of solved examples and questions to aid in the understanding of subject matter.
Description : Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon: Characterization discusses 12 characterization techniques, focusing on their application to carbon materials, including X-ray diffraction, X-ray small-angle scattering, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, image analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetoresistance, electrochemical performance, pore structure analysis, thermal analyses, and quantification of functional groups. Each contributor in the book has worked on carbon materials for many years, and their background and experience will provide guidance on the development and research of carbon materials and their further applications. Focuses on characterization techniques for carbon materials Authored by experts who are considered specialists in their respective techniques Presents practical results on various carbon materials, including fault results, which will help readers understand the optimum conditions for the characterization of carbon materials
Description : Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure–property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text.The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press).
Description : Callister and Rethwisch's Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering 4th Edition continues to take the integrated approach to the organization of topics. That is, one specific structure, characteristic, or property type at a time is discussed for all three basic material types: metals, ceramics, and polymeric materials. This order of presentation allows for the early introduction of non-metals and supports the engineer's role in choosing materials based upon their characteristics. Also discussed are new, cutting-edge materials. Using clear, concise terminology that is familiar to students, Fundamentals presents material at an appropriate level for both student comprehension and instructors who may not have a materials background.
Description : Designed as a textbook for Materials Science course offered in undergraduate engineering programmes as well as in M.Sc. (Physics and Chemistry), the book exposes the fundamental knowledge of Crystal Structure, Crystal Defects and Bonding in Solids. The text deals with Introductory Quantum Physics, Electrical Properties of Materials, Band Theory of Solids, Semiconducting Materials and Dielectric Materials. Moreover, Properties of Superconducting Materials as well as Optical Properties of Materials and Magnetic Properties of Materials are emphasized in an explicit way. Also, well-organized presentation of topics, use of simple language, chapter-end solved problems, short and descriptive type questions together make the book effective in terms of building a solid foundation of the subject. SALIENT FEATURES • Detailed coverage of the uses of Optical Properties of Materials like CD, DVD, Blu-ray Disc and Holographic Data Storage. • Deep explanation of the synthesis and properties of Nanomaterials. • In-depth coverage of Display Devices. • Full coverage of advanced engineering materials like Shape Memory Alloys, Metallic Glasses, Non-linear Materials, and Biomaterials. • Thorough coverage of Nanoelectronics and Nanodevices. • In-depth detail of synthesis and properties of Carbon Nanotubes. • Wide coverage of characterization of materials like XRD, ESCA, SEM, TEM, STM, ESR and NMR.
Description : This book is an eye-opening treatise on the fundamentals of the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. When energetic particles strike a solid, numerous processes occur that can change the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Metals and alloys represent an important class of materials that are subject to intense radiation fields. Radiation causes metals and alloys to swell, distort, blister, harden, soften and deform. This textbook and reference covers the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys.
Description : The Coming of Materials Science both covers the discipline of materials science, and draws an impressionistic map of the present state of the subject. The first chapter examines the emergence of the materials science concept, in both academe and industry. The second and third chapters delve back into the prehistory of materials science, examining the growth of such concepts as atoms, crystals and thermodynamics, and also examine the evolution of a number of neighbouring disciplines, to see what helpful parallels might emerge. The book contains numerous literature references. Many refer to the earliest key papers and books, while others are to sources, often books, offering a view of the present state of a topic. Early references are to the past but as the book continues, it brings the reader up to date with more recent sources. The author, Professor Robert Cahn FRS, has striven to be critical about the history of the discipline of materials science and to draw general conclusions about scientific practice from what he has discovered about the evolution of materials science. Further issues that the book highlights include: What is a scientific discipline? How do disciplines merge and differentiate? Can a discipline also be interdisciplinary? Is materials science a real discipline? A large range of themes is presented in the book and readers are invited to interact with the author if they reach alternative conclusions. This book is not just for reading and reference, but exists to stimulate thought and provoke discussion as well.
Description : This book describes the state-of-the-art research topics in theoretical materials science. It encompasses the computational methods and techniques which can advance more realistic calculations for understanding the physical principles in new growth methods of optoelectronic materials and related surface problems. These principles also govern the photonic, electronic, and structural properties of materials which are essential for device applications. They will also provide the crucial ingredients for the growth of future novel materials.