Matrix Isolation

Matrix Isolation
Author: Stephen Cradock,A. J. Hinchcliffe
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 160
Release: 1975-10-09
ISBN: 9780521207591
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Matrix Isolation Book Excerpt:

This 1975 book shows how and why matrix isolation developed and describes the necessary apparatus.

Chemistry and Physics of Matrix isolated Species

Chemistry and Physics of Matrix isolated Species
Author: Lester Andrews,Martin Moskovits
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 448
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry and Physics of Matrix isolated Species Book Excerpt:

Matrix-isolation spectroscopy, as a technique for studying unstable species, has had tremendous lasting powers. Since 1954, matrix-isolation has been able to assimilate new technology rather than being replaced by it. The matrix-isolation technique for producing and trapping new chemical species has been applied to an ever increasing range of chemical and physical problems since its inception. The last 12 years have seen a substantial number of new developments and applications of the matrix technique. The chapters in this book describe many of the contributions of matrix-isolation spectroscopy to chemistry and physics in the last decade, and as such predict the continued evolution of this technique over the next decade. Experimental techniques are generally closely related to the development of new apparatus, and each chapter has a section describing innovations in instrumentation such as the closed-cycle cryogenic cooler that has revolutionized the technique. In addition, each chapter describes many of the specialized methods used to prepare, trap and study particular new subject species. The volume will be an indispensable reference source for graduate students and other scientists new to this field, as well as chemists and physicists already involved in applied spectroscopy.

The Structures of Unstable Compounds by Matrix Isolation Techniques

The Structures of Unstable Compounds by Matrix Isolation Techniques
Author: John Dickson Baldeschwieler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 474
Release: 1959
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Low temperature research
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Structures of Unstable Compounds by Matrix Isolation Techniques Book Excerpt:

Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy

Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy
Author: A. Barnes,W.J. Orville-Thomas,R. Gaufrès,Achim Müller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 605
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400985401
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

The matrix isolation (MI) method has now been used for nearly thirty years. During this period it has been actively developed and the range of problems tackled greatly extended. Originally it was used for studies of transient species involv ing vibrational, electronic and ESR spectroscopy. Nowadays the study of transient species forms a comparatively small part of HI work since it has been amply demonstrated that very fruitful information can be obtained of the structure and interactions of stable molecules and their aggregates. In addition to the s~ectroscopic methods mentioned above the MI technique is nowadays a standard method in research based on vibrational relaxation, luminescence, Mossbauer, magnetic circular dichroism, pulsed NMR and photoelectron spectroscopy. The matrix isolation technique affords considerable advantages over more conventional methods in most applications of spectroscopy. Areas where the technique has been widely applied, or shows great potential, include: metal atom chemistry, and its relation to surface chemistry, high temperature inorganic species, transition metal complexes, interstellar species, free radicals and unstable molecules, conformational studies, molecular com plexes, and intermolecular forces.

Matrix isolation Techniques

Matrix isolation Techniques
Author: Ian R. Dunkin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 242
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9780198558637
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Matrix isolation Techniques Book Excerpt:

Matrix isolation is a technique for trapping reactive species at very low temperatures and studying them spectroscopically. This book offers detailed practical advice on how to carry out matrix-isolation experiments, and is a unique introduction to the subject. Chapter 1 introduces a briefhistorical survey of the development of the technique that incorporates a discussion of its strength and limitations. Chapter 2 provides a thorough description of the building of a matrix-isolation laboratory from scratch. All the necessary equipment is described in full and there are diagrammaticexamples throughout. In later chapters, ancillary equipment for generating reactive species, and an informative description of the various methods for forming low-temperature matrices are dealt with. There then follows a chapter on the specialized technique of matrix photochemistry with polarizedlight. The final chapter comprises an extensive collection of classic matrix experiments which have been selected due to their ease of application and which will thus serve as useful exercises for testing new pieces of equipment. This accessible text offers thorough coverage of the topic and willbe invaluable to postgraduate and industrial chemists as an introduction to matrix isolation techniques. Researchers in chemistry and related fields who are considering whether matrix isolation can play a part in their own research will also find this book useful.

Molecular Complexes in Earth s Planetary Cometary and Interstellar Atmospheres

Molecular Complexes in Earth s Planetary  Cometary and Interstellar Atmospheres
Author: Andrei A. Vigasin,Zden?k Slanina
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1998
ISBN: 9789810232115
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Complexes in Earth s Planetary Cometary and Interstellar Atmospheres Book Excerpt:

This book introduces systematically the concept of weakly-bound complexes into the broad field of atmospheric sciences. To fill up the gap between our rapidly expanding knowledge of the individual properties of Van der Waals and hydrogen-bonded molecules, and our understanding of their role in the atmospheric processes, an ensemble of related topics are covered by a team of expert co-authors. The general properties of the weakly bound molecular complexes (or ?clusters?) are discussed, as well as their distribution in the planetary atmospheres. Collision-induced and dimeric absorption and emission are considered in the context of atmospheric spectroscopy. The advanced experimental techniques which enable us to study the spectroscopic features of molecular complexes in the gas phase, or which are adsorbed, are reviewed. The role of molecular complexes in the cometary atmosphere, the Earth mesosphere, and the atmospheres of the giant planets and some of their satellites are also discussed in detail.

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra
Author: John R. Ferraro,Louis J. Basile
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN: 0323140173
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra Book Excerpt:

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy: Applications to Chemical Systems presents the chemical applications of the Fourier transform interferometry (FT-IR). The book contains discussions on the applications of FT-IR in the fields of chromatography FT-IR, polymers and biological macromolecules, emission spectroscopy, matrix isolation, high-pressure interferometry, and far infrared interferometry. The final chapter is devoted to the presentation of the use of FT-IR in solving national technical problems such as air pollution, space exploration, and energy related subjects. Research and analytical chemists will find the book insightful.

Chemical Physics of Solids and Their Surfaces

Chemical Physics of Solids and Their Surfaces
Author: M. W. Roberts,J. M. Thomas
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 194
Release: 1978
ISBN: 0851863108
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Physics of Solids and Their Surfaces Book Excerpt:

Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage of progress in the major areas of chemical research. Written by experts in their specialist fields the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, supplying regular critical in-depth accounts of progress in particular areas of chemistry. For over 80 years the Royal Society of Chemistry and its predecessor, the Chemical Society, have been publishing reports charting developments in chemistry, which originally took the form of Annual Reports. However, by 1967 the whole spectrum of chemistry could no longer be contained within one volume and the series Specialist Periodical Reports was born. The Annual Reports themselves still existed but were divided into two, and subsequently three, volumes covering Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry. For more general coverage of the highlights in chemistry they remain a 'must'. Since that time the SPR series has altered according to the fluctuating degree of activity in various fields of chemistry. Some titles have remained unchanged, while others have altered their emphasis along with their titles; some have been combined under a new name whereas others have had to be discontinued.

Low Temperature Molecular Spectroscopy

Low Temperature Molecular Spectroscopy
Author: Rui Fausto
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 9400902816
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low Temperature Molecular Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Molecular spectroscopy has achieved rapid and significant progress in recent years, the low temperature techniques in particular having proved very useful for the study of reactive species, phase transitions, molecular clusters and crystals, superconductors and semiconductors, biochemical systems, astrophysical problems, etc. The widening range of applications has been accompanied by significant improvements in experimental methods, and low temperature molecular spectroscopy has been revealed as the best technique, in many cases, to establish the connection between experiment and theoretical calculations. This, in turn, has led to a rapidly increasing ability to predict molecular spectroscopic properties. The combination of an advanced tutorial standpoint with an emphasis on recent advances and new perspectives in both experimental and theoretical molecular spectroscopy contained in this book offers the reader insight into a wide range of techniques, particular emphasis being given to supersonic jet and matrix isolation techniques, spectroscopy in cryogenic solutions (including liquid noble gases), and in both crystalline and amorphous states. Suitable quantum chemical methods are also considered, as are empirically based force field methods for calculating spectra of large molecular systems. The wide range of topics covered includes: molecular dynamics and reactivity, time-resolved and high-resolution spectroscopy, conformational analysis, hydrogen bonding and solvent effects, structure and dynamics of weakly bound complexes, transition metal and organic photochemistry, spectroscopy of excited states, ab initio prediction of molecular spectra, and biochemical and astrophysical applications.

Spectroscopy of Matrix Isolated Species

Spectroscopy of Matrix Isolated Species
Author: Matthew John Almond,Anthony John Downs
Publsiher: John Wiley & Son Limited
Total Pages: 552
Release: 1989-08-15
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopy of Matrix Isolated Species Book Excerpt:

Intended as a standard reference in the subject of matrix isolation spectroscopy. Leads the reader logically through experimental techniques, physical processes in matrices, photochemistry in matrices, low energy species and interconversions, high-energy species, atoms and small clusters, astrochemistry and atmospheric processes. Also, a unique feature is a detailed compilation of the results of matrix-isolation experiments in the decade of 1977-1986.

Infrared Studies of Reactive Species by Matrix Isolation Technique and Rapid Scan Spectroscopy

Infrared Studies of Reactive Species by Matrix Isolation Technique and Rapid Scan Spectroscopy
Author: Luisa Yu Tan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 184
Release: 1970
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrared Studies of Reactive Species by Matrix Isolation Technique and Rapid Scan Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

Reactive Intermediate Chemistry

Reactive Intermediate Chemistry
Author: Robert A. Moss,Matthew S. Platz,Maitland Jones, Jr.
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1088
Release: 2004-01-07
ISBN: 9780471233244
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Intermediate Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Reactive Intermediate Chemistry presents a detailed and timely examination of key intermediates central to the mechanisms of numerous organic chemical transformations. Spectroscopy, kinetics, and computational studies are integrated in chapters dealing with the chemistry of carbocations, carbanions, radicals, radical ions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes, nitrenium ions, diradicals, etc. Nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond kinetic realms are explored, and applications of current dynamics and electronic structure calculations are examined. Reactive Intermediate Chemistry provides a deeper understanding of contemporary physical organic chemistry, and will assist chemists in the design of new reactions for the efficient synthesis of pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, and agricultural products. Among its features, this authoritative volume is: Edited and authored by world-renowned leaders in physical organic chemistry. Ideal for use as a primary or supplemental graduate textbook for courses in mechanistic organic chemistry or physical chemistry. Enhanced by supplemental reading lists and summary overviews in each chapter.

Gas Kinetics and Energy Transfer

Gas Kinetics and Energy Transfer
Author: P. G. Ashmore,R. J. Donovan
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 242
Release: 1988-07
ISBN: 0851867766
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Kinetics and Energy Transfer Book Excerpt:

Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage of progress in the major areas of chemical research. Written by experts in their specialist fields the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, supplying regular critical in-depth accounts of progress in particular areas of chemistry. For over 80 years the Royal Society of Chemistry and its predecessor, the Chemical Society, have been publishing reports charting developments in chemistry, which originally took the form of Annual Reports. However, by 1967 the whole spectrum of chemistry could no longer be contained within one volume and the series Specialist Periodical Reports was born. The Annual Reports themselves still existed but were divided into two, and subsequently three, volumes covering Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry. For more general coverage of the highlights in chemistry they remain a 'must'. Since that time the SPR series has altered according to the fluctuating degree of activity in various fields of chemistry. Some titles have remained unchanged, while others have altered their emphasis along with their titles; some have been combined under a new name whereas others have had to be discontinued. The current list of Specialist Periodical Reports can be seen on the inside flap of this volume.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Weights and measures
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NBS Special Publication Book Excerpt:

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog Book Excerpt:

Nuclear Matrix

Nuclear Matrix
Author: Ronald Berezney,Kwang W. Jeon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1096
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9780123846204
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Matrix Book Excerpt:

Research on the nuclear matrix has grown enormously since Bereney and Coffey first reported its isolation and initial characterization in 1974. Since then, more than 1000 papers have been published on the subject by numerous workers around the world. This is the first book devoted to reviewing the major developments in this growing field. Key Features * The chapters cover a variety of topics, including: * Isolation of the nuclear matrix * Nuclear structure morphology in situ * Structural domains of the nuclear matrix and its components * Biochemistry and molecular biology of the matrix proteins and associated DNA and RNA * Functional properties associated with the nuclear matrix * DNA replication * Transcription * RNA splicing * Transcription regulation * Intranuclear and nucleocytoplasmic transport and targeting * Cell cycle regulation

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 3584
Release: 2016-09-22
ISBN: 0128032251
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Book Excerpt:

This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Progress in Inorganic Chemistry

Progress in Inorganic Chemistry
Author: Stephen J. Lippard
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2009-09-17
ISBN: 0470166703
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Inorganic Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive series of volumes on inorganic chemistry provides inorganic chemists with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Every volume reports recent progress with a significant, up-to-date selection of papers by internationally recognized researchers, complemented by detailed discussions and complete documentation. Each volume features a complete subject index and the series includes a cumulative index as well.

OAR Cumulative Index of Research Results

OAR Cumulative Index of Research Results
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1967
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

OAR Cumulative Index of Research Results Book Excerpt:

Pure and Applied Chemistry

Pure and Applied Chemistry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1256
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pure and Applied Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Vol. 1, no. 1 contains the Proceedings of the Radioactivation Analysis Symposium (1959 : Vienna, Austria).