Matthew And The Didache

Author by : Huub van de Sandt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Uitgeverij Van Gorcum
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Description : There are significant agreements between the Didache and the Gospel of Matthew as these writings share words, phrases and motifs. In modern scholarship, there seems to be an increasing reluctance, however, to support the thesis that the Didache used Matthew. And, indeed, such a close relationship might equally suggest that both documents were created in the same historical and geographical setting, for example in the Greek-speaking part of Syria. If the Didache and Matthew did indeed emanate from the same geographical, social, and cultural setting, new questions arise. Who were the Christians standing behind the Didache and Matthew? Can we trace the developing interests of the respective community or communities in the different textual layers of the Didache and Matthew? Is it possible to frame the congregation(s) within the social history of Jews and Jewish believers-in-Jesus in first-century Syria? What stage of development or separation between Christians, Jewish Christians, and Jews is envisaged?In order to invite discussion and exchange ideas on this fundamental issue, an international conference was organized by the Tilburg Faculty of Theology in April 2003. Scholars of related fields (New Testament, Second Temple Judaism, Liturgy, Patristic Studies) were brought together to debate about the matter in the light of their diverse specialties and previous research. This volume contains the edited proceedings of the meeting of experts.Huub van de Sandt is lecturer in New Testament Studies at the Tilburg Faculty of Theology. Together with the late David Flusser, he is the author of The Didache. Its Jewish Sources and its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity (2002). This stimulating collection of essays from an international group of scholars provides extensive and insightful exploration of the possible relationships between the Gospel of Matthew and the Didache, and of the location of both texts in Jewish/Christian contexts. Warren Carter, Professor of New Testament, Saint Paul School of Theology, Kansas City, Missouri.Matthew and the DidacheI Milieu1 Hypotheses on the Development of Judaism and Christianity in Syria in the Period after 70 C.E. - Bas ter Haar Romeny2 The Milieu of Matthew, the Didache, and Ignatius of Antioch: Agreements and Differences - Clayton N. JeffordII The Two Documents: Their Provenance and Origin3 The History and Social Setting of the Matthean Community - Wim Weren4 When, Why, and for Whom Was the Didache Created? Insights into the Social and Historical Setting of the Didache communities - Aaron MilavecIII Two Documents from the Same Jewish-Christian Milieu?5 The Sermon on the Mount and the Two Ways Teaching of the Didache - Kari Syreeni6 The Use of the Synoptics or Q in Did. 1:3b-2:1 - John S. Kloppenborg7 The Halakhic Evidence of Didache 8 and Matthew 6 and the Didache Community s Relationship to Judaism - Peter J. Tomson8 Didache 9-10: A Litmus Test for the Research on Early Christian Liturgy Eucharist - Gerard Rouwhorst9 Les charismatiques itinérants dans la Didachè et dans l Évangile de Matthieu (with an English abstract) - André Tuilier10 Two Windows on a Developing Jewish-Christian Reproof Practice: Matt 18:15-17 and Did. 15:3 - Huub van de Sandt11 Eschatology in the Didache and the Gospel of Matthew - Joseph Verheyden12 Do the Didache and Matthew Reflect an Irrevocable Parting of the Ways with Judaism? - Jonathan A. Draper


Matthew James And Didache

Author by : Hubertus Waltherus Maria van de Sandt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Society of Biblical Lit
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Description : Sharing many traditions and characteristics, the Gospel of Matthew, the letter of James, and the Didache invite comparative study. In this volume, internationally renowned scholars consider the three writings and the complex interrelationship between first-century Judaism and nascent Christianity. These texts likely reflect different aspects and emphases of a network of connected communities sharing basic theological assumptions and expressions. Of particular importance for the reconstruction of the religious and social milieu of these communities are issues such as the role of Jewish law, the development of community structures, the reception of the Jesus tradition, and conflict management. In addition to the Pauline and Johannine schools, Matthew, James, and the Didache may represent a third religious milieu within earliest Christianity that is especially characterized through its distinct connections to a particular ethical stream of contemporary Jewish tradition. The contributors are Jonathan Draper; Patrick J. Hartin; John S. Kloppenborg; Matthias Konradt; J. Andrew Overman; Boris Repschinski, S.J.; Huub van de Sandt; Jens Schrter; David C. Sim; Alistair Stewart-Sykes; Peter Tomson; Martin Vahrenhorst; Joseph Verheyden; Wim J. C. Weren; Oda Wischmeyer; Jrgen K. Zangenberg; and Magnus Zetterholm.


Matthew S Christian Jewish Community

Author by : Anthony J. Saldarini
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Chicago Press
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Description : The most Jewish of gospels in its contents and yet the most anti-Jewish in its polemics, the Gospel of Matthew has been said to mark the emergence of Christianity from Judaism. Anthony J. Saldarini overturns this interpretation by showing us how Matthew, far from proclaiming the replacement of Israel by the Christian church, wrote from within Jewish tradition to a distinctly Jewish audience. Recent research reveals that among both Jews and Christians of the first century many groups believed in Jesus while remaining close to Judaism. Saldarini argues that the author of the Gospel of Matthew belonged to such a group, supporting his claim with an informed reading of Matthew's text and historical context. Matthew emerges as a Jewish teacher competing for the commitment of his people after the catastrophic loss of the Temple in 70 C.E., his polemics aimed not at all Jews but at those who oppose him. Saldarini shows that Matthew's teaching about Jesus fits into first-century Jewish thought, with its tradition of God-sent leaders and heavenly mediators. In Saldarini's account, Matthew's Christian-Jewish community is a Jewish group, albeit one that deviated from the larger Jewish community. Contributing to both New Testament and Judaic studies, this book advances our understanding of how religious groups are formed.


Community Law And Mission In Matthew S Gospel

Author by : Paul Foster
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Description : Paul Foster contributes to Matthean scholarship by looking at the issues of the social location of the community, the role of law within that community and its attitude towards the Gentile mission. He shows why these topics have to be treated as interrelated parts of an overarching whole.


Matthew And The Mishnah

Author by : Akiva Cohen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Description : Akiva Cohen investigates the general research question: how do the authors of religious texts reconstruct their community identity and ethos in the absence of their central cult? His particular socio-historical focus of this more general question is: how do the respective authors of the Gospel according to Matthew, and the editor(s) of the Mishnah redefine their group identities following the destruction of the Second Temple? Cohen further examines how, after the Destruction, both the Matthean and the Mishnaic communities found and articulated their renewed community bearings and a new sense of vision through each of their respective author/redactor's foundational texts. The context of this study is thus that of an inner-Jewish phenomenon; two Jewish groups seeking to (re-)establish their community identity and ethos without the physical temple that had been the cultic center of their cosmos.


The Hidden Gospel Of Matthew

Author by : Ron Miller
Languange : en
Publisher by : SkyLight Paths Publishing
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Description : "The Hidden Gospel of Matthew: Annotated and Explained takes you into the text to discover the words and events that have the strongest connection to the historical Jesus. What did Jesus really say about the future of the world? What really took place after his crucifixion? Ron Miller reveals the underlying story of Matthew, a story that transcends the traditional theme of an atoning death and focuses instead on Jesus's radical call for personal transformation and social change. This hidden portrait of Jesus at times resembles the sage teacher of the Gospel of Thomas more than it does the redeemer of traditional Christianity, and presents truths consonant with our deepest human experience."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved


Matthew

Author by : Megan McKenna
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Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Known as a scribe, minor tax collector and public sinner, Matthew sought to create an identity for the fledgling Christian community as it struggled against persecution by the Romans and ostracism by the Jewish leadership. In her new book, well-known author and master storyteller Megan McKenna shows how this identity is forged of forgiveness, reconciliation and atonement. What characterizes Matthew’s church is Jesus as the Mercy of God, as mercy shared. “Matthew's community becomes the presence of the kingdom of heaven on earth — the presence of God's mercy on earth.” In this masterful commentary, McKenna shows that, as it did for that early Jewish community of Christians, Matthew's gospel offers balm and hope for the Church today.


Have Mercy On Me

Author by : Glenna Jackson
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : Matthew's gospel begins and ends with the Jewish-Gentile debate, and at the heart of both the issue and the gospel is the story of the Canaanite woman. It is a story that reveals tension between Jews and proselytes in Matthew's community and responds to the question, 'What must one do to be a member of the community'? This study focuses on the stereotype of the woman as a Canaanite as well as Matthew's sources and the form of the story. The conclusion is that the story reflects a reinforcement of Jewish law that allows gentiles to attain membership in the Matthean community, thus continuing the Jewish tradition that allows gentiles into the faith.


Matthew

Author by : R Alan Culpepper
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Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : "In this new critical commentary for the New Testament Library series, R. Alan Culpepper sets the book of Matthew in the context of the competing Jewish and early Christian voices of the first century, bringing greater clarity to Matthew's own proclamation of the gospel"--


A Gospel For A New People

Author by : Graham Stanton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Westminster John Knox Press
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Description : This book thoroughly examines Matthew's gospel. It discusses appropriate methods for interpretation and considers in detail the gospel's origin, purpose, and social setting. Graham Stanton claims that Matthew wrote the Gospel following a period of prolonged bitter disputes with fellow Jews. With considerable literary, catechetical, and pastoral skill the evangelist composed a gospel for a new people (both Jews and Gentiles) in a cluster of Christian communities. Dividing his book into three sections, Stanton discusses redaction critical, literary critical, and social scientific approaches to the interpretation of Matthew; he confirms that Matthew's Gospel was shaped by the "parting of the ways" with Judaism; and he includes two essays on the Sermon on the Mount and one on Matthew's use of the Old Testament.


The Gospel According To Matthew

Author by : Barbara E. Reid
Languange : en
Publisher by : Liturgical Press
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Description : "Complete biblical texts with sound, scholarly based commentary that is written at a pastoral level; the Scripture translation is that of the New American Bible with Revised New Testament and Revised Psalms (1991)"--Provided by publisher.


Conflict At Thessalonica

Author by : Todd D. Still
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description :


Paul And The Gospels

Author by : Michael F. Bird
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : >


The New Testament

Author by : Donald A. Hagner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Baker Books
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Description : This capstone work from widely respected senior evangelical scholar Donald Hagner offers a substantial introduction to the New Testament. Hagner deals with the New Testament both historically and theologically, employing the framework of salvation history. He treats the New Testament as a coherent body of texts and stresses the unity of the New Testament without neglecting its variety. Although the volume covers typical questions of introduction, such as author, date, background, and sources, it focuses primarily on understanding the theological content and meaning of the texts, putting students in a position to understand the origins of Christianity and its canonical writings. Throughout, Hagner delivers balanced conclusions in conversation with classic and current scholarship. The book includes summary tables, diagrams, maps, and extensive bibliographies.


The Emergence Of Subjectivity In The Ancient And Medieval World

Author by : Jon Stewart
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
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Description : The Emergence of Subjectivity in the Ancient and Medieval World: An Interpretation of Western Civilization represents a combination of different genres: cultural history, philosophical anthropology, and textbook. It follows a handful of different but interrelated themes through more than a dozen texts that were written over a period of several millennia and, by means of an analysis of these texts, presents a theory of the development of Western civilization from antiquity to the Middle Ages. The main line of argument traces the various self-conceptions of different cultures as they developed historically, reflecting different views of what it is to be human. The thesis of the volume is that through examination of these changes we can discern the gradual emergence of what we today call inwardness, subjectivity, and individual freedom. As human civilization took its first tenuous steps, it had a very limited conception of the individual. Instead, the dominant principle was that of the wider group: the family, clan, or people. Only in the course of history did the idea of what we now know as individuality begin to emerge, and it took millennia for this idea to be fully recognized and developed. The conception of human beings as having a sphere of inwardness and subjectivity subsequently had a sweeping impact on all aspects of culture, including philosophy, religion, law, and art: indeed, this notion largely constitutes what is today referred to as modernity. It is easy to lose sight of the fact that this modern conception of human subjectivity was not simply something given, but rather the result of a long process of historical and cultural development.


Violence In The New Testament

Author by : Shelly Matthews
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
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Description : While much work has been done on the role of Jews in the crucifixion of Jesus in post-Holocaust biblical scholarship, the question of violence in subsequent community formation remains largely unexamined. New Testament passages suggesting that early Christ-believers were violently persecuted--the "stone throwing" passages from John, the "persecuted from town to town" passages in Matthew, the stoning of Stephen in Acts, Paul's hardship catalogue in II Corinthians, etc.-- are frequently read positivistically as windows onto first century persecution; at the other extreme, they are sometimes dismissed as completely a-historical. In either case, scholars up until now have provided little in the way of methodological reflection on how they have reached such conclusions. A further problematic issue in previous readings of passages suggesting such violence is that the perpetrators of violence are frequently cast as "Jews" while the violated are cast as "Christians," in spite of the growing consensus that it is impossible to tease out these two distinct and separate religious identities, Jew and Christian, from first century texts. This volume takes up crucial methodological questions about how to read passages suggesting violence among Jews in texts that eventually became part of the New Testament canon. It situates this intra-religious violence within the violence of the Roman Imperial order. It provides new readings of these texts that move beyond the "Jew as violator"/"Christian as violated" binary.


Jesus And The Sabbath In Matthew S Gospel

Author by : Yong-Eui Yang
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : Matthew's stories of sabbath controversy contain key materials on the relations between Jesus and the sabbath. Yang concludes that for Matthew the sabbath is fulfilled by Jesus, and suggests he is aware of a legalistic tendency in sabbath observance.


The Gospel Of Matthew

Author by : Wallace S. Jungers
Languange : en
Publisher by : Author House
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Description : After having written a commentary on the Gospel of Mark, which was the first gospel written around 70 A.D., Mr. Jungers has turned his attention to the Gospel of Matthew, the second Gospel, written around 80 A.D. Matthew's Gospel is often called "The Jewish Gospel" because it is more Jewish in tone than the other three. The community for whom Matthew wrote was largely (though not exclusively) Jewish-Christian. For such an audience, Matthew could use Jewish rhetoric and themes without explanation. But, this is not the case for Americans and others who read Matthew today. They need, (and this small commentary may help), some interpretation so they can understand the meaning of the stories, as the Jewish Christians did some 2,000 years ago. Thus the Gospel of Matthew is a Jewish text about Christianity-Jewish in its conceptual assumptions, in its sociological settings, and in its theological message. Mr. Jungers tries to state in this little book what each text might have meant to Matthew's readers in the late first-century community for whom he wrote.


Fourth Ezra And Second Baruch

Author by : Matthias Henze
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : This volume covers a wide range of topics around 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch, two Jewish apocalypses of the first century CE, including their place of origin and their similarities with the Qumran literature, with early Rabbinic and with Christian texts.


The Son Of Man In The Parables Of Enoch And In Matthew

Author by : Leslie W. Walck
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
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Description : This book examines all the relevant passages containing the Term "Son of Man" in both Matthew and the Parables of Enoch. Depictions of the Son of Man in the Gospel of Matthew and in the Parables of Enoch (Par. En.) raise questions about their relationship.The meaning and origin of the term "Son of Man" are discussed, as well as the possible influence of Par. En. on Matthew.Literary, Redaction, Sociological and Narrative criticisms are employed. Introductory questions of date, provenance and social setting are addressed for both Matthew and Par. En. Dates as early as the early second century bce and as late as the late third century ce have been proposed for Par. En., but a consensus seems to be growing for the late first century bce. Therefore Matthew could have known Par. En.Sociological methodologies reveal that the author and audience of Par. En. may have been members of an ousted ruling elite, opposed to the current administration, and yearning for a just reversal of fortunes. Sets of characteristics of the Son of Man in Par. En. and Matthew are developed, and the term is examined briefly in the other Gospels. Then the two sets of characteristics are carefully compared.Similarities in vocabulary as well as in the pattern of relationships prove to be intriguing, showing that Matthew and Par. En., in contrast to other writings, share a unique conception of the judgment scene focussed on the Son of Man as eschatological judge. This suggests quite strongly the shaping of Matthew's concept in the direction of Par. En.


Hellenistic Dimensions Of The Gospel Of Matthew

Author by : Robert S. Kinney
Languange : en
Publisher by : Mohr Siebeck
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Description : In the search for Matthean theology, scholars overwhelmingly approach the Gospel of Matthew as the "the most Jewish Gospel." Studies of its Sitz im Leben focus on its relationship to Judaism, whether arguing from the perspective that Matthew wrote from a cloistered Jewish community or as the leader of a Gentile rebellion against such a Jewish community. While this is undoubtedly an important and necessary discussion for understanding the Gospel, it often assumes too much about the relationship between Judaism and Hellenism (via Martin Hengel). Robert S. Kinney argues for a hybridized perspective in which Matthew's attention to Jewish sources and ideas is not denied, but in which echoes of Greek and Roman sources can be observed, focusing on identifying Matthew's use of rhetoric and its possible echoes of Greco-Roman philosophical disciple-gathering teachers.


The Church In Antioch In The First Century Ce

Author by : Michelle Slee
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : The book explores the problems faced by the church in Antioch in the mid-first century CE once the decision was taken to welcome Gentiles into the church. Slee argues that a particular problem was the celebration of the Eucharist, since some Jewish Christians felt that the table-fellowship this involved inevitably brought the risk of contamination (because of Gentile contact with idolatry). She suggests this was the subject debated at the Jerusalem conference described in Acts 15 and Galatians 2, and it was the eventual decision of the Antioch church to hold separate Eucharists that led to Paul's break with the church (Gal 2:11-14). Thus even at the end of the first century CE the Antioch church was still divided on the issue.


Jewish Interpretation Of The Bible

Author by : Karin Hedner Zetterholm
Languange : en
Publisher by : Fortress Press
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Description : Although Jewish tradition gives tremendous importance to the Hebrew Bible, from the beginning Jewish interpretation of those scriptures has been practiced with remarkable freedom. Karin Hedner Zetterholm offers a clear and concise introduction to the legal, theological, and historical presuppositions that shaped the dominant stream of rabbinic interpretation, including Mishnah, Talmud, and Midrashim, discussing specific examples of different interpretive methods. She then explores the contours of Jewish biblical interpretation evident in the New Testament and the legacy of ancient traditions in the way different Jewish movements read the Bible today. Students of the history of biblical interpretation and of Judaism will find this an important and engaging resource.


The One Who Does The Will Of The Father Distinguishing Character Of Disciples According To Matthew

Author by : Mathew Palachuvattil
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gregorian Biblical BookShop
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Description : The invocation they will be done and the definition of a disciple as the one who does the will of Father. are special to the Gospel according to Matthew. The story links up the will of the Father with the practice of greater righteousness with one's identity as a member of Jesus'family, and with discussions on faith and judgement. Jesus the Son who prayswith the same words as he gave to his disciples, himself becomes a model in leading the disciples on to a filial relationship with the Father. The will of the Father is also the norm for mutual relationships and decisions within the disciples' community.


A Commentary On The Gospel Of Matthew

Author by : Craig S. Keener
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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Description : In this volume Craig Keener focuses on two aspects of the interpretation of Matthew. First, he analyzes the social-historical-rhetorical contexts of both Matthew and his traditions. Second, he examines the nature of Matthew's exhortations to his Christian audience pericope by pericope. Since it is impossible to reconstruct the precise social situation of Matthew, Keener casts a wider net and considers the general eastern Mediterranean, perhaps Syrian, Jewish context of Matthew. A close comparison of the issues raised in the Gospel with what we know elsewhere of late first-century Jewish-Christian relations provides the basic picture of the issues faced by the Matthean community.


Jerusalem And The Early Jesus Movement

Author by : Kyu Sam Han
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : This book deals with the place of the source document Q and its compilers within late Second Temple Judaism, with special attention to Q's relationship to the Herodian Temple. The investigation of this perspective is fraught with problems because the passages that are associated with the Temple in Q do not speak with the same voice, raising the question of how to reconcile the seemingly positive view with the rather more hostile views. Using a comparative approach, Han analyses the essential differences in the two types of positions, and concludes that the negative attitude is original, while the positive position is due to a later redaction after the First Revolt and the destruction of the Temple.


Matthew S Transfiguration Story And Jewish Christian Controversy

Author by : A. D. A. Moses
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : The Gospel accounts of the transfiguration of Jesus continue to puzzle the average reader. The purpose of this book is to address some of the perplexing issues surrounding the event, and to explain the significance of the transfiguration, particularly in Matthew's Gospel. It demonstrates that Matthew's account of the event is to be seen in the context of first-century controversy between Christians and Jews about Jesus and Moses, with the Jews emphasizing Moses' greatness and Matthew portraying the transfiguration within Moses-Sinai categories and also in terms of the enigmatic Son of Man figure in Daniel 7. Possible influence of the transfiguration event is also seen elsewhere, particularly in 2 Corinthians 3 and 4, where, the author argues, Paul uses his Damascus road experience as a counter to his opponents' emphasis on the law and Peter's witness to Jesus' transfiguration.


The Bible In Ethics

Author by : John W. Rogerson
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
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Description : The Bible has influenced contemporary culture both positively and negatively. The present volume is a collection of papers that were discussed at an international colloquium on the use of the Bible in Ethics in the Department of Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield in April 1995. Participants came from many parts of the world and from different backgrounds, and the papers reflect their varied interests and the contexts in which they work. The contributors, in addition to the three editors, are John Barton, Bruce Birch, Mark Brett, Mark Chapman, David Clines, Philip Davies, Cheryl Exum, Stephen Fowl, Norman Gottwald, John Haldane, Walter Houston, Sharon Ringe, Chrisopher Rowland, Lisa Sowle Cahill and Gerald West.


The Gospel Of Matthew In Current Study

Author by : William G. Thompson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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Description : First-rate scholars here explore the pastoral and academic aspects of the study of Matthew's Gospel. Built on the best of current research, these chapters cover a diverse range of significant topics in addition to highlighting the points of disagreement that continue to stimulate scholarship in the field. Published in memory of William G. Thompson, S. J., The Gospel of Matthew in Current Study is not only a fitting tribute to Thompson's lifelong interest in the First Gospel but is also an excellent introduction to contemporary Matthean studies with great potential as a classroom resource. Contributors: Richard S. Ascough David E. Aune Wendy Cotter Daniel J. Harrington Jack Dean Kingsbury Amy-Jill Levine Anthony J. Saldarini Donald Senior Graham N. Stanton Thomas H. Tobin Elaine Wainwright


Jews And Christians In The First And Second Centuries How To Write Their History

Author by : Peter J. Tomson
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : The papers in this volume are organized around the ambition to reboot the writing of history about Jews and Christians in the first two centuries CE. There are three focal points: (1) the varieties of Jewish and Christian expression in late Second Temple times, (2) the socio-economic, military, and ideological processes during the period of the revolts, and (3) the post-revolt Jewish and Christian identities that emerged. As such, the volume is part of a larger project that is to result in a source book and a history of Jews and Christians in the first and second centuries.