Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders
Author: Moyra Smith
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2021-04-25
ISBN: 0128232528
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders Book Excerpt:

Mechanisms and Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Cognitive Disorders connects neurodevelopment with genetics and behavior to better understand the underlying factors leading to cognitive neurodevelopmental disorders. This book focuses on mechanisms of disease and follows the development of specific brain regions, functions, and gene expression to causes and processes in autism, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. Topics include brain mapping, brain plasticity, epigenetics, neuroimmunology, and many other factors that influence the development of these diseases. This book will promote understanding of recent investigations and developments related to brain development from fetal life onward with specific relevance to neurodevelopmental cognitive disorders and conditions. This is an essential reference for anyone who is looking to learn more about different aspects of neurodevelopment and emerging concepts in psychiatric disorders. Discusses links between brain development, gene expression, and brain function Covers neural stem cells, proliferation, migration, differentiation, and neurogenesis Includes brain mapping, brain plasticity, epigenetics, neuroimmunology, and more Provides insight into causation and brain function in autism, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities Examines impact of society and environmental factors on mental health

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Kevin J. Mitchell
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2015-09-28
ISBN: 1118524888
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

New mechanisms and therapeutics in neurodevelopmental disorders

New mechanisms and therapeutics in neurodevelopmental disorders
Author: Daniela Tropea
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 2889190676
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New mechanisms and therapeutics in neurodevelopmental disorders Book Excerpt:

Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are severe, heritable conditions characterized by impaired brain development and disability in cognition, social interaction and behavior. Genetic predisposition appears to interact with environmental factors to produce the onset of the disease. In the last decade genomic analysis on NDDs advanced the knowledge of the genetic causes of these disorders: most of the genes identified were not predicted from known biology, and almost all of them engage in neurodevelopmental processes. However, the same studies revealed an unexpected outcome regarding the molecular etiology: many of the same susceptibility genes as well as molecular pathways are emerging across hitherto unrelated disorders- such as autism and schizophrenia- challenging how we conceptualize these conditions. These new discoveries call for the establishment of additional criteria for the classification of the genes and related phenotypes. Beyond the classical distinction according to diagnostic criteria, new parameters should be taken into account: the genetics, the neurobiology of the gene products and the molecular mechanisms that they control. Our broad understanding of NDDs, requires a combination of approaches, including human studies, animal models and theoretical computation. Indeed, progress in technology and the generation of accurate models are advancing the field, and the research is rapidly growing. This Research Topic presents recent advances in neurodevelopmental disorders from genes to systems, in single conditions and across different phenotypes, and report the newest treatments in use. Recognized experts in the field discuss recent findings in molecular studies, in vivo imaging, neuropsychology, neuropharmacology and computational neuroscience. This multidisciplinary approach enriches our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the onset and progression of NDDs with the perspective of revealing the biological signs of the disorders and identifying new therapeutics.

Neurocognitive Development Disorders and Disabilities

Neurocognitive Development  Disorders and Disabilities
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2020-09-25
ISBN: 0444641491
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurocognitive Development Disorders and Disabilities Book Excerpt:

This is one volume of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The disorders and disabilities volume focuses on disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning memory as well as psychiatric developmental disorders. The developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children is also covered. Chapters discuss when and how these disorders develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. Assessment, treatment, and long-term outcome are provided as well as advances in methods and tools for assessment. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on neurocognitive developmental disorders and disabilities Includes disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning, memory, and more Separately covers developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children Features advances in methods and tools of assessment Reviews patient care, rehabilitation, and long-term outcomes Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Randi Jenssen Hagerman,Robert L. Hendren
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2014
ISBN: 019993780X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

This cutting-edge book brings advances in genetics, neurobiology, and psychopharmacology to the clinic to enhance treatment for neurodevelopmental disorders. Significant progress has been made in identifying the neurobiological mechanisms of several disorders and targeted treatments are modifying the outcome of these disorders. However, the ability to utilize this knowledge has not been summarized in one place for the practicing clinician. This book will fill that gap by providing the theoretical underpinnings and the latest advances in targeted treatments. Several neurodevelopmental disorders are reviewed in detail including clinical features and behavioral phenotypes, standard treatments and new targeted treatments based on the latest advances in neurobiology and the animal model studies that have led to new treatments. The disorders covered include psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, depression, autism and ADHD; single gene disorders including Tuberous Sclerosis, Fragile X Syndrome and fragile X- associated disorders, Angelman Syndrome, PKU, and Muscular Dystrophies; and complex genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. This book also highlights the commonalities across disorders and new genetic and molecular concepts in an easy to read format. This is a very exciting time for new targeted treatments and this volume is a landmark treatise on this new age of treatment.

Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms in Neurodevelopmental Disorders From Bench to Bedside

Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms in Neurodevelopmental Disorders  From Bench to Bedside
Author: Rebecca Ann Muhle,Ellen J. Hoffman,Hanna E. Stevens,Devanand Sadanand Manoli,Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-02-02
ISBN: 2889742695
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms in Neurodevelopmental Disorders From Bench to Bedside Book Excerpt:

Brain Protection in Schizophrenia Mood and Cognitive Disorders

Brain Protection in Schizophrenia  Mood and Cognitive Disorders
Author: Michael S. Ritsner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 663
Release: 2010-06-16
ISBN: 904818553X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Protection in Schizophrenia Mood and Cognitive Disorders Book Excerpt:

Neuroprotection is a novel perspective for the treatment of disorders that lead to neurodegeneration and disabilities as a result of deterioration of neurons due to apoptosis, oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and other mechanisms. These mechanisms have implications not only for neurodegenerative disorders, but also for schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. The purpose of this book is to provide an up-to-date overview of basic and clinical studies concerning the neuroprotective approach, mechanisms, and several compounds with neuroprotective properties that may contribute to more efficacious treatment of major mental health disorders. The book is divided into two sections. The first section serves as an introduction and overview of conceptual issues of the neuroprotective approach, and some neurobiological advances. Chapters in this section review definitions, perspectives, and issues that provide a conceptual base for the rest of the book. In addition, this part includes chapters in which the authors present and discuss the findings from basic studies of neurodegenerative mechanisms that are associated with the pathogenesis of major mental health disorders. The second section focuses on findings obtained from clinical trials with neuroprotective compounds, and neuromodulatory techniques. The take-home message is that principles of the neuroprotective approach may be applied to treatment of schizophrenia, mood and cognitive disorders. Contributors to this book are among the most active investigators and clinicians in the field who provide new perspectives not only clarifying ongoing controversies but also propose diverse aspects and new insights to neuroprotection. This book is intended for a broad readership, which includes a broad spectrum of readers including neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists, pharmacologists, clinical psychologists, general practitioners, geriatricians, graduate students, and policy makers in the fields of mental health.

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders
Author: Robert A. Stern,Michael L. Alosco
Publsiher: Oxford Library of Psychology
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2019
ISBN: 0190664126
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders Book Excerpt:

The prevalence of adult cognitive disorders will dramatically rise over the next 25 years due to the aging population. Clinical research on adult cognitive disorders has rapidly evolved, including evidence of new adult cognitive disorders and greater insight into the clinical presentation, mechanism, diagnosis, and treatment of established diseases. The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders is an up-to-date, scholarly, and comprehensive volume covering most diseases, conditions, and injuries resulting in impairments in cognitive function in adults. Topics covered include normal cognitive and brain aging, the impact of medical disorders and psychiatric illnesses on cognitive function, adult neurodevelopmental disorders, and various neurological conditions. This Handbook also provides a section on unique perspectives and special considerations for clinicians and clinical researchers, covering topics such as cognitive reserve, genetics, diversity, and neuroethics. Readers will be able to draw upon this volume to facilitate clinical practice (including differential diagnosis, treatment recommendations, assessment practices), and to obtain an in-depth review of current research across a wide spectrum of disorders, provided by leaders in their fields. The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders is a one-of a kind resource appropriate for both clinicians and clinical researchers, from advanced trainees to seasoned professionals.

Neurocognitive Development Normative Development

Neurocognitive Development  Normative Development
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2019-09-22
ISBN: 0444641513
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurocognitive Development Normative Development Book Excerpt:

This is one of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The normative volume focuses on neurology, biology, genetics, and psychology of normative cognitive development. It covers the development of intellectual abilities, visual perception, motor function, language, memory, attention, executive function, social cognition, learning abilities, and affect and behavior. The book identifies when and how these functions develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on normative neurocognitive development Includes intellectual abilities, language, memory, attention, motor function, and more Discusses genetics and environmental influences on development Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN: 1789238250
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder Book Excerpt:

Nowadays, neurodevelopmental disorders comprise a large proportion of mental health diagnoses. These disorders, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, include intellectual disabilities, communication disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, specific learning disorders, and motor disorders. Current research is pointing in the direction of schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, and other disorders being included in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders as well. There is a great deal of overlap among these disorders and they are best understood in a dimensional fashion. This book sets out the future of psychiatry in relation to these disorders and what is basically a new understanding of psychiatry in recent decades. Chapters cover topics such as early recognition of schizophrenia, epilepsy, and the genetics of ataxia telangiectasia. Also included is an examination of the complex issue of systems biology and neurodevelopment.

Attention Genes and Developmental Disorders

Attention  Genes  and Developmental Disorders
Author: Kim Cornish,John Wilding
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 577
Release: 2010-08-12
ISBN: 0195179943
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Attention Genes and Developmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit disorders?The past decade has seen a burgeoning of research on the subject of attention. This research has been facilitated by advances on several fronts: New methods are now available for viewing brain activity in real time, there is expanding information on the complexities of the biochemistry of neural activity, individual genes can be isolated and their functions identified, analysis of the component processes included under the broad umbrella of "attention" has become increasingly sophisticated, and ingenious methods have been devised for measuring typical and atypical development of these processes, from infancy into childhood, and then into adulthood.In this book, Kim Cornish and John Wilding are concerned with attention and its development, both typical and atypical, particularly in disorders with a known genetic etiology or assumed genetic linkage. Tremendous advances across seemingly diverse disciplines - molecular genetics, pediatric neurology, child psychiatry, developmental cognitive neuroscience, and education - have culminated in a wealth of new methods for elucidating disorders at multiple levels, possibly paving the way for new treatment options. Cornish and Wilding use three specific-yet-interlinking levels of analysis: genetic blueprint (genotype), the developing brain, and the behavioral-cognitive outcomes (phenotype), as the basis for charting the attention profiles of six well-documented neurodevelopmental disorders: ADHD, autism, fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, and 22q11 deletion syndrome. Their overarching aim in this book is to provide the most authoritative and extensive account to date of disorder-specific attention profiles and their development from infancy through adolescence.

Animal Models of Behavior Genetics

Animal Models of Behavior Genetics
Author: Jonathan C. Gewirtz,Yong-Kyu Kim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 389
Release: 2016-08-10
ISBN: 1493937774
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animal Models of Behavior Genetics Book Excerpt:

This stimulating analysis reviews the broad potential of animal models to foster a deeper understanding of human pathology, strengthen connections between genetic and behavioral studies, and develop more effective treatments for mental disorders. Widely-studied and lesser-used species are examined in models that capture features along the continuum of normative and pathological behavior. The models highlight genetic causes of core features, or endophenotypes, of developmental, internalizing, and externalizing disorders, as well as dementia. Expert contributors address questions ranging from how suitable species are chosen for study to the costs and benefits of using inbred versus outbred strains, and the effects of housing environment on subject animals. Larger issues addressed include how to evaluate the applicability of animal behavioral models to the human condition and how these models can harness emerging molecular technologies to further our understanding of the genetic basis of mental illness. Included in the coverage: Mating and fighting in Drosophila. Attachment and social bonding. Impulsivity in rodents and humans. Animal models of cognitive decline. Animal models of social cognition. Future directions for animal models in behavioral genetics. A detailed map of where this evolving field is headed, Animal Models of Behavior Genetics shows geneticists, molecular biologists, and cognitive neuroscientists paths beyond established concepts toward a more knowledgeable and collaborative future.

Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan

Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan
Author: Deborah Finkel,Chandra A. Reynolds
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN: 1461474477
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavior Genetics of Cognition Across the Lifespan Book Excerpt:

Along with psychopathology, cognition has been one of the primary phenotypic focal points of the field of behavior genetics since its inception. Francis Galton’s 1874 examination of eminent families in Britain was among the earliest attempts to investigate whether cognitive achievements run in families. This volume presents current methodologies for understanding cognitive abilities that move beyond the outdated nature vs. nurture paradigm. Recent advances in both collection and statistical modeling of twin data, particularly longitudinal twin data, make this an especially advantageous moment to produce a work that presents a collection of the groundbreaking research on cognitive abilities across the lifespan. This volume presents an overview of the current state of quantitative and molecular genetic investigations into the many facets of cognitive performance and functioning across the lifespan.​

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder
Author: Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Eduard Vieta
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN: 012819183X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder Book Excerpt:

The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder: Road to Novel Therapeutics combines the basic neurobiology of bipolar disorder with discussions of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder, genetic approaches and the pharmacogenomics of bipolar disorder. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of bipolar disorder management using novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding bipolar disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to novel therapeutics Synthesizes a discussion of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of bipolar disorder

Genetic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Genetic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Claudia Prats Balado
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2017
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

"Nowadays, it is estimated that about 450 million people suffer from a mental or behavioural disorder in the world. According to World health organization (WHO), 33% of the years lived with disability (YLD) are due to psychiatric disorders. In this regard, psychotic disorders including schizophrenia (SZ), remain one of the most mysterious and costliest mental disorders in terms of human suffering and social expenditure. In recent years, the field of molecular genetics has been uncovering evidence of the complex polygenetic architecture of SZ and related disorders. In addition, GWAS studies have identified several genes associated with SZ, which have been shown to converge in complex and identifiable molecular pathways related to synaptic plasticity, neurotransmission and connectivity processes. Also, these studies have reported an important genetic overlap across several psychiatric disorders such as Schizophrenia (SZ), Bipolar disorder (BPD), Major Depressive Disorder (M01) or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), which adds to the consideration of common pathophysiological mechanisms among these disorders. In this sense, a growing body of evidence has established that connectivity and synaptic plasticity, modulated by neuronal activity, is an inherent feature of brain function during both development and adulthood. The present dissertation hypothesizes that genetic variability of genes involved in either synaptic plasticity (NRN1, BDNF and DTNBP1) and/or white matter related pathways (and their interactions) will be associated with SSD. In addition, due to the clinical, cognitive, neuroimaging and genetic overlap observed across different psychiatric disorders, we also hypothesize that the studied genetic variability will be also associated with other neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders, such as ASD and BPD. In this sense, four studies have been carried out. The first three studies, analyse genetic variability at Neuritin-1 gene (NRN1) and its relationship with the risk for developing SSD and BPD, and also with some clinical and cognitive phenotypes both in patients and in healthy subjects from the general population. Moreover, in these studies we also analyzed whether NRN1 action is modulated by other genes such as BDNF and DTNBP1. The fourth study analyses the integrative effects of a set of white matter related genes (Oligodendrocyte/myelination related genes - OMR) and its contribution to both SSD and ASD. Our results focused on the genetic variability at NRN1 gene, suggest that genetic variability of NRN1 gene has an impact on the risk for developing SSD/BPD and also on the presence of depressive symptoms in the general population. Its pleiotropic effect is also evidenced by its effect on different phenotypes: such as cognitive performance and age at onset. Moreover, our genexgene interaction results suggest that NRN1 action is modulated by the BDNF and DTNBP1 genes. On the other hand, the results of the fourth study suggest that some of the OMR genetic risk variants seem to be shared across SZ-ASD continuum. The fact that some OMR genes are marginally associated with both disorders and also, due to their involvement in the detected epistatic effects, seem to support the notion that dysregulation in myelination processes may underlie susceptibility to develop ASD or SSD. To conclude, further genetic studies are needed to elucidate the biological background underlying mental disorders, which can ultimately lead to better treatment in order to improve the quality life of the patients." -- TDX.

Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome
Author: Mara Dierssen,Rafael de la Torre
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2012
ISBN: 044454299X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Down Syndrome Book Excerpt:

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common example of neurogenetic aneuploid disorder leading to mental retardation. In most cases, DS results from an extra copy of chromosome 21 (HSA21) producing deregulated gene expression in brain that gives raise to subnormal intellectual functioning. The topic of this volume is of broad interest for the neuroscience community, because it tackles the concept of neurogenomics, that is, how the genome as a whole contributes to a neurodevelopmental cognitive disorders, such as DS, and thus to the development, structure and function of the nervous system. This volume of Progress in Brain Research discusses comparative genomics, gene expression atlases of the brain, network genetics, engineered mouse models and applications to human and mouse behavioral and cognitive phenotypes. It brings together scientists of diverse backgrounds, by facilitating the integration of research directed at different levels of biological organization, and by highlighting translational research and the application of the existing scientific knowledge to develop improved DS treatments and cures. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders
Author: Michael L. Alosco,Robert A. Stern
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 904
Release: 2019-05-07
ISBN: 0190664134
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders Book Excerpt:

The prevalence of adult cognitive disorders will dramatically rise over the next 25 years due to the aging population. Clinical research on adult cognitive disorders has rapidly evolved, including evidence of new adult cognitive disorders and greater insight into the clinical presentation, mechanism, diagnosis, and treatment of established diseases. The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders is an up-to-date, scholarly, and comprehensive volume covering most diseases, conditions, and injuries resulting in impairments in cognitive function in adults. Topics covered include normal cognitive and brain aging, the impact of medical disorders and psychiatric illnesses on cognitive function, adult neurodevelopmental disorders, and various neurological conditions. This Handbook also provides a section on unique perspectives and special considerations for clinicians and clinical researchers, covering topics such as cognitive reserve, genetics, diversity, and neuroethics. Readers will be able to draw upon this volume to facilitate clinical practice (including differential diagnosis, treatment recommendations, assessment practices), and to obtain an in-depth review of current research across a wide spectrum of disorders, provided by leaders in their fields. The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders is a one-of a kind resource appropriate for both clinicians and clinical researchers, from advanced trainees to seasoned professionals.

Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms in Psychopathology

Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms in Psychopathology
Author: Dante Cicchetti,Elaine F. Walker
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2003-08-04
ISBN: 9780521002622
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms in Psychopathology Book Excerpt:

This volume highlights the importance of scientific progress that has been made in the understanding of the neurodevelopmental origins of psychopathology. It presents the work and ideas of some of the most talented researchers in the field. The chapters illustrate the interactional processes that characterize the genesis and maturation of the brain. They demonstrate how constitutional vulnerability to mental disorder can arise from the interplay of multiple factors, some specific and some nonspecific. Moreover, the authors have offered us some invaluable leads on promising directions for future research. Their insights will inspire other investigators to take up the challenge.

Emery and Rimoin s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics

Emery and Rimoin   s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics
Author: Reed E. Pyeritz,Bruce R. Korf,Wayne W. Grody
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2018-11-20
ISBN: 0128126841
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emery and Rimoin s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics Book Excerpt:

For decades, Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics has served as the ultimate resource for clinicians integrating genetics into medical practice. With detailed coverage in contributions from over 250 of the world’s most trusted authorities in medical genetics and a series of 11 volumes available for individual sale, the Seventh Edition of this classic reference includes the latest information on seminal topics such as prenatal diagnosis, genome and exome sequencing, public health genetics, genetic counseling, and management and treatment strategies to complete its coverage of this growing field for medical students, residents, physicians, and researchers involved in the care of patients with genetic conditions. This comprehensive yet practical resource emphasizes theory and research fundamentals related to applications of medical genetics across the full spectrum of inherited disorders and applications to medicine more broadly. Clinical Principles and Applications thoroughly addresses general methods and approaches to genetic counseling, genetic diagnostics, treatment pathways, and drug discovery. Additionally, new and updated chapters explore the clinical implementation of genomic technologies, analytics, and therapeutics, with special attention paid to developing technologies, common challenges, patient care, and ethical and legal aspects. With regular advances in genomic technologies propelling precision medicine into the clinic, the seventh edition of Emery and Rimoin’s Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics and Genomics bridges the gap between high-level molecular genetics and practical application and serves as an invaluable clinical tool for the health professionals and researchers. Fully revised and up-to-date, this new edition introduces genetic researchers, students, and health professionals to general principles of genetic counseling, genetic and genomic diagnostics, treatment pathways, drug discovery, and the application of genomic technologies, analytics, and therapeutics in clinical practice Examines key topics and developing areas within clinical genomics, including genetic evaluation of patients, clinical trials and drug discovery, genetic health records, cytogenetic analysis, diagnostic molecular genetics, small molecule genetic therapeutics, gene product replacement, clinical teratology, transplantation genetics, and ethical and legal aspects of genomic medicine Includes color images supporting identification, concept illustration, and method processing Features contributions by leading international researchers and practitioners of medical genetics

Factors Affecting Neurodevelopment

Factors Affecting Neurodevelopment
Author: Colin R. Martin,Victor R. Preedy,Rajkumar Rajendram
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 684
Release: 2021-05-29
ISBN: 0128179872
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Factors Affecting Neurodevelopment Book Excerpt:

Factors Affecting Neurodevelopment: Genetics, Neurology, Behavior, and Diet is a comprehensive reference on the genetic and behavioral features associated with proper and abnormal development. The book discusses the mechanisms underlying neurological development and provides readers with a detailed introduction to the neural connections and complexities in biological circuitries, as well as the physiological, behavioral, molecular, and cellular features of neurodevelopment. In addition, the book examines in vitro and in vivo modeling of development with stem cells and model systems. Provides the most comprehensive coverage of a broad range of topics relating to the neuroscience of development Features sections on the genetics of developmental conditions and accompanying behavior Contains an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points to aid in understanding in each chapter Focuses on neurodevelopmental disorders and environmental factors that influence neural development Includes more than 500 illustrations and tables