Myth And Memory In The Mediterranean

Author by : N. Doumanis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book examines the relationship between coloniser and colonised among the Italian-held Dodecanese Islands between 1912 and 1943, and is based on an oral history project conducted between 1990 and 1995. Italian power is described as having been negotiated, resisted and modified by locals, who admired many aspects of Italian rule without according the regime any legitimacy. This ethnographic history challenges standard views on Italian colonialism and Greek nationalism, and reflects on contemporary questions regarding historical memory, political culture and social identity.


The Great War

Author by : Dan Todman
Languange : en
Publisher by : A&C Black
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
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Description : The First World War, with its mud and the slaughter of the trenches, is often taken as the ultimate example of the futility of war. Generals, safe in their headquarters behind the lines, sent millions of men to their deaths to gain a few hundred yards of ground. Writers, notably Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen, provided unforgettable images of the idiocy and tragedy of the war. Yet this vision of the war is at best a partial one, the war only achieving its status as the worst of wars in the last thirty years. At the time, the war aroused emotions of pride and patriotism. Not everyone involved remembered the war only for its miseries. The generals were often highly professional and indeed won the war in 1918. In this original and challenging book, Dan Todman shows views of the war have changed over the last ninety years and how a distorted image of it emerged and became dominant.


Memory Myth And Time In Mexico

Author by : Enrique Florescano
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Texas Press
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Total Read : 56
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Description : In Memory, Myth, and Time in Mexico, noted Mexican scholar Enrique Florescano’s Memoria mexicana becomes available for the first time in English. A collection of essays tracing the many memories of the past created by different individuals and groups in Mexico, the book addresses the problem of memory and changing ideas of time in the way Mexicans conceive of their history. Original in perspective and broad in scope, ranging from the Aztec concept of the world and history to the ideas of independence, this book should appeal to a wide readership.


Popular Myths About Memory

Author by : Brian H. Bornstein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : In Popular Myths about Memory, Brian H. Bornstein confronts popular myths about memory with scientific evidence on memory permanence, recovered memory and repression, amnesia, eyewitness memory, superior memory, and other topics. This book is recommended for scholars interested in psychology, media and film studies, communication studies, and sociology.


Researching Subcultures Myth And Memory

Author by : Bart van der Steen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 633
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Description : This book brings together contributions that analyse how subcultural myths develop and how they can be studied. Through critical engagement with (history) writing and other sources on subcultures by contemporaries, veterans, popular media and researchers, it aims to establish: how stories and histories of subcultures emerge and become canonized through the process of mythification; which developments and actors are crucial in this process; and finally how researchers like historians, sociologists, and anthropologists should deal with these myths and myth-making processes. By considering these issues and questions in relation to mythmaking, this book provides new insights on how to research the identity, history, and cultural memory of youth subcultures.


Goddesses In Myth And Cultural Memory

Author by : Emilie Kutash
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 900
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Description : How have the goddesses of ancient myth survived, prevalent even now as literary and cultural icons? How do allegory, symbolic interpretation, and political context transform the goddess from her regional and individual identity into a goddess of philosophy and literature? Emilie Kutash explores these questions, beginning from the premise that cultural memory, a collective cultural and social phenomenon, can last thousands of years. Kutash demonstrates a continuing practice of interpreting and allegorizing ancient myths, tracing these goddesses of archaic origin through history. Chapters follow the goddesses from their ancient near eastern prototypes, to their place in the epic poetry, drama and hymns of classical Greece, to their appearance in Platonic and Neoplatonic philosophy, Medieval allegory, and their association with Christendom. Finally, Kutash considers how goddesses were made into Jungian archetypes, and how some contemporary feminists made them a counterfoil to male divinity, thereby addressing the continued role of goddesses in perpetuating gender binaries.


Worlds In Shadow

Author by : Patrick Nunn
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 547
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Description : Discover ancient civilization that have disappeared beneath the ocean's surface and explore how the science of submergence adds to our knowledge of human history. The traces of much of human history--and that which preceded it--lie beneath the ocean surface; broken up, dispersed, often buried, and always mysterious. This is fertile ground for speculation, even myth-making, but also a topic on which geologists and climatologists have increasingly focused on in recent decades. We now know enough to tell the true story of some of the continents and islands that have disappeared throughout the Earth's history, to explain how and why such things happened, and to unravel the effects of submergence on the rise and fall of human civilizations. The implications of all this for our current situation and the challenges ahead are clear for all to see. Worlds in Shadow is the first book to present the science of submergence in a popular format. Patrick Nunn sifts the fact from the fiction, using the most up-to-date research to work out which submerged places may have actually existed versus those that probably only exist in myth. He looks at the descriptions of recently drowned lands that have been well-documented, those that could possibly be plausible, and those that almost certainly didn't exist. Reaching even further back, Nunn examines the presence of older, more ancient lands, submerged beneath the waves in a time that even the longest-reaching folk memory can't reach. Such places may have played important roles in human evolution, but can only be reconstructed through careful geological detective work. Finally, he considers why and how lands became submerged, whether from sea-level changes, tectonic changes, gravity collapse, giant waves or volcanoes, and looks to the future to uncover why, when and where land may disappear in the future, and what might be done to prevent it. In his engaging and accessible style, Patrick Nunn emphasises the importance of understanding the submerged lands of our past, but also brings an important sense of perspective to guard against the hyperbole that frequently occurs in the subject. Featuring research, examples, and stories from around the world, Worlds in Shadow is an important and grounded contribution to the science of submergence.


Myth Memory

Author by : Tshering Tashi
Languange : dz
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 14
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Description :


Myth Magic And Memory In Early Scandinavian Narrative Culture

Author by : Stephen A. Mitchell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 700
File Size : 42,5 Mb
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Description : In this volume, several neighbouring disciplines, such as memory studies, literature, folklore studies, history of religion, medieval history, archaeology, oral history, and Old Norse studies intersect. The articles deal with similar questions and present illustrative case studies. Old Norse poems are analysed with regard to their mythological content; folktales, folklore, and other cultural phenomena are discussed with special foci on remembrance of the supernatural, witches, trolls, and others. One of the recurring questions is how we remember the past and how the past is created in memory.00Myth, magic, and memory have together formed important, and often intertwined, elements to recent studies in the narrative culture of Viking-Age and Medieval Scandinavica. Analytical approaches to myth (prominent in the fields of history of religion, archaeology, language, and literature, and central to studies of visual cultures up to modern times), magic (drawing on a wealth of Norse folkloric and supernatural material that derives from pre-modern times and continues to impact on recent practices of performance and ritual), and memory (the concept of how we remember and actively construe the past) together combine to shed light on how people perceived the world around them.00Taking the intersection between these diverse fields as its starting point, this volume draws together contributions from across a variety of disciplines to offer new insights into the importance of myth, magic, and memory in pre-modern Scandinavia. Covering a range of related topics, from supernatural beings to the importance of mythology in later national historiographies, the chapters gathered here are written to honour the work of Stephen A. Mitchell, professor of Scandinavian Studies and Folklore at Harvard University, whose research has heavily influenced this multi-faceted field.


Imagining Europe

Author by : Chiara Bottici
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 151
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Description : In Imagining Europe, Chiara Bottici and Benoît Challand explore the formation of modern European identity. Europe has not always been there, although we have been imagining it for quite some time. Even after the birth of a polity called the European Union, the meaning of Europe remained a very much contested topic. What is Europe? What are its boundaries? Is there a specific European identity or is the EU just the name for a group of institutions? This book answers these questions, showing that in Europe's formation, myth and memory, although distinct, are often merged in a common attempt to construct an identity for its present and its future. In a time when Europe is facing an existential crisis, when its meaning is being questioned, Imagining Europe explores a vital and often unacknowledged aspect of the European project.


Sissi S World

Author by : Maura E. Hametz
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 771
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Description : Sissi's World offers a transdisciplinary approach to the study of the Habsburg Empress Elisabeth of Austria. It investigates the myths, legends, and representations across literature, art, film, and other media of one of the most popular, revered, and misunderstood female figures in European cultural history. Sissi's World explores the cultural foundations for the endurance of the Sissi legends and the continuing fascination with the beautiful empress: a Bavarian duchess born in 1837, the longest-serving Austrian empress, and the queen of Hungary who died in 1898 at the hands of a crazed anarchist. Despite the continuing fascination with “the beloved Sissi," the Habsburg empress, her impact, and legacy have received scant attention from scholars. This collection will go beyond the popular biographical accounts, recountings of her mythic beauty, and scattered studies of her well-known eccentricities to offer transdisciplinary cultural perspectives across art, film, fashion, history, literature, and media.


Myth Meaning And Memory On Roman Sarcophagi

Author by : Michael Koortbojian
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berkeley : University of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 119
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Description : "Koortbojian makes bold, original, and well-grounded claims regarding the structure of narrative as it appears on a series of mythological sarcophagi. He achieves remarkable clarity and depth with economical description and analysis. The book will interest students not only of Roman art but also of all visual narrative and mythology."--Leonard Barkan, Samuel Rudin Professor of English, New York University "Koortbojian makes bold, original, and well-grounded claims regarding the structure of narrative as it appears on a series of mythological sarcophagi. He achieves remarkable clarity and depth with economical description and analysis. The book will interest students not only of Roman art but also of all visual narrative and mythology."--Leonard Barkan, Samuel Rudin Professor of English, New York University


Myth And Memory In The Construction Of Community

Author by : Bo Stråth
Languange : en
Publisher by : Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 675
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Description : Across and beyond Europe, history is being rewritten in the wake of the Cold War's dissolution. An example of this process is the re-evaluation of the part played by resistance movements during World War II in country after country. This book deals with the role of myth and memory in the formation of collective identities with a particular emphasis on national identities. Myth and memory should not be seen as clearly demarcated from history. They are history in ceaseless transformation and reconstruction, the image of the past is continuously reconsidered and reconstituted in the light of an everchanging present. History is an interpretation of the past; not the past as it really was. The key question of this book concerns the role myth and memory play in the construction of communities, and what the distinction between collective myth and memory signifies. The discussion of this question is undertaken in theoretically oriented chapters as well as 15 case studies of national patterns from Scandinavia in the north to Italy and Israel in the south, and from the USA in the west to Russia in the east, as well as local community constructions in working-class districts in Glasgow and Roubaix and the national politics of architecture in Berlin and Rome. This book appears within the framework of a research project on the cultural construction of community in modernisation processes in comparison. This project is a joint enterprise of the European University Institute in Florence and the Humboldt University in Berlin sponsored by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Fund.


Memory And Myths Of The Norman Conquest

Author by : Siobhan Brownlie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 185
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Description : In an innovative approach drawn from Memory Studies, this book seeks to uncover how the Norman Conquest is popularly "remembered".


Myth And Memory

Author by : John Sutton Lutz
Languange : en
Publisher by : UBC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
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Description : The moment of contact between two peoples, two alien societies, marks the opening of an epoch and the joining of histories. What if it had happened differently? The stories that indigenous peoples and Europeans tell about their first encounters with one another are enormously valuable historical records, but their relevance extends beyond the past. Settler populations and indigenous peoples the world over are engaged in negotiations over legitimacy, power, and rights. These struggles cannot be dissociated from written and oral accounts of "contact" moments, which not only shape our collective sense of history but also guide our understanding of current events. For all their importance, contact stories have not been systematically or critically evaluated as a genre. Myth and Memory explores the narratives of indigenous and newcomer populations from New Zealand and across North America, from the Lost Colony of Roanoke on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States to the Pacific Northwest and as far as Sitka, Alaska. It illustrates how indigenous and explorer accounts of the same meetings reflect fundamentally different systems of thought, and focuses on the cultural misunderstandings embedded in these stories. The contributors discuss the contemporary relevance, production, and performance of Aboriginal and European contact narratives, and introduce new tools for interpreting the genre. They argue that we are still in the contact zone, striving to understand the meaning of contact and the relationship between indigenous and settler populations.


Sherman S March In Myth And Memory

Author by : Edward Caudill
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
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Description : General William Tecumseh Sherman's devastating "March to the Sea" in 1864 burned a swath through the cities and countryside of Georgia and into the history of the American Civil War. As they moved from Atlanta to Savannah-destroying homes, buildings, and crops; killing livestock; and consuming supplies-Sherman and the Union army ignited not only southern property, but also imaginations, in both the North and the South. By the time of the general's death in 1891, when one said "The March," no explanation was required. That remains true today. Legends and myths about Sherman began forming during the March itself, and took more definitive shape in the industrial age in the late-nineteenth century. Sherman's March in Myth and Memory examines the emergence of various myths surrounding one of the most enduring campaigns in the annals of military history. Edward Caudill and Paul Ashdown provide a brief overview of Sherman's life and his March, but their focus is on how these myths came about-such as one description of a "60-mile wide path of destruction"-and how legends about Sherman and his campaign have served a variety of interests. Caudill and Ashdown argue that these myths have been employed by groups as disparate as those endorsing the Old South aristocracy and its "Lost Cause," and by others who saw the March as evidence of the superiority of industrialism in modern America over a retreating agrarianism. Sherman's March in Myth and Memory looks at the general's treatment in the press, among historians, on stage and screen, and in literature, from the time of the March to the present day. The authors show us the many ways in which Sherman has been portrayed in the media and popular culture, and how his devastating March has been stamped into our collective memory.


Myth Memory And The Making Of The American Landscape

Author by : Paul A. Shackel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 83
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Description : "Penetrating insight into the processes by which our collective historical memory is constructed. Through a range of case studies, the authors explore how and why certain landscapes and monuments are intentionally endowed with specific messages, why certain stories are obscured or forgotten, and how collective memories change over time." --James Delle, Franklin and Marshall College The authors in this collection show how the creation of a collective memory of highly visible objects and landscapes is an ongoing struggle, their meanings always being constructed, changed, and challenged. The sites and symbols the authors address are nationally recognized and include a balance of places that illuminate class, ethnic, racial, and historical experiences. Focusing on material culture, they explore the tensions that exist among various groups--elite landowners, the National Park Service, preservationists, minority groups--who compete for control over the interpretation of American public history. CONTENTS Foreword, by Edward T. Linenthal Introduction: The Making of the American Landscape, by Paul A. Shackel Part I: An Exclusionary Past, by Paul A. Shackel 1. Of Saints and Sinners: Mythic Landscapes of the Old and New South, by Audrey J. Horning 2. The Woman Movement: Memorial to Women's Rights Leaders and the Perceived Images of the Women's Movement, by Courtney Workman 3. The Third Battle of Manassas: Power, Identity, and the Forgotten African-American Past, by Erika K. Martin Seibert 4. Remembering a Japanese-American Concentration Camp at Manzanar National Historic Site, by Janice L. Dubel 5. Wounded Knee: The Conflict of Interpretation, by Gail Brown Part II: Commemoration and the Making of a Patriotic Past, by Paul A. Shackel 6. Freeze-Frame, September 17, 1862: A Preservation Battle at Antietam National Battlefield Park, by Martha Temkin 7. The Robert Gould Shaw Memorial: Redefining the Role of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, by Paul A. Shackel 8. Buried in the Rose Garden: Levels of Meaning at Arlington National Cemetery and the Robert E. Lee Memorial, by Laurie Burgess Part III: Nostalgia and the Legitimation of American Heritage, by Paul A. Shackel 9. Authenticity, Legitimation, and Twentieth-Century Tourism: The John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Carriage Roads, Acadia National Park, Maine, by Matthew M. Palus 10. The Birthplace of a Chief: Archaeology and Meaning at George Washington Birthplace National Monument, by Joy Beasley 11. Nostalgia and Tourism: Camden Yards in Baltimore, by Erin Donovan 12. Abraham Lincoln's Birthplace Cabin: The Making of an American Icon, by Dwight T. Pitcaithley Paul A. Shackel, associate professor of anthropology at the University of Maryland, is the author of Archaeology and Created Memory: Public History in a National Park; Culture Change and the New Technology: An Archaeology of the Early American Industrial Era; and Personal Discipline and Material Culture: An Archaeology of Annapolis, Maryland, 1695-1870.


Myth Representation And Identity

Author by : M. Papachristophorou
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
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Description : Lipsi forms a modern construction that has disconnected from its past. Recently, the community has formed a collective identity reconstructed from fragments of collective memory. This book is an ethnographic account of the mythology proposed by the community and examines how history and collective memory tightly interconnect.


The Touch Of Time

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
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Description :


Chasing Dreamtime

Author by : Neva Sullaway
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 587
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Description : In this gritty memoir of a sea-going hitchhiker, Sullaway journeys through the South Pacific. After nearly two years at sea and imprisonment, shark attacks, and other near-death experiences, she pedals a "push bike" deep into the heart of the Australian outback, a desolate and scarcely inhabited area populated by few outside of the indigenous tribes. It is here that she catches a glimpse of the aboriginal concept of Dreamtime, an elusive spiritual interpretation that helps both Sullaway and the reader understand the journey's events.


Hughie O Donoghue

Author by : James Hamilton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Merrell Pub Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
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Description : Contemporary artist Hughie O'Donoghue has long been preoccupied by the experience of war and its legacy - not the grand military moments that formed the subject-matter of traditional history painting, but the story of the individual. The starting-point for O'Donoghue has been an engagement with his father's experiences as an infantryman in the Second World War, in France, Britain, Italy and Greece. His work is centred on two main themes: his father's retreat from France through the port of Cherbourg in June 1940, after the evacuation of Dunkirk; and the advance in Italy in 1944, including the Battle of Monte Cassino. O'Donoghue sees his body of work on the theme of war as "a visual equivalent of the Classical epic poem, with individual pictures functioning like chapters, verses, or lines". The analogy is carried through into the works themselves, many of which tell their often complicated story in a strikingly visual, semi-abstracted way through metaphor, symbolism and references that derive from ancient Greek mythology. The story of the individual, of the artist's father, thereby becomes the story of Everyman - a story at once intimate and anonymous. In this, the first major study of O'Donoghue's work, the themes of history, memory and identity are explored.


A Limbo Of Shards

Author by : Dennis Patrick Slattery
Languange : en
Publisher by : iUniverse
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
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Description : "A glance at these 30 essays reveals Professor Slattery's astoundingly vast and varied range of scholarly interests....These disciplines function for Dennis as modes of knowing, modes of imagining." --Peter C. Phan, Ignacio Ellacuria Chair of Catholic Social Thought, Georgetown University. Elizabeth Fergus-Jean, Ph.D., is an artist and professor at Columbus College of Art and Design in Ohio and faculty in the Humanities Program, Pacifica Graduate Institute. Her artwork appears on numerous book and journal covers.


Memory And Myth

Author by : David B. Sachsman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Purdue University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
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Description : "Ain't nobody clean" : Glory! and the politics of black agency / W. Scott Poole -- Alex Haley's Roots : the fiction of fact / William E. Huntzicker -- A voice of the south : the transformation of Shelby Foote / David W. Bulla.


Memory And Myth

Author by : Fiona Darroch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rodopi
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
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Description : This book investigates the problematical historical location of the term 'religion' and examines how this location has affected the analytical reading of postcolonial fiction and poetry. The adoption of the term 'religion' outside of a Western Enlightenment and Christian context should therefore be treated with caution. Within postcolonial literary criticism, there has been either a silencing of the category as a result of this caution or an uncritical and essentializing adoption of the term 'religion'. It is argued in the present study that a vital aspect of how writers articulate their histories of colonial contact, migration, slavery, and the re-forging of identities in the wake of these histories is illuminated by the classificatory term 'religion'. Aspects of postcolonial theory and Religious Studies theory are combined to provide fresh insights into the literature, thereby expanding the field of postcolonial literary criticism. The way in which writers 'remember' history through writing is central to the way in which 'religion' is theorized and articulated; the act of remembrance can be persuasively interpreted in terms of 'religion'. The title 'Memory and Myth' therefore refers to both the syncretic mythology of Guyana, and the key themes in a new critical understanding of 'religion'. Particular attention is devoted to Wilson Harris's novel Jonestown, alongside theoretical and historical material on the actual Jonestown tragedy; to the mesmerizing effect of the Anancy tales on contemporary writers, particularly the poet John Agard; and to the work of the Indo-Guyanese writer David Dabydeen and his elusive character Manu.


Myth Ritual Memory And Exchange

Author by : John Gould
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
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Description : How did Greek literature and culture interact? John Gould was one of the greatest writers on Greek civiliation of his generation. The most significant of his many essays, including several previously unpublished, are revised and gathered here.


Myths And Memories Of The Nation

Author by : Anthony D. Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 306
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Description : Nations and nationalism remain powerful phenomena in the contemporary world. Why do they continue to inspire such passion and attachments? Myths and Memories of the Nation explores the roots of nationalism by examining the myths, symbols and memories of the nation through a 'ethno-symbolic' approach. The book reveals the continuing power of myth and memory to mobilise, define and shape people and their destinies. It examines the variety and durability of ethnic attachments and national identities, and assesses the contemporary revival of ethnic conflicts and nationalism. The book analyses the depth of ethnic attachments and the persistence of nations to this day.


Memory Myth And Long Term Landscape Inhabitation

Author by : Adrian M. Chadwick
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxbow Books Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
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Description : In recent years in archaeology there has been increasing acknowledgement of the 'afterlife' of monuments and other features in the landscape, and the role of the past in the past, along with discussions of the spatial and chronological links manifested in monument complexes and ritual landscapes.


Salem

Author by : Dane Anthony Morrison
Languange : en
Publisher by : UPNE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
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Description : A superb collection of essays on Salem s rich history and cultural life over the past four centuries now with a new preface."


Quest For A Suitable Past

Author by : Claudia-Florentina Dobre
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central European University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 288
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Description : The past may be approached from a variety of directions. A myth reunites people around certain values and projects and pushes them in one direction or another. The present volume brings together a range of case studies of myth making and myth breaking in east Europe from the nineteenth century to the present day. In particular, it focuses on the complex process through which memories are transformed into myths. This problematic interplay between memory and myth-making is analyzed in conjunction with the role of myths in the political and social life of the region. The essays include cases of forging myths about national pre-history, about the endorsement of nation building by means of historiography, and above all, about communist and post-communist mythologies. The studies shed new light on the creation of local and national identities, as well as the legitimization of ideologies through myth-making. Together, the contributions show that myths were often instrumental in the vast projects of social and political mobilization during a period which has witnessed, among others, two world wars and the harsh oppression of the communist regimes. ÿ