Description : Discover how to best provide effective mental health treatments for criminal offenders Prisons and jails are increasingly being filled with inmates who suffer from mental illness and need treatment. Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System examines a wide range of the latest research and learned perspectives focusing on the intersection of mental health services and the criminal justice system. Top experts and academics discuss mental health treatment, its availability, it effectiveness, and just how cost effective it truly is to treat those in prisons and jails. This valuable text provides a broad interdisciplinary view of the topic and presents important qualitative and quantitative research of specific topics, such as the effectiveness of prisoner representatives, the causal link between incarceration and mental illness, and the expanding rates of correctional offenders with mental illness. Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System discusses a wide range of pertinent topics focusing on the viability and functioning of mental health treatment models in prisons and jails. Recommendations on desired correctional mental health programs are presented, along with strategies to better provide therapeutic services. Respected experts provide practical suggestions on research that needs to be addressed in the future. The book is extensively referenced and includes several tables and figures to clearly present data. Other topics in Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System include: the prevalence of mental illness in jails and prisons—and the duty society has to provide appropriate mental health treatment three components critical to the success of jail diversion programs ethics of doing research on prisoners an extended care community corrections model the experience of mitigation experts in first degree murder cases in the penalty phase of the trial the criminalization of the mentally ill because of fragmentation of mental health services correctional offenders with mental illness (OMIs)—and their differences from the general offender population the role of the helping alliance in juvenile probation settings and much more! Mental Health Issues in the Criminal Justice System is a timely, insightful text for anyone in the criminal justice or mental health fields, educators, graduate students, and upper-level undergraduate students.
Description : The first of its kind, Women's Mental Health Issues Across the Criminal Justice System is dedicated to giving the “most invisible” offenders in today's criminal justice system—mentally ill adolescent girls and women—a face and a voice. The book is organized around the subsystems of the U.S. criminal justice system. Each section highlights mental health research and policy issues and focuses on the impediments to treatment and service delivery as well as the model programs, assessments, and intervention processes that offer hope within and across the system.
Description : The Criminal Justice System is becoming a de facto provider of mental health care, according to a series of recent prison inspections and reports on policing and mental illness which have highlighted the crisis in mental health services. However, the pressures on prisons and other areas of the CJS mean that the needs of those with mental health problems are often overlooked. This book examines the experiences of people with mental health problems across all stages of the CJS and across all the points of contact – police, Courts and prisons between the CJS and people with mental health problems. Providing a clearly written, comprehensive introduction to the main themes in this field, it also has a clear critical edge highlighting the failings in the areas of penal and social policy that have resulted in increasing numbers of people with mental health problems being criminalised. Highlighting a very important social issue, Mental Health and the Criminal Justice System provides a thorough introduction to this subject for social work students and practitioners.
Description : This handbook guides non-lawyers in how to handle mental disability issues in criminal justice systems. The first chapter identifies the mental disability issues. These include the insanity defense, the defense of diminished capacity, the verdict of guilty but mentally ill, competency to stand trial, and violence prediction. The second chapter examines who evaluates the issues, namely, law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, defense attorneys, juries, and judges. The third chapter explains how mental disability issues are evaluated. This includes discussions on "shopping for experts" (psychiatrists or psychologists), the development of lay evidence, the development of mental disability history, and briefing the experts before they render opinions. The latter discussion focuses on lay evidence, mental disability history, facts and circumstances involved in the crime, the crime charged (legal elements, including intent), insanity defense and any diminished-capacity concept in the jurisdiction, the legal definition of guilty but mentally ill, and the legal definition of competency to stand trial. The concluding chapter addresses when the issues are evaluated. The decision making points in case processing are pre-indictment, pretrial preparation, the trial, post-trial, and the preparation of appeals.
Description : This textbook provides an overview for students in Criminology and Criminal Justice about the overlap between the criminal justice system and mental health. It provides an accessible overview of basic signs and symptoms of major mental illnesses and size of scope of justice-involved individuals with mental illness. In the United States, the criminal justice system is often the first public service to be in contact with individuals suffering from mental illness or in mental distress. Those with untreated mental illnesses are often at higher risk for committing criminal acts, yet research on this population continues to shed light on common myths – such a prevailing assumption that those with mental illness tend to commit more violent crimes. Law enforcement agents may be called in as first responders for cases of mental distress; and due to a lack of mental health facilities, resources, and pervasive misconceptions about this population, those with mental illness often end up in the corrections system. In this environment, students in Criminology and Criminal Justice are likely to encounter those with mental illness in their future career paths, and need to be prepared for this reality. This timely work covers the roles of each part of the criminal justice system interacting with mentally ill individuals, from law enforcement and first responders, social services, public health services, sentencing and corrections, to release and re-entry. It also covers the crucial topic of mental health for criminal justice professionals, who suffer from high rates of job stress, PTSD, and other mental health issues. The final section of the book includes suggestions for future research. This work will be of interest to students of criminology and criminal justice with an interest in working in the professional sector, as well as those in related fields of sociology, psychology, and public health. It will also be of interest to policy-makers and practitioners already working in the field. The overall goal of this work is to inform, educate, and inspire change.
Description : For a myriad of reasons the criminal justice system has become the de facto mental health system. This book explores how and why this is the case. Sensationalized cases often drive criminal justice policies that can sometimes be impulsively enacted and misguided. While there are chapters that examine competency, insanity, and inpatient and outpatient commitment, the primary focus of the book is on the bulk of encounters that clog the criminal justice system with persons with mental illnesses (pwmi). Criminal justice practitioners are often ill-equipped for dealing with pwmi in crises. However, via application of therapeutic jurisprudence principles some agencies are better preparing their employees for such encounters and attempting to stop the inhumane and costly recycling of pwmi through the criminal justice system. Coverage runs the gamut from deinstitutionalization, to specialized law enforcement responses, to mental health courts, to jails and prisons, to discharge planning, diversion, and reentry. Also, criminal justice practitioners in their own words provide insight into and examples of the interface between the mental health and criminal justice systems. Throughout the book the balance between maintaining public safety and preserving civil liberties is examined as the state's police power and parens patriae roles are considered. Reasoned, collaborative approaches for influencing and informing policies that are often driven by crises are discussed; this book also reflects more psychological underpinnings than the first edition, as one of the co-authors new to this edition is a forensic clinical psychologist.
Description : A valuable resource on practice and policy, aimed at minimising disadvantage to already vuinerable people, this groundbreaking book helps us mind the gap between two systems that can appear to be in conflict...over aims, methods, philosophy. Whilst the health and social care systems in the main treat and support those with mental disorders, the criminal justice system deals with them primarily as offenders, victims or witnesses. This latter approach tends to ignore their mental health needs. You will find help here in addressing problems in inter-agency working, and in gaining greater awareness of the ways in which people who have a mental disorder are vuinerable within and between both systems, be this in institutional settings or where they are detained by the police. The crucial issues of risk assessment and risk management for people with mental disorders, and diversion from custody, are fully covered. A relatively new and unexamined area of concern within the criminal justice system - that of mentally disordered people who are victims of or witnesses to a crime - is discussed.Each chapter contains helpful summaries and case studies which identify the relevant legal provisions, research evidence and related publications. The book as a whole will enable those working in the mental health system to become more aware of policy and practice in the criminal justice system - and vice versa. It will contribute to breaking down the barriers between the two systems, so that the rights and safety of mentally disordered people can be better balanced with the protection of the public.