Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications
Author: Gayanath Fernando
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2011-08-30
ISBN: 9780080559681
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book Excerpt:

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications
Author: Gayanath Fernando
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2008-05-15
ISBN: 9780444517036
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book Excerpt:

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

New Trends in Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

New Trends in Magnetism  Magnetic Materials  and Their Applications
Author: J.L. Morán-López,José M. Sánchez
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 1489913343
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Trends in Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book Excerpt:

During August 24-27, 1993, approximately 60 scientists from the Americas, Europe and Japan, gathered in the city of Guanajuato, in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico, at the II Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications. The group of scientists converging into the beautiful city of Guanajuato had come from Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Cuba, several places in Mexico, U. S. A. , Japan, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark. The event attested to the success of the previous Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications, held in Havana, Cuba, in 1991, as well as to the interest, level of activity and quality of the work being carried out in Latin America in the area of magnetism and magnetic materials. Equally important to everyone present was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Professor L. M. Falicov, on his sixtieth birthday. The choice of a Latin American Workshop on magnetism as a Festschrift for Leo Falicov was, in our opinion, quite appropriate not only because of Leo's strong ties to Latin America, but also because of his superb contributions to science, and in particular, to magnetism. Professor Falicov was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he spent a good part of his formative years.

Magnetic Multilayers

Magnetic Multilayers
Author: L H Bennett,R E Watson
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 396
Release: 1994-12-16
ISBN: 9814571067
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Multilayers Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on an increasingly important area of materials science and technology, namely, the fabrication and properties of artificial materials where slabs of magnetized materials are sandwiched between slabs of nonmagnetized materials. It includes reviews by experts on the theory and descriptions of the various experimental techniques such as those using nuclear or electron spin probes, as well as optical, X-ray or neutron probes. It also reviews potential applications such as the giant magnetoresistance, and one specialized preparation technique, the electrodeposition. The various chapters are tutorial in nature, making the subject accessible to nonspecialists, as well as useful to researchers in the field. Contents: Application of Magnetic Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Magnetic Coupling in Metallic Multilayers (Y Yafet)First-Principles Calculations of Magnetic Interfaces and Multilayers (M Weinert ' S Blügel)Influence of Imperfections on the Magnetic Properties of Fe/Ag Films and Multilayers (J Pirnay et al.)NMR Studies on Magnetic Multilayers (H A M de Gronckel ' W J M de Jonge)Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Magnetic Multilayers (Ch Sauer ' W Zinn)Resonance in Coupled Ferromagnetic Layer Structures (P E Wigen)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al.)Magneto-Optical Spectra in Multilayers (K Sato)Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Magnetic Multilayers (C F Majkrzak et al.)Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) in Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Electrodeposited Magnetic Multilayers (M P Dariel et al.) Readership: Graduate students, professional researchers and well-educated others (eg. contract officers). keywords:Magnetic Multilayers;Circular Dichroism;Giant Magnetoresistance;Magnetic Interfaces;Magnetic Multilayers: Effect of Imperfections;Conversion Electron Mossbauer Spectroscopy;Multilayer Magnetic Coupling;Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy;Neutron Diffraction;Magnetic Xray Diffraction;Magnetic Multilayer Fabrication;Supermirrors;Magnetic Recording;RKKY Coupling;Nuclear Magnetic Resonance;Ferromagnetic Resonance

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices
Author: E. Hirota,H. Sakakima,K. Inomata
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 179
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 3662047772
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices Book Excerpt:

This is one of the first application-orientated books on the subject. The main topics are magnetic sensors with high resolutions and magnetic read heads with high sensitivities, required for hard-disk drives with recording densities of several gigabytes. Another important subject is novel magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) with non-volatile non-destructive and radiation-hard characteristics.

Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Magnetism  Magnetic Materials and Their Applications
Author: F Leccabue,V Sagredo
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 380
Release: 1996-08-22
ISBN: 9814547638
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book Excerpt:

This volume is a collection of the papers presented at the III Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and Their Applications (Mérida, Venezuela, 20–24 November 1995), following those held in La Habana (Cuba) in 1991 and Guanajuato (México) in 1993. Recent research on magnetic materials with particular reference to fundamental properties, materials preparation and characterisation techniques, and applications are discussed in this volume. Contents:Magnetism in Finite Size Ising Aggregates (F Aguilera-Granja & J L Morán-López)Magnetic Anisotropy in Thin Films (D Givord & O F K McGrath)Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy in Rare Earth Intermetallics (M R Ibarra et al)Ferromagnetism vs Kondo Effect in Normal and Superconducting CeTyX4-y (J G Sereni et al)Magnetic Phase Transition and Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy of Rare-Earth Transition-Metal Alloys (R Grössinger & X C Kou)Giant Magnetoresistance and Related Effects in Multilayer and Granular Magnetic Materials for Practical Applications (N M Baibich)Magnetic Properties of Dilute PdMn Alloys (R E Parra & A C González)TbFe Amorphous Thin Films. Structural, Magnetic and Magnetoelastic Studies (A Hernando et al)Nanophase Exchange Coupled Alloys with Enhanced Hard Magnetic Properties (H A Davies)Exchange Interactions in Ferrimagnetic Rare Earth-Transition Metal Multilayers (A M Ayres & E E Marinero)Superparamagnetic Relaxation in Interacting γ-Fe2O3 Particles (D Fiorani et al)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al)Non-Frustrated Domains in Ising Lattices with Competing Interactions (E E Vogel et al)Thermomagnetic and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Nd3Fe29-xTix and (Nd1-xYx)3Fe27.3Ti1.7 Alloys (J L Sánchez et al)Electron Paramagnetic Resonance above the Ordering Temperature in La1-xCaxMnO3+δ (S B Oseroff et al)Spin-Polarisation at Cr/Fe and Mn/Fe Interfaces (C Demangeat et al)Interplay of Segregation, Phase Separation and Magnetism in Cobalt-Copper Slabs (A Díaz-Ortíz et al)High Temperature Behaviour of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Materials (R Grössinger et al)Preparation of Magnetic Oxide Thin Films (F Leccabue et al)Magnetic Interactions in Enhanced-Remanence Permanent Magnets (F P Missell et al)and other papers Readership: Professionals in the fields of physics, materials science and engineering. keywords:Magnetism;Magnetic;Material;Thin Film;Kondo;Amorphous;Metal

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers
Author: Randolph Quentin Hood
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 238
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers Book Excerpt:

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization
Author: Chi-hau Chen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9812704094
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization Book Excerpt:

Ultrasonic methods have been very popular in nondestructive testing and characterization of materials. This book deals with both industrial ultrasound and medical ultrasound. The advantages of ultrasound include flexibility, low cost, in-line operation, and providing data in both signal and image formats for further analysis. The book devotes 11 chapters to ultrasonic methods. However, ultrasonic methods can be much less effective with some applications. So the book also has 14 chapters catering to other or advanced methods for nondestructive testing or material characterization. Topics like structural health monitoring, Terahertz methods, X-ray and thermography methods are presented. Besides different sensors for nondestructive testing, the book places much emphasis on signal/image processing and pattern recognition of the signals acquired.

Magnetic Perovskites

Magnetic Perovskites
Author: Asish K Kundu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2016-02-11
ISBN: 8132227611
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Perovskites Book Excerpt:

Magnetic perovskite with multi functional properties (magneto-resistive, magneto-dielectric, multiferroics, spintronics, etc.) have attracted increasing attention due to their possible applications towards storage materials and intriguing fundamental Physics. Despite the numerous investigations on multi functional materials in the past few years, a very few magnetic perovskites have been known to realize as ferromagnetic-insulators. In perovskites centred transition metal oxides strong interplay between lattice, charge, spin and/or orbital degrees of freedom provide a fantastic playground to tune their physical properties. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the phenomenon and physics of complex magnetism (phase separation, spin glass, frustrations, etc.) in perovskite manganites and cobaltites via an experimental approach. The book is organized into four chapters; Chap. 1 gives a brief introduction of various interesting phenomena in magnetic perovskites. Chapter 2 describes the results of the investigations on electronic phase separation and glassy ferromagnetism of the hole-doped perovskite manganites and cobaltites. Ordered and disordered effects and related aspects in hole-doped perovskite cobaltites are described in Chap. 3. Finally, in Chap. 4 the bismuth based magnetic perovskite is discussed.

Solid State Chemistry

Solid State Chemistry
Author: Lesley E. Smart,Elaine A. Moore
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1439847924
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid State Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Building a foundation with a thorough description of crystalline structures, Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, Fourth Edition presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. Going beyond basic science, the book explains and analyzes modern techniques and areas of research. The book covers: A range of synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids Bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties STEM, ionic conductivity, nanotubes and related structures such as graphene, metal organic frameworks, and FeAs superconductors Biological systems in synthesis, solid state modeling, and metamaterials This largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes basic crystallography and structure determination, as well as practical examples of applications and modern developments to offer students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course. New in the Fourth Edition Coverage of multiferroics, graphene, and iron-based high temperature superconductors, the techniques available with synchrotron radiation, and metal organic frameworks (MOFs) More space devoted to electron microscopy and preparative methods New discussion of conducting polymers in the expanded section on carbon nanoscience

Magnetic Ultrathin Films Multilayers and Surfaces Volume 384

Magnetic Ultrathin Films  Multilayers and Surfaces  Volume 384
Author: E. E. Marinero,A. Fert,H. Fujimori,G. Guntherodt,B. Heinrich,W.F. Egelhoff, Jr.
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 584
Release: 1995-11-02
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Ultrathin Films Multilayers and Surfaces Volume 384 Book Excerpt:

The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aeronautics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Excerpt:

Functional Oxides

Functional Oxides
Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2011-03-29
ISBN: 9781119972945
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Oxides Book Excerpt:

Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.

Metallic Multilayers

Metallic Multilayers
Author: A. Chamberod,J. Hillairet
Publsiher: Trans Tech Publication
Total Pages: 656
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallic Multilayers Book Excerpt:

This book contains a series of lectures given in a Summer School held in Aussois (France) in September 1989. It offers a global perspective on the current state-of-the-art in the rapidly emerging field of metallic multilayered structures.

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications
Author: Donglu Shi,Bekir Aktas,Ladisvlav Pust,Faik Mikailov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2002-11-07
ISBN: 3540441026
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book Excerpt:

T a a a a a . T a a- a - a a a a a a a a b a a a a a- a .T a a a b a a a a .I b a- a a a a a a ,a a a .O a a a a a a a a a b a a a a a a a . T a , a a a a b a a ? . T a a a a .T a a a , a a a a a a a a a . Ab ba a a b a a a a a a a a . T a a a a a a b a a - .Ma a a a a a a a a a a a , a - , , a a a , a a a , , a , .I a , a , GMR a a a a a a a a a , a a , a RAM .E , a a , , a . a b a - a.T a ab a a a a a a a a a . I , a 21 a a a a a a a a .

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films
Author: Janos H. Fendler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2008-11-21
ISBN: 3527612068
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films Book Excerpt:

In this concise handbook leading experts give a broad overview of the latest developments in this emerging and fascinating field of nano-sized materials. Coverage includes new techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles as well as an in-depth treatment of their characterization and chemical and physical properties. The future applications of these advanced materials are also discussed. The wealth of information included makes this an invaluable guide for graduate students as well as scientists in materials science, chemistry or physics - looking for a comprehensive treatment of the topic.

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing
Author: Karl Heinz Hoffmann,Arnd Meyer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2007-06-24
ISBN: 3540335412
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing Book Excerpt:

This book presents advances in high performance computing as well as advances accomplished using high performance computing. It contains a collection of papers presenting results achieved in the collaboration of scientists from computer science, mathematics, physics, and mechanical engineering. From science problems to mathematical algorithms and on to the effective implementation of these algorithms on massively parallel and cluster computers, the book presents state-of-the-art methods and technology, and exemplary results in these fields.

MEMS A Practical Guide of Design Analysis and Applications

MEMS  A Practical Guide of Design  Analysis  and Applications
Author: Jan Korvink,Oliver Paul
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 965
Release: 2010-05-28
ISBN: 3540336559
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

MEMS A Practical Guide of Design Analysis and Applications Book Excerpt:

A new generation of MEMS books has emerged with this cohesive guide on the design and analysis of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Leading experts contribute to its eighteen chapters that encompass a wide range of innovative and varied applications. This publication goes beyond fabrication techniques covered by earlier books and fills a void created by a lack of industry standards. Subjects such as transducer operations and free-space microsystems are contained in its chapters. Satisfying a demand for literature on analysis and design of microsystems the book deals with a broad array of industrial applications. This will interest engineering and research scientists in industry and academia.

Advances in Chemistry

Advances in Chemistry
Author: J Gopalakrishnan,G U Kulkarni
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2003-09-12
ISBN: 9814485055
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This invaluable book comprises assorted recent papers of Professor C N R Rao, a well-known chemist. It presents current trends in materials chemistry and physics, offering in-depth information to young researchers and pleasant reading to experts. Advances in Chemistry brings out the single-minded dedication of Professor Rao to the promotion of science. Contents:Highlights of Materials ChemistryTransition Metal Oxides (Including Cuprate Superconductors)Colossal Magnetoresistance, Charge Ordering and Related Aspects of Rare Earth ManganatesNanoparticlesNanotubes and NanowiresMolecular SolidsPorous SolidsOpen Framework Materials Readership: Students and researchers in industry and academia. Keywords:Metal Oxides;Magnetoresistance;Nanoparticles;Molecular Solids;Porous Solids

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems Fundamentals and Applications MH2000

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems  Fundamentals and Applications  MH2000
Author: Colin A. Sholl
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 998
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Hydrides
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Metal Hydrogen Systems Fundamentals and Applications MH2000 Book Excerpt: