Method And Morals In Constitutional Economics

Author by : Geoffrey Brennan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This Festschrift was "presented" in electronic form to Buchanan on the occasion of his eightieth birthday on October 3, 1999, after dinner in Fairfax, Virginia. As one might have expected, the response to our call for papers was vo luminous. In looking over the many contributions, we felt that a "published" Festschrift was also possible and fitting for the eightieth birthday of so prodi gious and influential a scholar as Professor Buchanan. To that end we have assembled the following volume. In selecting the papers to be included here we have basically tried to choose those papers which in some way bear on Buchanan's contributions. Perfectly good papers about issues not related to Buchanan's research agenda or not referring directly to Buchanan's work were not included. Space constraints did not allow universal coverage, so choices had to be made. It should be stated clearly that these were our choices based on the criterion that the contribution be relevant to Buchanan's work. Buchanan had nothing whatsoever to do with the selection of papers for this volume. Once choices had been made, we arranged the papers by subject matter ranging from various aspects of Buchanan's work in economics, political science, philosophy, and related areas, to some more personal recollections of Jim as a professor, friend, and colleague. Including the latter material was also our decision, and this probably represents a choice with which Jim would not have agreed. We think, however, that the reader will find these pieces interesting and informative.


Moral Science And Moral Order

Author by : James M. Buchanan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This volume presents a representative sampling of James M. Buchanan’s philosophical views as he deals with fundamental problems of moral science and moral order. As one might expect, Buchanan always goes back to fundamental principles first. From there, his observations and conclusions range far and wide from his own discipline. The thirty essays collected in Moral Science and Moral Order are divided into these categories: 1.Methods and Models 2.Belief and Consequence 3.Moral Community and Moral Order 4.Moral Science, Equality, and Justice 5.Contractarian Encounters In his foreword, Hartmut Kliemt says, "The British and Scottish Moralists of the Enlightenment period would have felt very comfortable with James Buchanan. Like them, Buchanan may be seen as a 'man of letters’ who concerns himself with fundamental problems of moral science and moral order. But, also like them, Buchanan is not a secondhand dealer in old ideas. On the contrary, taking as inspiration classical philosopher-economists (in particular, Adam Smith), Buchanan not only proposes new applications of the neoclassical economic paradigm, he also addresses, in innovative ways, fundamental issues of his discipline and beyond.” Kliemt’s lengthy foreword highlights some of the major philosophical currents with which Buchanan is engaged in the papers collected in this volume. His introduction to these philosophies provides an excellent grounding for economists and all readers who may not be familiar with the philosophical and fundamental issues Buchanan undertakes. James M. Buchanan is an eminent economist who won the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986 and is considered one of the greatest scholars of liberty in the twentieth century. The entire series will include: Volume 1: The Logical Foundations of Constitutional Liberty Volume 2: Public Principles of Public Debt Volume 3: The Calculus of Consent Volume 4: Public Finance in Democratic Process Volume 5: The Demand and Supply of Public Goods Volume 6: Cost and Choice Volume 7: The Limits of Liberty Volume 8: Democracy in Deficit Volume 9: The Power to Tax Volume 10: The Reason of Rules Volume 11: Politics by Principle, Not Interest Volume 12: Economic Inquiry and Its Logic Volume 13: Politics as Public Choice Volume 14: Debt and Taxes Volume 15: Externalities and Public Expenditure Theory Volume 16: Choice, Contract, and Constitutions Volume 17: Moral Science and Moral Order Volume 18: Federalism, Liberty, and the Law Volume 19: Ideas, Persons, and Events Volume 20: Indexes


The Problematics Of Moral And Legal Theory

Author by : Richard A. Posner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Belknap Press
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Description : Ambitious legal thinkers have become mesmerized by moral philosophy, believing that great figures in the philosophical tradition hold the keys to understanding and improving law and justice and even to resolving the most contentious issues of constitutional law. They are wrong, contends Richard Posner in this book. Posner characterizes the current preoccupation with moral and constitutional theory as the latest form of legal mystificationâe"an evasion of the real need of American law, which is for a greater understanding of the social, economic, and political facts out of which great legal controversies arise. In pursuit of that understanding, Posner advocates a rebuilding of the law on the pragmatic basis of open-minded and systematic empirical inquiry and the rejection of cant and nostalgiaâe"the true professionalism foreseen by Oliver Wendell Holmes a century ago.A bracing book that pulls no punches and leaves no pieties unpunctured or sacred cows unkicked, The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory offers a sweeping tour of the current scene in legal studiesâe"and a hopeful prospect for its future.


Theoretical Foundations Of Law And Economics

Author by : Mark D. White
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : A book-length examination of the methodology and philosophy of law and economics.


An Outline Of Moralogy

Author by : Morarojī Kenkyūjo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Constitutional Economics

Author by : Stefan Voigt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 45
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Description : This concise survey of the questions, methods, and empirical findings central to constitutional political economy fills a gap in the literature of political economy. Voigt, a pioneer of the field, demonstrates how constitutional rules affect political economy, appealing to both scholars of the field and readers with no familiarity of the topic.


Constitutional Economics And Public Institutions

Author by : Francisco Cabrillo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Total Read : 15
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Description : This extensive book explores in detail a wide range of topics within the public choice and constitutional political economy tradition, providing a comprehensive overview of current work across the field. The expert contributions are underpinned by the notion of moving economic thinking away from the analysis of the logic of a situation given a set of well-established and well-enforced Ôrules of the gameÕ towards a deeper analysis of the logic behind the selection of the rules of the game themselves. Within this context, the theme of choice between rules (as well as the more conventional analysis within rules) across historical time and place, and in various thought experiments and conceptual situations, is explored in detail. Extensive case studies back theory with empirical evidence, and topics discussed include: the foundations of constitutional economics; constitutional political economy; political competition and voting; public choice and public policy; and extensions to public choice theory. This stimulating book will prove a thought-provoking read for academics and both under- and post-graduate students in the fields of economics (particularly public choice and Austrian economics), public policy and political science.


The Constitutionalization Of The World Trade Organization

Author by : Deborah Z. Cass
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
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Total Read : 30
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Description : It aims to disentangle debates about the various meanings of the term 'constitution' as applied to the WTO, and to reflect on the significance of those meanings for more general international law conceptions of constitutions."--Jacket.


Religion In Politics

Author by : Michael J. Perry
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
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Total Read : 18
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Description : In this book, Michael Perry addresses several fundamental questions about the proper role of religion in the politics of a liberal democracy, which is a central, recurring issue in the politics of the United States. The controversy about religion in politics comprises both constitutional and moral questions. According to the constitutional law of the United States, government may not "establish" religion. Given this "nonestablishment" requirement, what role (if any) is it constitutionally permissible for religion to play in the politics of the United States? Does a legislator or other public official, or even an ordinary citizen, violate the nonestablishment requirement by presenting a religious argument in public debate about what political choice to make? Not every liberal democracy is constitutionally committed to an ideal of nonestablishment. Even in the absence of such a constitutional requirement, however, fundamental political-moral questions remain. Is it morally appropriate for citizens - in particular, legislators and other public officials - to present religious arguments about the morality of human conduct in public political debate? Is it morally appropriate for them to rely on such arguments in making a political choice? In addressing these and other questions, Perry criticizes recent work by Kent Greenawalt, John Rawls, and John Finnis.


Law Language And Ethics

Author by : William Bishin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : This is a compilation of extracts from instructive cases, as well as authoritative commentary, on the roles of language and ethics in law. The book touches on aspects of language and ethics, including professional responsibility, decision making, methods of perception, and concepts of reality.


The Public Choice Approach To Politics

Author by : Dennis C. Mueller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Total Read : 65
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Description : Reproduces 26 articles on public choice and public economics by Mueller, written over 20 years. Employing the contractarian-constitutional methodology of public choice, he examines the properties of several voting methods, representational systems and questions of equity and justice.


The Moral Foundations Of The American Republic

Author by : Robert H. Horwitz
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Virginia Press
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Description : Essays from 2 conferences held under the auspices of the Kenyon Public Affairs Forum at Kenyon College. Includes bibliographical references and index.


The Economics Of Justice

Author by : Richard A. Posner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Harvard University Press
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Total Read : 45
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Description : Posner uses economic analysis to probe justice and efficiency, primitive law, privacy, and the constitutional regulation of racial discrimination.


Political Pluralism Disagreement And Justice

Author by : Julian F. Müller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 46
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Description : This book poses the question: How can we organize society in such a way that our disagreement about facts and norms works to the benefit of everyone? In response, it makes the argument for polycentric democracy, a political arrangement consisting of various political units that enjoy different degrees of independence. It is argued that to progress towards justice, we first need to change our attitude towards reasonable disagreement. Theorists have always viewed reasonable disagreement as nuisance, if not as a threat. However, this work puts forward that the diversity of perspectives which underlie reasonable disagreement should be viewed as a resource to be harvested rather than a threat to be tamed. Resting on two key arguments, the author proposes the idea of polycentric democracy as the most capable method of making pluralism productive. The book explores what such a political order might look like and concludes that only an institutional system which is capable of profiting from diversity, such as polycentric democracy, might reasonably be expected to generate an overlapping consensus. Continuing in the tradition of Karl Popper and Friedrich August von Hayek, this book lies at the intersection of philosophy, political economy and political theory. It will be of great interest to academics and scholars working in philosophy, politics and economics.


Problems And Methods In The Study Of Politics

Author by : Sterling Professor of Political Science and Henry R Luce Director of the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies Ian Shapiro
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : The study of politics seems endlessly beset by debates about method. At the core of these debates is a single unifying concern: should political scientists view themselves primarily as scientists, developing ever more sophisticated tools and studying only those phenomena to which such tools may fruitfully be applied? Or should they instead try to illuminate the large, complicated, untidy problems thrown up in the world, even if the chance to offer definitive explanations is low? Is there necessarily a tension between these two endeavours? Are some domains of political inquiry more amenable to the building up of reliable, scientific knowledge than others, and if so, how should we deploy our efforts? In this book, some of the world s most prominent students of politics offer original discussions of these pressing questions, eschewing narrow methodological diatribes to explore what political science is and how political scientists should aspire to do their work.


Constitutional Confrontation In Hong Kong

Author by : Michael C. Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Palgrave Macmillan
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Description : An examination of China's accommodation of Western constitutional values, in the light of the pending return of British Hong Kong to China. The Joint Declaration which governs the return guarantees a continuance of these values, and this study looks at the resulting tensions between East and West.


Journal Of Economic Literature

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 40
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Description :


The Limits Of Economic Science

Author by : R.B. McKenzie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 32
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Description : The essays in this volume were a challenge to me to write. I am an economist to the core, inclined to evaluate most observed behavior and public policies with conventional neoclassical theory. The essays represent my attempt to come to grips with the meaning and importance of what I try to do as a professional economist. They reflect my attempt to acquire a new and improved understanding of the usefulness and limitations of the writings of professional economists, especially my own. In this regard, although I hope others will find the thoughts useful, the volume represents a personal statement of how one economist views his and others' work. For that reason the discussion is often openly normative, tinged with the conviction that social discourse is more than costs and benefits and that economics cannot be fully evaluated by the methods - economic methods - that are the subject of the evaluation. These essays could not have been written without considerable encouragement and help from colleagues and friends. The following people are recognized for having read one or more chapters and for having contributed critical, substantive comments: Diana Bailey, Wilfred Beckerman, Geoffrey Brennan, William Briet, James Buchanan, Delores Martin, David Maxwell, Mary Ann McKenzie, Warren Samuels, Robert Staaf, Richard Wagner, Karen Vaughn, and Bruce Yandle. I am very much in their debt. However, they should not be held accountable for any of the positions taken and any errors that may remain.


Interests And Values

Author by : Tibor Pichler
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRVP
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Total Read : 21
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Public Service Ethics And Constitutional Practice

Author by : John Anthony Rohr
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 26
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Description : This text encourages civil servants to reflect on specific constitutional principles and events and learn to apply them to the decisions they make. It includes 20 articles which seek to legitimate public service by grounding its ethics in constitutional practice.


The Constitution Of The Post Economic State

Author by : Vladislav L. Inozemtsev
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : First published in 1998, this author illustrates clearly how, on the threshold of the new millennium, the world is entering a post-economic era. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of modern socio-economic trends, the author brings forward a new paradigm for understanding contemporary economic processes that change the substance of our civilization.


Revoking The Moral Order

Author by : David J. Peterson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Description : How did the concept of Western liberalism, rooted in the notions of religious toleration and universal human rights, evolve into the "anything goes" moral relativism of our own late twentieth century society? This is the question at the heart of David Peterson's fascinating examination of the Positivist tradition, one of the most far-reaching philosophical movements of the past two centuries. The book begins prior to the official birth of Positivism with the rise of British Empiricism under David Hume and John Locke. From there, Peterson shifts focus to the writings of the French free thinker Auguste Comte, before moving on to the work of the late nineteenth century "Vienna Circle," and finally to the corpus of three seminal thinkers of the twentieth century: Bertrand Russell, Friedrich von Hayek, and Karl Popper. By weaving together contemporary social and political debates (such as the rise and fall of "supply-side" economics and the abortion controversy) with their antecedents in modern intellectual history, Revoking the Moral Order not only brings to life seemingly arcane philosophical texts but also provides important context for contemporary issues that sometimes seem to be without precedent. This book will especially appeal to philosophers and historians and to the educated general reader seeking historical insight into the social and intellectual dilemmas of our time.


Ethics Done Right

Author by : Elijah Millgram
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Ethics Done Right examines how practical reasoning can be put into the service of ethical and moral theory. Elijah Millgram demonstrates that the key to thinking about ethics is to understand generally how to make decisions. The papers in this volume support a methodological approach and trace the connections between two kinds of theory in utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, virtue ethics, Hume's moral philosophy, and moral particularism. Unlike other studies of ethics, the book does not advocate a particular moral theory. Rather, it offers a tool that enables one to decide for oneself.


Economic Liberty And The Constitution

Author by : Jacob G. Hornberger
Languange : en
Publisher by : The Future of Freedom Foundation
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Description : The American people are engaged in one of the most epic battles of all time — the battle between socialism and economic liberty. For most of the 20th century and into the 21st century, the United States has moved in the direction of welfare-state socialism. This essay — Economic Liberty and the Constitution — which originally appeared in a multipart series of essays in 2002 and 2003 in The Future of Freedom Foundation’s journal Future of Freedom, focuses on the battle over economic liberty that took place within the judiciary. The essay describes our heritage of economic liberty, tells how it was lost, and explains why it is such an important part of freedom.


Constitutional Law

Author by : Gerald Gunther
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 86
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Description : Already used in more than 120 schools, the new edition of this highly regarded casebook will maintain the structure of recent editions while thouroughly streamlining material & updating the cases covered. In addition, a detailed Teacher's Manual will be prepared to assist current & new users in understanding the breadth & depth of this leading publication.