Methods for Phase Diagram Determination

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination
Author: Ji-Cheng Zhao
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2011-05-05
ISBN: 9780080549965
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination Book Excerpt:

Phase diagrams are "maps" materials scientists often use to design new materials. They define what compounds and solutions are formed and their respective compositions and amounts when several elements are mixed together under a certain temperature and pressure. This monograph is the most comprehensive reference book on experimental methods for phase diagram determination. It covers a wide range of methods that have been used to determine phase diagrams of metals, ceramics, slags, and hydrides. * Extensive discussion on methodologies of experimental measurements and data assessments * Written by experts around the world, covering both traditional and combinatorial methodologies * A must-read for experimental measurements of phase diagrams

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination
Author: Ji-Cheng Zhao
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 505
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9780080446295
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination Book Excerpt:

Phase diagrams are "maps" materials scientists often use to design new materials. They define what compounds and solutions are formed and their respective compositions and amounts when several elements are mixed together under a certain temperature and pressure. This monograph is the most comprehensive reference book on experimental methods for phase diagram determination. It covers a wide range of methods that have been used to determine phase diagrams of metals, ceramics, slags, and hydrides. * Extensive discussion on methodologies of experimental measurements and data assessments * Written by experts around the world, covering both traditional and combinatorial methodologies * A must-read for experimental measurements of phase diagrams

Phase Diagrams

Phase Diagrams
Author: Flake C. Campbell
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2012
ISBN: 1615039864
Category: TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Diagrams Book Excerpt:

This well-written text is for non-metallurgists and anyone seeking a quick refresher on an essential tool of modern metallurgy. The basic principles, construction, interpretation, and use of alloy phase diagrams are clearly described with ample illustrations for all important liquid and solid reactions. Gas-metal reactions, important in metals processing and in-service corrosion, also are discussed. Get the basics on how phase diagrams help predict and interpret the changes in the structure of alloys.

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics
Author: Gesina C. Carter
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1549
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ceramics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics Book Excerpt:

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 700
Release: 1968
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Weights and measures
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NBS Special Publication Book Excerpt:

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 704
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog Book Excerpt:

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion Volume 2

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion  Volume 2
Author: Aloke Paul,Sergiy Divinski
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2017-04-13
ISBN: 0128045787
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion Volume 2 Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion, Volume 2: Diffusion Analysis in Material Applications covers the basic fundamentals, techniques, applications, and latest developments in the area of solid-state diffusion, offering a pedagogical understanding for students, academicians, and development engineers. Both experimental techniques and computational methods find equal importance in the second of this two volume set. Volume 2 covers practical issues on diffusion phenomena in bulk, thin film, and in nanomaterials. Diffusion related problems and analysis of methods in industrial applications, such as electronic industry, high temperature materials, nuclear materials, and superconductor materials are discussed. Presents a handbook with a short mathematical background and detailed examples of concrete applications of the sophisticated methods of analysis Enables readers to learn the basic concepts of experimental approaches and the computational methods involved in solid-state diffusion Covers bulk, thin film, and nanomaterials Introduces the problems and analysis in important materials systems in various applications Collates contributions from academic and industrial problems from leading scientists involved in developing key concepts across the globe

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1978 Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1978 Catalog
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 696
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Government publications
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1978 Catalog Book Excerpt:

CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide

CALPHAD  Calculation of Phase Diagrams   A Comprehensive Guide
Author: N. Saunders,A.P. Miodownik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 478
Release: 1998-06-09
ISBN: 9780080528434
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide Book Excerpt:

This monograph acts as a benchmark to current achievements in the field of Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, often called CALPHAD which is an acronym for Computer CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It also acts as a guide to both the basic background of the subject area and the cutting edge of the topic, combining comprehensive discussions of the underlying physical principles of the CALPHAD method with detailed descriptions of their application to real complex multi-component materials. Approaches which combine both thermodynamic and kinetic models to interpret non-equilibrium phase transformations are also reviewed.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application
Author: Muyu Zhao,Lizhu Song,Xiaobao Fan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2011-05-30
ISBN: 364202940X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application Book Excerpt:

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application -- Rules for Phase Diagram Construction with Phase Regions and Their Boundaries presents a novel theory of phase diagrams. Thoroughly revised on the basis of the Chinese edition and rigorously reviewed, this book inspects the general feature and structure of phase diagrams, and reveals that there exist actually two categories of boundaries. This innovative boundary theory has solved many difficulties in understanding phase diagrams, and also finds its application in constructing multi-component phase diagrams or in calculating high-pressure phase diagrams. Researchers and engineers as well as graduate students in the areas of chemistry, metallurgy and materials science will benefit from this book. Prof. Muyu Zhao was the recipient of the 1998 Prize for Progress in Science and Technology (for his work on the boundary theory of phase diagrams) awarded by the National Commission of Education, China, and many other prizes.

Intermetallic Chemistry

Intermetallic Chemistry
Author: Riccardo Ferro,Adriana Saccone
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 813
Release: 2010-03
ISBN: 0080553354
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intermetallic Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Intermetallic science is closely related to physics, chemistry, metallurgy, materials science & technology, and engineering. This book emphasizes the chemical aspects of this science, and therefore the mutual reactivity of metals and the characteristics of intermetallic compounds. Topics included are: OCo Phase diagrams of alloy systems. Many intermetallic systems form several compounds, generally not obeying common simple stoichiometric rules, which are often homogeneous in a certain range of compositions. The stability and extension of these phases are conveniently presented through phase diagrams. OCo Selected aspects of intermetallics structural chemistry, with emphasis on the solid state. The general structural characteristics of intermetallic phases are considered, with attention to nomenclature and to alternative and complementary methods of presenting crystal-chemical data. A brief account is given of derivative and degenerate structures, modular aspects of crystal structures, and of a few special groups of alloys such as quasicrystals and amorphous alloys. A number of selected structural prototypes with typical features, their possible grouping in structural OC familieso and their distribution among different types of alloys are provided. OCo Intermetallic reactivity trends in the Periodic Table. Attention is given to a few selected elemental parameters such as electron configuration and valence electron number and to their changes along the Table, which act as reference factors of the intermetallic behaviour. As an example, the relationships are considered between crystal structure and the number of valence electrons per atom (or per formula) in various classes of compounds or solid solution phases. OCo Alloying behaviour systematics of intermetallic systems with a description of the intermetallic reactivity of each element, or group of elements, in the order of their position in the Periodic Table. For each pair of metallic elements, their capability to form intermediate phases is summarised by maps and schemes. OCo A description of small scale preparation methods of intermetallics. A number of interesting and significant peculiarities are, e.g., those related to their high melting points, insolubility in common solvents, etc. A Systematic treatment of alloying behaviour A Wide overview of intermetallic chemistry A Illustrated, with many examples"

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design
Author: John N. Lalena,David A. Cleary
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2010-02-12
ISBN: 0470567538
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design Book Excerpt:

Unique interdisciplinary approach enables readers to overcome complex design challenges Integrating concepts from chemistry, physics, materials science, metallurgy, and ceramics, Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition offers a unique interdisciplinary approach that enables readers to grasp the complexities of inorganic materials. The book provides a solid foundation in the principles underlying the design of inorganic materials and then offers the guidance and tools needed to create specific materials with desired macroscopic properties. Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition begins with an introduction to structure at the microscopic level and then progresses to smaller-length scales. Next, the authors explore both phenomenological and atomistic-level descriptions of transport properties, the metal?nonmetal transition, magnetic and dielectric properties, optical properties, and mechanical properties. Lastly, the book covers phase equilibria, synthesis, and nanomaterials. Special features include: Introduction to the CALPHAD method, an important, but often overlooked topic More worked examples and new end-of-chapter problems to help ensure mastery of the concepts Extensive references to the literature for more in-depth coverage of particular topics Biographies introducing twentieth-century pioneers in the field of inorganic materials science This Second Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the latest findings and featuring expanded discussions of such key topics as microstructural aspects, density functional theory, dielectric properties, mechanical properties, and nanomaterials. Armed with this text, students and researchers in inorganic and physical chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering will be equipped to overcome today's complex design challenges. This textbook is recommended for senior-level undergraduate and graduate course work.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Power resources
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Excerpt:

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications
Author: Anthony R. West
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 752
Release: 1991-01-08
ISBN: 9780471908746
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications Book Excerpt:

The first broad account offering a non-mathematical, unified treatment of solid state chemistry. Describes synthetic methods, X-ray diffraction, principles of inorganic crystal structures, crystal chemistry and bonding in solids; phase diagrams of 1, 2 and 3 component systems; the electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of solids; three groups of industrially important inorganic solids--glass, cement, and refractories; and certain aspects of organic solid state chemistry, including the ``organic metal'' of new materials.

Combinatorial Materials Synthesis

Combinatorial Materials Synthesis
Author: Xiao-Dong Xiang,Ichiro Takeuchi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2003-08-19
ISBN: 020391273X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Combinatorial Materials Synthesis Book Excerpt:

Pioneered by the pharmaceutical industry and adapted for the purposes of materials science and engineering, the combinatorial method is now widely considered a watershed in the accelerated discovery, development, and optimization of new materials. Combinatorial Materials Synthesis reveals the gears behind combinatorial materials chemistry and thin-

Developments in Food Engineering

Developments in Food Engineering
Author: T. Yano, R. Matsuno and K. Nakamura
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1085
Release: 2013-11-21
ISBN: 1461526744
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developments in Food Engineering Book Excerpt:

The necessity of prediction and fine control in the food manufacturing process is becoming more important than ever before, and food researchers and engineers must confront difficulties arising from the specificity of food materials and the sensitivity of human beings to taste. Fortunately, an overview of world research reveals that the mechanisms of the many complex phenomena found in the food manufacturing process have been gradually elucidated by skilful experiments using new analytical tools, methods and theoretical analyses. This book, the proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Engineering and Food (ICEF6), held for the first time in Asia - in Chiba, Japan May 23 -27, 1993 - summarizes the frontiers of world food engineering in 1993. Congress was joined by the 4th International Conference on Fouling and Cleaning. There were 476 active members from 31 countries participating in the Congress. The editors hope that readers will find this book to be a useful review of the current state of food engineering, and will consider future developments in this research field. The editors extend thanks to the members of the organizing committee of ICEF6, and the advisors, Dr. Ryozo Toei, Professor Emeritus of Kyoto University and Dr. Masao Fujimaki, Professor Emeritus of the University of Tokyo. They also acknowledge the international advisory board members who helped the organizing committee in many ways, and the 10 foundations and 66 companies that financially supported the ICEF6. Finally, the editors are indebted to the reviewers of the manuscripts of these proceedings.

Membrane Protein Crystallization

Membrane Protein Crystallization
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2009-05-29
ISBN: 9780080961590
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane Protein Crystallization Book Excerpt:

This volume of Current Topics in Membranes focuses on Membrane Protein Crystallization, beginning with a review of past successes and general trends, then further discussing challenges of mebranes protein crystallization, cell free production of membrane proteins and novel lipids for membrane protein crystallization. This publication also includes tools to enchance membrane protein crystallization, technique advancements, and crystallization strategies used for photosystem I and its complexes, establishing Membrane Protein Crystallization as a needed, practical reference for researchers.

X Ray Diffraction

X Ray Diffraction
Author: C. Suryanarayana,M. Grant Norton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 1998-06-30
ISBN: 9780306457449
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

X Ray Diffraction Book Excerpt:

In this, the only book available to combine both theoretical and practical aspects of x-ray diffraction, the authors emphasize a "hands on" approach through experiments and examples based on actual laboratory data. Part I presents the basics of x-ray diffraction and explains its use in obtaining structural and chemical information. In Part II, eight experimental modules enable the students to gain an appreciation for what information can be obtained by x-ray diffraction and how to interpret it. Examples from all classes of materials -- metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers -- are included. Diffraction patterns and Bragg angles are provided for students without diffractometers. 192 illustrations.