Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Ghous Bakhsh Narejo,Biswaranjan Acharya,Ranjit Singh Sarban Singh,Fatma Newagy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2021-10-11
ISBN: 100045746X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the needs of researchers on the fundamental level as well as those with more advanced knowledge of microgrids and their evolution. This book covers newly emerging trends in fields such as computer science, energy, electrical engineering, and electronics and brings the reader current on the newly emerging fields that play an important role in the power infrastructure. Microgrids: Design, Challenges, and Prospects provides knowledge on decision making for newly evolving trends in microgrid design. It discusses techniques on how to improve the existing power quality and reduce load shedding and power imbalances. The book presents the emerging fields such as data science, machine learning, AI, and IT that now play an important role in microgrid design. The readership includes: researchers, academia, practicing engineers, consumers, power companies, and policy makers located across the globe.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,K. Nithiyananthan,S. Prabhakar Karthikeyan,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 92
Release: 2020-11-24
ISBN: 1000226859
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Microgrids offers a complete discussion and details about microgrids and their applications, including modeling of AC/DC and hybrid grids in a tied mode with simulation for the solar systems, wind turbines, biomass and fuel cells, and deployment issues. The data communications and control mechanism implementations are analyzed for proper coordination of the AC/DC microgrid. The various real-time applications and future development of the microgrid are also discussed in this book, with MATLAB®-based simulations and results. This book: Discusses the fundamentals of microgrids, the components of microgrids, the modeling of renewable energy sources, and the implementation of microgrids. Explores AC and DC microgrid modeling with real-time examples. Examines the effective extraction of energy from renewable energy sources. Covers analysis of data communications and control-mechanism implementations. Includes HOMER/MATLAB®-based simulations and results on microgrids. This book would be a welcome addition to the libraries of researchers, senior undergraduate students, and graduate students in power and electrical engineering, especially those working with smart and microgrids.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Mònica Aragüés-Peñalba,Andreas Sumper
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2020-01-07
ISBN: 3039218689
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-05-21
ISBN: 3036506624
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Microgrids are a growing segment of the energy industry, representing a paradigm shift from centralized structures toward more localized, autonomous, dynamic, and bi-directional energy networks, especially in cities and communities. The ability to isolate from the larger grid makes microgrids resilient, while their capability of forming scalable energy clusters permits the delivery of services that make the grid more sustainable and competitive. Through an optimal design and management process, microgrids could also provide efficient, low-cost, clean energy and help to improve the operation and stability of regional energy systems. This book covers these promising and dynamic areas of research and development and gathers contributions on different aspects of microgrids in an aim to impart higher degrees of sustainability and resilience to energy systems.

Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2014-03-03
ISBN: 1118720687
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Microgrids are the most innovative area in the electric power industry today. Future microgrids could exist as energy-balanced cells within existing power distribution grids or stand-alone power networks within small communities. A definitive presentation on all aspects of microgrids, this text examines the operation of microgrids – their control concepts and advanced architectures including multi-microgrids. It takes a logical approach to overview the purpose and the technical aspects of microgrids, discussing the social, economic and environmental benefits to power system operation. The book also presents microgrid design and control issues, including protection and explaining how to implement centralized and decentralized control strategies. Key features: original, state-of-the-art research material written by internationally respected contributors unique case studies demonstrating success stories from real-world pilot sites from Europe, the Americas, Japan and China examines market and regulatory settings for microgrids, and provides evaluation results under standard test conditions a look to the future – technical solutions to maximize the value of distributed energy along with the principles and criteria for developing commercial and regulatory frameworks for microgrids Offering broad yet balanced coverage, this volume is an entry point to this very topical area of power delivery for electric power engineers familiar with medium and low voltage distribution systems, utility operators in microgrids, power systems researchers and academics. It is also a useful reference for system planners and operators, manufacturers and network operators, government regulators, and postgraduate power systems students. CONTRIBUTORS Thomas Degner Aris Dimeas Alfred Engler Nuno Gil Asier Gil de Muro Guillermo Jiménez-Estévez George Kariniotakis George Korres André Madureira Meiqin Mao Chris Marnay Jose Miguel Yarza Satoshi Morozumi Alexander Oudalov Frank van Overbeeke Rodrigo Palma Behnke Joao Abel Pecas Lopes Fernanda Resende John Romankiewicz Christine Schwaegerl Nikos Soultanis Liang Tao Antonis Tsikalakis

Microgrids

Microgrids
Author: Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam,Hamdi Abdi,Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Nikos Hatziargyriou
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 643
Release: 2021-04-16
ISBN: 3030597504
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive overview on the latest developments in the control, operation, and protection of microgrids. It provides readers with a solid approach to analyzing and understanding the salient features of modern control and operation management techniques applied to these systems, and presents practical methods with examples and case studies from actual and modeled microgrids. The book also discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids, and local energy markets while addressing various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers who are focused on control concepts, AC, DC, and AC/DC microgrids, as well as those working in the related areas of energy engineering, operations research and its applications to energy systems. Presents modern operation, control and protection techniques with applications to real world and emulated microgrids; Discusses emerging concepts, key drivers and new players in microgrids and local energy markets; Addresses various aspects from day-ahead scheduling to real-time testing of microgrids.

Networked Microgrids

Networked Microgrids
Author: Peng Zhang
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-04-30
ISBN: 1108759661
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Networked Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Discover scalable, dependable, and intelligent solutions to the challenges of integrating complex networked microgrids with this definitive guide to the development of cutting-edge power and data systems. Includes advanced fault management control and optimization to enable enhanced microgrid penetration without compromising reliability. Features SDN-based architectures and techniques to enable secure, reliable and fault-tolerant algorithms for resilient networked systems. Provides reachability techniques to facilitate a deeper understanding of microgrid resilience in areas with high penetration of renewables. Combining resilient control, fast programmable networking, reachability analysis, and cyber-physical security, this is essential reading for researchers, professional engineers, and graduate students interested in creating the next generation of data-intensive self-configurable networked microgrid systems, smart communities, and smart infrastructure.

Fundamentals of Microgrids

Fundamentals of Microgrids
Author: Stephen A. Roosa
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2020-09-03
ISBN: 1000168654
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Microgrids provide opportunities to develop new electrical networks targeted for the needs of communities. The fourth industrial revolution is associated with the global trend toward decentralizing energy grids. Within this context, microgrids are seen as a solution to how renewable electricity can be supplied to local areas. The Fundamentals of Microgrids: Development and Implementation provides an in-depth examination of microgrid energy sources, applications, technologies, and policies. This book considers the fundamental configurations and applications for microgrids and examines their use as a means of meeting international sustainability goals. It focuses on questions and issues associated with microgrid topologies, development, implementation and regulatory issues. Distributed energy resources are defined, stand-a-lone generation systems are described and examples of typical microgrid configurations are provided. The key components of developing a business model for microgrid development are also considered. Features: Describes what microgrids are and details the basics of how they work while considering benefits of microgrids and their disadvantages. Provides answers to the fundamental questions energy managers and other professionals want to know about the basics of microgrids. Details the applications for microgrids and demystifies the types of microgrid architectures that are successful. Includes real-world examples of functioning microgrids which provide models for the development of microgrids in the future. Discusses the key considerations that must be addressed to develop a business case for microgrid development.

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications
Author: Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-12-10
ISBN: 0323904505
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications Book Excerpt:

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications contains an overview of microgrids' architecture, load assessments, designing of microgrids for residential systems, and rural electrifications to help readers understand the fundamentals. Including many new topics in the field of home automation and the application of IoT for microgrids monitoring and control, the book includes sections on the infrastructure necessary for charging Electric Vehicles in residential systems and rural electrifications and how to estimate the energy and cost of various combinations of energy resources. Many examples and practical case studies are included to enhance and reinforce learning objective goals. Those in engineering research and technical professions will be able to perform energy and cost analyses of various combinations of energy sources by using advanced, real simulation tools. Features methods for adopting and applying artificial intelligent techniques in microgrids for improving reliability Addresses the role of battery energy storage systems, the reliable operation of microgrids, international standards such as IEC and IEEE standards, and safe handling techniques Covers IoT for the monitoring and control of microgrids and the adoption of recent technologies

DC Microgrids

DC Microgrids
Author: Nikita Gupta,Mahajan Sagar Bhaskar,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Dhafer Almakhles
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2022-05-26
ISBN: 1119777593
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DC Microgrids Book Excerpt:

The electric grid is on the threshold of a paradigm shift. In the past few years, the picture of the grid has changed dramatically due to the introduction of renewable energy sources, advancements in power electronics, digitalization, and other factors. All these megatrends are pointing toward a new electrical system based on Direct Current (DC). DC power systems have inherent advantages of no harmonics, no reactive power, high efficiency, over the conventional AC power systems. Hence, DC power systems have become an emerging and promising alternative in various emerging applications, which include distributed energy sources like wind, solar and Energy Storage System (ESS); distribution networks; smart buildings, remote telecom systems; and transport electrification like electric vehicles (EVs) and shipboard. All these applications are designed at different voltages to meet their specific requirements individually because of the lack of standardization. Thus, the factors influencing the DC voltages and system operation needed to be surveyed and analyzed, which include voltage standards, architecture for existing and emerging applications, topologies and control strategies of power electronic interfaces, fault diagnosis and design of the protection system, optimal economical operation, and system reliability. This groundbreaking new volume presents these topics and trends of DC microgrids, bridging the research gap on DC microgrid architectures, control and protection challenges to enable wide-scale implementation of energy-efficient DC microgrids. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library.

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids
Author: Shahab Bahrami,Ali Mohammadi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 141
Release: 2019-01-17
ISBN: 3030026566
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Microgrids Book Excerpt:

In this book the authors first provide a comprehensive survey on the available studies on control, management, and optimization strategies in AC and DC microgrids. The authors then provide the design of a laboratory-scale microgrid system. Finally, a real-world implementation of the deigned framework is provided. This book paves the way for researchers working on the smart microgrids spread over the fields of electrical engineering, power systems, and smart infrastructures. Furthermore, it provides the readers with a comprehensive insight to understand an in-depth big picture of smart microgrids as well as an all-inclusive framework for laboratory-scale implementation of a microgrid. It is suitable for senior undergraduate students, graduate students who are interested in research in areas related to future smart grids and microgrids, and the researchers working in the related areas. This book also can be used as a reference book for researchers who want to develop laboratories on smart microgrids for future research.

Microgrids Design and Implementation

Microgrids Design and Implementation
Author: Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza,Miguel Castilla
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2018-11-29
ISBN: 3319986872
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids Design and Implementation Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the emerging trend of smart grids in power systems. It discusses the advent of smart grids and selected technical implications; further, by combining the perspectives of researchers from Europe and South America, the book captures the status quo of and approaches to smart grids in a wide range of countries. It describes the basic concepts, enabling readers to understand the theoretical aspects behind smart grid formation, while also examining current challenges and philosophical discussions. Like the industrial revolution and the birth of the Internet, smart grids are certain to change the way people use electricity. In this regard, a new term – the “prosumer” – is used to describe consumers who may sometimes also be energy producers. This is particularly appealing if we bear in mind that most of the distributed power generation in smart grids does not involve carbon emissions. At first glance, the option of generating their own power could move consumers to leave their current energy provider. Yet the authors argue that doing so is not a wise choice: utilities will play a central role in this new scenario and should not be ignored.

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids
Author: Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2019-08-17
ISBN: 0128177756
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids
Author: Majid Nayeripour,Mostafa Kheshti,Eberhard Waffenschmidt
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN: 1789234581
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Microgrids Book Excerpt:

Public support and feed-in tariff as a nonvariable compensation for the electric power production of energy have suppressed the risky investment of distributed generators (DGs) in smart distribution systems (SDSs). Although the using renewable energy technologies and the incorporation of plug-in DGs into SDS may have positive effects on congestion management, power loss reduction, and sustainability, they may create some difficulties relating to manage the system optimally by considering the intermittency of renewable resources in power production and uncertainties. Many researches have been carried out to deliver the high-quality power to the end-users with acceptable reliability. This book aims to present the recent materials related to the smart microgrids and the management of intermittent renewable energy sources that organized into seven chapters.

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids
Author: K. R. Padiyar,Anil M. Kulkarni
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2019-02-04
ISBN: 1119173388
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids Book Excerpt:

A guide to the latest developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids offers a concise and comprehensive review of the most recent developments and research in grid dynamics and control. In addition, the authors present a new style of presentation that highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply. The authors — noted experts in the field — offer an introduction to the topic and explore the basic characteristics and operations of the grid. The text also reviews a wealth of vital topics such as FACTS and HVDC Converter controllers, the stability and security issues of the bulk power system, loads which can be viewed as negative generation, the power limits and energy availability when distributed storage is used and much more. This important resource: Puts the focus on the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply Includes modeling and control of wind and solar energy generation for secure energy transfer Presents timely coverage of on-line detection of loss of synchronism, wide area measurements and applications, wide-area feedback control systems for power swing damping and microgrids-operation and control Written for students of power system dynamics and control/electrical power industry professionals, Dynamics and Control of Electric Transmission and Microgrids is a comprehensive guide to the recent developments in grid dynamics and control and highlights the role of transmission and distribution grids that ensure the reliability and quality of electric power supply.

Model Predictive Control of Microgrids

Model Predictive Control of Microgrids
Author: Carlos Bordons,Félix Garcia-Torres,Miguel A. Ridao
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2019-09-12
ISBN: 3030245705
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Model Predictive Control of Microgrids Book Excerpt:

The book shows how the operation of renewable-energy microgrids can be facilitated by the use of model predictive control (MPC). It gives readers a wide overview of control methods for microgrid operation at all levels, ranging from quality of service, to integration in the electricity market. MPC-based solutions are provided for the main control issues related to energy management and optimal operation of microgrids. The authors present MPC techniques for case studies that include different renewable sources – mainly photovoltaic and wind – as well as hybrid storage using batteries, hydrogen and supercapacitors. Experimental results for a pilot-scale microgrid are also presented, as well as simulations of scheduling in the electricity market and integration of electric and hybrid vehicles into the microgrid. in order to replicate the examples provided in the book and to develop and validate control algorithms on existing or projected microgrids. Model Predictive Control of Microgrids will interest researchers and practitioners, enabling them to keep abreast of a rapidly developing field. The text will also help to guide graduate students through processes from the conception and initial design of a microgrid through its implementation to the optimization of microgrid management. Advances in Industrial Control reports and encourages the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of new work in all aspects of industrial control.

Cyber Physical Microgrids

Cyber Physical Microgrids
Author: Yan Li
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 195
Release: 2021-11-21
ISBN: 303080724X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cyber Physical Microgrids Book Excerpt:

This textbook provides students with an overview of cyber-physical microgrid networks and an in-depth introduction to photovoltaics, batteries, flywheel, supercapacitor, micro-turbines, wind generation, power-electronic interfaces, modeling and stability analysis of microgrids, and cyber-communication networks and security. The text helps upper-level undergraduate and graduate students gain a foundational understanding of microgrids and renewable energy, and offers an introduction to the frontier of theoretical research and practical applications of cyber-physical systems, paving the way to uncover and understand the operational mechanism of cyber-physical microgrids. The book includes examples and test systems throughout for problem-solving and will be an essential resource for students, researchers, and professionals in power engineering.

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids
Author: Sasi K. Kottayil
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 1000166104
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Microgrids Book Excerpt:

This book addresses the need to understand the development, use, construction, and operation of smart microgrids (SMG). Covering selected major operations of SMG like dynamic energy management, demand response, and demand dispatch, it describes the design and operational challenges of different microgrids and provides feasible solutions for systems. Smart Micro Grid presents communication technologies and governing standards used in developing communication networks for realizing various smart services and applications in microgrids. An architecture facilitating bidirectional communication for smart distribution/microgrid is brought out covering aspects of its design, development and validation. The book is aimed at graduate, research students and professionals in power, power systems, and power electronics. Features: • Covers a broad overview of the benefits, the design and operation requirements, standards and communication requirements for deploying microgrids in distribution systems. • Explores issues related to planning, expansion, operation, type of microgrids, interaction among microgrid and distribution networks, demand response, and the technical requirements for the communication network. • Discusses current standards and common practices to develop and operate microgrids. • Describes technical issues and requirements for operating microgrids. • Illustrates smart communication architecture and protocols.

Microgrids and Local Energy Systems

Microgrids and Local Energy Systems
Author: Nick Jenkins
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN: 1789845300
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microgrids and Local Energy Systems Book Excerpt:

This book addresses important topical questions of microgrids and local energy systems. It begins with an investigation of the electrical protection of microgrids followed by a study of the power converters used and the utilization of multi-objective optimization for the selection of component ratings. Subsequent chapters address peer-to-peer energy trading in microgrids, local district heating and cooling systems, neighborhood generators used to supplement the utility electricity supplies in Iraq, and regulatory impediments to micro-wind generation in the United States.

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids
Author: Hassan Farhangi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2016-10-14
ISBN: 131535537X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Microgrids Book Excerpt:

The utility sector’s transition to renewable energy and the smart grid has already begun. The first step towards smart grid is microgrid, which is a smaller electricity grid with access to all the essential assets of a larger grid. This book provides a glimpse into an actual microgrid project. It supplies a system-level approach to the design of smart Microgrids, covering the entire design process—from roadmap to realization. Detailing lessons learned and pitfalls to avoid in Microgrid technology, the book provides an interdisciplinary approach to design and problem solving for smart microgrids.