Description : Whilst French romances of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries have long enjoyed a privileged place in the literary history of France, romances from the later middle ages have been largely neglected by modern scholars, despite their central role in the chivalric culture of the day. In particular, although this genre has been seen as providing a forum within which ideas about masculine and feminine roles were debated and prescribed, little work has been done on the gender ideology of texts from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This study seeks to fill this gap in the scholarship by analysing how the views of gender found in earlier romances were reassessed and reshaped in the texts produced in the moralising intellectual environment of the later medieval period. In order to explore these topics, this book discusses fifteen historico-realist prose romances written in the century from 1390, many of which were commissioned at the court of Burgundy. It addresses key issues in recent studies of gender in medieval culture including the construction of chivalric masculinity, the representation of adolescent desire, and the social and sexual roles of husbands and wives. In addition to offering close readings of these texts, it shows how the romances of the period were informed by ideas about gender which circulated in contemporary works such as manuals of chivalry, moral treatises, and marriage sermons. It thus aims not only to provide the first in-depth study of this little-known area of French literary history, but also to question the critical consensus on the role of gender in medieval romance that has arisen from an exclusive focus on earlier works in the genre.
Description : This book makes available for the first time in paperback the results of an important interdisciplinary conference held at Rutgers University in 1989. Eighteen internationally known specialists in linguistics, history, philology, Latin, and Romance languages tackle the difficult question of how and when Latin evolved into the Romance languages of French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Catalan. The result is a stimulating and open exchange that offers the most up-to-date and accessible coverage of the topic.
Description : New research into medieval women from the Anglo-Saxon to the late medieval period demonstrates their energy, defiance and wit.
Description : An examination of the depiction and function of memory in a variety of romances, including Troilus and Criseyde and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.
Description : Time Brings Out the Best In Women. If Only Men Realized… Biologically speaking, middle age is a wasteland. Women (and reasonable men) are done breeding, but not ready for burying. Yet, especially for women, this is a great time of life. They may want male company, but they no longer need a mate. The satisfaction of launching a family is sweetened by having time, money, and energy to spend on themselves. Middle-aged men will find no better companions than these self-reliant, contented, and, not coincidentally, sexually adventurous women. But, handicapped by eyes that focus only on youth, many men cannot see them. What can be done? This book is about possibilities. Scores of women give full-blooded accounts of how they deal with the challenges and opportunities of love and sex in midlife. There is much frustration. But there is also triumph. This time around, some know to choose men more wisely. Some prefer a smaller male footprint in their lives. Others make revolutionary changes in lifestyles, including dominance and submission, sadomasochism, and polyamory—all graphically recounted. By casting off decades of sexual propriety, they all feel that they have at last become who they really are. During his nine years of research, the author, challenged and inspired by the women whose lives he was following, underwent his own intimate revolution. It was a rare literary premium.
Description : A reinterpretation of the place and significance of chivalric culture in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and what it says about contemporary attitudes to the medieval.
Description : Essays examining the genre of medieval romance in its cultural Christian context, bringing out its chameleon-like character.