Description : The present study analyzes cases when, officers considered themselves relieved of their duty as soldiers in favor of adhering either to what they believed was a higher loyalty and professional purposes or to their own personal interpretation of such values of honor, obedience, responsibility, discipline, intergrity and political neutrality. What are the limits of obedience for a military officer? The soldiers of Poland and Germany have served their nation and several regimes in modern history. The changes in those regimes have not been without effect on the professional self-images of those professional officers. How can the ideals of national loyalty and loyalty to individual conscience in the face of an unjust regime be reconciled with the dictates of democratic civil military relations and with the need to anchor the soldier in a constitutional system? Can one, at the same time, from a different political perspective, be both a hero and a traitor? What are the similarties and differences between the moral aspects of being an officer along with an officer's professionalism in the more narrow perspective of early and mid-20th century? The present study treats the matter of soldierly loyalty, military command and obedience and the transition from totalitarian to democratic rule in central Europe in the 20th century as such affects especially soldiers in the state.
Description : American Civil-Military Relations offers the first comprehensive assessment of the subject since the publication of Samuel P. Huntington’s field-defining book, The Soldier and the State. Using this seminal work as a point of departure, experts in the fields of political science, history, and sociology ask what has been learned and what more needs to be investigated in the relationship between civilian and military sectors in the 21st century. Leading scholars—such as Richard Betts, Risa Brooks, James Burk, Michael Desch, Peter Feaver, Richard Kohn, Williamson Murray, and David Segal—discuss key issues, including:• changes in officer education since the end of the Cold War;• shifting conceptions of military expertise in response to evolving operational and strategic requirements;• increased military involvement in high-level politics; and• the domestic and international contexts of U.S. civil-military relations. The first section of the book provides contrasting perspectives of American civil-military relations within the last five decades. The next section addresses Huntington’s conception of societal and functional imperatives and their influence on the civil-military relationship. Following sections examine relationships between military and civilian leaders and describe the norms and practices that should guide those interactions. The editors frame these original essays with introductory and concluding chapters that synthesize the key arguments of the book. What is clear from the essays in this volume is that the line between civil and military expertise and responsibility is not that sharply drawn, and perhaps given the increasing complexity of international security issues, it should not be. When forming national security policy, the editors conclude, civilian and military leaders need to maintain a respectful and engaged dialogue. American Civil-Military Relations is essential reading for students and scholars interested in civil-military relations, U.S. politics, and national security policy. -- John R. Ballard
Description : Davis, George B. A Treatise on the Military Law of the United States: Together with the Practice and Procedure of Courts-Martial and Other Military Tribunals. Third Edition, Revised. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1915. xv, 813 pp. Reprinted 2007 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-58477-650-5. ISBN-10: 1-58477-650-1. Cloth. $125.* Reprint of the final edition. Although the title leads one to expect a basic procedural manual, this book goes well beyond its stated purpose to offer a great deal of historical and jurisprudential information. Davis [1847-1914] examines the authority and sources of military law and its relation to civilian law. He also pays close attention to its debt to English military law and custom, some of it dating back to the middle ages. Davis [1847-1914] was Judge-Advocate General of the U.S. Army and Professor of Law at West Point.
Description : The essays presented in this issue provide an international overview of military-pedagogical thinking and acting. They reflect the sometimes close correspondence between the answers provided by military scholars to questions related to the content and function of military ethics and morale. These answers are so comprehensive as to suggest themselves as a starting point for further deliberations on military pedagogy but also in the fields of other applied pedagogic specialties. The authors who have contributed to this book make it clear, as a group, how the national defence of peace and freedom may be transformed into a pertinent international responsibility and competence for the safeguarding of world peace.