Modelling Transport

Modelling Transport
Author: Juan de Dios Ortúzar,Luis G. Willumsen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2011-05-03
ISBN: 1119993520
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Transport Book Excerpt:

Already the market leader in the field, Modelling Transport has become still more indispensible following a thorough and detailed update. Enhancements include two entirely new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and on activity-based modelling; a new section on dynamic assignment and micro-simulation; and sizeable updates to sections on disaggregate modelling and stated preference design and analysis. It also tackles topical issues such as valuation of externalities and the role of GPS in travel time surveys. Providing unrivalled depth and breadth of coverage, each topic is approached as a modelling exercise with discussion of the roles of theory, data, model specification, estimation, validation and application. The authors present the state of the art and its practical application in a pedagogic manner, easily understandable to both students and practitioners. Follows on from the highly successful third edition universally acknowledged as the leading text on transport modelling techniques and applications Includes two new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and activity based modeling, and numerous updates to existing chapters Incorporates treatment of recent issues and concerns like risk analysis and the dynamic interaction between land use and transport Provides comprehensive and rigorous information and guidance, enabling readers to make practical use of every available technique Relates the topics to new external factors and technologies such as global warming, valuation of externalities and global positioning systems (GPS).

Recent Developments in Transport Modelling

Recent Developments in Transport Modelling
Author: Moshe E. Ben-Akiva,Hilde Meersman,Eddy Voorde
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2008
ISBN: 0080451195
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Transport Modelling Book Excerpt:

This book is intended for transportation professionals interested in the role of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), and freight transport modeling and policy. It is dedicated to the memory of Professor Marvin L. Manheim, the father of modern Transportation Systems Analysis (TSA), who founded the World Conference on Transport Research Society, and is considered the foremost visionary of ICTs, transportation, and logistics. The book is divided into three main parts. The first part is about Professor Marvin L. Manheim and his path breaking contributions to transportation. The main chapter, written by him, is based on the keynote presentation he delivered at the opening session of the 1998 World Conference on Transport Research in Antwerp. It presents his vision for the role of ICTs in transport; a vision that was revolutionary in 1998 and is still valid and relevant today. The first part also includes an overview written by his widow and collaborator, Mary-Beth Manheim, describing his scientific contributions. The remainder of the book, parts two and three, is about freight transport modeling and policy, and presents an application of Manheim's TSA paradigm. More specifically, the second part presents the recent advances in freight modeling. The chapters begin with a model of the linkages between freight and the macro-economic environment, and end with models of the detailed aspects of logistics choices such as mode of transport, transshipments, and shipment size. Topics covered in part two also include predictions of production to consumption freight flows through the use of multi regional input-output models, choice analysis using freight market research surveys, and estimation of value of quality attributes and va

Modelling and Analysis of Fine Sediment Transport in Wave Current Bottom Boundary Layer

Modelling and Analysis of Fine Sediment Transport in Wave Current Bottom Boundary Layer
Author: Liqin Zuo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2018-06-19
ISBN: 0429794029
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling and Analysis of Fine Sediment Transport in Wave Current Bottom Boundary Layer Book Excerpt:

The evolution and utilization of estuarine and coastal regions are greatly restricted by sediment problems. This thesis aims to better understand fine sediment transport under combined action of waves and currents, especially in the wave-current bottom boundary layer (BBL). Field observations, experimental data analysis, theoretical analysis and numerical models are employed. Silt-dominated sediments are sensitive to flow dynamics and the suspended sediment concentration (SSC) increase rapidly under strong flow dynamics. This research unveils several fundamental aspects of silty sediment, i.e., the criterion of the incipient motion, the SSC profiles and their phase-averaged parameterization in wave-dominated conditions. An expression for sediment incipient motion is proposed for silt-sand sediment under combined wave and current conditions. A process based intra-wave 1DV model for flow-sediment dynamics near the bed is developed in combined wave-current conditions. The high concentration layer (HCL) was simulated and sensitivity analysis was carried out by the 1DV model on factors that impact the SSC in the HCL. Finally, based on the 1DV model, the formulations of the mean SSC profile of silt-sand sediments in wave conditions were proposed. The developed approaches are expected to be applied in engineering practice and further simulation.

Advances in Modeling and Management of Urban Water Networks

Advances in Modeling and Management of Urban Water Networks
Author: Alberto Campisano,Enrico Creaco
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2021-01-06
ISBN: 3039437895
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Modeling and Management of Urban Water Networks Book Excerpt:

The Special Issue on Advances in Modeling and Management of Urban Water Networks (UWNs) explores four important topics of research in the context of UWNs: asset management, modeling of demand and hydraulics, energy recovery, and pipe burst identification and leakage reduction. In the first topic, the multi-objective optimization of interventions on the network is presented to find trade-off solutions between costs and efficiency. In the second topic, methodologies are presented to simulate and predict demand and to simulate network behavior in emergency scenarios. In the third topic, a methodology is presented for the multi-objective optimization of pump-as-turbine (PAT) installation sites in transmission mains. In the fourth topic, methodologies for pipe burst identification and leakage reduction are presented. As for the urban drainage systems (UDSs), the two explored topics are asset management, with a system upgrade to reduce flooding, and modeling of flow and water quality, with analyses on the transition from surface to pressurized flow, impact of water use reduction on the operation of UDSs, and sediment transport in pressurized pipes. The Special Issue also includes one paper dealing with the hydraulic modeling of an urban river with a complex cross-section.

Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis

Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis
Author: Leszek Pstras,Jacek Waniewski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2019-07-03
ISBN: 3030214109
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis Book Excerpt:

Beginning with an introduction to kidney function, renal replacement therapies, and an overview of clinical problems associated with haemodialysis, this book explores the principles of the short-term baroreflex regulation of the cardiovascular system and the mechanisms of water and solute transport across the human body from a mathematical model perspective. It synthesizes theoretical physiological concepts and practical aspects of mathematical modelling needed for simulation and quantitative analysis of the haemodynamic response to dialysis therapy. Including an up-to-date review of the literature concerning the modelled physiological mechanisms and processes, the book serves both as an overview of transport and regulatory mechanisms related to the cardiovascular system and body fluids and as a useful reference for the study and development of mathematical models of dynamic physiological processes. Mathematical Modelling of Haemodialysis: Cardiovascular Response, Body Fluid Shifts, and Solute Kinetics is intended for researchers and graduate students in biomedical engineering, physiology, or medicine interested in mathematical modelling of cardiovascular dynamics and fluid and solute transport across the human body, both under physiological conditions and during haemodialysis therapy.

Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK

Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK
Author: Harry T. Dimitriou,Robin Thompson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2007-08-07
ISBN: 1134273177
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK Book Excerpt:

With contributions from leading academics and practitioners, Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK is the most up-to-date treatment of a fast-changing subject. The book discusses: The evolution of regional planning in the UK and the strategic thinking involved The spatial implications of regional economic development policies The methods and techniques needed for the implementation of strategic planning for regional development How strategic planning for regional development is currently put into practice in three UK regions with different priorities. Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK is essential reading for students and academics working within strategic and regional planning and provides policy makers and practitioners with a comprehensive and thought provoking introduction to this critically important emerging field.

Modeling and Practice of Erosion and Sediment Transport under Change

Modeling and Practice of Erosion and Sediment Transport under Change
Author: Mohamed Meddi,Gil Mahé,Hafzullah Aksoy
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2019-09-17
ISBN: 3039214314
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling and Practice of Erosion and Sediment Transport under Change Book Excerpt:

Climate and anthropogenic changes impact the conditions of erosion and sediment transport in rivers. Rainfall variability and, in many places, the increase of rainfall intensity have a direct impact on rainfall erosivity. Increasing changes in demography have led to the acceleration of land cover changes in natural areas, as well as in cultivated areas, and, sometimes, in degraded areas and desertified landscapes. These anthropogenized landscapes are more sensitive to erosion. On the other hand, the increase in the number of dams in watersheds traps a great portion of sediment fluxes, which do not reach the sea in the same amount, nor at the same quality, with consequences on coastal geomorphodynamics. This book is dedicated to studies on sediment fluxes from continental areas to coastal areas, as well as observation, modeling, and impact analysis at different scales from watershed slopes to the outputs of large river basins. This book is concentrated on a number of keywords: “erosion” and “sediment transport”, “model” and “practice”, and “change”. The keywords are briefly discussed with respect to the relevant literature. The contributions in this book address observations and models based on laboratory and field data, allowing researchers to make use of such resources in practice under changing conditions.

Green Transportation and Energy Consumption in China

Green Transportation and Energy Consumption in China
Author: Jian Chai,Ying Yang,Quanying Lu,Limin Xing,Ting Liang,Kin Keung Lai,Shouyang Wang
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2017-06-26
ISBN: 1351711970
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Transportation and Energy Consumption in China Book Excerpt:

This book provides insights into China’s energy consumption and pollution as well as its energy saving policies. It explores energy saving ways and argues for an energy consumption revolution, which includes technologies to improve transportation resource efficiency, modification of existing transportation infrastructure and structure. This book uses various analytical models to study the relationships within the transportation system. It also includes comparative analysis of China, Japan, the US and developing countries on traffic demand and transportation energy consumption. This book highlights the urgent need to review China’s current transportation policies in order to secure a breakthrough in energy saving and emissions reduction.

Modelling and Design of Nanostructured Optoelectronic Devices

Modelling and Design of Nanostructured Optoelectronic Devices
Author: Jagdish A. Krishnaswamy,Praveen C. Ramamurthy,Gopalkrishna Hegde,Debiprosad Roy Mahapatra
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2022-04-02
ISBN: 9811906076
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling and Design of Nanostructured Optoelectronic Devices Book Excerpt:

This book approaches the design of functionally superior optoelectronic devices through the use of bio-inspired nanostructures and multiscale material structures through a step-by-step approach. The book combines both the fundamental theoretical concepts involved in understanding and numerically modelling optoelectronic devices and the application of such methods in addressing challenging research problems in nanostructured optoelectronic design and fabrication. The book offers comprehensive content in optoelectronic materials and engineering and can be used as a reference material by researchers in nanostructured optoelectronic design.

Multiphysics Modeling

Multiphysics Modeling
Author: Murat Peksen
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2018-06-27
ISBN: 0128119039
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiphysics Modeling Book Excerpt:

Multiphysics Modelling: Materials, Components, and Systems focuses on situations where coupled phenomena involving a combination of thermal, fluid, and solid mechanics occur. Important fundamentals of the various physics that are required in multiphysics modelling are introduced and supported with practical problems. More advanced topics such as creep deformation, fatigue and fracture, multiphase flow or melting in porous media are tackled. 3D interactions in system architectures and energy systems such as batteries, reformer or fuel cells, and modelling of high-performance materials are exemplified. Important multiphysics modelling issues are highlighted. In addition to theory, solutions to problems, such as in linear and non-linear situations are addressed, as well as specific solutions for multiphysics modelling of fluid-solid, solid-solid and fluid-fluid interactions are given. Drawing on teaching experience, industry solutions, and the latest research, this book is the most complete guide to multiphysics modelling available for students and researchers in diverse science and engineering disciplines. Provides a thorough intro to the theory behind multiphysics modeling Covers both linear and non-linear material behaviors Helps to answer practical questions such as when to use 2D or 3D modeling

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XX

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XX
Author: Yasushi Kiyoki,Takahiro Tokuda
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 449
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN: 1586039571
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XX Book Excerpt:

In the last decades, information modelling and knowledge bases have become essentially important subjects, not only in academic communities related to information systems and computer science, but also in the business area where information technology is applied. The 18th European-Japanese Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC 2008) continues the series of events that originally started as a cooperation initiative between Japan and Finland. Later, the geographical scope of these conferences expanded to cover the whole of Europe and other countries as well. The EJC conferences constitute a worldwide research forum for the exchange of scientific results and experiences achieved in computer science and other related disciplines using innovative methods and progressive approaches. In this way, a platform has been established drawing together researches as well as practitioners dealing with information modelling and knowledge bases. The main topics of EJC conferences target the variety of themes in the domain of information modelling, conceptual analysis, multimedia knowledge bases, design and specification of information systems, multimedia information modelling, multimedia systems, ontology, software engineering and knowledge and process management. The aim of this publication is also applying new progressive theories. To this end, much attention is paid also to theoretical disciplines including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, logic, linguistics and analytical philosophy.

Numerical Modelling

Numerical Modelling
Author: Peep Miidla
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2012-03-23
ISBN: 9535102192
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Numerical Modelling Book Excerpt:

This book demonstrates applications and case studies performed by experts for professionals and students in the field of technology, engineering, materials, decision making management and other industries in which mathematical modelling plays a role. Each chapter discusses an example and these are ranging from well-known standards to novelty applications. Models are developed and analysed in details, authors carefully consider the procedure for constructing a mathematical replacement of phenomenon under consideration. For most of the cases this leads to the partial differential equations, for the solution of which numerical methods are necessary to use. The term Model is mainly understood as an ensemble of equations which describe the variables and interrelations of a physical system or process. Developments in computer technology and related software have provided numerous tools of increasing power for specialists in mathematical modelling. One finds a variety of these used to obtain the numerical results of the book.

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application III

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application III
Author: C. De Wispelaere
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 727
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461326915
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application III Book Excerpt:

In 1969 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization established the Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society. Air Pollution was from the start one of the pri9rity problems under study within the framework of the pilot studies undertaken by this Committee. The organization of a yearly symposium dealing with air pollution modeling and its application is one of the main activities within the pilot study in relation to air pollution. After being organized for five years by the United States and for five years by the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, represented by the Prime Minister's Office for Science Policy Programming, became responsible in 1980 for the organization of this symposium. This volume contains the papers presented at the 13th Inter national Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Appli cation held at lIe des Embiez, France, from 14th to 17th September 1982. This meeting was jointly organized by the Prime Minister's Office for Science Policy Programming, Belgium, and the Ministere de l'Environnement, France. The conference was attended by 120 participants and 45 papers have been presented. The closing ses sion of the 13th I. T. M. has been attended by Mr. Alain Bombard, French Minister of the Environment. The members of the selection committee of the 13th I. T. M. were A. Berger (Chairman, Belgium), W. K1ug (Federal Republic of Germany), K. Demerjian (United States of America), L. Santomauro (Italy), M. L. Williams (United Kingdom), H. Van Dop (The Netherlands), H. E. Turner (Canada), C.

Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures

Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures
Author: Nenad Bicanic,René Borst,Herbert Mang,Gunther Meschke
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 836
Release: 2010-02-24
ISBN: 0203848330
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Modelling of Concrete Structures Book Excerpt:

Since 1984 the EURO-C conference series (Split 1984, Zell am See 1990, Innsbruck 1994, Badgastein 1998, St Johann im Pongau 2003, Mayrhofen 2006, Schladming 2010) has provided a forum for academic discussion of the latest theoretical, algorithmic and modelling developments associated with computational simulations of concrete and concrete structure

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology
Author: Herold G. Dehling,Timo Gottschalk,Alex C. Hoffmann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2007-07-03
ISBN: 9780080548975
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stochastic Modelling in Process Technology Book Excerpt:

There is an ever increasing need for modelling complex processes reliably. Computational modelling techniques, such as CFD and MD may be used as tools to study specific systems, but their emergence has not decreased the need for generic, analytical process models. Multiphase and multicomponent systems, and high-intensity processes displaying a highly complex behaviour are becoming omnipresent in the processing industry. This book discusses an elegant, but little-known technique for formulating process models in process technology: stochastic process modelling. The technique is based on computing the probability distribution for a single particle's position in the process vessel, and/or the particle's properties, as a function of time, rather than - as is traditionally done - basing the model on the formulation and solution of differential conservation equations. Using this technique can greatly simplify the formulation of a model, and even make modelling possible for processes so complex that the traditional method is impracticable. Stochastic modelling has sporadically been used in various branches of process technology under various names and guises. This book gives, as the first, an overview of this work, and shows how these techniques are similar in nature, and make use of the same basic mathematical tools and techniques. The book also demonstrates how stochastic modelling may be implemented by describing example cases, and shows how a stochastic model may be formulated for a case, which cannot be described by formulating and solving differential balance equations. Introduction to stochastic process modelling as an alternative modelling technique Shows how stochastic modelling may be succesful where the traditional technique fails Overview of stochastic modelling in process technology in the research literature Illustration of the principle by a wide range of practical examples In-depth and self-contained discussions Points the way to both mathematical and technological research in a new, rewarding field

Modeling Transport Phenomena in Porous Media with Applications

Modeling Transport Phenomena in Porous Media with Applications
Author: Malay K. Das,Partha P. Mukherjee,K. Muralidhar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2017-11-21
ISBN: 3319698664
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Transport Phenomena in Porous Media with Applications Book Excerpt:

This book is an ensemble of six major chapters, an introduction, and a closure on modeling transport phenomena in porous media with applications. Two of the six chapters explain the underlying theories, whereas the rest focus on new applications. Porous media transport is essentially a multi-scale process. Accordingly, the related theory described in the second and third chapters covers both continuum‐ and meso‐scale phenomena. Examining the continuum formulation imparts rigor to the empirical porous media models, while the mesoscopic model focuses on the physical processes within the pores. Porous media models are discussed in the context of a few important engineering applications. These include biomedical problems, gas hydrate reservoirs, regenerators, and fuel cells. The discussion reveals the strengths and weaknesses of existing models as well as future research directions.

Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling

Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling
Author: R.A. Falconer,S. N. Chandler-Wilde,S. Q. Liu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2019-11-12
ISBN: 0429826125
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling Book Excerpt:

First published in 1992, this wide-ranging volume features 44 articles from 89 contributors on issues of and solutions to modelling of coastal waters around the world in response to an increasing interest in the development and application of numerical hydraulic models as design and management tools. The contributors advise on areas including tidal current modelling, water quality modelling, sediment transport modelling, wave kinematics and computational methods, along with two keynote articles. The main aim of the conference and its resulting volume was to provide a forum whereby engineers, scientists and planners involved in multi-disciplinary models could collaborate and share their expertise. The counterpart to this book is Hydraulic and Environmental Modelling: Estuarine and River Waters.

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling
Author: Sven E. Jorgensen
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN: 1351442872
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling Book Excerpt:

With descriptions of hundreds of the most important environmental and ecological models, this handbook is a unique and practical reference source. The Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling is ideal for those working in environmental modeling, including regulators and managers who wish to understand the models used to make assessments. Overviews of more than 360 models are easily accessed in this handbook, allowing readers to quickly locate information they need about models available in a given ecosystem. The material in the Handbook of Environmental and Ecological Modeling is logically arranged according to ecosystem. Each of the sixteen chapters of the handbook covers a particular ecosystem, and includes not only the descriptions of the models, but also an overview of the state-of-the-art in modeling for that particular ecosystem. A summary of the spectrum of available models is also provided in each chapter. The extensive table of contents and the easy-to-use index put materials immediately at your fingertips.

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution
Author: Jacob Bear,Arnold Verruijt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 438
Release: 1987-09-30
ISBN: 9781556080142
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution Book Excerpt:

Groundwater constitutes an important component of many water resource systems, supplying water for domestic use, for industry, and for agriculture. Management of a groundwater system, an aquifer, or a system of aquifers, means making such decisions as to the total quantity of water to be withdrawn annually, the location of wells for pumping and for artificial recharge and their rates, and control conditions at aquifer boundaries. Not less important are decisions related to groundwater qUality. In fact, the quantity and quality problems cannot be separated. In many parts of the world, with the increased withdrawal of ground water, often beyond permissible limits, the quality of groundwater has been continuously deteriorating, causing much concern to both suppliers and users. In recent years, in addition to general groundwater quality aspects, public attention has been focused on groundwater contamination by hazardous industrial wastes, by leachate from landfills, by oil spills, and by agricultural activities such as the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, and by radioactive waste in repositories located in deep geological formations, to mention some of the most acute contamination sources. In all these cases, management means making decisions to achieve goals without violating specified constraints. In order to enable the planner, or the decision maker, to compare alternative modes of action and to ensure that the constraints are not violated, a tool is needed that will provide information about the response of the system (the aquifer) to various alternatives.

Multi Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials

Multi Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials
Author: Niki Kringos,Björn Birgisson,David Frost,Linbing Wang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2013-05-26
ISBN: 9400768788
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multi Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials Book Excerpt:

The micro- and nano-modification of infrastructure materials and the associated multi-scale characterization and simulation has the potential to open up whole new uses and classes of materials, with wide-ranging implications for society. The use of multi-scale characterization and simulation brings the ability to target changes at the very small scale that predictably effect the bulk behavior of the material and thus allowing for the optimization of material behavior and performance. The International RILEM Symposium on Multi-Scale Modeling and Characterization of Infrastructure Materials (Stockholm, June 10-12, 2013) brought together key researchers from around the world to present their findings and ongoing research in this field in a focused environment with extended discussion times. From asphalt to concrete, from chemistry to mechanics, from nano- to macro-scale: the collection of topics covered by the Symposium represents the width and depth of the currently ongoing efforts of developing more sustainable infrastructure materials. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduates and graduate students engaged in infrastructure materials or multi-scale characterization and modeling efforts can use this book as a comprehensive reference, to learn about the currently ongoing research efforts in this field or as an inspiration for new research ideas to enhance the long-term performance of infrastructure materials from a fundamental perspective. The Symposium was held under the auspices of the RILEM Technical Committee on Nanotechnology-Based Bituminous Materials 231-NBM and the Transport Research Board (TRB) Technical Committee on Characteristics of Asphalt Materials AFK20.