Moisture and Buildings

Moisture and Buildings
Author: Arianna Brambilla,Alberto Sangiorgio
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN: 0128210982
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moisture and Buildings Book Excerpt:

One in three homes, on average, suffer from excessive dampness and mould proliferation, with significant health and economic impacts. The combination of new construction methodologies, stricter airtightness requirements and the changing social and cultural context that influences the way we live inside buildings has created unprecedented challenges for the built environment. In modifying indoor and outdoor environments and the building envelopes that serve as a filter between the two, we are changing the physical parameters of the ways in which buildings behave and respond to climatic stimuli. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact should be an important step in the design process, aiming to minimise possible negative long-term consequences. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact is, today more than ever, essential yet difficult, as the experience of the past has lost its applicability. Moisture-related issues never have a simple solution, since they involve multiple factors, including design, construction, maintenance, materials, climate and occupation pattern. Thus, while the topic is attracting growing attention among researchers, designers and practitioners, the pace with which actual change is occurring is still too slow. Moisture and Buildings provides a critical overview of current research, knowledge and policy frameworks, and presents a comprehensive analysis of the implications of moisture and the importance of accounting for it during the design process. It responds to the urgent need for a systematic organization of the existing knowledge to identify research gaps and provide directions for future developments. The ultimate goal is to increase awareness of the multifaceted implications of hygrothermal phenomena and promote integrated design processes that lead to healthier and more durable constructions. Presents advanced knowledge on hygrothermal processes and their interaction with buildings Integrates the three key areas of moisture transport and its impact on buildings, including durability, human health and comfort Considers the most useful computational tools for assessing moisture and building interactions Includes a section on the main European, American and Australian building codes Explains the risks of mold growth to human health, including growth models to assessment methods

Moisture control in buildings

Moisture control in buildings
Author: Heinz R. Trechsel
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 494
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moisture control in buildings Book Excerpt:

Microbiomes of the Built Environment

Microbiomes of the Built Environment
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Health and Medicine Division,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Microbiomes of the Built Environment: From Research to Application
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2017-11-06
ISBN: 0309449804
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiomes of the Built Environment Book Excerpt:

People's desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of "healthy" indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environmentsâ€"such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materialsâ€"in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions.

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings
Author: Brownell, Blaine Erickson
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2020-02-28
ISBN: 1799824284
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings Book Excerpt:

Fundamental environmental challenges such as climate change, resource depletion, and pollution are still widely relevant in today’s world. Many of these problems have been associated with the architecture, engineering, and construction industries due to the level of resources used in these professions. In recent years, many manufacturers in these fields have expressed the motivation to make necessary changes that would be beneficial to the environment. Despite this progress, there remains a lack of research and assessment on the methods to achieve environmental stability within these architectural fields. Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of ecological performance within modern building design and materials-based construction. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as life cycle assessment, material flows analysis, and sustainability, this book is ideally designed for architects, civil engineers, construction professionals, environmentalists, ecologists, business practitioners, scientists, policymakers, designers, researchers, and academicians seeking research on current trends in environmental performance within building design.

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems
Author: Heinz R. Trechsel
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 172
Release: 1989
ISBN: 0803112548
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems Book Excerpt:

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation
Author: Jan Hensen,Roberto Lamberts
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2011
ISBN: 0415474140
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation Book Excerpt:

This book begins with an introduction to the concepts of performance indicators and targets, followed by a discussion on the role of building simulation in performance based building design and operation. This sets the ground for in-depth discussion of performance prediction for energy demand, indoor environmental quality (including thermal, visual, indoor air quality and moisture phenomena), HVAC and renewable system performance, urban level modelling, building operational optimization and automation. This book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of building performance simulation for the complete building life-cycle from conception to demolition.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture Volume I
Author: Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2009-02-25
ISBN: 1848261721
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I Book Excerpt:

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings
Author: Mark T. Bomberg,Joseph W. Lstiburek
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 339
Release: 2018-10-03
ISBN: 1351415018
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings Book Excerpt:

Spray Polyurethane Foams in External Envelopes of Buildings presents, for the first time, a book focused on both the theoretical and practical design and applications of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) use. To review the moisture performance of SPF, this book focuses on the design of an assembly where moisture is kept from accumulating and causing deterioration (flow through approach). In this approach, Spray Polyurethane Foam presents two unique parts of theory and practice of various SPF products. FROM THE PREFACE Part 1 of this monograph analyzes SPF performance as the material (product). Being field fabricated, installation of SPF products must include a quality assurance program . . . Laboratory evaluation of foams and their coverings, quality management issues, and quantification of the technical support provided to the SPF contractor are also reviewed. Part 2 presents a systems approach to construction. Starting with principles of environmental control of buildings, different aspects of design and performance of roofing and wall systems are reviewed. Details and design recommendations . . . as well as case studies . . . are included.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume II

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture   Volume II
Author: Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2009-02-25
ISBN: 1848261969
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume II Book Excerpt:

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Human Computer Interaction Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Human Computer Interaction  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 2208
Release: 2015-10-02
ISBN: 1466687908
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Computer Interaction Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications Book Excerpt:

As modern technologies continue to develop and evolve, the ability of users to interface with new systems becomes a paramount concern. Research into new ways for humans to make use of advanced computers and other such technologies is necessary to fully realize the potential of 21st century tools. Human-Computer Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications gathers research on user interfaces for advanced technologies and how these interfaces can facilitate new developments in the fields of robotics, assistive technologies, and computational intelligence. This four-volume reference contains cutting-edge research for computer scientists; faculty and students of robotics, digital science, and networked communications; and clinicians invested in assistive technologies. This seminal reference work includes chapters on topics pertaining to system usability, interactive design, mobile interfaces, virtual worlds, and more.

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings
Author: Walter T. Grondzik,Alison G. Kwok
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1920
Release: 2019-09-10
ISBN: 1119492645
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings Book Excerpt:

The definitive guide to the design of environmental control systems for buildings—now updated in its 13th Edition Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings is the most widely used text on the design of environmental control systems for buildings—helping students of architecture, architectural engineering, and construction understand what they need to know about building systems and controlling a building's environment. With over 2,200 drawings and photographs, this 13th Edition covers basic theory, preliminary building design guidelines, and detailed design procedure for buildings of all sizes. It also provides information on the latest technologies, emerging design trends, and updated codes. Presented in nine parts, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, Thirteenth Edition offers readers comprehensive coverage of: environmental resources; air quality; thermal, visual, and acoustic comfort; passive heating and cooling; water design and supply; daylighting and electric lighting; liquid and solid waste; and building noise control. This book also presents the latest information on fire protection, electrical systems; and elevator and escalator systems. This Thirteenth Edition features: Over 2,200 illustrations, with 200 new photographs and illustrations All-new coverage of high-performance building design Thoroughly revised references to codes and standards: ASHRAE, IES, USGBC (LEED), Living Building Challenge, WELL Building Standard, and more Updated offering of best-in-class ancillary materials for students and instructors available via the book’s companion website Architect Registration Examination® (ARE®) style study questions available in the instructor’s manual and student guide Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, has been the industry standard reference that comprehensively covers all aspects of building systems for over 80 years. This Thirteenth Edition has evolved to reflect the ever-growing complexities of building design, and has maintained its relevance by allowing for the conversation to include ”why” as well as “how to.”

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates

Commissioning Buildings in Hot  Humid Climates
Author: J. David Odom,George DuBose
Publsiher: The Fairmont Press, Inc.
Total Pages: 85
Release: 2000
ISBN: 0881733199
Category: Building
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates Book Excerpt:

Prepared by the largest environmental engineering firm in the U.S., this manual explains how to avoid errors in design, construction, or operation of large-scale facilities which in hot, humid climates can lead to critical building failure. Key issues covered include indoor air quality problem factors, climate considerations, new building failure, and a building model which examines possible problems throughout the construction process.

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques
Author: João M.P.Q. Delgado
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2016-02-22
ISBN: 9811004668
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques Book Excerpt:

This book presents a collection of recent research on building diagnosis techniques related to construction pathology, hygrothermal behavior and durability, and diagnostic techniques. It highlights recent advances and new developments in the field of building physics, building anomalies in materials and components, new techniques for improved energy efficiency analysis, and diagnosis techniques such as infrared thermography. This book will be of interest to a wide readership of professionals, scientists, students, practitioners, and lecturers.

Green Building Principles and Practices in Residential Construction

Green Building  Principles and Practices in Residential Construction
Author: Abe Kruger,Carl Seville
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2012-01-03
ISBN: 1285225929
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Building Principles and Practices in Residential Construction Book Excerpt:

GREEN BUILDING: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES IN RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION provides a current, comprehensive guide to this exciting, emerging field. From core concepts to innovative applications of cutting-edge technology and the latest industry trends, this text offers an in-depth introduction to the construction of green homes. Unlike many texts that adopt a product-oriented approach, this book emphasizes the crucial planning, processes, and execution methods necessary for effective, environmentally sound construction. This text demonstrates that Earth-friendly products and energy-efficient materials take planning in order to make a building truly green. This visionary text helps students and professionals develop the knowledge and skills to think green from start to finish, empowering and inspiring them to build truly sustainable homes. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering
Author: Paul Fazio,Hua Ge,Jiwu Rao,Guylaine Desmarais
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1008
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN: 1000116204
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering Book Excerpt:

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates
Author: Odom
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 116
Release: 2000-01-31
ISBN: 9780824709006
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates Book Excerpt:

Section 1: Key Issues Section 2: Schematic DesignSection 3: Design DevelopmentSection 4: Final DesignSection 5: ConstructionSection 6: Post-Construction Startup and System CommissioningSection 7: Works Cited

Moisture Control Handbook

Moisture Control Handbook
Author: Joseph W. Lstiburek,John Carmody
Publsiher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
Total Pages: 214
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moisture Control Handbook Book Excerpt:

This reference applies up-to-date moisture control and treatment techniques in a problem/solution format. Opening with an introductory explanation of the nature and causes of mold, mildew, and condensation, the volume gives specific advice on heated, cooled, and combination environments, plus a short course in the dynamics of moisture movement within buildings. Includes case studies and recommended practices for all US climates. For building contractors, architects, mechanical engineers, building product manufacturers, homeowners, and small commercial building owners. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Recognition Evaluation and Control of Indoor Mold

Recognition  Evaluation  and Control of Indoor Mold
Author: Bradley Prezant,Donald M. Weekes,J. David Miller
Publsiher: AIHA
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1931504911
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recognition Evaluation and Control of Indoor Mold Book Excerpt:

Durability of Building Materials and Components 8 Service life and durability of materials and components

Durability of Building Materials and Components 8  Service life and durability of materials and components
Author: Michael A. Lacasse,Dana J. Vanier
Publsiher: NRC Research Press
Total Pages: 954
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780660177373
Category: Building materials
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Durability of Building Materials and Components 8 Service life and durability of materials and components Book Excerpt:

This volume provides a selected overview of approaches, methods, techniques, tools, systems and technology used to develop knowledge of the service life durability of construction and building materials.

Water Rock Interaction XIII

Water Rock Interaction XIII
Author: Peter Birkle,Ignacio Salvador Torres Alvarado
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1008
Release: 2010-10-01
ISBN: 1439862990
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Rock Interaction XIII Book Excerpt:

In the late 18th century, Neptunists and Plutonists had controversial opinions about the formation of the Earth and its lithological units. The former believed that rocks formed from the crystallization of minerals in the early Earth’s oceans, the latter believed that rocks were formed in fire. Both theories ignored the importance of continuous water-rock interaction processes at Earth ́s surface and underground, which can enhance and define the type of volcanic activity, can cause the formation of secondary hydrothermal minerals and respective ore deposits, or simply alter the natural landscape by weathering. Although not visible at first glance, water-rock interaction plays a significant role in the daily life of humans. Many primary necessities of modern society, such as the availability of high-quality drinking water, the supply of fossil fuel and renewable energy types, the abundance of precious minerals, the remediation of contaminated natural sites, and the reconnaissance of geological hazards require a profound understanding of physicochemical processes interacting between liquid, solid and gas phases. Since 1974, when the first Water-Rock Interaction Symposia (WRI-1) was held in Prague (Czechoslovakia, now the Czech Republic), the Working Group on Water-Rock Interaction of the International Association of GeoChemistry (IAGC) has organized an international meeting every three years to present and discuss the most recent results in geochemical technologies. In 2010, WRI-13 attracted about 300 geoscientists affiliated with universities, research institutions, regulatory agencies and from private industry, from 35 countries to Guanajuato, Mexico. The 231 papers published in this volume describe novel advances in research related to interactive processes between the hydrosphere and the lithosphere. Innovative field-based studies, theoretical approaches and small-scale lab experiments are applied to reconstruct and combine pieces of the complex hydrological puzzle, and to confront society ́s impact on the environment. The papers reveal details on high-temperature reactions during the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits and geothermal reservoirs, practical case studies on groundwater quality and karst systems, environmental issues by mine tailings, novel technologies for the attenuation and remediation of contaminated sites, water/mineral interfacial processes on a micro- to macroscopic scale, the kinetics of weathering during low temperature conditions, examples for the advanced modeling of flow and transport processes as well as for CO2 reservoir injection, biochemical factors in surface and underground media, and the application of novel isotope techniques in rock/water/gas systems. Special emphasis in many papers is given on environmental concerns in abandoned mining districts, the occurrence and hazards of non-metals (especially arsenic) in exploited groundwater systems, and an increasing interest in mitigating CO2 emission by its injection into underground reservoirs. The papers in this volume are of wide-ranging interest to professionals and students in Earth sciences, including geochemistry, hydrochemistry, hydrology, geology, mineralogy, volcanology and environmental sciences, but also to decision-makers and engineers involved in the management of energy and natural resources, as well as professionals concerned about environmental issues.