Molecular Theory of Solutions

Molecular Theory of Solutions
Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2006-07-27
ISBN: 0191538493
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Solutions Book Excerpt:

This book presents new and updated developments in the molecular theory of mixtures and solutions. It is based on the theory of Kirkwood and Buff which was published more than fifty years ago. This theory has been dormant for almost two decades. It has recently become a very powerful and general tool to analyze, study and understand any type of mixtures from the molecular, or the microscopic point of view. The traditional approach to mixture has been, for many years, based on the study of excess thermodynamic quantities. This provides a kind of global information on the system. The new approach provides information on the local properties of the same system. Thus, the new approach supplements and enriches our information on mixtures and solutions.

Molecular Theory of Solutions

Molecular Theory of Solutions
Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2006-07-27
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Solutions Book Excerpt:

This book presents new and updated developments in the molecular theory of mixtures and solutions. It is based on the theory of Kirkwood and Buff which was published more than fifty years ago. This theory has been dormant for almost two decades. It has recently become a very powerful and general tool to analyze, study and understand any type of mixtures from the molecular, or the microscopic point of view. The traditional approach to mixture has been, for many years, based on the study of excess thermodynamic quantities. This provides a kind of global information on the system. The new approach provides information on the local properties of the same system. Thus, the new approach supplements and enriches our information on mixtures and solutions.

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9814469033
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book Excerpt:

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions The role of water in protein folding self assembly and molecular recognition

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions  The role of water in protein folding  self assembly and molecular recognition
Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2009
ISBN: 9814350532
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions The role of water in protein folding self assembly and molecular recognition Book Excerpt:

"The aim of this book is to explain the unusual properties of both pure liquid water and simple aqueous solutions, in terms of the properties of single molecules and interactions among small numbers of water molecules. It is mostly the result of the author's own research spanning over 40 years in the field of aqueous solutions."--Jacket.

Theory of Solutions

Theory of Solutions
Author: John G. Kirkwood
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2001-12
ISBN: 9780677010304
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory of Solutions Book Excerpt:

Molecules and the Molecular Theory of Matter

Molecules and the Molecular Theory of Matter
Author: Allan Douglas Risteen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 246
Release: 1895
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Kinetic theory of gases
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecules and the Molecular Theory of Matter Book Excerpt:

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions
Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
Total Pages: 668
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions Book Excerpt:

The aim of this book is to explain the unusual properties of both pure liquid water and simple aqueous solutions, in terms of the properties of single molecules and interactions among small numbers of water molecules. It is mostly the result of the author's own research spanning over 40 years in the field of aqueous solutions. An understanding of the properties of liquid water is a prelude to the understanding of the role of water in biological systems and for the evolvement of life. The book is targeted at anyone who is interested in the outstanding properties of water and its role in biological systems. It is addressed to both students and researchers in chemistry, physics and biology.

The Molecular Theory of Adsorption in Porous Solids

The Molecular Theory of Adsorption in Porous Solids
Author: Yury Konstantinovich Tovbin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 753
Release: 2017-10-17
ISBN: 135164971X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Molecular Theory of Adsorption in Porous Solids Book Excerpt:

In the adsorption phenomenon the substances from the external environment the gas or liquid are absorbed by a solid surface (adsorbent). Adsorption is used to separate gaseous and liquid mixtures, for drying and purification of gases and liquids. This reference broadly explores the calculation of the equilibrium and dynamic characteristics of adsorption in porous bodies at the molecular level. Two new theories of statistical physics are presented, both developed by the author for the consistent description of the equilibrium distribution of molecules and dynamics of flows in complex porous materials to be able to solve a wide range of practical tasks in the development of new technologies.

Fluctuation Theory of Solutions

Fluctuation Theory of Solutions
Author: Paul E. Smith,Enrico Matteoli,John P. O' Connell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN: 1439899231
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluctuation Theory of Solutions Book Excerpt:

There are essentially two theories of solutions that can be considered exact: the McMillan–Mayer theory and Fluctuation Solution Theory (FST). The first is mostly limited to solutes at low concentrations, while FST has no such issue. It is an exact theory that can be applied to any stable solution regardless of the number of components and their concentrations, and the types of molecules and their sizes. Fluctuation Theory of Solutions: Applications in Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, and Biophysics outlines the general concepts and theoretical basis of FST and provides a range of applications described by experts in chemistry, chemical engineering, and biophysics. The book, which begins with a historical perspective and an introductory chapter, includes a basic derivation for more casual readers. It is then devoted to providing new and very recent applications of FST. The first application chapters focus on simple model, binary, and ternary systems, using FST to explain their thermodynamic properties and the concept of preferential solvation. Later chapters illustrate the use of FST to develop more accurate potential functions for simulation, describe new approaches to elucidate microheterogeneities in solutions, and present an overview of solvation in new and model systems, including those under critical conditions. Expert contributors also discuss the use of FST to model solute solubility in a variety of systems. The final chapters present a series of biological applications that illustrate the use of FST to study cosolvent effects on proteins and their implications for protein folding. With the application of FST to study biological systems now well established, and given the continuing developments in computer hardware and software increasing the range of potential applications, FST provides a rigorous and useful approach for understanding a wide array of solution properties. This book outlines those approaches, and their advantages, across a range of disciplines, elucidating this robust, practical theory.

The Molecular Theory of Solutions

The Molecular Theory of Solutions
Author: Ilya Prigogine
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 476
Release: 1957
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Molecular theory
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Molecular Theory of Solutions Book Excerpt:

The Modern Theory of Solution

The Modern Theory of Solution
Author: Wilhelm Pfeffer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 154
Release: 1899
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Solution (Chemistry)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Modern Theory of Solution Book Excerpt:

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions
Author: Kenneth S. Pitzer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2018-05-04
ISBN: 1351077929
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions Book Excerpt:

This book was first published in 1991. It considers the concepts and theories relating to mostly aqueous systems of activity coefficients.

The Potential Distribution Theorem and Models of Molecular Solutions

The Potential Distribution Theorem and Models of Molecular Solutions
Author: Tom L. Beck,Michael E. Paulaitis,Lawrence R. Pratt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006-08-31
ISBN: 1139457632
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Potential Distribution Theorem and Models of Molecular Solutions Book Excerpt:

An understanding of statistical thermodynamic molecular theory is fundamental to the appreciation of molecular solutions. This complex subject has been simplified by the authors with down-to-earth presentations of molecular theory. Using the potential distribution theorem (PDT) as the basis, the text provides a discussion of practical theories in conjunction with simulation results. The authors discuss the field in a concise and simple manner, illustrating the text with useful models of solution thermodynamics and numerous exercises. Modern quasi-chemical theories that permit statistical thermodynamic properties to be studied on the basis of electronic structure calculations are given extended development, as is the testing of those theoretical results with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The book is intended for students taking up research problems of molecular science in chemistry, chemical engineering, biochemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, nanotechnology and biotechnology.

National Bureau of Standards Circular

National Bureau of Standards Circular
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1950
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Physics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Bureau of Standards Circular Book Excerpt:

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy
Author: Cornelia Breitkopf,Karen Swider-Lyons
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1016
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 3662466570
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Springer Handbook of Electrochemical Energy Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive handbook covers all fundamentals of electrochemistry for contemporary applications. It provides a rich presentation of related topics of electrochemistry with a clear focus on energy technologies. It covers all aspects of electrochemistry starting with theoretical concepts and basic laws of thermodynamics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics and multiscale modeling. It further gathers the basic experimental methods such as potentiometry, reference electrodes, ion-sensitive electrodes, voltammetry and amperometry. The contents cover subjects related to mass transport, the electric double layer, ohmic losses and experimentation affecting electrochemical reactions. These aspects of electrochemistry are especially examined in view of specific energy technologies including batteries, polymer electrolyte and biological fuel cells, electrochemical capacitors, electrochemical hydrogen production and photoelectrochemistry. Organized in six parts, the overall complexity of electrochemistry is presented and makes this handbook an authoritative reference and definitive source for advanced students, professionals and scientists particularly interested in industrial and energy applications.

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Electrolyte Solutions Second Edition

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Electrolyte Solutions  Second Edition
Author: Lloyd L Lee
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-01-07
ISBN: 9811233012
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Electrolyte Solutions Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Electrolytes and salt solutions are ubiquitous in chemical industry, biology and nature. This unique compendium introduces the elements of the solution properties of ionic mixtures. In addition, it also serves as a bridge to the modern researches into the molecular aspects of uniform and non-uniform charged systems. Notable subjects include the Debye-Hückel limit, Pitzer's formulation, Setchenov salting-out, and McMillan-Mayer scale. Two new chapters on industrial applications — natural gas treating, and absorption refrigeration, are added to make the book current and relevant.This textbook is eminently suitable for undergraduate and graduate students. For practicing engineers without a background in salt solutions, this introductory volume can also be used as a self-study.

The Law of Mass Action

The Law of Mass Action
Author: Andrei B. Koudriavtsev,Reginald F. Jameson,Wolfgang Linert
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN: 3642567703
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Law of Mass Action Book Excerpt:

'Why are atoms so small?' asks 'naive physicist' in Erwin Schrodinger's book 'What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell'. 'The question is wrong' answers the author, 'the actual problem is why we are built of such an enormous number of these particles'. The idea that everything is built of atoms is quite an old one. It seems that l Democritus himself borrowed it from some obscure Phoenician source . The arguments for the existence of small indivisible units of matter were quite simple. 2 According to Lucretius observable matter would disappear by 'wear and tear' (the world exists for a sufficiently long, if not infinitely long time) unless there are some units which cannot be further split into parts. th However, in the middle of the 19 century any reference to the atomic structure of matter was considered among European physicists as a sign of extremely bad taste and provinciality. The hypothesis of the ancient Greeks (for Lucretius had translated Epicurean philosophy into Latin hexameters) was at that time seen as bringing nothing positive to exact science. The properties of gaseous, liquid and solid bodies, as well as the behaviour of heat and energy, were successfully described by the rapidly developing science of thermodynamics.

Polymer Physics

Polymer Physics
Author: Wenbing Hu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2012-11-05
ISBN: 3709106702
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Physics Book Excerpt:

A molecular view on the fundamental issues in polymer physics is provided with an aim at students in chemistry, chemical engineering, condensed matter physics and material science courses. An updated translation by the author, a renowned Chinese chemist, it has been proven to be an effective source of learning for many years. Up-to-date developments are reflected throughout the work in this concise presentation of the topic. The author aims at presenting the subject in an efficient manner, which makes this particularly suitable for teaching polymer physics in settings where time is limited, without having to sacrifice the extensive scope that this topic demands.

Molecular Theory of Solvation

Molecular Theory of Solvation
Author: F. Hirata
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN: 1402025904
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Theory of Solvation Book Excerpt:

Molecular Theory of Solvation presents the recent progress in the statistical mechanics of molecular liquids applied to the most intriguing problems in chemistry today, including chemical reactions, conformational stability of biomolecules, ion hydration, and electrode-solution interface. The continuum model of "solvation" has played a dominant role in describing chemical processes in solution during the last century. This book discards and replaces it completely with molecular theory taking proper account of chemical specificity of solvent. The main machinery employed here is the reference-interaction-site-model (RISM) theory, which is combined with other tools in theoretical chemistry and physics: the ab initio and density functional theories in quantum chemistry, the generalized Langevin theory, and the molecular simulation techniques. This book will be of benefit to graduate students and industrial scientists who are struggling to find a better way of accounting and/or predicting "solvation" properties.

Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles Irreversible Thermodynamics and Generalized Hydrodynamics

Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles  Irreversible Thermodynamics  and Generalized Hydrodynamics
Author: Byung Chan Eu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2016-08-02
ISBN: 3319411470
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Theory of Nonequilibrium Ensembles Irreversible Thermodynamics and Generalized Hydrodynamics Book Excerpt:

This book presents the fundamentals of irreversible thermodynamics for nonlinear transport processes in gases and liquids, as well as for generalized hydrodynamics extending the classical hydrodynamics of Navier, Stokes, Fourier, and Fick. Together with its companion volume on relativistic theories, it provides a comprehensive picture of the kinetic theory formulated from the viewpoint of nonequilibrium ensembles in both nonrelativistic and, in Vol. 2, relativistic contexts. Theories of macroscopic irreversible processes must strictly conform to the thermodynamic laws at every step and in all approximations that enter their derivation from the mechanical principles. Upholding this as the inviolable tenet, the author develops theories of irreversible transport processes in fluids (gases or liquids) on the basis of irreversible kinetic equations satisfying the H theorem. They apply regardless of whether the processes are near to or far removed from equilibrium, or whether they are linear or nonlinear with respect to macroscopic fluxes or thermodynamic forces. Both irreversible Boltzmann and generalized Boltzmann equations are used for deriving theories of irreversible transport equations and generalized hydrodynamic equations, which rigorously conform to the tenet. All observables described by the so-formulated theories therefore also strictly obey the tenet.