Multinationals In Canada Theory Performance And Economic Impact

Author by : A.M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 737
File Size : 54,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Multinational enterprises have become one of the distinctive institutions of our times. Controversy over their economic and political effects, and over appropriate public policy responses, has become common in home and host countries and in international agencies. Much of this debate is reminiscent of the role of large corporations generally, particularly in their interregional and intergroup effects. The multinational setting, however, would have raised distinctive issues even apart from the strong surges of nationalism and anti-imperialism which have marked recent history. Canada has a long and unusual experience with such enterprises. Foreign control of capital in the nonfinancial industries (manufacturing, petroleum and gas, other mining and smelting, utilities, merchandising) was already 20 percent in 1930 and 25 percent in 1948. It rose to 36 percent by the late 1960s, but has since receded to about 30 percent. In 1975, fully 55 percent of the capital in manufacturing was controlled outside Canada, as was 72 per cent of that in petroleum and gas, and 58 percent in other mining. These figures exceed those of other developed countries, although there have been striking increases in recent decades. About 80 percent of the direct invest ment capital in Canada is from the United States. Recently, Canadians have xi xii FOREWORD become aware of a surge of Canadian direct investment abroad, which on a flow basis has exceeded inflows (exclusive of retained earnings) for most of the 1970s.


Multinationals In Canada Theory Performance And Economic Impact

Author by : L Leslie Waters Chair of International Business at Indiana University and Fellow Alan M Rugman, Professor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 899
File Size : 47,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Multinational enterprises have become one of the distinctive institutions of our times. Controversy over their economic and political effects, and over appropriate public policy responses, has become common in home and host countries and in international agencies. Much of this debate is reminiscent of the role of large corporations generally, particularly in their interregional and intergroup effects. The multinational setting, however, would have raised distinctive issues even apart from the strong surges of nationalism and anti-imperialism which have marked recent history. Canada has a long and unusual experience with such enterprises. Foreign control of capital in the nonfinancial industries (manufacturing, petroleum and gas, other mining and smelting, utilities, merchandising) was already 20 percent in 1930 and 25 percent in 1948. It rose to 36 percent by the late 1960s, but has since receded to about 30 percent. In 1975, fully 55 percent of the capital in manufacturing was controlled outside Canada, as was 72 per cent of that in petroleum and gas, and 58 percent in other mining. These figures exceed those of other developed countries, although there have been striking increases in recent decades. About 80 percent of the direct invest ment capital in Canada is from the United States. Recently, Canadians have xi xii FOREWORD become aware of a surge of Canadian direct investment abroad, which on a flow basis has exceeded inflows (exclusive of retained earnings) for most of the 1970s.


Multinationals In Canada Theory Performance And Economic Impact

Author by : A.M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 893
File Size : 43,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Multinational enterprises have become one of the distinctive institutions of our times. Controversy over their economic and political effects, and over appropriate public policy responses, has become common in home and host countries and in international agencies. Much of this debate is reminiscent of the role of large corporations generally, particularly in their interregional and intergroup effects. The multinational setting, however, would have raised distinctive issues even apart from the strong surges of nationalism and anti-imperialism which have marked recent history. Canada has a long and unusual experience with such enterprises. Foreign control of capital in the nonfinancial industries (manufacturing, petroleum and gas, other mining and smelting, utilities, merchandising) was already 20 percent in 1930 and 25 percent in 1948. It rose to 36 percent by the late 1960s, but has since receded to about 30 percent. In 1975, fully 55 percent of the capital in manufacturing was controlled outside Canada, as was 72 per cent of that in petroleum and gas, and 58 percent in other mining. These figures exceed those of other developed countries, although there have been striking increases in recent decades. About 80 percent of the direct invest ment capital in Canada is from the United States. Recently, Canadians have xi xii FOREWORD become aware of a surge of Canadian direct investment abroad, which on a flow basis has exceeded inflows (exclusive of retained earnings) for most of the 1970s.


Foreign Direct Investment

Author by : A. E. Safarian
Languange : en
Publisher by : IRPP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 429
File Size : 55,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : From the back cover: Foreign direct investment and multinational enterprises play a major but controversial role in Canada. Why do we see multinational enterprises use the subsidiary to transfer their techniques and products rather than national enterprises selling their products to foreigners through markets? What impacts do multinational enterprises have on the economic growth, balance of payments, industrial performance, and national independence of the home country? Professor Safarian addresses these questions, and others, as he surveys the research of Canadian economists in this field. Although economists have recently produced more and better analysis of foreign direct investment, the author maintains that additional research is required. The complex macro- and micro-economic impacts require more precise theoretical and empirical study....Sarafin concludes that economists and other social scientists must close the gaps in understanding foreign direct investment.


Japanese Business In Canada

Author by : Richard W. Wright
Languange : en
Publisher by : IRPP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 825
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : From the back cover: Richard Wright's study chronicles and analyses the Japanese business presence in Canada. It reveals several distinguishing characteristics of Japanese investment, which should help allay some traditional Canadian concerns about foreign investment. Japanese investment is small in proportion to the total volume of Canada-Japan trade. Moreover, unlike other traditional foreign investors, who generally seek to gain direct control of affiliated companies in Canada, Japanese investors aim primarily to secure reliable flows of raw materials. Because the Japanese emphasis is on trade rather than on investment flows, a high proportion of Japanese investment is in the form of loans rather than equity, and the Japanese often take minority holdings or enter into joint ventures. The role of Japanese investment is thus a very different one from that which has been a source of concern about foreign ownership in Canada.


Multinational Enterprise And Economic Analysis

Author by : Richard E Caves
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 323
File Size : 51,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book surveys the contributions that economic analysis has made to our understanding of why multinational enterprises exist.


Multinationals Governments And International Technology Transfer Rle International Business

Author by : Edward Safarian
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 263
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines the international technology transfer process and the role of both multinationals and host-country governments in that process, with emphasis on the experience of the more developed countries. It explores a range of issues and presents much original thinking and research findings. It discusses in particular the strategies of the multinationals, assessing how far they are willing to accept technology transfer to external partners (as opposed to subsidiaries which they can control). It also examines how far technical transfers are successful from the viewpoint of the firm and countries involved, arguing that governments are most likely to succeed in attracting multinational transfers if they are aware of and accommodate to some degree multinationals’ preferences.


Inside The Multinationals 25th Anniversary Edition

Author by : A. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 387
File Size : 49,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The first edition of this book was a milestone. Applying the new theory of multinational enterprises in a North American context, it popularized internalization theory. Now with a new introduction assessing the ground-breaking contribution of the book, this 25th Anniversary edition gives scholars access to the original text.


New Theories Of The Multinational Enterprise Rle International Business

Author by : Alan Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 499
File Size : 41,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book brings together the work of noted authorities in the field of multinational enterprises who explain and debate the merits of internalization theory as the new general theory of the multinational enterprise. Alternatives to internalization, such as licensing, joint ventures and other contractual arrangements are also evaluated. There are many applications to actual businesses, such as in the hotel, fish, food and banking industries. Also considered are regional office location and applications of the theory to Canada, Japan, the former Yugoslavia, the UK and USA.


Multinationals As Mutual Invaders

Author by : Asim Erdilek
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 399
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : One surprising development in the growth of multinational businesses and international trade is the large and growing amount of intra-industry direct foreign investment. Intra-industry direct foreign investment is the phenomenon whereby multinationals from two countries have overseas manufacturing operations in each other’s countries. The phenom


The New Economic Analysis Of Multinationals

Author by : Thomas L. Brewer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 999
File Size : 48,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : 'This is a useful addition to the literature on MNEs and a must for researchers and policymakers in the area of international business.' - C.S. Venkata Ratnam, Global Business Review In this seminal book, a distinguished group of experts pinpoint and rigorously analyse central topics in international business research. This volume will become a major reference tool for understanding the economics of multinational enterprise. The emphasis throughout is on a new dynamic research agenda, for theory, for empirical research and for public policy.


Multinational Enterprises In India

Author by : Nagesh Kumar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 434
File Size : 53,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Multinational enterprises play a vital role in the economic activity of most developing countries. In India MNE affiliates dominate whole sectors of industry - such as plastics and pharmaceuticals - characterised by a high degree of product differentiation, complex technology and high skill intensity. Such advantages, combined with intangible assets, centralised decision making and global outlook lead to a divergence of approach between MNEs and their local counterparts in host developing countries. This book analyses the inter-industry pattern of MNEs in India in the framework of the internationalisation theory, also examining the comparative behaviour of MNE affiliates and LCEs in terms of conduct and performance. The book goes further to explain the different performance of these two strategic groups by assessing profit and export.


Multinationals As Flagship Firms

Author by : Alan Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 416
File Size : 51,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The international dimension of business networks has remained relatively unexplored, mainly because international business writers focus upon multinational enterprises and network writers ignore international issues. In this book Professors Alan Rugman and Joseph D'Cruz bridge the literature on networks and multinationals by introducing the new concept of the flagship firm. In each business network strategic leadership is provided by the flagship firm, which is defined as a multinational enterprise. It has other partners: key suppliers; key customers; key competitors; and key partners in the non-business infrastructure. These business networks are usually located in the 'triad' regions of the European Union, North America, and Japan. There are strong cross-border network linkages within these regions, but less 'globalization' than regional economic integration. The theory of the flagship firm/five partners model is applied to the telecommunications, chemicals, automotive, and electronics sectors, amongst others, and the book reports on both empirical studies and field research of the international competitiveness of these sectors. The book will be of interest to academics, students, and professionals in the areas of international business, strategic management, political science, law, and sociology.


Rethinking Business Responsibility In A Global Context

Author by : Bodo B. Schlegelmilch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 973
File Size : 54,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book examines topical issues in global corporate social responsibility (CSR) from both scholarly and practical perspectives. It offers a variety of viewpoints and cases from countries around the globe and combines them with current academic knowledge. Intended for students, academics, and managers wishing to keep abreast of the challenges and opportunities for corporations operating in our ever-more-complex globalized world, this book provides fresh insights into responsible business conduct.


Multinationals And Transfer Pricing

Author by : Alan M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 202
File Size : 54,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : One of the reasons for the success of multinational enterprises in their ability to create in their supranational organisations "internal markets" which eliminate the imperfections of external world markets caused by tariffs on trade, restrictions on the flow of capital, information costs and so on. The method multinationals use to create and sustain internal markets is transfer pricing. Multinationals use to their advantage the difference between nominal accounting and real transfers from their head offices to a subsidiary in different countries to overcome transaction costs and restrictions on trade and capital flows. This book, first published in 1985, examines these and other aspects of multinationals’ use of transfer pricing. It puts forward original thinking and research findings by leading experts in this area. Empirical results are related to the activities of multinationals in less developed countries. This volume covers the economic theories of transfer pricing, accounting and fiscal practices and implications for government policies and regulations, and will be of interest to students of economics and business studies.


Handbook Of International Management

Author by : Tracy Murray
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 941
File Size : 50,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume grew out of Wiley's well-received Handbook of International Business, published in 1982. The latter has been updated and expanded and now appears as two separate books: the Handbook of International Business, Second Edition, and this book, the Handbook of International Management. Distinguished contributing authors provide enlightening discussion of topics such as the legal and political aspects of managing an international business, international banking, taxation, accounting, international marketing, labor relations, and public relations. Chapters also cover forecasting exchange rates; organization design; offshore sourcing, subcontracting, and manufacturing; technology transfer; international investment banking; and much more.


Firms In The International Economy

Author by : Sjoerd Beugelsdijk
Languange : en
Publisher by : MIT Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 730
File Size : 42,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Essays by leading scholars suggest that insights from international business could enrich firm heterogeneity research in international economics. Despite their common roots, international economics (IE) and international business (IB) have developed into two distinct fields of study. Economists have directed their efforts at formalizing the workings of international trade and investment at the macroeconomic level; business scholars have relied more on data-driven conceptual narratives than mathematical tools. But the recent focus of IE literature on firm heterogeneity suggests that IE would benefit from IB analyses of the behavior and organization of the internationalizing firm. The contributions to this volume investigate ways that insights from IB can enrich IE research in firm heterogeneity. The contributors discuss firm-specific advantages in international trade and investment, considering the firm as the unit of analysis and managerial inputs as a variable in market entry decisions; analyze interactions between a firm and its external environment, including local corporate philanthropy and institutional settings; examine the boundaries of the firm and organizational choices such as the make-or-buy decision; and investigate technology transfer and innovation offshoring, discussing the role of subsidiaries, inventor employment, and other related topics. Although IE and IB look at international firms from different perspectives, these contributions make it clear that there is a potential for a productive exchange of insights and information between the two disciplines. Contributors Laura Abramovsky, Carlo Altomonte, Sjoerd Beugelsdijk, Bruce Blonigen, Pamela Bombarda, Steven Brakman, Julia Darby, Rodolphe Desbordes, Filippo Di Mauro, María García-Vega, Harry Garretsen, Elena Huergo, Florian Mayneris, Quyen T. K. Nguyen, Verena Nowak, Cheyney O'Fallon, Gianmarco Ottaviano, Michael Pflüger, Filomena Pietrovito, Sandra Poncet, Alberto Franco Pozzolo, Alan M. Rugman, Armando Rungi, Stephan Russek, Davide Sala, Luca Salvatici, Christian Schwarz, Roger Smeets, Jens Suedekum, Hans van Ees, Vincent Vicard, Ian Wooton, Erdal Yalcin


Governance Multinationals And Growth

Author by : Lorraine Eden
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 172
File Size : 43,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Contiene: Foreword by Peter J. Buckley Part I: Introduction. - Part II: Corporate Governance, Multinationals and Growth. - Part III: Free Trade, Multinationals and Growth. - Part IV: Public Governance, Multinationals and Growth. - Part V: Conclusions.


International Business

Author by : C. Millar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 384
File Size : 50,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This sixth volume in the Academy of International Buiness Series presents leading-edge research on contemporary themes in international business. Part one explores several of the major issues that currently face multinational enterprises: government policy, the Asia crisis, knowledge and technology management, corporate-subsidiary relations, strategies for small firms and the impact of the technological revolution. Part Two of the volume examines the impact of foreign direct investment, FDI. Written by a range of international contributors, a key focus of these papers is the particular issues relating to foreign investment in the emerging markets of Central and Eastern Europe and South-East Asia.


Canada Uk Bilateral Trade And Investment Relations

Author by : Peter J. Buckley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 304
File Size : 48,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The book investigates the competitive opportunities for Canadian and UK businesses in the world economy generally, but more particularly in a bilateral (Canada-UK) and regional bloc (European Union-North American Free Trade Association) setting. Part 1 examines Canadian-UK trade and investment flows and policies. Part 2 presents an empirical investigation of the experiences of a sample of Canadian firms with business interests in the UK and the European Union and, likewise, UK firms with business interests in Canada and the United States.


International Business Theory Of The Multinational Enterprise

Author by : Alan M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 158
File Size : 46,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This comprehensive four volume set includes all major contributions to the field of international business. It also includes key writings in the areas of international political economy and on regional and national issues.


The Oxford Handbook Of International Business

Author by : Alan M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 976
File Size : 45,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This handbook synthesises some literature of the last 40 years in 28 chapters. The coverage is split into the following areas : the history and theory of the multinational enterprise; the political and policy environment of international business.


Canadian Manufactured Exports

Author by : Donald James Daly
Languange : en
Publisher by : IRPP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 39
Total Download : 222
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This study provides important empirical background to the continuing debate on Canadian industrial policy and trade. The analysis is based on primary data derived from a unique survey of individual firms, both Canadian and foreign-owned, conducted early in the 1981-1982 recession. The main purpose of the study is to assess whether recent changes in tariffs, exchange rates, wage rates, and other factors in Canada and the world economy suggest the need for any significant modification in the earlier analyses and conclusions. The study presents prior evidence on costs, specialization, and trade; assesses current costs and productivity, and presents new information on how increased exports and specialization would affect cost performance and international competitiveness; examines non-production costs and other non-cost influences on specialization and export performance; and suggests strategies for the private sector to consider in order to survive in the changing trade environment of the 1980s.


The Dynamics Of Industrial Competition

Author by : John R. Baldwin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 611
File Size : 47,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Dynamics of Industrial Competition describes the internal dynamics of industries using new and unique longitudinal data that make it possible to track firms over time. It provides a comprehensive picture of a number of aspects of firm turnover in North America that arise from the competitive process - the entry and the exit of firms, the growth and the decline of incumbent firms, and the merger process. Instantaneous and cumulative measures of market dynamics are provided. Since the forces contributing to competition are varied and industries are affected by heterogeneous forces, different aspects of firm turnover are considered in order to provide a comprehensive overview of the competitive process. Entry is divided into that portion coming from the creation of new plants and that portion arising from the acquisition of existing firms. Differences are drawn between the effects of related and unrelated acquisitions and between the effects of take-overs made by domestic and foreign firms. Differences between large- and small-firm activity are also investigated. The effects of turnover on productivity, efficiency, wage rates, and profitability are extensively model led. Using various measures of firm turnover to proxy the amount of competition, the study examines and contextualizes the relationship between industry performance and the intensity of the competitive process.


International Business

Author by : Alan M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 129
File Size : 49,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This comprehensive four volume set includes all major contributions to the field of international business. It also includes key writings in the areas of international political economy and on regional and national issues.


The Theory Of Multinational Enterprises

Author by : The late Alan M. Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 158
File Size : 47,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The articles in this volume explore aspects of multinational enterprises & apply the theory of internalization to North America, Europe & Japan. Rugman provides the reader with insights into the intellectual & personal history of the papers.


Mastering The Globalization Of Business

Author by : Roger Cartwright
Languange : en
Publisher by : Macmillan International Higher Education
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 348
File Size : 40,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Cartwright provides a basic understanding of the dynamics of globalization and its relevance for all types and sizes of business. Commencing with a brief history that shows that globalization has been a factor in world trade since the 1600s, the text then considers the two opposing views held about globalization.


Administered Protection In America Routledge Revivals

Author by : Alan Rugman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 431
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : First published in 1987, Administered Protection in America follows calls in the United States, at that time, for the protection of American industries and the preservation of jobs threatened by foreign competition. Professor Rugman’s and Dr Anderson’s work presents evidence that the United States already has a system of administered protection in place in the form of escape clauses, countervailing duty and anti-dumping procedures. The book argues that the application of these procedures by a largely decentralised administration has reduced United States state policy to a state of near anarchy. Rugman and Anderson argue that this is counterproductive for the United States and extremely harmful for America’s trading partners in Europe, Canada and the Far East. The conclusion looks at discussions of trade negotiations with Canada, in which Canada was pursuing a bilateral free trade agreement with the United States.