Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety
Author: Matthew Hull,Diana Bowman
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2018-08-14
ISBN: 0128135891
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety tackles – in depth and in breadth – the complex and evolving issues pertaining to nanotechnology's environmental health and safety (EHS). The chapters are authored by leaders in their respective fields, providing thorough analysis of their research areas. The diverse spectrum of topics include nanotechnology EHS issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks including exposure, dosage and hazards, and the implications of occupational hygiene precautions and consumer protections. The book includes real-world case studies, wherever practical, to illustrate specific issues and scenarios encountered by stakeholders positioned on the front-lines of nanotechnology-enabled industries. These case studies will appeal to, and resonate with, laboratory scientists, business leaders, regulators, service providers, and postgraduate researchers. Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, supported by numerous case studies Covers new generation of nanoparticles and significantly expands on existing material from second edition Only edited volume to collect research on the regulatory and risk implications of a wide array of industrial, environmental and consumer nanomaterials

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety
Author: Matthew Hull,Diana Bowman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-11-17
ISBN: 9780815519829
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety Book Excerpt:

This book tackles the debate over nanotechnology's environmental health and safety (EHS) by thoroughly explaining EHS issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks (i.e. exposure, dose, hazards of nanomaterials), and the implications of occupational hygiene precautions and consumer protections. Real-world case studies are included, e.g. the discussion of a leading chemical company's unusual pairing with the USA's largest environmental NGO, and an innovative program designed for small- to mid-sized businesses, which became a model approach for proactive nanotechnology EHS risk management. Considers the potential of nanotechnology from multiple perspectives (NGO, insurance industry, small business, etc) Provides guidance and advice for appropriate, proactive risk management strategies Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, documented with actual case studies Of significant interest to CEOs/CTOs of technology companies (SMEs), Health and Safety officers of technology companies (SMEs), Government officials (HSE), Toxicology experts, and venture capitalists

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental Health and Safety Research

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental  Health  and Safety Research
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2009-02-17
ISBN: 0309185831
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental Health and Safety Research Book Excerpt:

This new book from the National Research Council finds serious weaknesses in the government's plan for research on the potential health and environmental risks posed by nanomaterials, which are increasingly being used in consumer goods and industry. An effective national plan for identifying and managing potential risks is essential to the successful development and public acceptance of nanotechnology-enabled products. The book recommends a robust national strategic plan for addressing nanotechnology-related EHS risks, which will need to focus on promoting research that can assist all stakeholders, including federal agencies, in planning, controlling, and optimizing the use of engineered nanomaterials while minimizing EHS effects of concern to society. Such a plan will ensure the timely development of engineered nanoscale materials that will bring about great improvements in the nation's health, its environmental quality, its economy, and its security.

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

A Research Strategy for Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2012-05-09
ISBN: 0309253314
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

The nanotechnology sector, which generated about $225 billion in product sales in 2009, is predicted to expand rapidly over the next decade with the development of new technologies that have new capabilities. The increasing production and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may lead to greater exposures of workers, consumers, and the environment, and the unique scale-specific and novel properties of the materials raise questions about their potential effects on human health and the environment. Over the last decade, government agencies, academic institutions, industry, and others have conducted many assessments of the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) aspects of nanotechnology. The results of those efforts have helped to direct research on the EHS aspects of ENMs. However, despite the progress in assessing research needs and despite the research that has been funded and conducted, developers, regulators, and consumers of nanotechnology-enabled products remain uncertain about the types and quantities of nanomaterials in commerce or in development, their possible applications, and their associated risks. A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials presents a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential EHS risks of ENMs. The report summarizes the current state of the science and high-priority data gaps on the potential EHS risks posed by ENMs and describes the fundamental tools and approaches needed to pursue an EHS risk research strategy. The report also presents a proposed research agenda, short-term and long-term research priorities, and estimates of needed resources and concludes by focusing on implementation of the research strategy and evaluation of its progress, elements that the committee considered integral to its charge.

Nanotechnology and Environmental Health and Safety Issues for Consideration

Nanotechnology and Environmental Health and Safety  Issues for Consideration
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 45
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1437982484
Category: Nanotechnology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology and Environmental Health and Safety Issues for Consideration Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety 2nd Edition

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety  2nd Edition
Author: Matthew Hull,Diana Bowman
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2014
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Health
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety 2nd Edition Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety, Second Edition focuses not only on the impact of nanotechnology and the discipline of nanotoxicity, but also explains each of these disciplines through in the context of management requirements and via risk scenarios -- providing an overview of regulation, risk management, and exposure. Contributors thoroughly explain environmental health and safety (EHS) issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks (e.g., exposure, dose, hazards of nanomaterials), occupational hygiene, and consumer protection. Key new chapters have been included covering eco-toxicity, nanomedicine, informatics, and future threats. New case studies have also been added, including a chapter on the impact of nanosilver on the environment, as well as an assessment of how well lessons have been learned from the past, such as in the case of asbestos. The book also makes a business case for the importance of proactive EHS management - essential reading for existing or prospective producers of nanoscale products. Practical guidance on risk management and mitigation across different legislative frameworks worldwide Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, supported by numerous case studies Includes extensive new material on the implications of nanotechnology for medicine, energy and food, as well as assessing future threats.

Research Progress on Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Research Progress on Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Author: Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 143
Release: 2013-12-09
ISBN: 0309291879
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Progress on Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Despite the increase in funding for research and the rising numbers of peer-reviewed publications over the past decade that address the environmental, health, and safety aspects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), uncertainty about the implications of potential exposures of consumers, workers, and ecosystems to these materials persists. Consumers and workers want to know which of these materials they are exposed to and whether the materials can harm them. Industry is concerned about being able to predict with sufficient certainty whether products that it makes and markets will pose any environmental, health or safety issues and what measures should be taken regarding manufacturing practices and worldwide distribution to minimize any potential risk. However, there remains a disconnect between the research that is being carried out and its relevance to and use by decision-makers and regulators to make informed public health and environmental policy and regulatory decisions. Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Nanomaterials evaluates research progress and updates research priorities and resource estimates on the basis of results of studies and emerging trends in the nanotechnology industry. This report follows up the 2012 report A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials, which presented a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential environmental, health, and safety risks posed by ENMs. This new report looks at the state of nanotechnology research, examines market and regulatory conditions and their affect on research priorities, and considers the criteria for evaluating research progress on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology
Author: William P. Peterson
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 157
Release: 2009
ISBN: 9781606927298
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology -- a term encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology -- is focused on understanding, controlling, and exploiting the unique properties of matter that can emerge at scales of one to 100 nanometers. A key issue before Congress regarding nanotechnology is how best to protect human health, safety, and the environment as nanoscale materials and products are researched, developed, manufactured, used, and discarded. While the rapidly emerging field of nanotechnology is believed by many to offer significant economic and societal benefits, some research results have raised concerns about the potential adverse environmental, health, and safety (EHS) implications of nanoscale materials. Potential detrimental effects of nanoscale materials and devices -- both real and perceived -- must be addressed to protect and improve human health, safety, and the environment; enable accurate and efficient risk assessment, risk management, and cost-benefit trade-offs; foster innovation and public confidence; and ensure that society can enjoy the widespread economic and societal benefits that nanotechnology may offer. This book examines those issues.

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety
Author: Abhishek Gupta
Publsiher: Arcler Press
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2019-11
ISBN: 9781774073353
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety informs the readers about the quantitative analysis and the safety issues of nanotechnology in the healthcare research. It throws light on the relation between nanotechnology and the occupational health and enumerates the various risks and benefits for medical diagnosis and treatment. Also discussed in the book nanotechnology-related environment, health, and safety research, the ergonomic challenges for nanotechnology safety and health practices, the ethical and scientific issues of nanotechnology in the workplace, management of nanomaterials safety in research environment, risk assessment and risk management of nanomaterials in the workplace and the prospects of using nanotechnology for food preservation, safety, and security.

Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology

Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 185
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic government information
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental Health and Safety Research

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental  Health  and Safety Research
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee for Review of the Federal Strategy to Address Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2009-03-17
ISBN: 0309116996
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Review of the Federal Strategy for Nanotechnology Related Environmental Health and Safety Research Book Excerpt:

This new book from the National Research Council finds serious weaknesses in the government's plan for research on the potential health and environmental risks posed by nanomaterials, which are increasingly being used in consumer goods and industry. An effective national plan for identifying and managing potential risks is essential to the successful development and public acceptance of nanotechnology-enabled products. The book recommends a robust national strategic plan for addressing nanotechnology-related EHS risks, which will need to focus on promoting research that can assist all stakeholders, including federal agencies, in planning, controlling, and optimizing the use of engineered nanomaterials while minimizing EHS effects of concern to society. Such a plan will ensure the timely development of engineered nanoscale materials that will bring about great improvements in the nation's health, its environmental quality, its economy, and its security.

Research Progress on Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Research Progress on Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2013-12-25
ISBN: 0309291860
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Progress on Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

Despite the increase in funding for research and the rising numbers of peer-reviewed publications over the past decade that address the environmental, health, and safety aspects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), uncertainty about the implications of potential exposures of consumers, workers, and ecosystems to these materials persists. Consumers and workers want to know which of these materials they are exposed to and whether the materials can harm them. Industry is concerned about being able to predict with sufficient certainty whether products that it makes and markets will pose any environmental, health or safety issues and what measures should be taken regarding manufacturing practices and worldwide distribution to minimize any potential risk. However, there remains a disconnect between the research that is being carried out and its relevance to and use by decision-makers and regulators to make informed public health and environmental policy and regulatory decisions. Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Nanomaterials evaluates research progress and updates research priorities and resource estimates on the basis of results of studies and emerging trends in the nanotechnology industry. This report follows up the 2012 report A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials, which presented a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential environmental, health, and safety risks posed by ENMs. This new report looks at the state of nanotechnology research, examines market and regulatory conditions and their affect on research priorities, and considers the criteria for evaluating research progress on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnology.

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 191
Release: 2006
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology and Environmental Health and Safety

Nanotechnology and Environmental  Health  and Safety
Author: John F. Sargent
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nanotechnology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology and Environmental Health and Safety Book Excerpt:

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic government information
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

A Research Strategy for Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2012-06-09
ISBN: 0309253284
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book Excerpt:

The nanotechnology sector, which generated about $225 billion in product sales in 2009, is predicted to expand rapidly over the next decade with the development of new technologies that have new capabilities. The increasing production and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may lead to greater exposures of workers, consumers, and the environment, and the unique scale-specific and novel properties of the materials raise questions about their potential effects on human health and the environment. Over the last decade, government agencies, academic institutions, industry, and others have conducted many assessments of the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) aspects of nanotechnology. The results of those efforts have helped to direct research on the EHS aspects of ENMs. However, despite the progress in assessing research needs and despite the research that has been funded and conducted, developers, regulators, and consumers of nanotechnology-enabled products remain uncertain about the types and quantities of nanomaterials in commerce or in development, their possible applications, and their associated risks. A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials presents a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential EHS risks of ENMs. The report summarizes the current state of the science and high-priority data gaps on the potential EHS risks posed by ENMs and describes the fundamental tools and approaches needed to pursue an EHS risk research strategy. The report also presents a proposed research agenda, short-term and long-term research priorities, and estimates of needed resources and concludes by focusing on implementation of the research strategy and evaluation of its progress, elements that the committee considered integral to its charge.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology
Author: Anu K. Mittal
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2008-10-01
ISBN: 1437904459
Category: Nanotechnology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Book Excerpt:

The Nat. Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a multi-agency effort intended to coordinate the nanotechnology-related activities of 25 fed. agencies that fund nanoscale research or have a stake in the results. Nanotechnology is the ability to control matter at the scale of a nanometer -- one billionth of a meter. A key research area relates to potential environmental, health, and safety risks that may result from exposure to nanoscale materials. This report determines: the extent to which selected agencies conducted such research in FY 2006; the reasonableness of the agencies... and the NNI's processes to identify and prioritize such fed. research; and the effectiveness of the agencies¿ and the NNI's process to coordinate this research. Includes recommend. Illus.

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2005-03-18
ISBN: 9780309181907
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology is often described as an emerging technology - one that not only holds promise for society, but also is capable of revolutionizing our approaches to common problems. Nanotechnology is not a completely new field; however, it is only recently that discoveries in this field have advanced so far as to warrant examination of their impact upon the world around us. Nanotechnology has direct beneficial applications for medicine and the environment, but like all technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversely impact the environment, both within the human body and within the natural ecosystem. How does the science move forward in a way that best protects the public and gets health and safety right the first time? Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research identifies the areas in which additional research is needed and the processes by which changes can occur.

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health
Author: Gurumurthy Ramachandran
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2016-07-21
ISBN: 0323354084
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health Book Excerpt:

Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health provides a systematic overview of nanoparticle risks and considers the limitations of this paradigm in a context where extreme uncertainties prevail. As well as exploring conventional risk assessment methodology, the contributing authors investigate several alternate approaches. The adequacy of current frameworks for risk management and regulatory oversights, including corporate approaches in the US and EU, are explored, and suggestions are made as to how these frameworks can be modified to make them more efficient and effective. Presenting a coherent framework for analysis of the available information, this book presents the latest scientific understanding of the toxicity and health effects of nanoparticles, the technical issues relating to exposure assessment and management, and the ways in which the current risk paradigm can be used/modified to deal with the challenges of nanoparticle risks. All chapters of this new edition have been thoroughly updated to reflect the many changes in the field since the first edition. Additions and updates in the second edition of the book include: New exposure assessment strategies for nanomaterials including life cycle exposure assessment approaches and detailed information on nanoparticle exposure control and protection in the workplace. A state-of-the-art scientific update on the hazard and risk assessment of nanomaterials: discussion of key additional publications on the toxicology and biokinetics of nanomaterials; available data and methods to characterize the health hazard and risk of exposure to nanomaterials in the workplace; additional examples of the use of such data and methods to develop occupational safety and health guidance; and discussion of progress to date, ongoing efforts, and remaining challenges in nanomaterials hazard and risk characterization. New studies on the use of expert judgment in nanotechnology. Quantitative data from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s 4-phase study. A description and evaluation of new CB tools and new ISO technical specifications. A comprehensive update of the legal frameworks in the US and the EU. With the second edition of Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health Prof. Ramachandran provides researchers and practitioners producing or using nanoparticles, or those involved in nanomaterials risk assessments, technology, health science, policy, safety, environment and regulatory aspects an invaluable reference to adopt the right technologies and strategies and to comply to legal frameworks and regulations. For policy makers and advisory firms it provides the knowledge needed to advise on compliance with or development of new regulations on nanomaterials. Makes essential reading for risk assessment professionals, companies working with nanoparticles, nanotechnology research groups and regulators Explores the use of risk assessment methodologies in an occupational health setting, and their limitations Provides a framework for evidence-based decision making in a context with many uncertainties

The Nanotechnology Revolution

The Nanotechnology Revolution
Author: Dale A. Stirling
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2018-01-17
ISBN: 1351617230
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Nanotechnology Revolution Book Excerpt:

Nanotechnology is changing the world in a very big way, but at the atomic and sub-atomic level. Although the roots of nanotechnology can be traced back to more than a century ago, the last three decades have witnessed an explosion of nano-based technologies and products. This reference work examines the history, current status, and future directions of nanotechnology through an exhaustive search of the technical and scientific literature. The more than 4000 bibliographic citations it includes are carefully organized into core subject areas, and a geographic and subject index allows readers to quickly locate documents of interest. Although a sense of the global reach and interest in nanotechnology can be gleaned from the reference sections of countless journal articles, conference papers, and books, this is the only reference work providing an in-depth global perspective that is ready-made for nanotechnology professionals and those interested in learning more about all things nanotechnology. Despite the abundance of online resources, there is still an urgent need for well-researched, well-presented, concise, and thematically organized reference works. Instead of relying on wiki pages, citation aggregators, and related websites, the author searched the databases and databanks of scholarly literature search providers such as EBSCO, ProQuest, PUBMED, STN International, and Thomson Reuters. In addition, he used select serials-related databases to account for pertinent documents from countries in which English is not the primary national language (i.e., China Online Journals, e-periodica, J-STAGE, and SciELO Brazil among others).