Negative Emissions Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation

Negative Emissions Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation
Author: Stephen A. Rackley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-11-15
ISBN: 9780128196632
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Negative Emissions Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation Book Excerpt:

Negative Emissions Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation provides a comprehensive introduction to the full range of technologies that are being researched, developed, and deployed in order to transition from our current energy system, dominated by fossil fuels, to a negative-carbon emissions system. After an introduction to the challenge of climate change, the technical fundamentals of natural and engineered carbon dioxide removal and storage processes and technologies are described. Each NET is then discussed in detail, including the key elements of the technology, enablers and constraints, governance issues, and global potential and cost estimates. Students, researchers, engineers, and policy makers working in renewable and sustainable energy require a concise but comprehensive treatment of the range of technologies that can deliver negative carbon emissions, with sufficient depth to elucidate the physical, chemical, and biological fundamentals, as well as the breadth to cover both the current mainstream and also the leading edge of R&D (such as bio-mimetic technologies including artificial photosynthesis, electro-geochemistry, etc). Negative Emissions Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation offers this complete overview of the field and enables the community to gain a full appreciation of NETs without the need to seek out and refer to a multitude of sources. Covers the full spectrum of technologies to underpin the transition to a negative emissions energy system, from technical fundamentals to the current state of deployment and R&D Critically evaluates each technology, highlighting the relative advantages and limitations, and the potential for large scale environmental applications Combines natural science and environmental science perspectives with the practical use of state-of-the-art technologies for sustainability

Developing and Deploying Negative Emission Technologies System level Assessment and Rationalization

Developing and Deploying Negative Emission Technologies  System level Assessment and Rationalization
Author: Aidong Yang,Mijndert Van Der Spek,Wilfried Rickels,Barbara Olfe-Kraeutlein,Patrick Lamers,Volker Sick,Miguel Brandão
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-23
ISBN: 288971344X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developing and Deploying Negative Emission Technologies System level Assessment and Rationalization Book Excerpt:

Risk based Decision Support Tool for Selection and Evaluation of Negative Emissions Technologies

Risk based Decision Support Tool for Selection and Evaluation of Negative Emissions Technologies
Author: John Frederick D. Tapia
Publsiher: Infinite Study
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk based Decision Support Tool for Selection and Evaluation of Negative Emissions Technologies Book Excerpt:

As the rate at which climate change is increasing in making an impact to the planet, the need to develop and deploy technologies to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions becomes increasingly necessary. The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG 13) of reducing the effects of climate change would require ambitious actions and implementation towards achieving it. Negative emissions technologies (NETs) will contribute to this goal by reducing GHG concentrations in the atmosphere. Options for NETs are available for integration into energy and climate change policies. Barriers for large-scale implementation are present in each of these technologies; risks are present when it comes to integrating them into climate change mitigation strategies. In this paper, a novel multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) tool is developed for ranking and evaluating NETs under different risk levels. The tool is based on integrating the concept of neutrosophic sets into data envelopment analysis, or neutrosophic data envelopment analysis (NDEA) to examine the consequential effect of inefficiencies and uncertainties in the characteristics of different NETs. This considers a decoupled approach to the inherent efficiency, inefficiency, and uncertainty of each technology. A case study is presented to illustrate this tool. Results show the advantages of different NETs under different levels of expert's risk attitude and perception, i.e. tolerance factors. Soil carbon sequestration technology is efficient at tolerance levels from 60 % to 100 % as presented in the results. This can be an effective tool to select which technologies is appropriate in different scenarios.

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS
Author: Clair Gough,Patricia Thornley,Sarah Mander,Naomi Vaughan,Amanda Lea-Langton
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN: 1119237637
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS Book Excerpt:

An essential resource for understanding the potential role for biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in addressing climate change Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) offers a comprehensive review of the characteristics of BECCS technologies in relation to its various applications. The authors — a team of expert professionals — bring together in one volume the technical, scientific, social, economic and governance issues relating to the potential deployment of BECCS as a key approach to climate change mitigation. The text contains information on the current and future opportunities and constraints for biomass energy, explores the technologies involved in BECCS systems and the performance characteristics of a variety of technical systems. In addition, the text includes an examination of the role of BECCS in climate change mitigation, carbon accounting across the supply chain and policy frameworks. The authors also offer a review of the social and ethical aspects as well as the costs and economics of BECCS. This important text: Reveals the role BECCS could play in the transition to a low-carbon economy Discusses the wide variety of technical and non-technical constraints of BECCS Presents the basics of biomass energy systems Reviews the technical and engineering issues pertinent to BECCS Explores the societal implications of BECCS systems Written for academics and research professionals, Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) brings together in one volume the issues surrounding BECCS in an accessible and authoritative manner.

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2019-03-08
ISBN: 0309484553
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration Book Excerpt:

To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, "negative emissions technologies" (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. Storing the carbon dioxide from NETs has the same impact on the atmosphere and climate as simultaneously preventing an equal amount of carbon dioxide from being emitted. Recent analyses found that deploying NETs may be less expensive and less disruptive than reducing some emissions, such as a substantial portion of agricultural and land-use emissions and some transportation emissions. In 2015, the National Academies published Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration, which described and initially assessed NETs and sequestration technologies. This report acknowledged the relative paucity of research on NETs and recommended development of a research agenda that covers all aspects of NETs from fundamental science to full-scale deployment. To address this need, Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda assesses the benefits, risks, and "sustainable scale potential" for NETs and sequestration. This report also defines the essential components of a research and development program, including its estimated costs and potential impact.

The Role of Ocean based Negative Emission Technologies for Climate Mitigation

The Role of Ocean based Negative Emission Technologies for Climate Mitigation
Author: David Peter Keller,Lennart Thomas Bach,Kerryn Brent,Wilfried Rickels
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-02-16
ISBN: 2889715507
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Ocean based Negative Emission Technologies for Climate Mitigation Book Excerpt:

The Role of Negative Emission Technologies in Addressing Our Climate Goals

The Role of Negative Emission Technologies in Addressing Our Climate Goals
Author: Jennifer Wilcox,Phil Renforth,Florian Kraxner
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-04-20
ISBN: 2889636720
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Negative Emission Technologies in Addressing Our Climate Goals Book Excerpt:

The Influence of Negative Emission Technologies and Technology Policies on the Optimal Climate Mitigation Portfolio

The Influence of Negative Emission Technologies and Technology Policies on the Optimal Climate Mitigation Portfolio
Author: Derek Lemoine
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Influence of Negative Emission Technologies and Technology Policies on the Optimal Climate Mitigation Portfolio Book Excerpt:

Combining policies to remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere with policies to reduce emissions could decrease CO2 concentrations faster than possible via natural processes. We model the optimal selection of a dynamic portfolio of abatement, research and development (R&D), and negative emission policies under an exogenous CO2 constraint and with stochastic technological change. We find that near-term abatement is not sensitive to the availability of R&D policies, but the anticipated availability of negative emission strategies can reduce the near-term abatement optimally undertaken to meet 2 degrees C temperature limits. Further, planning to deploy negative emission technologies shifts optimal R&D funding from "carbon-free" technologies into "emission intensity" technologies. Making negative emission strategies available enables an 80% reduction in the cost of keeping year 2100 CO2 concentrations near their current level. However, negative emission strategies are less important if the possibility of tipping points rules out using late-century net negative emissions to temporarily overshoot the CO2 constraint earlier in the century.

Carbon Capture and Storage

Carbon Capture and Storage
Author: Mai Bui,Niall Mac Dowell
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2019-12-04
ISBN: 1839160527
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Capture and Storage Book Excerpt:

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and "negative emissions" technologies will play an essential role in mitigating the impact of global warming and meeting the temperature targets set by the IPCC and by COP21. Identifying the role and value of CCS relative to other mitigation technologies is of vital importance. This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the major sources of carbon dioxide emission, capture and storage, as well as negative emissions technologies, and provides insight into the role and value of CCS in the industrial and power sectors. The issues associated with commercial deployment of CCS are discussed, providing potential approaches to overcome these hurdles through a combination of political, economic and R&D strategies. Carbon Capture and Storage provides the latest global perspective on the role and value of CCS in delivering temperature targets and reducing the impact of global warming. With contributions from internationally recognised leaders, this book will appeal to graduate students and researchers in academia and industry, working in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, and energy policy.

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in China

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in China
Author: Jun Fu,Dongxiao Zhang,Ming Lei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2021-10-29
ISBN: 9811643105
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in China Book Excerpt:

Climate change is a huge challenge to humanity in the 21th century. In view of China’s recent pledge to the international community to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, this book examines climate mitigation and adaptation efforts in China through the prism of the steel sector, and it does so from three interrelated perspectives, i.e., policy, technology, and market. The book argues that in developing the country’s strategy towards green growth, over the years there has been a positive and interactive relationship between China’s international commitments and domestic agenda setting in mitigation and adaptation to the impact of climate change. To illustrate China’s efforts, two special areas, i.e., carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) and emissions-trading system (ETS), have received focused examination. Along the spectrum of low-carbon, zero-carbon, and negative-carbon strategies, this study ends with a simulation model which outlines different policy scenarios, challenges, and uncertainties, as China moves further on, trying to achieve carbon neutrality in 2060. The book will be of interest to scholars, policy-makers, and business executives who want to understand China’s growing role in the world.

Negative Emissions a Challenge for Climate Policy

 Negative Emissions   a Challenge for Climate Policy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 4
Release: 2016
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Negative Emissions a Challenge for Climate Policy Book Excerpt:

Abstract: The objective of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) believes that these targets cannot be reached through conventional mitigation measures alone. The IPCC assumes that in addition to reducing emissions, technologies for removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere will become indispensable. The preferred technology option combines increased use of bio-energy with the capture and storage of carbon dioxide. To date, climate policy has largely ignored the necessity for "negative emissions" to achieve the temperature targets set out in the Paris Agreement. Discussions on the underlying model assumptions, potentials and risks of imaginable technological options, as well as their political implications, are only just beginning. It would be wise for the EU and Germany to proactively shape this debate and increase funding

Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2 C Energy System Modelling and Policy Development

Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2   C  Energy System Modelling and Policy Development
Author: George Giannakidis,Kenneth Karlsson,Maryse Labriet,B. Ó Gallachóir
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2018-03-31
ISBN: 3319744240
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Limiting Global Warming to Well Below 2 C Energy System Modelling and Policy Development Book Excerpt:

This book presents the energy system roadmaps necessary to limit global temperature increase to below 2°C, in order to avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change. It provides a unique perspective on and critical understanding of the feasibility of a well-below-2°C world by exploring energy system pathways, technology innovations, behaviour change and the macro-economic impacts of achieving carbon neutrality by mid-century. The transformative changes in the energy transition are explored using energy systems models and scenario analyses that are applied to various cities, countries and at a global scale to offer scientific evidence to underpin complex policy decisions relating to climate change mitigation and interrelated issues like energy security and the energy–water nexus. It includes several chapters directly related to the Nationally Determined Contributions proposed in the context of the recent Paris Agreement on Climate Change. In summary, the book collates a range of concrete analyses at different scales from around the globe, revisiting the roles of countries, cities and local communities in pathways to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make a well-below-2°C world a reality. A valuable source of information for energy modellers in both the industry and public sectors, it provides a critical understanding of both the feasibility of roadmaps to achieve a well-below-2°C world, and the diversity and wide applications of energy systems models. Encompassing behaviour changes; technology innovations; macro-economic impacts; and other environmental challenges, such as water, it is also of interest to energy economists and engineers, as well as economic modellers working in the field of climate change mitigation.

Climate Dreaming

Climate Dreaming
Author: Henry Shue
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2017
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Dreaming Book Excerpt:

The Integrated Assessment Models used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change rely heavily on negative emissions technologies [NETs] for scenarios that keep global temperature rise to 2° C or lower. One favoured NET is bio-energy combined with carbon capture and storage [BECCS]. It is not established, however, that BECCS is feasible at a scale sufficient to matter, nor that BECCS at sufficient scale is compatible with sustainable development. Secondly, substituting the prospect of BECCS later for ambitious mitigation of emissions now unjustifiably transfers risks from the present to the future. Thirdly, no NET can 'buy time' for unambitious mitigation because the later reduction of 'overshoots' in emissions cannot reverse the passing of tipping points in the interim. The substitution of the dream of later negative emissions for immediate mitigations is therefore completely unjustified.

Climate Change Mitigation

Climate Change Mitigation
Author: Source Wikipedia
Publsiher: University-Press.org
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2013-09
ISBN: 9781230839387
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Mitigation Book Excerpt:

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 38. Chapters: Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention Technologies, Avoiding dangerous climate change, Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage, Cap and Share, CarbonFix Standard, Carbon neutral fuel, Clean coal, Clean coal technology, Clean Development Mechanism, Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange, Climate change mitigation scenarios, Climit, Criegee biradical, EarthLab, Fossil-fuel phase-out, Greenhouse gas remediation, Low-carbon emission, Mootral, Negative carbon dioxide emission, Seawater greenhouse, Space mirror (geoengineering), Sustainable retreat, Sydney Declaration. Excerpt: Climate change mitigation are actions to limit the magnitude and/or rate of long-term climate change. Climate change mitigation generally involves reductions in human (anthropogenic) emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Mitigation may also be achieved by increasing the capacity of carbon sinks, e.g., through reforestation. By contrast, adaptation to global warming are actions taken to manage the eventual (or unavoidable) impacts of global warming, e.g., by building dikes in response to sea level rise. Examples of mitigation include switching to low-carbon energy sources, such as renewable and nuclear energy, and expanding forests and other "sinks" to remove greater amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Energy efficiency can also play a major role, for example, through improving the insulation of buildings. Another approach to climate change mitigation is geoengineering. Most geoengineering techniques can be organized into two categories. The first category is called solar radiation management, which involves either reducing incoming sunlight, or increasing the reflectivity (albedo) of the Earth's surface to sunlight. The second category is called carbon dioxide removal, which involves reducing the atmospheric...

Energy and Climate Change

Energy and Climate Change
Author: Michael Stephenson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN: 0128120223
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Climate Change Book Excerpt:

Energy and Climate Change: An Introduction to Geological Controls, Interventions and Mitigations examines the Earth system science context of the formation and use of fossil fuel resources, and the implications for climate change. It also examines the historical and economic trends of fossil fuel usage and the ways in which these have begun to affect the natural system (i.e., the start of the Anthropocene). Finally, the book examines the effects we might expect in the future looking at evidence from the "deep time" past, and looks at ways to mitigate climate change by using negative emissions technology (e.g. bioenergy and carbon capture and storage, BECCS), but also by adapting to perhaps a higher than "two degree world," particularly in the most vulnerable, developing countries. Energy and Climate Change is an essential resource for geoscientists, climate scientists, environmental scientists, and students; as well as policy makers, energy professionals, energy statisticians, energy historians and economists. Provides an overarching narrative linking Earth system science with an integrated approach to energy and climate change Includes a unique breadth of coverage from modern to "deep time" climate change; from resource geology to economics; from climate change mitigation to adaptation; and from the industrial revolution to the Anthropocene Readable, accessible, and well-illustrated, giving the reader a clear overview of the topic

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage
Author: Jose Carlos Magalhaes Pires,Ana Luisa da Cunha Goncalves
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2019-08-07
ISBN: 0128166002
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage Book Excerpt:

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage: Using Natural Resources for Sustainable Development presents the technologies associated with bioenergy and CCS and its applicability as an emissions reduction tool. The book explores existing climate policies and current carbon capture and storage technologies. Sections offer an overview of several routes to use biomass and produce bioenergy through processes with low or even negative CO2 emissions. Associated technology and the results of recent research studies to improve the sustainability of the processes are described, pointing out future trends and needs. This book can be used by bioenergy engineering researchers in industry and academia and by professionals and researchers in carbon capture and storage. Presents the most recent technologies in use and future trends in research and policy Examines the bioenergy production and biomass processing value chains, including biorefining, negative emission technologies and the use of microalgae Includes techno-economic analysis and sustainability assessment of the technologies discussed, as well as an overview of the latest research results

Soil Carbon Assessment

Soil Carbon Assessment
Author: Jeffrey Prescott Beem-Miller
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2017
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Carbon Assessment Book Excerpt:

Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions must be complimented with increases in negative emissions in order to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and prevent catastrophic changes in climate. Soil carbon sequestration on arable lands is a negative emissions technology with high climate change mitigation potential that also confers agronomic co-benefits, but variability of soil organic C (SOC) stocks remains both a statistical and financial challenge for verifying SOC sequestration goals. This work is in two parts: 1) improving sampling methods for SOC assessment on rocky soils, and 2) reducing sampling requirements for mapping and modeling field-scale subsoil, topsoil and whole profile SOC stocks via remote and proximal sensing.

Earth System Impact of Historical and Future Reforestation

Earth System Impact of Historical and Future Reforestation
Author: Alexander Koch
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Earth System Impact of Historical and Future Reforestation Book Excerpt:

Air Pollution XXVI

Air Pollution XXVI
Author: J. Casares,G. Passerini,J. Barnes,J. Longhurst,G. Perillo
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2018-10-23
ISBN: 1784662690
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution XXVI Book Excerpt:

Dealing with issues related to the modelling, monitoring and management of air pollution, this book includes papers presented at the 26th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. The papers from this conference continue a wide ranging collection of high quality research works that develop the fundamental science of air pollution. Air pollution issues remain one of the most challenging problems facing society. The scientific knowledge derived from well-designed studies needs to be allied with further technical and economic studies in order to ensure cost effective and efficient mitigation. Increasingly, it is being recognised that the outcome of such research needs to be contextualised within well formulated communication strategies that help policy makers and citizens to understand and appreciate the risks and rewards arising from air pollution management. Details of the wide spread nature of the air pollution phenomena and in depth explorations of their impacts on human health and the environment are covered in this book.

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS
Author: Clair Gough,Patricia Thornley,Sarah Mander,Naomi Vaughan,Amanda Lea-Langton
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2018-09-24
ISBN: 1119237726
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS Book Excerpt:

An essential resource for understanding the potential role for biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in addressing climate change Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) offers a comprehensive review of the characteristics of BECCS technologies in relation to its various applications. The authors — a team of expert professionals — bring together in one volume the technical, scientific, social, economic and governance issues relating to the potential deployment of BECCS as a key approach to climate change mitigation. The text contains information on the current and future opportunities and constraints for biomass energy, explores the technologies involved in BECCS systems and the performance characteristics of a variety of technical systems. In addition, the text includes an examination of the role of BECCS in climate change mitigation, carbon accounting across the supply chain and policy frameworks. The authors also offer a review of the social and ethical aspects as well as the costs and economics of BECCS. This important text: Reveals the role BECCS could play in the transition to a low-carbon economy Discusses the wide variety of technical and non-technical constraints of BECCS Presents the basics of biomass energy systems Reviews the technical and engineering issues pertinent to BECCS Explores the societal implications of BECCS systems Written for academics and research professionals, Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) brings together in one volume the issues surrounding BECCS in an accessible and authoritative manner.