Neurocognitive Development Disorders and Disabilities

Neurocognitive Development  Disorders and Disabilities
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2020-09-25
ISBN: 0444641491
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurocognitive Development Disorders and Disabilities Book Excerpt:

This is one volume of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The disorders and disabilities volume focuses on disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning memory as well as psychiatric developmental disorders. The developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children is also covered. Chapters discuss when and how these disorders develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. Assessment, treatment, and long-term outcome are provided as well as advances in methods and tools for assessment. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on neurocognitive developmental disorders and disabilities Includes disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning, memory, and more Separately covers developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children Features advances in methods and tools of assessment Reviews patient care, rehabilitation, and long-term outcomes Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Neurocognitive Development Normative Development

Neurocognitive Development  Normative Development
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2019-09-22
ISBN: 0444641513
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurocognitive Development Normative Development Book Excerpt:

This is one of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The normative volume focuses on neurology, biology, genetics, and psychology of normative cognitive development. It covers the development of intellectual abilities, visual perception, motor function, language, memory, attention, executive function, social cognition, learning abilities, and affect and behavior. The book identifies when and how these functions develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on normative neurocognitive development Includes intellectual abilities, language, memory, attention, motor function, and more Discusses genetics and environmental influences on development Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disability

Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disability
Author: Irene C. Mammarella,Ramona Cardillo,Jessica Broitman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2021-06-22
ISBN: 0429677804
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disability Book Excerpt:

This essential book offers an accessible, evidence-based guide to Nonverbal Learning Disability (NVLD) informed by the most current research, and clinical and educational practice. It provides a thorough explanation of the science behind the condition, alongside ideas, support, and practical tips for managing the everyday challenges of the disorder at school and in family life. Mammarella, Cardillo, and Broitman describe the main characteristics of the condition from both theoretical and practical points of view, as well as examining the similarities and differences between NVLD and other neurodevelopmental disorders. They explore the cognitive and academic weaknesses and strengths of children with NVLD, and the emotional and social difficulties they may experience. The book also provides a systematic review of scientific studies in this field whilst focusing on issues of diagnostic criteria, as well as assessment and intervention strategies. Practical examples are given for teachers and parents to help support children with NVLD in improving their visuospatial and motor skills, as well as peer-social relations, and in promoting the child’s individual abilities. Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disability is essential reading for parents and practitioners in clinical and educational psychology, and health and social care, and students in these fields.

Pediatric Intellectual Disabilities at School

Pediatric Intellectual Disabilities at School
Author: Steven R. Shaw,Anna M. Jankowska
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2018-12-13
ISBN: 3030029921
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Intellectual Disabilities at School Book Excerpt:

This book synthesizes the most current evidence-based research and practices on prevention, assessment, intervention, and treatment of pediatric intellectual developmental disabilities. It provides a broad empirical framework for innovative practices and discusses their possible impact on children’s future development, ability to learn, social skills, and quality of life. The book highlights important findings in cognitive and behavioral development for children with such disorders as 22q13 Deletion syndrome (i.e., Phelan McDermid syndrome), Prader-Willi syndrome, Williams syndrome, and sex chromosome disorders (e.g., Klinefelter syndrome) – children often considered untestable, unteachable, and unknowable. In addition, the book includes case studies that emphasize a team approach with physicians, families, school psychologists, and teachers for providing quality research-based psychological, educational, and mental health services. Topics featured in this book include: Up-to-date findings on the causes and symptoms of intellectual disability disorders. Common medical treatments for children with intellectual disabilities. Therapeutic interventions for children with intellectual disabilities. Psychoeducational assessment practices for children requiring special education assistance. Future directions to support people with intellectual disabilities. Pediatric Intellectual Disabilities at School is a must-have resource for researchers, graduate students, and other professionals in child and school psychology, psychiatry, social work, special and general education, public health, and counseling.

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2021-08-11
ISBN: 0128222891
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease Book Excerpt:

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease, Volume 183 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology Series, informs clinicians on which neurologic diseases are likely to have a secondary effect on emotion, what to look for in diagnosis, and best practices for treatment. The book begins with an understanding of the neurological basis for emotions in order to better understand what goes awry in neurological disease. It then discusses specific neurologic diseases and disorders affecting emotion. Reviews the neurology of emotions Specifies neurologic diseases that affect emotional expression Informs clinicians on how to diagnose, along with best practices for treatment Includes coverage of stroke, dementia, epilepsy, Huntington's, Parkinson's, TBI, and more

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN: 0128213787
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders Book Excerpt:

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders, Volume 178 in the Handbooks of Neurology series provides comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system. This volume reviews alterations in vision that stem from the retina to the cortex. Coverage includes content on vision and driving derived from the large amount of time devoted in clinics to determining who is safe to drive, along with research on the interplay between visual loss, attention and strategic compensations that may determine driving suitability. The title concludes with vision therapies and the evidence behind these approaches. Each chapter is co-written by a basic scientist collaborating with a clinician to provide a solid underpinning of the mechanisms behind the clinical syndromes. Reviews the neurological underpinnings of visual perception disorders Encompasses the cortex to the retina Covers functional organization, electrophysiology and subcortical visual pathways Discusses assessment, diagnosis and management of visual perception disorders Includes international experts from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Singapore, and the UK and US

Neurodevelopmental Disorders A Definitive Guide for Educators

Neurodevelopmental Disorders  A Definitive Guide for Educators
Author: Frank E. Vargo
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-04-20
ISBN: 0393709442
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurodevelopmental Disorders A Definitive Guide for Educators Book Excerpt:

From autism to ADHD to learning disabilities, a guide for all teachers to this constellation of disorders. Developmental deficits in learning and communication in young children are defined as neurodevelopmental disorders. This constellation, newly defined in the DSM-5, represents a range of issues that educators must address. Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Definitive Guide for Educators provides extensive and practical information to a range of professionals, and to all others who are interested in the complex and often misunderstood disabilities that fall within the general medical and psychological diagnostic categories of neurodevelopmental disability. Noted psychologist and educator Dr. Frank E. Vargo provides a comprehensive overview of neurodevelopmental deficits and disabilities, as well as of their related learning and cognitive processes, with a strong focus on educational considerations, applications, and relevance across academic areas and with a mind to global educational models. Well researched and accessibly written, this book is an up-to-date and authoritative reference to all of the educational and clinical topics in the diagnostic categories of neurodevelopmental disorder. This informative book will provide a primary reference source for all educators, school and clinical psychologists, clinical mental health counselors and therapists, special education and medical professionals, and parents of children with special needs.

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders
Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2018-03-19
ISBN: 1315302055
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive volume brings together international experts involved in applying and developing understanding of Working Memory in the context of a variety of neurodevelopmental disorders, neurocognitive disorders, and depressive disorders. Each chapter provides a description of the disorder and investigates the Working Memory and related Executive Function deficits. It goes on to provide a neurological profile, before exploring the impact of the disorder in daily functions, the current debates related to this disorder, and the potential effects of medication and intervention. Through combining coverage of theoretical understanding, methods of assessment, and different evidence-based intervention programs, the book supports clinical assessment and management of poor Working Memory. It is essential reading for students in neurodevelopmental disorders, atypical development and developmental psychopathology as well as allied health professionals, clinicians and those working with children in education and healthcare settings.

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity
Author: Angelo Quartarone,Maria Felice Ghilardi,Francois Boller
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2022-01-14
ISBN: 0128194111
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroplasticity Book Excerpt:

Neuroplasticity: From Bench to Bedside, Volume 184 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to neuroplasticity. Sections summarize the basic mechanisms of neuroplasticity, focus on neuroplasticity in movement disorders, discuss brain oscillations in neurological disorders, segue into plasticity in neurorehabilitation, and cover issues of inflammation and autoimmunity in neuroplasticity. The book concludes with a section on neuroplasticity and psychiatric disorders. Covers basic mechanisms and clinical treatment approaches in neurological disorders Includes inflammation, autoimmunity, genetics, neurophysiology, and more Encompasses stroke, Alzheimer’s, movement and psychiatric disorders Provides tools for enhancing recovery

Aphasia

Aphasia
Author: Argye Elizabeth Hillis,Julius Fridriksson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2022-04-22
ISBN: 0128234792
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aphasia Book Excerpt:

Aphasia, Volume 185 covers important advances in our understanding of how language is processed in the brain and how lesions or degeneration in the left hemisphere affect language processing. This new release reviews research regarding how language recovers from brain injury, along with new interventions developed to enhance recovery, including language rehabilitation, noninvasive brain stimulation and medications. Sections cover neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of language networks, focus on mechanisms of recovery (and decline) of language, and include chapters on intervention, including recently developed behavioral therapies, brain stimulation, medications, and a review of studies of treatment for both post-stroke aphasia and primary progressive aphasia. Summarizes advances made in understanding language processing Discusses how lesions and brain degeneration affect language production and comprehension Identifies language networks based on functional imaging and lesion mapping Provides interventions for recovery, including brain stimulation, behavioral interventions and medication Explores post-stroke aphasia and primary progressive aphasia

The Human Hypothalamus

The Human Hypothalamus
Author: Dick F. Swaab,Ruud M. Buijs,Felix Kreier,Paul J. Lucassen,Ahmad Salehi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2021-07-07
ISBN: 0128199741
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Hypothalamus Book Excerpt:

The Human Hypothalamus: Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Volume 181 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system as they relate to clinical neurology. This volume identifies the neurobiology and neurophysiology of disorders relating to the hypothalamus and provides treatment information for these disorders. Disorders covered include neuropsychiatric, neurodegenerative, periodic, and autoimmune disorders. Coverage includes Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, sleep, pain, depression, anxiety, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, autism, aggressions, addiction, and more. Summarizes research on how the hypothalamus relates to neurological disorders Contains neuropsychiatric, neurodegenerative, periodic and autonomic disorders Includes the neurobiology of, and treatment for, each disorder Covers depression, anxiety, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, autism, aggression, addiction, and more Provides coverage of sleep and pain

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 0444641246
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry Book Excerpt:

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry, Volume 175, addresses this important issue by viewing major neurological and psychiatric conditions through the lens of sexual dimorphism, providing an entirely novel approach to understanding vulnerability factors, as well as potential new treatment strategies in several common neuropsychiatric disorders. The handbook comprises four major sections: (1) Introduction to sex differences in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, (2) Description of the impact of genetic, epigenetic, sex hormonal and other environmental effects on cerebral sex dimorphism, (3) Review of sex differences in neurologic disorders, and (4) Review of sex differences in psychiatric disorders. Explores sex differences in human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology Offers a pathway toward a gender-specific treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders Provides an overview of the genetics of sex hormones, human brain structure, and function, as well as the epigenetics, environment and social context

Heart and Neurologic Disease

Heart and Neurologic Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2021-02-23
ISBN: 0128203897
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heart and Neurologic Disease Book Excerpt:

The Handbook of Clinical Neurology series volumes provide comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system as they relate to clinical neurology. Cardiac disorders and diseases may often co-occur with, or cause, subsequent neurological disorders. Heart and Neurologic Disease identifies the top cardiac diseases and disorders most likely to have neurological disorders, how they will present, and how they are best treated. It identifies the mechanisms of action explaining why the conditions co-occur, and what clinicians should look for symptom wise, and how risk may be assessed. Coverage includes genetic cardiac disorders, cardiac trauma, surgery, infection, disease, and arrhythmia. Identifies the top cardiac diseases and disorders most likely to have neurological complications Specifies how the neurological complication will present and advance and how it should be treated Discusses the mechanism of action—why the two conditions co-occur Includes genetic conditions, trauma, surgery, infection, disease, arrythmias, and more Covers prevention and risk assessment

Interventional Neuroradiology

Interventional Neuroradiology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2020-12-01
ISBN: 0444640355
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interventional Neuroradiology Book Excerpt:

Interventional Neuroradiology, Volume 179, provides a basic outline of the field of interventional neuroradiology that is accessible to fellows, residents, clinicians and researchers in various disciplines, from diagnostic and interventional radiology to vascular neurology, general and vascular neurosurgery, and vascular biology. This volume offers a timely update to experienced clinical practitioners in a logical, easy-to-follow format. Content includes neurovascular anatomy, vascular biology, neurovascular physiology, vascular imaging, as well as sections on the diagnosis and therapeutic treatment of neurovascular disease. Explores the general scope of current clinical interventional neuroradiology, both for endovascular and percutaneous image-guided diagnosis and interventions in a variety of pathologies Defines basic physiological principles (e.g., cerebral perfusion pressure, intracranial pressure, vasospasm, tissue osmolality) with reference to those most essential to the management of neurovascular diseases Discusses pathophysiology and the unique challenges of pediatric cerebrovascular diseases, as well as endovascular and surgical therapies

Handbook of Australian School Psychology

Handbook of Australian School Psychology
Author: Monica Thielking,Mark D. Terjesen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 799
Release: 2017-01-26
ISBN: 3319451669
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Australian School Psychology Book Excerpt:

This handbook addresses the current state and practice of school psychology with a focus on standards unique to Australia, including historical, legal, ethical, practical, and training factors. It provides a compilation of the most current research-based practices as well as guidelines for evidence-based assessment and intervention for common conditions (e.g., autism, depression, learning disabilities) and for delivering appropriate services to targeted student populations (e.g., LGBT, gifted, medical issues). Chapters discuss the application of national and international school psychology practices within the Australian educational and psychological structure. The handbook also examines the lack of formal resources specific to Australia’s culture and psychology systems, with its unique mix of metropolitan cities and the vast geographic landscape that spans regional and remote areas. It offers numerous case studies and innovative school mental health programs as well as recommendations for professional development and advocacy that are unique to Australian school psychology. Topics featured in this Handbook include: Evidence-based assessment and intervention for dyscalculia and mathematical disabilities. Identification and management of adolescent risk-taking behaviors and addictions. Understanding and responding to crisis and trauma in the school setting. Prevention and intervention for bullying in schools. Class and school-wide approaches to addressing behavioral and academic needs. The role of school psychologists in the digital age. Practical advice for school psychologists facing complex ethical dilemmas. The Handbook of Australian School Psychology is a must-have resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in child and school psychology, social work, and related fields that address mental health services for children and adolescents.

Textbook of Psychiatry for Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Textbook of Psychiatry for Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author: Marco O. Bertelli
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 3319957201
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Psychiatry for Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder Book Excerpt:

Speech and Language Disorders in Children

Speech and Language Disorders in Children
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on the Evaluation of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Disability Program for Children with Speech Disorders and Language Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-04-06
ISBN: 0309388783
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Speech and Language Disorders in Children Book Excerpt:

Speech and language are central to the human experience; they are the vital means by which people convey and receive knowledge, thoughts, feelings, and other internal experiences. Acquisition of communication skills begins early in childhood and is foundational to the ability to gain access to culturally transmitted knowledge, organize and share thoughts and feelings, and participate in social interactions and relationships. Thus, speech disorders and language disorders-disruptions in communication development-can have wide-ranging and adverse impacts on the ability to communicate and also to acquire new knowledge and fully participate in society. Severe disruptions in speech or language acquisition have both direct and indirect consequences for child and adolescent development, not only in communication, but also in associated abilities such as reading and academic achievement that depend on speech and language skills. The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for children provides financial assistance to children from low-income, resource-limited families who are determined to have conditions that meet the disability standard required under law. Between 2000 and 2010, there was an unprecedented rise in the number of applications and the number of children found to meet the disability criteria. The factors that contribute to these changes are a primary focus of this report. Speech and Language Disorders in Children provides an overview of the current status of the diagnosis and treatment of speech and language disorders and levels of impairment in the U.S. population under age 18. This study identifies past and current trends in the prevalence and persistence of speech disorders and language disorders for the general U.S. population under age 18 and compares those trends to trends in the SSI childhood disability population.

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders
Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2018-03-19
ISBN: 1315302063
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Working Memory and Clinical Developmental Disorders Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive volume brings together international experts involved in applying and developing understanding of Working Memory in the context of a variety of neurodevelopmental disorders, neurocognitive disorders, and depressive disorders. Each chapter provides a description of the disorder and investigates the Working Memory and related Executive Function deficits. It goes on to provide a neurological profile, before exploring the impact of the disorder in daily functions, the current debates related to this disorder, and the potential effects of medication and intervention. Through combining coverage of theoretical understanding, methods of assessment, and different evidence-based intervention programs, the book supports clinical assessment and management of poor Working Memory. It is essential reading for students in neurodevelopmental disorders, atypical development and developmental psychopathology as well as allied health professionals, clinicians and those working with children in education and healthcare settings.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia
Author: Valeria Csepe,Valéria Csépe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9780306477522
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dyslexia Book Excerpt:

This volume addresses the question of how different brain activity measures may help to understand the complexity of language specific and domain general functions underlying reading, how atypical brain structures may be responsible for failures in the reading performance, and how the brain activity pattern of dyslexics may change from childhood to adulthood. It is a valuable resource for those working in the fields of psycholinguistics, speech pathology, neuropsychology, cognitive development, educational psychology, developmental psychology, child development and language acquisition.

Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Author: Mansfield Mela, M.B. B.S., M.Sc.Psych.
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN: 1615372393
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Book Excerpt:

"This book provides clinically relevant information for mental health experts, including professionals in the medical, mental, educational, vocational, legal and correctional, child welfare, and others, who encounter individuals with a hidden disability. Professionals require essential training to appropriately support patients who navigate the mental health system because of the consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Because curricula have only recently begun to incorporate this material, a text providing basic as well as advanced information is necessary. This book is significant because its content is useful for professional training across many mental health disciplines. It covers information missing from curricula about the long-term effects of PAE (fetal alcohol spectrum disorder ["FASD 101"]) and includes clinical information on the mental disorders relevant to FASD. Given the burgeoning research and knowledge in this area, the text also updates, synthesizes, and consolidates current information into one source. Even seasoned mental health professionals well versed in the research data can use this information to become better educated and informed on the intersecting mental health consequences of PAE"--