Aping Mankind

Aping Mankind
Author: Raymond Tallis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2016-04-14
ISBN: 1317234634
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aping Mankind Book Excerpt:

Neuroscience has made astounding progress in the understanding of the brain. What should we make of its claims to go beyond the brain and explain consciousness, behaviour and culture? Where should we draw the line? In this brilliant critique Raymond Tallis dismantles "Neuromania", arising out of the idea that we are reducible to our brains and "Darwinitis" according to which, since the brain is an evolved organ, we are entirely explicable within an evolutionary framework. With precision and acuity he argues that the belief that human beings can be understood in biological terms is a serious obstacle to clear thinking about what we are and what we might become. Neuromania and Darwinitis deny human uniqueness, minimise the differences between us and our nearest animal kin and offer a grotesquely simplified account of humanity. We are, argues Tallis, infinitely more interesting and complex than we appear in the mirror of biology. Combative, fearless and thought-provoking, Aping Mankind is an important book and one that scientists, cultural commentators and policy-makers cannot ignore. This Routledge Classics edition includes a new preface by the Author.

Elusive Brain

Elusive Brain
Author: Jason Tougaw
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2018-04-24
ISBN: 0300235607
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elusive Brain Book Excerpt:

Featuring a foreword by renowned neuroscientist Joseph E. LeDoux, The Elusive Brain is an illuminating, comprehensive survey of contemporary literature’s engagement with neuroscience. This fascinating book explores how literature interacts with neuroscience to provide a better understanding of the brain’s relationship to the self. Jason Tougaw surveys the work of contemporary writers—including Oliver Sacks, Temple Grandin, Richard Powers, Siri Hustvedt, and Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay—analyzing the way they experiment with literary forms to frame new views of the immaterial experiences that compose a self. He argues that their work offers a necessary counterbalance to a wider cultural neuromania that seeks out purely neural explanations for human behaviors as varied as reading, economics, empathy, and racism. Building on recent scholarship, Tougaw’s evenhanded account will be an original contribution to the growing field of neuroscience and literature.

I am Not a Brain

I am Not a Brain
Author: Markus Gabriel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-09-18
ISBN: 1509514783
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

I am Not a Brain Book Excerpt:

Many consider the nature of human consciousness to be one of the last great unsolved mysteries. Why should the light turn on, so to speak, in human beings at all? And how is the electrical storm of neurons under our skull connected with our consciousness? Is the self only our brain's user interface, a kind of stage on which a show is performed that we cannot freely direct? In this book, philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges an increasing trend in the sciences towards neurocentrism, a notion which rests on the assumption that the self is identical to the brain. Gabriel raises serious doubts as to whether we can know ourselves in this way. In a sharp critique of this approach, he presents a new defense of the free will and provides a timely introduction to philosophical thought about the self – all with verve, humor, and surprising insights. Gabriel criticizes the scientific image of the world and takes us on an eclectic journey of self-reflection by way of such concepts as self, consciousness, and freedom, with the aid of Kant, Schopenhauer, and Nagel but also Dr. Who, The Walking Dead, and Fargo.

A Spiritual Hypothesis

A Spiritual Hypothesis
Author: Daniel Punzak
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 966
Release: 2017-04-06
ISBN: 1524652369
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Spiritual Hypothesis Book Excerpt:

Traditional Western religion explains that each human has a spiritual aspect called a soul. However, several passages in the Bible allude to humans having a soul and a spirit. Dan has explored this idea and found numerous modern psychological findings that support this notion. Shamanism and some Eastern religious concepts also support this idea. Diverse concepts such as creativity and mental illness can be explained by the idea that two spiritual forms are in each human.

Finding Jesus in the Storm

Finding Jesus in the Storm
Author: John Swinton
Publsiher: SCM Press
Total Pages: 255
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 0334059747
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding Jesus in the Storm Book Excerpt:

Drawing from theological reflection on the lives of 30 Christians with severe mental health challenges, (depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia), leading disability theologian John Swinton contends that mental health problems require theological understanding and not just medical intervention. In fact, he argues, it is not necessary to care effectively for Christians experiencing severe mental illness to grasp the theological dimensions of such experiences. Therapy and pharmacology may be helpful, but on their own they are deeply inadequate. By listening carefully to the lived experiences of people with severe mental health problems, FInding Jesus in the Storm will open up new understandings and perspectives that challenge current assumptions and draws out fresh perspectives for care, healing, recovery and community. It is a book about people instead of symptoms, description instead of diagnosis, and lifegiving hope for everyone in the midst of the storm.

What s with Free Will

What s with Free Will
Author: Philip Clayton,James W. Walters
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2020-03-10
ISBN: 1532681623
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What s with Free Will Book Excerpt:

Are humans free, or are we determined by our genes and the world around us? The question of freedom is not only one of philosophy’s greatest conundrums, but also one of the most fundamental questions of human existence. It’s particularly pressing in societies like ours, where our core institutions of law, ethics, and religion are built around the belief in individual freedom. Can one still affirm human freedom in an age of science? And if free will doesn’t exist, does it make sense to act as though it does? These are the issues that are presented, probed, and debated in the following chapters. A dozen experts―specialists in medicine, psychology, ethics, theology, and philosophy—grapple with the multiple and often profound challenges presented by today’s brain science. After examining the arguments against traditional notions of free will, several of the authors champion the idea of a chastened but robust free will for today, one that allows us still to affirm the value of first-person experience.

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science
Author: Nicola Shaughnessy
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2013-12-05
ISBN: 1408183692
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Affective Performance and Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

This book explores new developments in the dialogues between science and theatre and offers an introduction to a fast-expanding area of research and practice.The cognitive revolution in the humanities is creating new insights into the audience experience, performance processes and training. Scientists are collaborating with artists to investigate how our brains and bodies engage with performance to create new understanding of perception, emotion, imagination and empathy. Divided into four parts, each introduced by an expert editorial from leading researchers in the field, this edited volume offers readers an understanding of some of the main areas of collaboration and research: 1. Dances with Science 2. Touching Texts and Embodied Performance 3. The Multimodal Actor 4. Affecting Audiences Throughout its history theatre has provided exciting and accessible stagings of science, while contemporary practitioners are increasingly working with scientific and medical material. As Honour Bayes reported in the Guardian in 2011, the relationships between theatre, science and performance are 'exciting, explosive and unexpected'. Affective Performance and Cognitive Science charts new directions in the relations between disciplines, exploring how science and theatre can impact upon each other with reference to training, drama texts, performance and spectatorship. The book assesses the current state of play in this interdisciplinary field, facilitating cross disciplinary exchange and preparing the way for future studies.

Psychiatry Declining

Psychiatry Declining
Author: Simon A. Brooks
Publsiher: FriesenPress
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1525566210
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychiatry Declining Book Excerpt:

People suffering from mental illnesses are among the most vulnerable of our society’s unfortunates. They deserve our support and care. While the clinical care they receive from front-line psychiatrists and other clinicians is generally good in the Western world, better understanding of mental illness is desperately needed. Every year or so sees new diagnoses added to the list of mental disorders, each with cohorts of new patients. Every year or so sees new estimates—ever swelling—of the number of those suffering from mental illness. But does this demonstrate progress? The academics and others who control the psychiatric profession have opted for what they consider an objective approach to comprehending mental illness. Tragically, they have adopted the mantra “Mental Illness is Brain Disease” and have attempted to work with this approach exclusively. Any interest in patients as individual human beings has been put aside; without that connection, we’ve achieved almost no progress in well over a century. According to Dr. Simon A. Brooks, any understanding of what constitutes a mental illness seems to be disappearing. The boundary between “normal” and “pathological” in human behaviour is increasingly blurred. Almost anything can be labelled as a disorder, and psychiatry has no clear idea of which conditions it should be addressing. Even grief can now be stigmatised as depression. Meanwhile the public is sold myths about psychiatry resting upon a secure foundation of neuroscience and that breakthroughs are just around the corner. After a century, how can they still be just around the corner? In this disturbing book, Dr. Brooks analyses the nature and causes of this dangerous divide between practise and reality, using evidence to show why our mental health crisis must be resolved.

Mindful Aesthetics

Mindful Aesthetics
Author: Chris Danta,Helen Groth
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2013-11-07
ISBN: 1441162526
Category: Literary Criticism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mindful Aesthetics Book Excerpt:

In the last few decades, literary critics have increasingly drawn insights from cognitive neuroscience to deepen and clarify our understanding of literary representations of mind. This cognitive turn has been equally generative and contentious. While cognitive literary studies has reinforced how central the concept of mind is to aesthetic practice from the classical period to the present, critics have questioned its literalism and selective borrowing of scientific authority. Mindful Aesthetics presents both these perspectives as part of a broader consideration of the ongoing and vital importance of shifting concepts of mind to both literary and critical practice. This collection contributes to the forging of a 'new interdisciplinarity,' to paraphrase Alan Richardson's recent preface to the Neural Sublime, that is more concerned with addressing how, rather than why, we should navigate the increasingly narrow gap between the humanities and the sciences.

Face Politics

Face Politics
Author: Jenny Edkins
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2015-04-10
ISBN: 1317511808
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Face Politics Book Excerpt:

The face is central to contemporary politics. In Deleuze and Guattari’s work on faciality we find an assertion that the face is a particular politics, and dismantling the face is also a politics. This book explores the politics of such diverse issues as images and faces in photographs and portraits; expressive faces; psychology and neuroscience; face recognition; face blindness; facial injury, disfigurement and face transplants through questions such as: What it might mean to dismantle the face, and what politics this might entail, in practical terms? What sort of a politics is it? Is it already taking place? Is it a politics that is to be desired, a better politics, a progressive politics? The book opens up a vast field of further research that needs to be taken forward to begin to address the politics of the face more fully, and to elaborate the alternative forms of personhood and politics that dismantling the face opens to view. The book will be agenda-setting for scholars located in the field of international politics in particular but cognate areas as well who want to pursue the implications of face politics for the crucial questions of subjectivity, sovereignty and personhood.

Human Dignity in the Judaeo Christian Tradition

Human Dignity in the Judaeo Christian Tradition
Author: John Loughlin
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2019-07-11
ISBN: 1350073717
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Dignity in the Judaeo Christian Tradition Book Excerpt:

Dignity is a fundamental aspect of our lives, yet one we rarely pause to consider; our understandings of dignity, on individual, collective and philosophical perspectives, shape how we think, act and relate to others. This book offers an historical survey of how dignity has been understood and explores the concept in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. World-renowned contributors examine the roots of human dignity in classical Greece and Rome and the Scriptures, as well as in the work of theologians, such as St Thomas Aquinas and St John Paul II. Further chapters consider dignity within Renaissance art and sacred music. The volume shows that dignity is also a contemporary issue by analysing situations where the traditional understanding has been challenged by philosophical and policy developments. To this end, further essays look at the role of dignity in discussions about transhumanism, religious freedom, robotics and medicine. Grounded in the principal Christian traditions of Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and Protestantism, this book offers an interdisciplinary and cross-period approach to a timely topic. It validates the notion of human dignity and offers an introduction to the field, while also challenging it.

Neurolinguistics

Neurolinguistics
Author: Giosue Baggio
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2022-05-10
ISBN: 0262368145
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurolinguistics Book Excerpt:

An accessible introduction to the study of language in the brain, covering language processing, language acquisition, literacy, and language disorders. Neurolinguistics, the study of language in the brain, describes the anatomical structures (networks of neurons in the brain) and physiological processes (ways for these networks to be active) that allow humans to learn and use one or more languages. It draws on neuroscience, linguistics—particularly theoretical linguistics—and other disciplines. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Giosuè Baggio offers an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of neurolinguistics, covering language processing, language acquisition, literacy, and speech and language disorders. Baggio first surveys the evolution of the field, describing discoveries by Paul Broca, Carl Wernicke, Noam Chomsky, and others. He discusses mapping language in “brain time” and “brain space” and the constraints of neurolinguistic models. Considering language acquisition, he explains that a child is never a “blank slate”: infants and young children are only able to acquire specific aspects of language in specific stages of cognitive development. He addresses the neural consequences of bilingualism; literacy, discussing how forms of visual language in the brain differ from forms of auditory language; aphasia and the need to understand language disorders in behavioral, functional, and neuroanatomical terms; neurogenetics of language; and the neuroethology of language, tracing the origins of the neural and behavioral building blocks of human linguistic communication to the evolution of avian, mammalian, and primate brains.

The New Principia

The New Principia
Author: Dr. John Yates
Publsiher: Notion Press
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2018-12-04
ISBN: 1644297027
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Principia Book Excerpt:

The New Principia Book 1 deals with the start of the New Principia — important scientific work — related to questions such as “How to find God,” “How to travel in Time”, “Travels in Outer Space” plus "Resolving the Andromeda Paradox" and more with proper explanations and some working methods for handling Ouija Boards, Near Death Experiences, Astral Projection, Hypnosis, Consciousness, Super-intelligent Machines and others. With The New Principia, the sky is not the limit.

Science and Emotions after 1945

Science and Emotions after 1945
Author: Frank Biess,Daniel M. Gross
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2014-05-22
ISBN: 022612651X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Emotions after 1945 Book Excerpt:

Through the first half of the twentieth century, emotions were a legitimate object of scientific study across a variety of disciplines. After 1945, however, in the wake of Nazi irrationalism, emotions became increasingly marginalized and postwar rationalism took central stage. Emotion remained on the scene of scientific and popular study but largely at the fringes as a behavioral reflex, or as a concern of the private sphere. So why, by the 1960s, had the study of emotions returned to the forefront of academic investigation? In Science and Emotions after 1945, Frank Biess and Daniel M. Gross chronicle the curious resurgence of emotion studies and show that it was fueled by two very different sources: social movements of the 1960s and brain science. A central claim of the book is that the relatively recent neuroscientific study of emotion did not initiate – but instead consolidated – the emotional turn by clearing the ground for multidisciplinary work on the emotions. Science and Emotions after 1945 tells the story of this shift by looking closely at scientific disciplines in which the study of emotions has featured prominently, including medicine, psychiatry, neuroscience, and the social sciences, viewed in each case from a humanities perspective.

Brainmedia

Brainmedia
Author: Flora Lysen
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2022-07-28
ISBN: 1501378740
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brainmedia Book Excerpt:

Will we ever be able to see the brain at work? Could it be possible to observe thinking and feeling as if watching a live broadcast from within the human head? Brainmedia uncovers past and present examples of scientists and science educators who conceptualize and demonstrate the active human brain guided by new media technologies. Drawing on original archival material, Brainmedia outlines a new history of “live brains,” arguing that practices of - and ideas about - mediation impacted the imagination of seeing the brain at work. Through five carefully researched and illustrated historical case studies, Flora Lysen shows the conceptual but also practical assembling of brains and media: from exhibitions of giant illuminated brain models and staged projections of brainwave recordings; to live televised brain broadcasts, brains hooked up to computers and experiments with “brain-to-brain” synchronization. By combining accounts of scientists examining brains in laboratories with examples of public demonstrations and exhibitions of brain research, Brainmedia casts new light on popularization practices, placing them at the heart of scientific work. The book argues that a vital part of brain research is the performing of knowledge with and through media. This means that the significance attributed to neuroscientific research today also much depends on the changing forms of fascination that ultimately allow for the persistence of promises of seeing the live brain at work.

Emotion Cognition and Their Marvellous Interplay in Managerial Decision Making

Emotion  Cognition  and Their Marvellous Interplay in Managerial Decision Making
Author: Matteo Cristofaro
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN: 1527568067
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotion Cognition and Their Marvellous Interplay in Managerial Decision Making Book Excerpt:

How do affect, cognition, and their interplay influence managerial decision-making at the individual, group, and organizational levels? How can these influences be fostered or reduced? This book conceptually and empirically answers such questions, and considers important theoretical issues for future research about the complex functioning of the human mind in managerial decision-making.

Theological Neuroethics

Theological Neuroethics
Author: Neil Messer
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-10-19
ISBN: 0567671410
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theological Neuroethics Book Excerpt:

Neil Messer brings together a range of theoretical and practical questions raised by current research on the human brain: questions about both the 'ethics of neuroscience' and the 'neuroscience of ethics'. While some of these are familiar to theologians, others have been more or less ignored hitherto, and the field of neuroethics as a whole has received little theological attention. Drawing on both theological ethics and the science-and-theology field, Messer discusses cognitive-scientific and neuroscientific studies of religion, arguing that they do not give grounds to dismiss theological perspectives on the human self. He examines a representative range of topics across the whole field of neuroethics, including consciousness, the self and the value of human life; the neuroscience of morality; determinism, freewill and moral responsibility; and the ethics of cognitive enhancement.

The Sociology of Childhood

The Sociology of Childhood
Author: William A. Corsaro
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 485
Release: 2017-06-10
ISBN: 1506386199
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sociology of Childhood Book Excerpt:

William A. Corsaro’s groundbreaking text, The Sociology of Childhood, discusses children and childhood from a sociological perspective. Corsaro provides in-depth coverage of the social theories of childhood, the peer cultures and social issues of children and youth, children and childhood within the frameworks of culture and history, and social problems and the future of childhood. The Fifth Edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate the latest research and the most pertinent information so readers can engage in powerful discussions on a wide array of topics.

The Screenplay Business

The Screenplay Business
Author: Peter Bloore
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2013
ISBN: 0415613329
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Screenplay Business Book Excerpt:

The development of a film script is a long and complex process, initially creatively driven by the writer, but managed by a producer or development executive. This text examines the process and considers how to create the best processes and environments for developing stories and concepts for film.

Reflections of a Metaphysical Flaneur

Reflections of a Metaphysical Flaneur
Author: Raymond Tallis
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2014-09-11
ISBN: 1317546601
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reflections of a Metaphysical Flaneur Book Excerpt:

These essays from one of our most stimulating thinkers showcase Tallis's infectious fascination, indeed intoxication, with the infinite complexity of human lives and the human condition. In the title essay, we join Tallis on a stroll around his local park - and the intricate passages of his own consciousness - as he uses the motif of the walk, the amble, to occasion a series of meditations on the freedoms that only human beings possess. In subsequent essays, the flaneur thinks about his brain, his relationship to the rest of the animal kingdom, his profession of medicine and about the physical world and the claims of physical science to have rendered philosophical reflection obsolete. Taken together the essays continue Tallis's mission to elaborate a vision of humanity that rejects religious myths while not succumbing to scientism or any other form of naturalism. Written with the author's customary intellectual energy and vigour these essays provoke, move and challenge us to think differently about who we are and our place in the material world.