Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation
Author: Elliot Krames,P. Hunter Peckham,Ali R. Rezai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1250
Release: 2017-11-01
ISBN: 9780128053539
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuromodulation Book Excerpt:

Neuromodulation, Comprehensive Textbook of Principles, Technologies, and Therapies, Second Edition serves as a comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. Since the publication of the first edition seven years ago, there has been an explosion of knowledge in neuromodulation, optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing. Users will find unique discussions of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies, and how they are applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The book focuses on comprehensive coverage of spinal cord stimulation, non-interventional and interventional brain stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, and the emerging fields of neuromodulation, including optogenetics and bioelectronics medicine. Provides a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the growing field of neuromodulation Written by international, leading authorities in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering Includes new chapters on optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing

Neuromodulation Techniques for Pain Treatment

Neuromodulation Techniques for Pain Treatment
Author: Tiago da Silva Freitas,Bernardo Assumpcao de Monaco,Stanley Golovac
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN: 3030847780
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuromodulation Techniques for Pain Treatment Book Excerpt:

Neuromodulation implants are currently one of the most successful techniques in the treatment of chronic pain, a condition that affects more and more patients each year, leading to reduced quality of life as well as economic losses. Neuromodulation implants for pain are a relatively new technique and are being increasingly used around the globe. However, technical training is not available for every implanter as there are relatively few centers in the world. Further, refresher courses for low-rate implanters are not available. This book fills that gap by offering an update on the best techniques currently used, providing a step-by-step guide on how to perform these procedures correctly. Based on the experiences of leading physicians in the field, it also discusses how to manage both major and minor complications. Lastly, it covers the neuromodulatory intervention techniques used to treat chronic pain in various clinical areas. As such it is a valuable resource for pain physicians as well as neurosurgeons, orthopedists and anesthetists.

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation  New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2021-08-24
ISBN: 0128222999
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Horizons in Neuromodulation New Frontiers in Brain and Spine Stimulation Book Excerpt:

International Review of Neurobiology serial highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters. Each chapter is written by an international board of authors. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series

Assessment and Multimodal Management of Pain

Assessment and Multimodal Management of Pain
Author: Maureen Cooney,Ann Quinlan-Colwell
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2020-10-31
ISBN: 0323530788
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment and Multimodal Management of Pain Book Excerpt:

Learn best practices and evidence-based guidelines for assessing and managing pain! Assessment and Multimodal Management of Pain: An Integrative Approach describes how to provide effective management of pain through the use of multiple medications and techniques, including both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment regimens. A holistic approach provides an in-depth understanding of pain and includes practical assessment tools along with coverage of opioid and non-opioid analgesics, interventional and herbal approaches to pain, and much more. Written by experts Maureen F. Cooney and Ann Quinlan-Colwell, this reference is a complete, step-by-step guide to contemporary pain assessment and management. Evidence-based, practical guidance helps students learn to plan and implement pain management, and aligns with current guidelines and best practices. Comprehensive information on the pharmacologic management of pain includes nonopioid analgesics, opioid analgesics, and co-analgesics, including dose titration, routes of administration, and prevention of side effects. UNIQUE! Multimodal approach for pain management is explored throughout the book, as it affects assessment, the physiologic experience, and the culturally determined expression, acknowledgement, and management of pain. UNIQUE! Holistic, integrative approach includes thorough coverage of pain management with non-pharmacologic methods. Clinical scenarios are cited to illustrate key points. Equivalent analgesic action for common pain medications provides readers with useful guidance relating to medication selection. Pain-rating scales in over 20 languages are included in the appendix for improved patient/clinician communication and accurate pain assessment. UNIQUE! Authors Maureen F. Cooney and Ann Quinlan-Colwell are two of the foremost authorities in multimodal pain assessment and management. Sample forms, guidelines, protocols, and other hands-on tools are included, and may be reproduced for use in the classroom or clinical setting.

Topics in Neuromodulation Treatment

Topics in Neuromodulation Treatment
Author: José Carrillo-Ruiz
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2012-03-23
ISBN: 9535103954
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Topics in Neuromodulation Treatment Book Excerpt:

"Topics in Neuromodulation Treatment" is a book that invites to the reader to make an update in this important and well-defined area involved in the Neuroscience world. The book pays attention in some aspects of the electrical therapy and also in the drug delivery management of several neurological illnesses including the classic ones like epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, pain, and other indications more recently incorporated to this important tool like bladder incontinency, heart ischemia and stroke. The manuscript is dedicated not only to the expert, but also to the scientist that begins in this amazing field. The authors are physicians of different specialties and they guarantee the clinical expertise to provide to the reader the best guide to treat the patient.

Neurostimulation and Neuromodulation in Contemporary Therapeutic Practice

Neurostimulation and Neuromodulation in Contemporary Therapeutic Practice
Author: Denis Larrivee,Seyed Mansoor Rayegani
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 1838802916
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurostimulation and Neuromodulation in Contemporary Therapeutic Practice Book Excerpt:

Clinical applications of neurostimulation or neuromodulation are experiencing rapid growth, driven by an evolution in neurotechnologies, the limitations of pharmacotherapy, and an improving understanding of brain physiology. New methods are promising for intractable or marginally tractable cognitive diseases and for adjunct therapies, as they offer greatly improved spatial and temporal resolution, thereby promising greater specificity and quicker recovery from disease. This book includes up-to-date and in-depth studies of many of these therapies, with chapters addressing their use in epilepsy, spasticity, pain, neurodegeneration, and spinal cord dysfunctions, among others, illustrating their versatility and therapeutic promise for cognitive dysfunction.

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation
Author: Elliot Krames,P. Hunter Peckham,Ali R. Rezai
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1828
Release: 2018-01-05
ISBN: 0128093021
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuromodulation Book Excerpt:

Neuromodulation: Comprehensive Textbook of Principles, Technologies, and Therapies, Second Edition, serves as a comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. Since the publication of the first edition seven years ago, there has been an explosion of knowledge in neuromodulation, optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing. Users will find unique discussions of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies, and how they are applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The book focuses on comprehensive coverage of spinal cord stimulation, non-interventional and interventional brain stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, and the emerging fields of neuromodulation, including optogenetics and bioelectronics medicine. Provides a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the growing field of neuromodulation Written by international, leading authorities in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering Includes new chapters on optogenetics, bioelectronics medicine and brain computer interfacing

Complications of Pain Relieving Procedures

Complications of Pain Relieving Procedures
Author: Serdar Erdine,Peter S. Staats
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2022-09-06
ISBN: 1119757274
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complications of Pain Relieving Procedures Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive exploration of potential complications arising from interventional pain therapies. In Complications of Pain-Relieving Procedures: An Illustrated Guide, a team of distinguished pain specialists delivers a straightforward, extensively illustrated, and step-by-step guide to managing complications arising out of pain-relieving procedures and interventions. The book offers essential assistance to physicians by combining a wide range of potential complications into a single, comprehensive resource suited to quick review in real time. It will help readers determine the clinical steps necessary to avoid long-term consequences for patients. This illustrated reference contains numerous images of the possible complications of specific procedures. Each chapter includes discussions of the anatomy of the target nerve, plexus or space, indications for the procedure, technical approaches with pictures, potential complications, and strategies for preventing complications. Finally, every chapter offers case reports describing adverse events and how they were dealt with. The book also provides: A thorough introduction to the basic principles of interventional pain therapies, as well as the historical background of pain-relieving procedures Comprehensive explorations of the ethics of interventional pain management and patient assessment prior to the procedure Practical discussions of medicolegal and regulatory risks, including issues of informed consent, breach of the duty of care, adverse events, and licensure consequences In-depth examinations of the complications of systemic opiate therapy and alternative medication strategies Perfect for interventional pain physicians, Complications of Pain-Relieving Procedures: An Illustrated Guide will also earn a place in the libraries of pain physicians, neurosurgeons, neurologists, physiatrists, and anesthesiologists.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
Author: Judy Illes,Sharmin Hossain
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 693
Release: 2017
ISBN: 0198786832
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroethics Book Excerpt:

Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. In this volume on neuroethics, a distinguished group of contributors from a range of disciplines discuss the ethical implications of this newfound knowledge and set out the many necessary considerations for the future.

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1088
Release: 2009-05-05
ISBN: 9780080921396
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuromodulation Book Excerpt:

Neuromodulation will be the first comprehensive and in-depth reference textbook covering all aspects of the rapidly growing field of neuromodulation. This book provides a complete discussion of the fundamental principles of neuromodulation and therapies applied to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, autonomic nerves and various organs. The textbook is highly structured and organized into overarching sections that cover chronic pain, movement disorders, psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, functional electrical stimulation, cardiac, gastrointestinal, genitourinary and organ neuromodulation. The fundamental principles of electricity and infusion, neural tissue interface, biomedical engineering, neuromodulation devices, basic science, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, imaging and mechanisms are emphasized. In addition to providing details pertaining to the state-of-the-art current practice, innovative and emerging applications are discussed in specific chapters. Finally, the textbook provides specific chapters focusing on the technical aspects of the various neuromodulation procedures as well as technical specifications of various implantable devices. All of the contributors to Neuromodulation represent leading experts in the field. The editors are internationally renowned in their respective fields of neuromodulation, pain management, functional neurosurgery and biomedical engineering. Neuromodulation will be the first and foremost authoritative text on neuromodulation therapies and will establish the gold standard that defines the field for years to come. Key Features The first comprehensive reference on the emerging field of Neuromodulation Editors and authors include all leading figures in the field, and the leaders of the International Neuromodulation Society Over 90 chapters on topics ranging from a layout of the fundamentals (e.g. neuroanatomy, plasticity, bioelectrical effects, infusion therapies), solutions for the biomedical engineering challenges (e.g. materials, how to preserve normal function etc.), to a rundown of the existing applications and their future promise Over 1200 pages in splendid full color, richly illustrated Important areas of application include: control of chronic pain delivery of drugs to the nervous system via implanted devices control of epilepsy, Parkinson, etc. functional restoration, e.g. visual, auditory, restoration after stroke, restoration of motor function after traumatic events stimulation of body organs via neural devices (incl. the heart, abdominal organs, genitourinary organs) overview over newly emerging fields - control of obesity, blood pressure, tinnitus, brain injury, neurodegenerative diseases, brain-machine interfaces

Neurosurgery for Spasticity

Neurosurgery for Spasticity
Author: Marc Sindou,Manon Duraffourg,George Georgoulis
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2022-07-31
ISBN: 3030927172
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurosurgery for Spasticity Book Excerpt:

The book, in its second edition, is devoted to the neurosurgical management of spasticity and focal dystonia. Starting with a chapter on the anatomical and physiological bases of spasticity and a short history of its neurosurgical treatment, it describes the neurosurgical methods currently available. As management differs between adults and children, the book is also structured accordingly, including evaluation, decision-making, Intrathecal Baclofen therapy (ITB), Botulinum toxin therapy and Surgery. The large spectrum of scales for assessing hypertonia, spasticity, dystonia, contracture and joint/bone deformities, as well as the scoring systems for quantifying functional abilities are critically reviewed. Beyond ITB, the neurosurgical options covered include the microsurgical procedures focusing on the peripheral nerves, dorsal roots, Dorsal Root Entry Zone and spinal cord, and their intra-operative monitoring. In this second edition, the orthopedic surgical interventions available will take a large place, either as alternative solutions , or even better as important complements after spasticity be solved by the neurosurgical treatments. Based on surgical experience collected with more than a thousand and eight-hundred patients, the book gathers the most important aspects of our present understanding, presented using a practical, educational approach. It stresses the importance of a multidisciplinary approach, including neurologists, pediatricians and rehabilitation specialists. Close collaborations with other surgical disciplines like orthopedic surgery and neuro-urology are outlined.

Principles of Electrical Neural Interfacing

Principles of Electrical Neural Interfacing
Author: Liang Guo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2021-09-29
ISBN: 3030776778
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Electrical Neural Interfacing Book Excerpt:

This textbook fills a gap to supply students with the fundamental principles and tools they need to perform the quantitative analyses of the neuroelectrophysiological approaches, including both conventional and emerging ones, prevalently used in neuroscience research and neuroprosthetics. The content grows out of a course on Neuroengineering and Neuroprosthetics, which the author has taught already several times. The key problems the author addresses include (1) the universal operating mechanisms of neuroelectrophysiological approaches, (2) proper configuration of each approach, and (3) proper interpretation of the resulting signals. Efforts are made both to extract the universal principles underlying this common class of approaches and discern the unique properties of each individual approach. To address these important problems, equivalent electrical circuit modeling and signal analysis are used to unravel the functioning mechanisms and principles and provide sound interpretations to the associated signals and phenomena. This book aims to derive analytical solutions to these equivalent circuits, which can offer clear and complete mechanistic insights to the underlying biophysics.

Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain E Book

Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain E Book
Author: Salim Hayek,Robert Levy,Timothy Deer
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2011-08-02
ISBN: 1455733997
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain E Book Book Excerpt:

Neurostimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain - a volume in the new Interventional and Neuromodulatory Techniques for Pain Management series - presents state-of-the-art guidance on the full range of neuromodulation techniques performed today. Salim Hayek, MD, PhD and Robert Levy, MD, PhD offer expert advice on a variety of spinal cord, peripheral nerve, and peripheral nerve field stimulation procedures to treat chronic pain. Comprehensive, evidence-based coverage on selecting and performing these techniques - as well as weighing relative risks and complications - helps you ensure optimum outcomes. With access to the fully searchable text at www.expertconsult.com, you’ll have the detailed visual assistance you need right at your fingertips. Understand the rationale and scientific evidence behind interventional and neuromodulatory techniques and master their execution. Optimize outcomes, reduce complications, and minimize risks by adhering to current, evidence-based practice guidelines. Apply the newest developments in motor cortex stimulation, deep brain stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, and spinal cord stimulation. Quickly find the information you need in a user-friendly format with strictly templated chapters supplemented with illustrative line drawings, images, and treatment algorithms. Access the fully searchable contents, plus bonus procedural videos, at expertconsult.com.

Essential Neuromodulation

Essential Neuromodulation
Author: Jeffrey E. Arle,Jay L. Shils
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2022-07-15
ISBN: 0128170018
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Neuromodulation Book Excerpt:

Essential Neuromodulation, Second Edition is a concise reference covering all of the basic principles of neuromodulation in a single affordable volume for neuroscientists, residents, fellows, bioengineers and basic clinical practitioners. This second edition expands on developments in the field since 2011, emphasizing essential observations from all of the important clinical phases involved in any neuromodulation: targeting, intraoperative assessment, programming, complications and complication avoidance. As neuromodulation remains an exciting and rapidly advancing field, this information is critical for neurosurgeons, neurophysiologists, bioengineers and other proceduralists. Presents a comprehensive reference on the emerging field of neuromodulation that features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in the field Provides a cohesive presentation of neuromodulation technologies and interventions Contains 550 full-color pages that begin with an overview of the clinical phases involved in neuromodulation, the challenges facing therapies and intraoperative procedures, and innovative solutions for better patient care Emphasizes the fundamentals needed to embrace the neuromodulation field as a cohesive clinical entity Explores the use of electrical, chemical and mechanical interventions to heal and improve neurological deficits Covers the promise of neurostimulation for chronic pain, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and other disorders and diseases Features developments in the field of neuromodulation since the first edition was published, including findings in lead, IPG and accessories

Effective Techniques for Managing Trigeminal Neuralgia

Effective Techniques for Managing Trigeminal Neuralgia
Author: Chang, Steven,Ho, Allen
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2018-05-04
ISBN: 1522553509
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effective Techniques for Managing Trigeminal Neuralgia Book Excerpt:

The diagnosis and treatment of disease is a primary concern for health professionals and individuals in society. Managing the treatment and controlling symptoms of diseases is imperative to patient longevity and quality of life. Effective Techniques for Managing Trigeminal Neuralgia is a critical scholarly resource that examines the monitoring, management, and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as vascular compression, medical management, and percutaneous technique, this book is geared towards medical professionals, researchers, students, and professionals seeking current research on various treatment options as well as future frontiers in diagnosis and treatment.

Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management

Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management
Author: Hamou, Reda Mohamed
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 429
Release: 2017-12-15
ISBN: 1522530053
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management Book Excerpt:

In the digital age, modern society is exposed to high volumes of multimedia information. In efforts to optimize this information, there are new and emerging methods of information retrieval and knowledge management leading to higher efficiency and a deeper understanding of this data. The Handbook of Research on Biomimicry in Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management is a critical scholarly resource that examines bio-inspired classes that solve computer problems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as big data analytics, bioinformatics, and black hole optimization, this book is geared towards academicians, practitioners, and researchers seeking current research on the use of biomimicry in information and knowledge management.

Tinnitus

Tinnitus
Author: David M. Baguley,Marc Fagelson
Publsiher: Plural Publishing
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2015-11-20
ISBN: 1597569518
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tinnitus Book Excerpt:

Tinnitus: Clinical and Research Perspectives summarizes contemporary findings from basic and clinical research regarding tinnitus mechanisms, effects, and interventions. The text features a collection of international authors, active researchers, and clinicians who provide an expansive scope of material that ensures relevance for patients and professionals. Reviews and reports of contemporary research findings underscore the text's value for classroom use in audiology and otolaryngology programs. Patients and students of audiology will benefit from the text's coverage of tinnitus mechanisms, emerging practice considerations, and expectations for outcomes--for example, recent successes of cognitive behavioral therapy, neuromodulation, and hearing aid use. These and other topics, such as the effects of noise and drugs on tinnitus, are reported in a way that enhances clinicians' ability to weave such strategies into their own work. The influence of tinnitus on all aspects of life is explored, from art to medicine and communication to isolation, thereby providing clinicians and patients a deeper understanding of and greater facility managing a tinnitus experience. Finally, this text includes case studies that provide a practical view of tinnitus effects and management approaches. The editors hope that the consideration of mechanisms, interventions, and outcomes resonates with patients, clinicians, and students of audiology. Chapters such as Tinnitus in Literature, Film, and Music make clear the ubiquity of the tinnitus experience and reinforce for patients that while tinnitus may be isolating, it is a shared experience. Other chapters, such as Musical Hallucination, andAcoustic Shock, address problems experienced by patients who experience not only tinnitus, but unusual auditory system behaviors that may be confused with tinnitus, or that can exacerbate a patient’s emotional response to tinnitus. Chapters covering conditions that complicate tinnitus management provide clinical findings that support intervention strategies. Subtypes of tinnitus that require medical attention are reviewed in order to clarify sources of the sounds, as well as the appropriate referrals that should follow the identification of such sensations.

Pain Control in Ambulatory Surgery Centers

Pain Control in Ambulatory Surgery Centers
Author: Kanishka Rajput,Nalini Vadivelu,Alan David Kaye,Rinoo Vasant Shah
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2021-03-08
ISBN: 3030552624
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pain Control in Ambulatory Surgery Centers Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive review of the challenges, risk stratification, approaches and techniques needed to improve pain control in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). It addresses not only the management of acute perioperative pain but also describes modalities that could potentially reduce the risk of evolution of acute pain into chronic pain, in addition to weaning protocols and follow ups with primary surgical specialties and pain physicians as needed. Organized into five sections, the book begins with the foundations of managing ASCs, with specific attention paid to the current opioid epidemic and U.S. policies relating to prescribing opioids to patients. Section two and three then explore facets of multimodal analgesia and non-operating room locations, including the use of ultrasounds, sedation in specific procedures, regional anesthesia, ketamine infusions, and the management of perioperative nausea and intractable pain in outpatient surgery. Section four examines the unique challenges physicians face with certain patient demographics, such as the pediatric population, those suffering from sleep apnea, and those with a history of substance abuse. The book closes with information on discharge considerations, ambulatory surgery protocols, recovery room protocols, and mandatory pain management services. An invaluable reference for all health personnel and allied specialties, Pain Control in Ambulatory Surgery Centers (ASCs) meets the unmet need for a resource that covers optimum pain control in patients undergoing outpatient surgery as well as the urgent ASCs challenges that are presented on an immense scale with national and international impact.

Analog IC Design Techniques for Nanopower Biomedical Signal Processing

Analog IC Design Techniques for Nanopower Biomedical Signal Processing
Author: Chutham Sawigun,Wouter A. Serdijn
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2022-09-01
ISBN: 1000794601
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analog IC Design Techniques for Nanopower Biomedical Signal Processing Book Excerpt:

As the requirements for low power consumption and very small physical dimensions in portable, wearable and implantable medical devices are calling for integrated circuit design techniques using MOSFETs operating in the subthreshold regime, this book first revisits some well-known circuit techniques that use CMOS devices biased in subthreshold in order to establish nanopower integrated circuit designs. Based on the these findings, this book shows the development of a class-AB current-mode sample-and-hold circuit with an order of magnitude improvement in its figure of merit compared to other state-of-the-art designs. Also, the concepts and design procedures of 1) single-branch filters 2) follower-integrator-based lowpass filters and 3) modular transconductance reduction techniques for very low frequency filters are presented. Finally, to serve the requirement of a very large signal swing in an energy-based action potential detector, a nanopower class-AB current-mode analog multiplier is designed to handle input current amplitudes of more than 10 times the bias current of the multiplier circuit. The invented filter circuits have been fabricated in a standard 0.18 μ CMOS process in order to verify our circuit concepts and design procedures. Their experimental results are reported.

Brain Computer Interfaces

Brain   Computer Interfaces
Author: Cesar Marquez-Chin,Naaz Kapadia-Desai,Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 133
Release: 2022-05-31
ISBN: 3031016084
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Computer Interfaces Book Excerpt:

Stroke and spinal cord injury often result in paralysis with serious negative consequences to the independence and quality of life of those who sustain them. For these individuals, rehabilitation provides the means to regain lost function. Rehabilitation following neurological injuries has undergone revolutionary changes, enriched by neuroplasticity. Neuroplastic-based interventions enhance the efficacy and continue to guide the development of new rehabilitation strategies. This book presents three important technology-based rehabilitation interventions that follow the concepts of neuroplasticity. The book also discusses clinical results related to their efficacy. These interventions are: functional electrical stimulation therapy, which produces coordinated muscle contractions allowing people with paralysis to perform functional movements with rich sensory feedback; robot-assisted therapy, which uses robots to assist, resist, and guide movements with increased intensity while also reducing the physical burden on therapists; and brain–computer interfaces, which make it possible to verify the presence of motor-related brain activity during rehabilitation. Further, the book presents the combined use of these three technologies to illustrate some of the emerging approaches to the neurorehabilitation of voluntary movement. The authors share their practical experiences obtained during the development and clinical testing of functional electrical stimulation therapy controlled by a brain–computer interface as an intervention to restore reaching and grasping.