New Age of Sustainable Capitalism

New Age of Sustainable Capitalism
Author: Stuart L. Hart,C.K. Prahalad
Publsiher: FT Press
Total Pages: 785
Release: 2013-05-02
ISBN: 0133445526
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Age of Sustainable Capitalism Book Excerpt:

A brand new collection of cutting-edge guides to sustainable capitalism Translate sustainability and “base of the pyramid” strategies into real profits It’s time for capitalism’s next reinvention. In the new Third Edition of his best-selling Capitalism at the Crossroads, Third Edition, Stuart L. Hart reveals tomorrow’s capitalism. He presents new case studies and practical strategies for building companies that are more sustainable, build deeper roots in their markets, play a central role in solving social and environmental problems – and are far more profitable. Hart helps you identify sustainable products and technologies that will drive urgently needed growth and help solve social and environmental problems at the same time. Drawing on his experience consulting with top companies and NGOs worldwide, he shows how to craft your optimal sustainability strategy, and overcome the pitfalls of traditional ‘greening’ approaches. This edition presents new and updated case studies from the US and beyond, demonstrating what’s working and what isn’t. It also guides business leaders in building an “infrastructure for sustainability” – one that can survive budgeting and boardrooms, recharging innovation and growth throughout your enterprise. Next, in the 5th Anniversary Edition of his classic The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid , C.K. Prahalad reveals all that’s been learned about competing and profiting “at the bottom of the pyramid.” Prahalad outlines the latest strategies and tactics that companies are utilizing to succeed in the developing world. He interviews innovative CEOs to discuss what they’ve learned from their own initiatives, including the Unilever business leader who’s built a billion-dollar business in India. You’ll find a new case study on Jaipur Rugs’ innovative new global supply chain; updates to earlier editions’ key cases; and up-to-the-minute information on key industries such as wireless, agribusiness, healthcare, consumer goods, and finance. Prahalad also offers an up-to-date assessment of the key questions his ideas raised: Is there truly a market? Is there scale? Is there profit? Is there innovation? Is this a global opportunity? Five years ago, executives could hope the answers to these questions would be positive. Now, as Prahalad demonstrates, they can be certain of it. From the world-renowned experts in sustainable capitalism Stuart L. Hart and C.K. Prahalad

Sustainable Capitalism

Sustainable Capitalism
Author: John E. Ikerd
Publsiher: Kumarian Press
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1565492064
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Capitalism Book Excerpt:

"Provides a discussion on achieving and maintaining a new economics of sustainability, including how social and ethical values must be reintegrated into capitalist economics"--Provided by publisher.

New Age of Sustainable Capitalism

New Age of Sustainable Capitalism
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013
ISBN: 9780133445510
Category: Capitalism
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Age of Sustainable Capitalism Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Capitalism and the Pursuit of Well Being

Sustainable Capitalism and the Pursuit of Well Being
Author: Neil E. Harrison
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2013-12-17
ISBN: 1135097453
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Capitalism and the Pursuit of Well Being Book Excerpt:

Sustainable development is the central challenge of the 21st Century. How can human civilization continue to develop without destroying the natural systems on which it depends?Environmentalists tell us that capitalism is the problem because it feeds our self-interest. They tell us that we have to restrain ourselves and only consume what the Earth can sustain. Or governments must tell us what we can and cannot buy. This book uses the science of complex systems to explain why governments cannot deliver sustainability or happiness and how self-interest can be used to make society sustainable. Capitalism won the Cold War; until the Great Recession of 2008, it seemed to be the perfect system. But more of us are unhappy even as it has ravaged the planet. The central problem is the paradigm on which our social systems are founded that more (consumption, production, possessions) is always better. Based on research from political economy, philosophy, and psychology, this book shows that the problem is not self-interest. We are unhappy because we have been taught that our interests are material and that buying 'stuff' will make us happy. Yet, social pressure to consume only prevents us from satisfying our basic psychological needs and fully enjoying life. For that we need to pursue our personal well-being. Because this also reduces our material consumption, environmental sustainability comes from each of us knowing what's truly good for our selves. Even without the constant economic growth that harms the planet and damages our lives, capitalism also is sustainable. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of sustainability;civil societyactivists and social entrepreneurs; thought leaders and policymakers. .

Global Business Citizenship A Transformative Framework for Ethics and Sustainable Capitalism

Global Business Citizenship  A Transformative Framework for Ethics and Sustainable Capitalism
Author: Donna J. Wood,Jeanne M. Logsdon,Patsy G. Lewellyn,Kimberly S. Davenport
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2015-01-28
ISBN: 1317469798
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Business Citizenship A Transformative Framework for Ethics and Sustainable Capitalism Book Excerpt:

This practical and engaging book provides a coherent approach to global business responsibility and ethics based on the latest research, theory, and practice. The authors incorporate numerous interesting and current real world examples to support the argument that corporations need to - and can - identify and implement processes that foster ethical conduct, ensure basic human rights, protect the natural environment, and enhance social justice wherever businesses operate around the globe. "Global Business Citizenship" combines elements of political theory, stakeholder relationships, business ethics, corporate social performance, accountability and measurement, and organizational change. Its practical approach encompasses "best practices" in stakeholder management, experiments in applying corporate values to local conditions, and social environmental auditing and reporting. Focusing on the strategic alignment and change management process for implementing business citizenship principles and practices, it is an essential supplement for any course concerned with ethics and social responsibility in today's global business climate.

Governance and Business Models for Sustainable Capitalism

Governance and Business Models for Sustainable Capitalism
Author: Atle Midttun
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2021-12-20
ISBN: 1315454912
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Governance and Business Models for Sustainable Capitalism Book Excerpt:

Governance and Business Models for Sustainable Capitalism touches upon many of the central themes of today’s debate on business and society. In particular, it brings attention to a recurrent tension between efficiency, innovation, and productivity on the one hand, and fairness, equity, and sustainability on the other. The book argues that we need radical rethinking of business models and economic governance, beyond the classical doctrine, which sees social and ecological responsibility as lying with public-policy regulation of purely profit-seeking firms. In spite of the popular CSR agenda, business – as we know it today – is both too transient and too limited in its motivation to carry the regulatory burden. We need to adopt a much wider concept of 'partnered governance', where advanced states and pioneering companies work together to raise the social and environmental bar. The book suggests that civil engagements based on moral rather than formal rights, and amplified through the media, may provide a healthy challenge both to autocratic planning and to solely profit-centered commercialization. The book also proposes a triple cycle theory of innovation for sustainability: a novel framing of the efficacy of green and prosocial entrepreneurship as intertwined with political visions and supportive institutions. In addition, the book offers reflections on the ways in which further digital robotizaton may enable transition to an ‘Agora Economy’ where productive efficiency is combined with expanded civic freedoms. Aimed primarily at researchers, academics, and students in the fields of political economy, business and society, corporate governance, business ethics, corporate social responsibility, and sustainability, the book will additionally be of value to practitioners, supplying them with information regarding the challenges associated with the shaping of sustainable or ‘civilised’ market capitalism for a better world.

Marx in the Age of Digital Capitalism

Marx in the Age of Digital Capitalism
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2015-10-08
ISBN: 9004291393
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marx in the Age of Digital Capitalism Book Excerpt:

This book is a key resource on the foundations of Marxist Internet and Digital Media Studies. It presents 16 contributions that show how Marx’s analyses of capitalism, the commodity, class, labour, work, exploitation, surplus-value, dialectics, crises, ideology, class struggles, and communism help us to understand the Internet and social media in 21st century digital capitalism.

Museums and the Past

Museums and the Past
Author: Viviane Gosselin,Phaedra Livingstone
Publsiher: UBC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2016-03-07
ISBN: 0774830646
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Museums and the Past Book Excerpt:

Museums and the Past explores the central role of museums as memory keepers and makers. Using case studies from a Canadian context, the contributors to this collection reflect on the challenges in maintaining and developing museums as meaningful places of memory and learning. Discussions of museum practice and historical consciousness – how our understanding of the past shapes our sense of the future – consider the modern museum’s narratives and pedagogical responsibilities and how museums continue to inform our sense of history.

Spiritual Capital

Spiritual Capital
Author: Danah Zohar,Ian Marshall
Publsiher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2004-05-01
ISBN: 1609943910
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spiritual Capital Book Excerpt:

Our world is at a crossroads; we must choose between two alternatives. The first is capitalism as we know it today-an amoral culture of short-term self-interest, profit maximization, emphasis on shareholder value, isolationist thinking, and profligate disregard of long-term consequences. Based on narrow assumptions about human nature and motivation, this system is unsustainable, a monster set to consume itself. The second alternative is "spiritual capital"-a values-based business culture in which wealth is accumulated in order to generate a decent profit while acting to raise the common good. Rather than emphasizing shareholder value, spiritual capital emphasizes "stakeholder value," where stakeholders include the whole human race, present and future, and the planet itself. Spiritual capital nourishes and sustains the human spirit. The crucial question is how we can move from one alternative to the other-how we can move from present-day business capitalism to Spiritual Capital. Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall introduce the concept of spiritual intelligence (SQ), and describe how it can be used to shift individuals and our culture from a state of acting from lower motivations (fear, greed, anger, and self-assertion) to one of acting from higher motivations (exploration, cooperation, power-within, mastery, and higher service). Zohar and Marshall describe how this shift actually happens a given organizational culture. They look in depth at the issues that dominate corporate culture and how they are influenced by the processes of SQ transformation and discuss the leadership elite who must be the ones to bring about and embody this cultural shift. Finally, Zohar and Marshall argue that spiritual capital is still a valid and workable form of capitalism and detail what we, as individuals, can do to make it happen.

Software Sustainability

Software Sustainability
Author: Coral Calero,Ma Ángeles Moraga,Mario Piattini
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2021-10-05
ISBN: 3030699706
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Software Sustainability Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on software sustainability, regarded in terms of how software is or can be developed while taking into consideration environmental, social, and economic dimensions. The sixteen chapters cover various related issues ranging from technical aspects like energy-efficient programming techniques, formal proposals related to energy efficiency measurement, patterns to build energy-efficient software, the role of developers on energy efficient software systems and tools for detecting and refactoring code smells/energy bugs; to human aspects like its impact on software sustainability or the adaptation of ACM/IEEE guidelines for student and professional education and; and an economics-driven architectural evaluation for sustainability. Also aspects as the elements of governance and management that organizations should consider when implementing, assessing and improving Green IT or the relationship between software sustainability and the Corporate Social Responsibility of software companies are included. The chapters are complemented by usage scenarios and experience reports on several domains as cloud applications, agile development or e-Health, among others. As a whole, the chapters provide a complete overview of the various issues related to sustainable software development. The target readership for this book includes CxOs, (e.g. Chief Information Officers, Chief Executive Officers, Chief Technology Officers, etc.) software developers, software managers, auditors, business owners, and quality professionals. It is also intended for students of software engineering and information systems, and software researchers who want to know the state of the art regarding software sustainability.

Business Ethics and Society

Business  Ethics and Society
Author: John G. Cullen
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-10-06
ISBN: 1529738202
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Business Ethics and Society Book Excerpt:

With an emphasis on psychoanalytic theory, Business, Ethics and Society: Key Concepts, Current Debates and Contemporary Innovations provides a clear, concise introduction to the field of business ethics, while addressing contemporary issues and debates around the impacts of artificial intelligence, social media, the gig economy and populist politics on business and society. The book features mini-case studies from a variety of contexts and companies, including Gillette, Nike, Dove, British Airways and Microsoft, as well as thought-provoking questions throughout. Also included are: - Learning objectives - Chapter summaries - Recommended reading Business, Ethics and Society: Key Concepts, Current Debates and Contemporary Innovations serves as an ideal introductory text for students of undergraduate business ethics-related courses. Lecturers can access a range of online resources for use in their teaching, including an instructor’s manual, PowerPoint slides and SAGE Business Cases.

Capitalism at the Crossroads

Capitalism at the Crossroads
Author: Stuart University
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2010
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Creative ability in business
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Capitalism at the Crossroads Book Excerpt:

Today's era of economic crisis has sent a powerful message: The age of "mercenary" capitalism is ending. We must finally embark on a new age of sustainable, stakeholder-based capitalism. While enlightened executives and policymakers understand the critical need for change, few have tangible plans for making it happen. In Capitalism at the Crossroads: Next Generation Business Strategies for a Post-Crisis World, Third Edition, Stuart L. Hart presents new strategies for identifying sustainable products, technologies, and business models that will drive urgently needed growth and help solve social and environmental problems at the same time. Drawing on his experience consulting with top companies and NGOs worldwide, Hart shows how to craft your optimal sustainability strategy and overcome the limitations of traditional "greening" approaches. In this edition, he presents new and updated case studies from the United States and around the world, demonstrating what's working and what isn't. He also guides business leaders in building an organizational "infrastructure for sustainability"--One that can survive budgeting and boardrooms, recharging innovation and growth throughout your enterprise. Discover: · The new business case for pursuing sustainable capitalism · Sustainability strategies that go far beyond environmental sensitivity · How to fully embed your enterprise in the local context--and why you should · Tactics for making long-term sustainability work in a short-term world.

The Coming Age of Scarcity

The Coming Age of Scarcity
Author: Michael N. Dobkowski,Isidor Wallimann
Publsiher: Syracuse University Press
Total Pages: 372
Release: 1998-03-01
ISBN: 9780815627449
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coming Age of Scarcity Book Excerpt:

Michael Dobkowski and Isidor Walliman have edited a book that, although ominous, is not a fatalistic look at the future. The Coming Age of Scarcity lays out the perils of not recognizing the reality of genocide or of acknowledging the full implications of warfare. Showing how scarcity and surplus populations can lead to disaster, The Coming Age of Scarcity is about evil. It tells of "ethnic cleansing" and excavates the world's expanding killing fields. The writers in this volume are all too aware that the future suggests that present-day population growth, land resources, energy consumption, and per capita consumption cannot be sustained without leading to greater catastrophes. The essays in this volume ask: What is the solution in the face of mass death and genocide? As philosopher John K. Roth says in the Foreword, "The essays can sensitize us against despair and indifference because history shows that human-made mass death and genocide are not inevitable, and no events related to them will ever be."

Personal and Professional Development for Business Students

Personal and Professional Development for Business Students
Author: Paul Dowson
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2015-03-16
ISBN: 1473918197
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Personal and Professional Development for Business Students Book Excerpt:

This book is not available as a print inspection copy. To download an e-version click here or for more information contact your local sales representative. 'This book clearly approaches the "21st century skills-issue" ... Hands-on, reflective, thorough: a definite must-have for students, professionals and HE institutions.' - Nieke Campagne, Careers/Policy Advisor, Leiden University, The Netherlands Whether you are about to embark on your business degree programme, are already a business student or are a business graduate, this book helps you to develop yourself and your career in ways which will benefit you, your current and future employers and society. Focused on developing study and personal skills to enhance your employability, it provides insights and practical guidance on: Developing a skill set and competencies that will be valued by employers, including team-working, critical thinking, networking, managing emotion and managing technological change Self-profiling through career and life planning, and self-presentation through career communication, volunteering and internships Becoming a global business practitioner, able to anticipate economic and cultural change, understand a diversity of world¬views and the idea of ‘global responsibility’ Becoming a responsible and ethical business practitioner, embodying virtues and values which are increasingly sought after by employers in line with consumer expectations. 'The first thing I really love about Paul Dowson’s hugely comprehensive book is its clarity; he takes complex themes and turns them into accessible learning outcomes. The other thing to love is its humanity – it is insightful and borne of a deep concern about how students transition from higher education to working life and citizenship.' - Jane Artess, Director of Research, Higher Education Careers Services Unit (HECSU), UK

Reconsidering Value and Labour in the Digital Age

Reconsidering Value and Labour in the Digital Age
Author: Christian Fuchs,Eran Fisher
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2015-10-21
ISBN: 1137478578
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reconsidering Value and Labour in the Digital Age Book Excerpt:

This volume explores current interventions into the digital labour theory of value, proposing theoretical and empirical work that contributes to our understanding of Marx's labour theory of value, proposes how labour and value are transformed under conditions of virtuality, and employ the theory in order to shed light on specific practices.

Heteromation and Other Stories of Computing and Capitalism

Heteromation  and Other Stories of Computing and Capitalism
Author: Hamid R. Ekbia,Bonnie A. Nardi
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2017-05-11
ISBN: 0262340313
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heteromation and Other Stories of Computing and Capitalism Book Excerpt:

An exploration of a new division of labor between machines and humans, in which people provide value to the economy with little or no compensation. The computerization of the economy—and everyday life—has transformed the division of labor between humans and machines, shifting many people into work that is hidden, poorly compensated, or accepted as part of being a “user” of digital technology. Through our clicks and swipes, logins and profiles, emails and posts, we are, more or less willingly, participating in digital activities that yield economic value to others but little or no return to us. Hamid Ekbia and Bonnie Nardi call this kind of participation—the extraction of economic value from low-cost or free labor in computer-mediated networks—“heteromation.” In this book, they explore the social and technological processes through which economic value is extracted from digitally mediated work, the nature of the value created, and what prompts people to participate in the process. Arguing that heteromation is a new logic of capital accumulation, Ekbia and Nardi consider different kinds of heteromated labor: communicative labor, seen in user-generated content on social media; cognitive labor, including microwork and self-service; creative labor, from gaming environments to literary productions; emotional labor, often hidden within paid jobs; and organizing labor, made up of collaborative groups such as citizen scientists. Ekbia and Nardi then offer a utopian vision: heteromation refigured to bring end users more fully into the prosperity of capitalism.

Social Ecology in the Digital Age

Social Ecology in the Digital Age
Author: Daniel Stokols
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2018-01-02
ISBN: 012803114X
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Ecology in the Digital Age Book Excerpt:

Social Ecology in the Digital Age: Solving Complex Problems in a Globalized World provides a comprehensive overview of social ecological theory, research, and practice. Written by renowned expert Daniel Stokols, the book distills key principles from diverse strands of ecological science, offering a robust framework for transdisciplinary research and societal problem-solving. The existential challenges of the 21st Century - global climate change and climate-change denial, environmental pollution, biodiversity loss, food insecurity, disease pandemics, inter-ethnic violence and the threat of nuclear war, cybercrime, the Digital Divide, and extreme poverty and income inequality confronting billions each day - cannot be understood and managed adequately from narrow disciplinary or political perspectives. Social Ecology in the Digital Age is grounded in scientific research but written in a personal and informal style from the vantage point of a former student, current teacher and scholar who has contributed over four decades to the field of social ecology. The book will be of interest to scholars, students, educators, government leaders and community practitioners working in several fields including social and human ecology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, criminology, law, education, biology, medicine, public health, earth system and sustainability science, geography, environmental design, urban planning, informatics, public policy and global governance. Winner of the 2018 Gerald L. Young Book Award from The Society for Human Ecology "Exemplifying the highest standards of scholarly work in the field of human ecology." https://societyforhumanecology.org/human-ecology-homepage/awards/gerald-l-young-book-award-in-human-ecology/ The book traces historical origins and conceptual foundations of biological, human, and social ecology Offers a new conceptual framework that brings together earlier approaches to social ecology and extends them in novel directions Highlights the interrelations between four distinct but closely intertwined spheres of human environments: our natural, built, sociocultural, and virtual (cyber-based) surroundings Spans local to global scales and individual, organizational, community, regional, and global levels of analysis Applies core principles of social ecology to identify multi-level strategies for promoting personal and public health, resolving complex social problems, managing global environmental change, and creating resilient and sustainable communities Underscores social ecology’s vital importance for understanding and managing the environmental and political upheavals of the 21st Century Highlights descriptive, analytic, and transformative (or moral) concerns of social ecology Presents strategies for educating the next generation of social ecologists emphasizing transdisciplinary, team-based, translational, and transcultural approaches

What is Environmental History

What is Environmental History
Author: J. D. Hughes,Johnson Donald Hughes
Publsiher: Polity
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2006-12-08
ISBN: 0745631894
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What is Environmental History Book Excerpt:

What is environmental history? It is a kind of history that seeks understanding of human beings as they have lived, worked and thought in relationship to the rest of nature through the changes brought by time. In this seminal student textbook, J. Donald Hughes provides a masterful overview of the thinkers, topics and perspectives that have come to constitute the exciting discipline that is environmental history. He does so on a global scale, drawing together disparate trends from a rich variety of countries into a unified whole, illuminating trends and key themes in the process. Those already familiar with the discipline will find themselves invited to think about the subject in a new way. Students and scholars new to environmental history will find the book both an indispensable guide and a rich source of inspiration for future work

Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology

Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology
Author: Nigel South,Avi Brisman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2013-08-29
ISBN: 1317809009
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology Book Excerpt:

Academic and general interest in environmental crimes, harms, and threats, as well as in environmental legislation and regulation, has grown sharply in recent years. The Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology is the most in-depth and comprehensive volume on these issues to date. With contributions from leading international green criminologists and scholars in related fields, the Handbook examines a wide range of substantive issues, including: climate change corporate criminality and impacts on the environment environmental justice media representations pollution (e.g. air, water) questions of responsibility and risk wildlife trafficking The chapters explore green criminology in depth, its theory, history and development, as well as methodological concerns for this area of academic interest. With examples of environmental crimes, harms, and threats from Africa, Asia, Australia, Eastern Europe, South America, the United Kingdom, and the United States, this book will serve as a vital resource for international scholars and students in criminology, sociology, law and socio-legal studies, as well as environmental science, environmental studies, politics and international relations.

Knowing Global Environments

Knowing Global Environments
Author: Jeremy Vetter
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010-09-24
ISBN: 0813550270
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowing Global Environments Book Excerpt:

Knowing Global Environments brings together nine leading scholars whose work spans a variety of environmental and field sciences, including archaeology, agriculture, botany, climatology, ecology, evolutionary biology, oceanography, ornithology, and tidology. Collectively their essays explore the history of the field sciences, through the lens of place, practice, and the production of scientific knowledge, with a wide-ranging perspective extending outwards from the local to regional, national, imperial, and global scales. The book also shows what the history of the field sciences can contribute to environmental history-especially how knowledge in the field sciences has intersected with changing environments-and addresses key present-day problems related to sustainability, such as global climate, biodiversity, oceans, and more. Contributors to Knowing Global Environments reveal how the field sciences have interacted with practical economic activities, such as forestry, agriculture, and tourism, as well as how the public has been involved in the field sciences, as field assistants, students, and local collaborators.