New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications

New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications
Author: Snehashish Chakraverty
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2021-01-09
ISBN: 0128221682
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications Book Excerpt:

In general, every problem of science and engineering is governed by mathematical models. There is often a need to model, solve and interpret the problems one encounters in the world of practical problems. Models of practical application problems usually need to be handled by efficient computational models. New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications deals with recent developments in mathematical methods, including theoretical models as well as applied science and engineering. The book focuses on subjects that can benefit from mathematical methods with concepts of simulation, waves, dynamics, uncertainty, machine intelligence, and applied mathematics. The authors bring together leading-edge research on mathematics combining various fields of science and engineering. This perspective acknowledges the inherent characteristic of current research on mathematics operating in parallel over different subject fields. New Paradigms in Computational Modeling and Its Applications meets the present and future needs for the interaction between various science and technology/engineering areas on the one hand and different branches of mathematics on the other. As such, the book contains 13 chapters covering various aspects of computational modeling from theoretical to application problems. The first six chapters address various problems of structural and fluid dynamics. The next four chapters include solving problems where the governing parameters are uncertain regarding fuzzy, interval, and affine. The final three chapters will be devoted to the use of machine intelligence in artificial neural networks. Presents a self-contained and up to date review of modelling real life scientific and engineering application problems Introduces new concepts of various computing techniques to handle different engineering and science problems Demonstrates the efficiency and power of the various algorithms and models in a simple and easy to follow style, including numerous examples to illustrate concepts and algorithms

Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences

Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences
Author: S. Chakraverty
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2021
ISBN: 9811647135
Category: Algorithms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soft Computing in Interdisciplinary Sciences Book Excerpt:

This book meets the present and future needs for the interaction between various science and technology/engineering areas on the one hand and different branches of soft computing on the other. Soft computing is the recent development about the computing methods which include fuzzy set theory/logic, evolutionary computation (EC), probabilistic reasoning, artificial neural networks, machine learning, expert systems, etc. Soft computing refers to a partnership of computational techniques in computer science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and some other engineering disciplines, which attempt to study, model, and analyze complex problems from different interdisciplinary problems. This, as opposed to traditional computing, deals with approximate models and gives solutions to complex real-life problems. Unlike hard computing, soft computing is tolerant of imprecision, uncertainty, partial truth, and approximations. Interdisciplinary sciences include various challenging problems of science and engineering. Recent developments in soft computing are the bridge to handle different interdisciplinary science and engineering problems. In recent years, the correspondingly increased dialog between these disciplines has led to this new book. This is done, firstly, by encouraging the ways that soft computing may be applied in traditional areas, as well as point towards new and innovative areas of applications and secondly, by encouraging other scientific disciplines to engage in a dialog with the above computation algorithms outlining their problems to both access new methods as well as to suggest innovative developments within itself.

Echnology Assessment in Software Applications

Echnology Assessment in Software Applications
Author: Harold F. O'Neil, Jr.,Eva Baker,Harold F. O'Neil
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2013-11-05
ISBN: 1135442827
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Echnology Assessment in Software Applications Book Excerpt:

This volume offers an expansion of ideas presented at a recent conference convened to identify the major strategies and more promising practices for assessing technology. The authors -- representing government, business, and university sectors -- helped to set the boundaries of present technology assessment by offering perspectives from computer science, cognitive and military psychology, and education. Their work explores both the use of techniques to assess technology and the use of technology to facilitate the assessment process. The book's main purpose is to portray the state of the art in technology assessment and to provide conceptual options to help readers understand the power of technology. Technological innovation will continue to develop its own standards of practice and effectiveness. To the extent that these practices are empirically based, designers, supporters, and consumers will be given better information for their decisions.

Innovations In GIS

Innovations In GIS
Author: Michael Worboys
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1994-04-21
ISBN: 0748401415
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovations In GIS Book Excerpt:

This book aims to offer research at the cutting edge. The individual chapters are fully revised and updated versions of contributions to the first focused scientific symposium on research in geographic information systems GISRUK. The book provides the reader with a comprehensive outline of the full range and diversity of innovative research programmes in the science of GIS. Chapters address key issues such as computational support; spatial analysis and error; and application and implementation.

Gesture Based Communication in Human Computer Interaction

Gesture Based Communication in Human Computer Interaction
Author: Antonio Camurri,Gualtiero Volpe
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2011-04-02
ISBN: 3540245987
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gesture Based Communication in Human Computer Interaction Book Excerpt:

Research on the multifaceted aspects of modeling, analysis, and synthesis of - man gesture is receiving growing interest from both the academic and industrial communities. On one hand, recent scienti?c developments on cognition, on - fect/emotion, on multimodal interfaces, and on multimedia have opened new perspectives on the integration of more sophisticated models of gesture in c- putersystems.Ontheotherhand,theconsolidationofnewtechnologiesenabling “disappearing” computers and (multimodal) interfaces to be integrated into the natural environments of users are making it realistic to consider tackling the complex meaning and subtleties of human gesture in multimedia systems, - abling a deeper, user-centered, enhanced physical participation and experience in the human-machine interaction process. The research programs supported by the European Commission and s- eral national institutions and governments individuated in recent years strategic ?elds strictly concerned with gesture research. For example, the DG Infor- tion Society of the European Commission (www.cordis.lu/ist) supports several initiatives, such as the “Disappearing Computer” and “Presence” EU-IST FET (Future and Emerging Technologies), the IST program “Interfaces & Enhanced Audio-Visual Services” (see for example the project MEGA, Multisensory - pressive Gesture Applications, www.megaproject.org), and the IST strategic - jective “Multimodal Interfaces.” Several EC projects and other funded research are represented in the chapters of this book. Awiderangeofapplicationscanbene?tfromadvancesinresearchongesture, from consolidated areas such as surveillance to new or emerging ?elds such as therapy and rehabilitation, home consumer goods, entertainment, and aud- visual, cultural and artistic applications, just to mention only a few of them.

Multi Chaos Fractal and Multi Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems

Multi Chaos  Fractal and Multi Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems
Author: Yeliz Karaca,Dumitru Baleanu,Yu-Dong Zhang,Osvaldo Gervasi,Majaz Moonis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2022-07-01
ISBN: 0323886167
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multi Chaos Fractal and Multi Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems Book Excerpt:

Multi-Chaos, Fractal and Multi-Fractional Artificial Intelligence of Different Complex Systems addresses different uncertain processes inherent in the complex systems, attempting to provide global and robust optimized solutions distinctively through multifarious methods, technical analyses, modeling, optimization processes, numerical simulations, case studies as well as applications including theoretical aspects of complexity. Foregrounding Multi-chaos, Fractal and Multi-fractional in the era of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the edited book deals with multi- chaos, fractal, multifractional, fractional calculus, fractional operators, quantum, wavelet, entropy-based applications, artificial intelligence, mathematics-informed and data driven processes aside from the means of modelling, and simulations for the solution of multifaceted problems characterized by nonlinearity, non-regularity and self-similarity, frequently encountered in different complex systems. The fundamental interacting components underlying complexity, complexity thinking, processes and theory along with computational processes and technologies, with machine learning as the core component of AI demonstrate the enabling of complex data to augment some critical human skills. Appealing to an interdisciplinary network of scientists and researchers to disseminate the theory and application in medicine, neurology, mathematics, physics, biology, chemistry, information theory, engineering, computer science, social sciences and other far-reaching domains, the overarching aim is to empower out-of-the-box thinking through multifarious methods, directed towards paradoxical situations, uncertain processes, chaotic, transient and nonlinear dynamics of complex systems. Constructs and presents a multifarious approach for critical decision-making processes embodying paradoxes and uncertainty. Includes a combination of theory and applications with regard to multi-chaos, fractal and multi-fractional as well as AI of different complex systems and many-body systems. Provides readers with a bridge between application of advanced computational mathematical methods and AI based on comprehensive analyses and broad theories.

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2007-11-19
ISBN: 9780309178891
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment Book Excerpt:

The new field of toxicogenomics presents a potentially powerful set of tools to better understand the health effects of exposures to toxicants in the environment. At the request of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Research Council assembled a committee to identify the benefits of toxicogenomics, the challenges to achieving them, and potential approaches to overcoming such challenges. The report concludes that realizing the potential of toxicogenomics to improve public health decisions will require a concerted effort to generate data, make use of existing data, and study data in new ways--an effort requiring funding, interagency coordination, and data management strategies.

Computational Modeling of Genetic and Biochemical Networks

Computational Modeling of Genetic and Biochemical Networks
Author: James M. Bower,Hamid Bolouri
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9780262524230
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Modeling of Genetic and Biochemical Networks Book Excerpt:

How new modeling techniques can be used to explore functionally relevant molecular and cellular relationships.

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning  Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence
Author: Gogate, Lakshmi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 451
Release: 2013-02-28
ISBN: 1466629746
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

The process of learning words and languages may seem like an instinctual trait, inherent to nearly all humans from a young age. However, a vast range of complex research and information exists in detailing the complexities of the process of word learning. Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning: Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence strives to combine cross-disciplinary research into one comprehensive volume to help readers gain a fuller understanding of the developmental processes and influences that makeup the progression of word learning. Blending together developmental psychology and artificial intelligence, this publication is intended for researchers, practitioners, and educators who are interested in language learning and its development as well as computational models formed from these specific areas of research.

Molecular Computational Models

Molecular Computational Models
Author: Marian Gheorghe
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2005-01-01
ISBN: 1591403332
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Computational Models Book Excerpt:

With the increasing complexity of software systems and their widespread growth into many aspects of our lives, the need to search for new models, paradigms, and ultimately, technologies, to manage this problem is evident. The way nature solves various problems through processes evolving during billions of years was always an inspiration to many computational paradigms; on the other hand, the complexity of the problems posed by the investigation of biological systems challenged the research of new tractable models. Molecular Computational Models: Unconventional Approaches is looking into new computational paradigms from both a theoretical perspective which offers a solid foundation of the models developed, as well as from a modeling angle, in order to reveal their effectiveness in modeling and simulating, especially biological systems. Tools and programming concepts and implementation issues are also discussed in the context of some experiments and comparative studies.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2016

Computational Science and Its Applications     ICCSA 2016
Author: Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Ana Maria A.C. Rocha,Carmelo M. Torre,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Elena Stankova,Shangguang Wang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2016-06-30
ISBN: 3319420925
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2016 Book Excerpt:

The five-volume set LNCS 9786-9790 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2016, held in Beijing, China, in July 2016. The 239 revised full papers and 14 short papers presented at 33 workshops were carefully reviewed and selected from 849 submissions. They are organized in five thematical tracks: computational methods, algorithms and scientific applications; high performance computing and networks; geometric modeling, graphics and visualization; advanced and emerging applications; and information systems and technologies.

Computational Intelligence Cyber Security and Computational Models Models and Techniques for Intelligent Systems and Automation

Computational Intelligence  Cyber Security and Computational Models  Models and Techniques for Intelligent Systems and Automation
Author: Suresh Balusamy,Alexander N. Dudin,Manuel Graña,A. Kaja Mohideen,N. K. Sreelaja,B. Malar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 123
Release: 2020-10-27
ISBN: 9811597006
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Intelligence Cyber Security and Computational Models Models and Techniques for Intelligent Systems and Automation Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Cyber Security, and Computational Models, ICC3 2019, which was held in Coimbatore, India, in December 2019. The 9 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: computational intelligence; cyber security; and computational models.

Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine

Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine
Author: Daskalaki, Andriani
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 982
Release: 2008-11-30
ISBN: 1605660779
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Systems Biology Applications in Medicine Book Excerpt:

"This book highlights the use of systems approaches including genomic, cellular, proteomic, metabolomic, bioinformatics, molecular, and biochemical, to address fundamental questions in complex diseases like cancer diabetes but also in ageing"--Provided by publisher.

PARLE 89 Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe

PARLE  89   Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe
Author: Eddy Odijk,Martin Rem
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 460
Release: 1989-06-05
ISBN: 9783540512851
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PARLE 89 Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe Book Excerpt:

Proceedings -- Parallel Computing.

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease
Author: Luigi Nibali,Brian Henderson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-08-05
ISBN: 1118982894
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Microbiota and Chronic Disease Book Excerpt:

Microbiota-associated pathology can be a direct result of changes in general bacterial composition, such as might be found in periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis, and/or as the result of colonization and/or overgrowth of so called keystone species. The disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota, or dysbiosis, plays an integral role in human health and human disease. The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease: Dysbioses as a Cause of Human Pathology discusses the role of the microbiota in maintaining human health. The text introduces the reader to the biology of microbial dysbiosis and its potential role in both bacterial disease and in idiopathic chronic disease states. Divided into five sections, the text delineates the concept of the human bacterial microbiota with particular attention being paid to the microbiotae of the gut, oral cavity and skin. A key methodology for exploring the microbiota, metagenomics, is also described. The book then shows the reader the cellular, molecular and genetic complexities of the bacterial microbiota, its myriad connections with the host and how these can maintain tissue homeostasis. Chapters then consider the role of dysbioses in human disease states, dealing with two of the commonest bacterial diseases of humanity – periodontitis and bacterial vaginosis. The composition of some, if not all microbiotas can be controlled by the diet and this is also dealt with in this section. The discussion moves on to the major ‘idiopathic’ diseases afflicting humans, and the potential role that dysbiosis could play in their induction and chronicity. The book then concludes with the therapeutic potential of manipulating the microbiota, introducing the concepts of probiotics, prebiotics and the administration of healthy human faeces (faecal microbiota transplantation), and then hypothesizes as to the future of medical treatment viewed from a microbiota-centric position. Provides an introduction to dysbiosis, or a disruption in the composition of the normal human microbiota Explains how microbiota-associated pathology and other chronic diseases can result from changes in general bacterial composition Explores the relationship humans have with their microbiota, and its significance in human health and disease Covers host genetic variants and their role in the composition of human microbial biofilms, integral to the relationship between human health and human disease Authored and edited by leaders in the field, The Human Microbiota and Human Chronic Disease will be an invaluable resource for clinicians, pathologists, immunologists, cell and molecular biologists, biochemists, and system biologists studying cellular and molecular bases of human diseases.

Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering

Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering
Author: Giorgio Fasano,János D. Pintér
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2012-10-23
ISBN: 1461444683
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering Book Excerpt:

This volume presents a selection of advanced case studies that address a substantial range of issues and challenges arising in space engineering. The contributing authors are well-recognized researchers and practitioners in space engineering and in applied optimization. The key mathematical modeling and numerical solution aspects of each application case study are presented in sufficient detail. Classic and more recent space engineering problems – including cargo accommodation and object placement, flight control of satellites, integrated design and trajectory optimization, interplanetary transfers with deep space manoeuvres, low energy transfers, magnetic cleanliness modeling, propulsion system design, sensor system placement, systems engineering, space traffic logistics, and trajectory optimization – are discussed. Novel points of view related to computational global optimization and optimal control, and to multidisciplinary design optimization are also given proper emphasis. A particular attention is paid also to scenarios expected in the context of future interplanetary explorations. Modeling and Optimization in Space Engineering will benefit researchers and practitioners working on space engineering applications. Academics, graduate and post-graduate students in the fields of aerospace and other engineering, applied mathematics, operations research and optimal control will also find the book useful, since it discusses a range of advanced model development and solution techniques and tools in the context of real-world applications and new challenges.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2004

Computational Science and Its Applications   ICCSA 2004
Author: Antonio Laganà,Marina L. Gavrilova,Vipin Kumar,Youngsong Mun,C.J. Kenneth Tan,Osvaldo Gervasi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1081
Release: 2004-05-07
ISBN: 3540220577
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2004 Book Excerpt:

The natural mission of Computational Science is to tackle all sorts of human problems and to work out intelligent automata aimed at alleviating the b- den of working out suitable tools for solving complex problems. For this reason ComputationalScience,thoughoriginatingfromtheneedtosolvethemostch- lenging problems in science and engineering (computational science is the key player in the ?ght to gain fundamental advances in astronomy, biology, che- stry, environmental science, physics and several other scienti?c and engineering disciplines) is increasingly turning its attention to all ?elds of human activity. In all activities, in fact, intensive computation, information handling, kn- ledge synthesis, the use of ad-hoc devices, etc. increasingly need to be exploited and coordinated regardless of the location of both the users and the (various and heterogeneous) computing platforms. As a result the key to understanding the explosive growth of this discipline lies in two adjectives that more and more appropriately refer to Computational Science and its applications: interoperable and ubiquitous. Numerous examples of ubiquitous and interoperable tools and applicationsaregiveninthepresentfourLNCSvolumescontainingthecontri- tions delivered at the 2004 International Conference on Computational Science and its Applications (ICCSA 2004) held in Assisi, Italy, May 14–17, 2004.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation
Author: T.V. Gopal,Gerhard Jäger,Silvia Steila
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 698
Release: 2017-04-13
ISBN: 3319559117
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2017, held in Bern, Switzerland, in April 2017. The 45 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. The main themes of TAMC 2017 have been computability, computer science logic, complexity, algorithms, and models of computation and systems theory.

Systems

Systems
Author: Gabriel Altmann,Walter A. Koch
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 795
Release: 1998-01-01
ISBN: 3110801191
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Book Excerpt:

Computational Models in Engineering

Computational Models in Engineering
Author: Konstantin Volkov
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2020-03-11
ISBN: 1789238692
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Models in Engineering Book Excerpt:

The accurate prediction of multi-physical and multi-scale physical/chemical/mechanical processes in engineering remains a challenging problem despite considerable work in this area and the acceptance of finite element analysis and computational fluid dynamics as design tools. This book intends to provide the reader with an overview of the latest developments in computational techniques used in various engineering disciplines. The book includes leading-edge scientific contributions of computational and applied mathematics, computer science and engineering focusing on the modelling and simulation of complex engineering systems and multi-physical/multi-scale engineering problems. The following topics are covered: numerical analysis and algorithms, software development, coupled analysis, multi-criteria optimization as they applied to all kinds of applied and emerging problems in energy systems, additive manufacturing, propulsion systems, and thermal engineering.