Description : Nigeria has a bold national vision of becoming one of the world s top 20 economies by 2020. However, despite being the 8th most populous country in the world, it ranks 41st in terms of GDP and 161st in terms of GDP per capita. Nigeria has long depended on oil for its exports and government revenues. This dependence has led to rent seeking and a reluctance to examine potential avenues for economic diversification. The authors of 'Knowledge, Productivity, and Innovation in Nigeria' believe that the goal of becoming a top-twenty economy can only be achieved if Nigeria makes the transition to a new economy rooted in the 21st century that harnesses the power of knowledge and avoids a static oil-based growth strategy. Knowledge has always been central to development, but new technologies have made it globally accessible. Countries such as the Republic of South Korea, India, and the United States that have exploited new technologies and know-how have pushed their innovation and productivity frontiers. Countries that have failed to do so risk remaining mired in poverty. In order to achieve Vision 2020, Nigeria must move beyond the stop-start patterns of oil-based development that have characterized it since independence. It must create a stable and prosperous economy based on a critical mass of knowledge workers. Knowledge, Productivity, and Innovation in Nigeria examines how Nigeria can prepare for this century and where its leaders can focus to achieve their vision, presenting the experiences of other countries from which Nigeria can learn.
Description : Following a surge in oil revenues in the 1970s, Nigeria became one of Africa’s most rapidly developing nations. In Nigerian Capitalism, Sayre P. Schatz analyzes the country’s political economy, assessing its position and proposing a development plan for the final quarter of the twentieth century. Referring to Nigeria’s economic development strategy as "nurture-capitalism," Sayre contrasts the role of private enterprise, which is expected to foster growth of the productive sector of the economy, with the government’s role, which is to nurture the capitalist sector generally and to favor indigenous enterprise in particular. The author examines the development of Nigerian nurture-capitalism from 1949 to the launching of and early experience with the Third Plan (1975–80), with emphasis on the post-civil war 1970s. He then turns to an intensive study of indigenous business and possible impediments to the development of Nigerian private enterprise, analyzing the role of capital availability, entrepreneurship, and the economic environment. Sayre demonstrates that there are substantial divergences between private profitability and social utility and that there is an abundance of socially useful investment possibilities for indigenous businessmen. The author next turns to a study of the government business-assistance programs, and their economic, administrative, and political characteristics. Finally, he assesses the sources of successful investment and makes a case for enhanced socially useful investments. Comparing “pragmatic developmentalism,” “pragmatic socialism,” and “thoroughgoing socialism,” he proposes a pragmatic orientation that postpones ideological decisions as long as practicable. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1977.
Description : The decisions a corporation makes affect more than just its stakeholders and can have wide social, environmental, and economic consequences. This facilitates a business environment built around the practical regulations and transparency necessary to ensure ethical and responsible business practice. Corporate Social Responsibility: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source on the ways in which corporate entities can implement responsible strategies and create synergistic value for both businesses and society. Highlighting a range of topics such as company culture, organizational diversity, and human resource management, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for business executives, managers, business professionals, human resources managers, academicians, and researchers interested in the latest advances in organizational development.
Description : Developing economies such as those in sub-Saharan Africa are searching for realistic economic policy prescriptions. Despite economic growth in countries like Nigeria, poverty and unemployment blight the lives of many, in the midst of plenty. Simultaneously, much neo-classical economic thought is being questioned against the backdrop of global economic meltdown, giving rise to inquiry about more integral approaches to sustainable development. In An Integral Approach to Development Economics, Basheer Oshodi examines modernization theories, dependency theories, world system theories and emerging 21st century economic theories and links a neo-modern mix of economic thought with the practicalities of finance in parts of the World where poverty is rife. In a specifically African setting, over half of the population are Muslims, Oshodi considers Islamic finance in the context of the triple heritage of indigenous culture, Westernized Christianity, and Islam. He argues that the principles of Islamic banking and finance can be integrated with other elements of that heritage, focusing on meeting the challenges of poverty and unemployment. Islamic finance is not just a religiously-oriented, Sharia-compliant, alternative financial model. It can contribute to overall socio-economic transformation and a wider, people-centred approach to economic development. International organizations, financial institutions, reserve banks, policy makers, donor agencies and students will find resonance in this valuable addition to Gower’s Transformation and Innovation Series.
Description : This book carries a holistic approach on the business environment (both Indian and global) with a contemporary and pragmatic appeal for learners. The text provides an incisive insight into the subject via simple, elegant and explicit presentation that ties theory logically and rigorously with the practical aspects bearing on business environment. Divided into 24 chapters, the book dexterously assimilates the national as well as global perspectives to enhance a broader understanding of the concepts and their applications. The chapters on Contemporary Perspectives, Economic Systems, Planning and Reform, Industrial Policies, Monetary Policy, Legal Framework, and so on, explicate the Indian business environment and its scope. Furthermore, its specialised chapters on global perspectives like International Law, International Organisations, WTO Regime, Cross-cutting Issues in International Environment, FDI, Country Risk and Political Risk Analysis, Doing Business in Select Markets, and so on affecting business in India and worldwide, are comprehensive in terms of coverage and approach. This is purely a text intended for the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Commerce and Management. Besides, the book is of immense use for the aspirants of civil services, officials and professionals working in government ministries, embassies in India, Indian missions abroad, Chambers of Commerce, NGOs and policy think tanks. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BOOK • Each chapter commences with an opening case, which emphasises the topic of importance, and ends with a closing case that helps in satisfying a learner from the point of view of understanding the chapter. • Several boxes are incorporated in the text, which carry practical examples and experience to support in-depth learning. • Enormous illustrative figures, tables and exhibits make the reading more fruitful and enriching. • Case questions and review questions help in checking the learner’s ability to understand the basic concept of the chapter. • The text is supported by the companion website http://phindia.com/ahmed containing useful resources for the teachers and study aids for the students.