Description : This book includes over 30 real-life, up-to-date, award-winning case studies in scientific fields such as biotechnology, biomedicine, high-tech engineering and information technology. The case studies are arranged in modules that track the typical life cycle of creating and growing a new venture, which presents a comprehensive picture of entrepreneurial activities. The text is written in a language and style that managers will appreciate.
Description : Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents discusses the application of ionic liquids as environment-friendly solvents in the extraction, separation and purification of organic and inorganic compounds, as reaction media in biochemical and chemical reactions and catalysis, and in green organic and drug syntheses. It covers various industrial applications, from polymer synthesis, to biodiesel and lubrication, paint and pigments, water softening and dry-cleaning, ore refining, the nuclear industry, aerogels, fuel cells, and more. Specific sections cover hydrogenation, oxidation, hydroformylation, acylation, acetylation, dimerization, oligomerization, photochemical and cleavage of ethers reactions. The book's main emphasis lies in the extraction and separation of biomolecules, vitamins, proteins, enzymes, and DNA using ionic liquids as green solvents. High-performance thin layer chromatography and gas chromatography are also discussed. Presents ionic liquids as an alternative to conventional solvents Covers organic and drug synthesis using ionic liquids as a solvent Outlines industrial product development using ionic liquid as a solvent Includes methods for separation, purification and extraction of biomolecules Outlines the use of ionic liquids in water, energy and environmental applications
Description : Timely, practical, comprehensive manual for financing entrepreneurial ventures, with a strong European perspective.
Description : Ionic liquids are attractive because they offer versatility in the design of organic salts. As ion-rich media, ionic liquids can control the systems properties by tuning the size, charge, and shape of the composing ions. Whilst the focus has mainly been on the potential applications of ionic liquids as solvents, they also provide innovative opportunities for designing new systems and devices. Limitations from the high viscosity and expensive purification of the ionic liquids are also not a barrier for applications as devices. Written by leading authors, Ionic Liquid Devices introduces the innovative applications of ionic liquids. Whilst the first chapters focus on their characterization, which can be difficult in some instances, the rest of the book demonstrates how ionic liquids can play substantial roles in quite different systems from sensors and actuators to biomedical applications. The book provides a comprehensive resource aimed at researchers and students in materials science, polymer science, chemistry and physics interested in the materials and inspire the discovery of new applications of ionic liquids in smart devices.
Description : Examples of the value that can be created and captured through crowdsourcing go back to at least 1714 when the UK used crowdsourcing to solve the Longitude Problem, obtaining a solution that would enable the UK to become the dominant maritime force of its time. Today, Wikipedia uses crowds to provide entries for the world's largest and free encyclopedia. Partly fueled by the value that can be created and captured through crowdsourcing, interest in researching the phenomenon has been remarkable. Despite this - or perhaps because of it - research into crowdsourcing has been conducted in different research silos, within the fields of management (from strategy to finance to operations to information systems), biology, communications, computer science, economics, political science, among others. In these silos, crowdsourcing takes names such as broadcast search, innovation tournaments, crowdfunding, community innovation, distributed innovation, collective intelligence, open source, crowdpower, and even open innovation. This book aims to assemble chapters from many of these silos, since the ultimate potential of crowdsourcing research is likely to be attained only by bridging them. Chapters provide a systematic overview of the research on crowdsourcing from different fields based on a more encompassing definition of the concept, its difference for innovation, and its value for both private and public sector.
Description : “Private equity is more economically significant than ever, as institutions hunt for high returns in a risky world. Private Equity 4.0 examines the role, workings and contribution of this important industry in a straightforward yet revealing manner.” Dr. Josh Lerner Jacob H. Schiff Professor of Investment Banking Chair, Entrepreneurial Management Unit Harvard Business School A multi-perspective look at private equity's inner workings Private Equity 4.0 provides an insider perspective on the private equity industry, and analyzes the fundamental evolution of the private equity asset class over the past 30 years, from alternative to mainstream. The book provides insightful interviews of key industry figures, and case studies of some of the success stories in the industry. It also answers key questions related to strategy, fund manager selection, incentive mechanisms, performance comparison, red flags in prospectuses, and more. Private Equity 4.0 offers guidance for the many stakeholders that could benefit from a more complete understanding of this special area of finance. Understand the industry's dominant business models Discover how value is created and performance measured Perform a deep dive into the ecosystem of professionals that make the industry hum, including the different incentive systems that support the industry's players Elaborate a clear set of guidelines to invest in the industry and deliver better performance Written by a team of authors that combine academic and industry expertise to produce a well-rounded perspective, this book details the inner workings of private equity and gives readers the background they need to feel confident about committing to this asset class. Coverage includes a historical perspective on the business models of the three major waves of private equity leading to today's 4.0 model, a detailed analysis of the industry today, as well as reflections on the future of private equity and prospective futures. It also provides readers with the analytical and financial tools to analyze a fund's performance, with clear explanations of the mechanisms, organizations, and individuals that make the system work. The authors demystify private equity by providing a balanced, but critical, review of its contributions and shortcomings and moving beyond the simplistic journalistic descriptions. Its ecosystem is complex and not recognizing that complexity leads to inappropriate judgments. Because of its assumed opacity and some historical deviant (and generally transient) practices, it has often been accused of evil intents, making it an ideal scapegoat in times of economic crisis, prodding leading politicians and regulators to intervene and demand changes in practices. Unfortunately, such actors were often responding to public calls for action rather than a thorough understanding of the factors at play in this complex interdependent system, doing often more harm than good in the process and depriving economies of one of their most dynamic and creative forces. Self-regulation has clearly shown its limits, but righteous political interventions even more so. Private equity investment can be a valuable addition to many portfolios, but investors need a clear understanding of the forces at work before committing to this asset class. With detailed explanations and expert insights, Private Equity 4.0 is a comprehensive guide to the industry ways and means that enables the reader to capture its richness and sustainability.
Author by : United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Languange : en
Publisher by : United Nations Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 317
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Description : ESCAP has been taking on various initiatives to strengthen technological and industrial capabilities for integrated development and promotion for SMEs and to promote cooperation among the economies of the region. This publication looks at a specific project, which has identified nodal agencies and representatives of participating countries to take the responsibilities of promoting technology and business incubation. It is expected that this publication will contribute to greater awareness and understanding of the issues concerning technology and business incubation and that the recommendations presented will assist policy makers to formulate and implement national policies and programmes.
Description : With the global economy in a precarious position, nurturing new entrepreneurial high-technology firms is likely to comprise a key component of any policy to encourage economic growth, both in developed and developing countries. Recent high-technology ventures – such as retailing in the music industry – have shown how entrepreneurs can radically change, or even replace, the structure of existing industries. High-Technology Entrepreneurshipintroduces and analyzes all the major aspects of high-technology small-firm formation and growth. Locational and functional aspects of the process, as well as how contexts for development may vary between developed and developing economies are also discussed. Other key topics that are addressed include: how high technology firms originate in theory and practice entrepreneurship theory incubators, science parks and clustering entrepreneurial strategy and finance. Students taking Master's-level courses in entrepreneurship, technology, innovation, academic enterprise and industrial development will find this an essential textbook for completing their studies.