On Crimes And Punishments And Other Writings

Author by : Cesare Beccaria
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Publisher by : University of Toronto Press
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Description : Published in 1764, On Crimes and Punishments by Cesare Beccaria (1738?1794) courted both success and controversy in Europe and North America. Enlightenment luminaries and enlightened monarchs alike lauded the text and looked to it for ideas that might help guide the various reform projects of the day. The equality of every citizen before the law, the right to a fair trial, the abolition of the death penalty, the elimination of the use of torture in criminal interrogations?these are but a few of the vital arguments articulated by Beccaria. This volume offers a new English translation of On Crimes and Punishment alongside writings by a number of Beccaria?s contemporaries. Of particular interest is Voltaire?s commentary on the text, which is included in its entirety. The supplementary materials testify not only to the power and significance of Beccaria?s ideas, but to the controversial reception of his book. At the same time that philosophes proclaimed that it contained principles of enduring importance to any society grappling with matters of political and criminal justice, allies of the ancien régime roundly denounced it, fearing that the book?s attack on feudal privileges and its call to separate law from religion (and thus crime from sin) would undermine their longstanding privileges and powers. Long appreciated as a foundational text in criminology, Beccaria?s arguments have become central in debates over capital punishment. This new edition presents Beccaria?s On Crimes and Punishments as an important and influential work of Enlightenment political theory.


Beccaria On Crimes And Punishments And Other Writings

Author by : Cesare Beccaria, Mar
Languange : un
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : An edition of Beccaria's writings which reinterprets his political philosophy.


On Crimes And Punishments And Other Writings

Author by : Cesare marchese di Beccaria
Languange : un
Publisher by :
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
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Description : An edition of Beccaria's writings which reinterprets his political philosophy.


On Crimes And Punishments

Author by : Cesare Beccaria
Languange : un
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
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Description : Cesare Beccaria’s influential Treatise on Crimes and Punishments is considered a foundational work in the field of criminology. Three major themes of the Enlightenment run through the Treatise: the idea that the social contract forms the moral and political basis of the work’s reformist zeal; the idea that science supports a dispassionate and reasoned appeal for reforms; and the belief that progress is inextricably bound to science. All three provide the foundation for accepting Beccaria’s proposals. It is virtually impossible to ascertain which of several versions of the Treatise that appeared during his lifetime best reflected Beccaria’s thoughts. His use of many Enlightenment ideas also makes it difficult to interpret what he has written. While Enlightenment thinkers advocated free men and free minds, there was considerable disagreement as to how this might be achieved, except in the most general terms. The editors have based this translation on the 1984 Francioni text, the most exhaustive critical Italian edition of Dei delitti e delle pene. This edition is the last that Beccaria personally oversaw and revised. This translation includes an outstanding opening essay by the editors and is a welcome introduction to Beccaria and the beginnings of criminology.


On Crimes And Punishments

Author by : Cesare marchese di Beccaria
Languange : un
Publisher by : Transaction Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 360
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Description : Becarria's influential Treatise On Crimes and Punishments is considered a foundation work in the modern field of criminology. As Newman and Marongiu note in their introduction to the work, three master themes of the Enlightenment run through the Treatise: the idea of the social contract, the idea of science, and the belief in progress. The idea of the social contact forms the moral and political basis of the work's reformist zeal. Th e idea of science supports a dispassionate and reasoned appeal for reforms. The belief in progress is inextricably bound to the idea of science. All three provide the necessary foundation for accepting Beccaria's proposals. It is virtually impossible to ascertain which of several versions of the Treatise that appeared during his lifetime best reflected Becccaria's own thought. His use of many ideas of Enlightenment thinkers also makes it diffi cult to interpret what he has written. While Enlightenment thinkers wanted to break the chains of religion and advocated free men and free minds, there was considerable disagreement as to how this might be achieved, except in the most general terms. The editors have based this translation on the Francioni (1984) text, by far the most exhaustive critical Italian edition of Dei delitti e delle pene. This edition is undoubtedly the last that Beccaria personally oversaw and revised. This new translation, which includes an outstanding opening essay by the editors, is a welcome introduction to Beccaria and to the modern beginnings of criminology.


Thomas Jefferson And Bolling V Bolling

Author by : Thomas Jefferson
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of California Press
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Total Read : 12
Total Download : 100
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Description : A manuscript account of the arguments in the case of Bolling v. Bolling by Thomas Jefferson. The case deals with issues of property and inheritance law and demonstrates the legal learning and skill of colonial American lawyers. An introduction places the manuscript in legal context, discussing law and the legal profession in pre- Revolutionary America, legal education, and Jefferson as a lawyer. Includes definitions and notes on key individuals mentioned, plus a glossary and table of cases. Eighteenth-century legal citations are presented in modern scholarly form. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


Criminological Theory

Author by : Franklin P. Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Prentice Hall
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 815
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Description : For undergraduate courses in Introduction to Criminological Theory, Theories of Crime & Delinquency, Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Introduction to Criminology found in Departments of Sociology, Criminology and Criminal Justice. This concise book, acclaimed by students as easy to read and understand, covers all the major sociological theories of crime, views the development of these theories, and shows the connections between them over time.


Crime And Punishment

Author by : Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Languange : un
Publisher by : Courier Corporation
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 845
File Size : 42,9 Mb
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Description : In a timeless story of justice, morality, and redemption, an impoverished Russian student murders a miserly landlady, a crime that has severe repercussions on his life and his family as he battles his conscience.


Against The Death Penalty

Author by : Giuseppie Pelli
Languange : un
Publisher by : Princeton University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 87
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Description : The first known abolitionist critique of the death penalty—here for the first time in English In 1764, a Milanese aristocrat named Cesare Beccaria created a sensation when he published On Crimes and Punishments. At its centre is a rejection of the death penalty as excessive, unnecessary, and pointless. Beccaria is deservedly regarded as the founding father of modern criminal-law reform, yet he was not the first to argue for the abolition of the death penalty. Against the Death Penalty presents the first English translation of the Florentine aristocrat Giuseppe Pelli's critique of capital punishment, written three years before Beccaria's treatise, but lost for more than two centuries in the Pelli family archives. Peter Garnsey examines the contrasting arguments of the two abolitionists, who drew from different intellectual traditions. Pelli was a devout Catholic influenced by the writings of natural jurists such as Hugo Grotius, whereas Beccaria was inspired by the French Enlightenment philosophers. While Beccaria attacked the criminal justice system as a whole, Pelli focused on the death penalty, composing a critique of considerable depth and sophistication. Garnsey explores how Beccaria's alternative penalty of forced labour, and its conceptualisation as servitude, were embraced in Britain and America, and delves into Pelli's voluminous diaries, shedding light on Pelli's intellectual development and painting a vivid portrait of an Enlightenment man of letters and of conscience. With translations of letters exchanged by the two abolitionists and selections from Beccaria's writings, Against the Death Penalty provides new insights into eighteenth-century debates about capital punishment and offers vital historical perspectives on one of the most pressing questions of our own time.


Crime Criminals

Author by : Clarence Darrow
Languange : un
Publisher by : Charles H Kerr Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 63
Total Download : 225
File Size : 40,8 Mb
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Description : Darrow's Crime & Criminals, originally published by Charles H Kerr in 1902, is not only one of the greatest works by the greatest attorney in US history, it is also a little masterpiece in the literature of social criticism and the struggle for freedom. In a few pages radiant with the forceful eloquence and dry humor for which he was so justly renowned, Darrow offers the man in the street - or more precisely in this case, in jail - a crash course in the theory and practice of law and criminology. He discusses what crime is, what causes it, why more people go to jail in winter than in summer, why the real criminals almost never go to prison, why punishment doesn't work, and - in the end - why the US criminal justice system is in fact a system of injustice, a colossal and barbaric failure. This new edition includes a remarkable essay 'Darrow's Crime And Criminals A Century Later' by Leon M Despres. Opening with valuable biographical and historical background regarding Darrow's views on crime and criminals, Despres also discusses the results of a survey made in 1996, in which a number of prisoners at Cook County Jail were invited to comment on Darrows 1902 talk. This edition also features excerpts from several other writings by Darrow on law, crime and punishment. An important Afterword by Carol Heises, an attorney and activist involved with prisoners on Cook County Jail's Death Row focuses on Darrow's views on capital punishment. Plus, a Foreword from Penelope Rosemont.


Political Theory

Author by : Scott J. Hammond
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 538
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Description : Bridging the vital concepts of classical political thought and the language of everyday modern political discourse, this comprehensive ready-reference handbook explains the central ideas and recurring themes that inform the Western political tradition.


Women Crime And Punishment In Ancient Law And Society

Author by : Elisabeth Meier Tetlow
Languange : un
Publisher by : Continuum
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 813
File Size : 41,8 Mb
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Description : This volume, spanning three millennia BCE, concentrates on the major ancient civilizations that left information about women and crime in Mesopotamia and Asia Minor, namely, Sumer (Pt I), Babylonia (Pt II), Assyria (Pt III), and Khatti (Pt IV). Most of the extant writings are incomplete, and some are only brief fragments. No ancient document has been found that contains the entire civil or criminal code of a civilization or all of its laws affecting women. Each document contains a small piece of the puzzle. When put together here with other writings, art, and artifacts, a general picture of the treatment of women, crime and punishment in each of these ancient civilizations begins to emerge. The book includes illustrations, an extensive Chronology and Names, and Indices of Persons, Places, and Subjects. Crime and punishment, criminal law and its administration, are areas of ancient history that have been explored less than many other aspects of ancient civilizations. Throughout history women have been affected by crime both as victims and as offenders. In the ancient world, customary laws were created by men, formal laws were written by men, and both were interpreted and enforced by men. This two-volume work explores the role of gender in the formation and administration of ancient law and examines the many gender categories and relationships established in ancient law, including legal personhood, access to courts, citizenship, political office, religious office, professions, marriage, inheritance, and property ownership. Thus it focuses on women and crime within the context of women in the society.


Chocolate And Other Writings On Male Homoeroticism

Author by : Pandey Bechan Sharma
Languange : en
Publisher by : Duke University Press Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 826
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : A translation of a 1927 short-story collection that was the first work of Hindi fiction to focus on male same-sex relations; its publication sparked Indias first public debates about homosexuality.


Crime Criminals

Author by : Clarence Darrow
Languange : un
Publisher by : Charles H Kerr Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 59
Total Download : 466
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : Darrow's Crime & Criminals, originally published by Charles H Kerr in 1902, is not only one of the greatest works by the greatest attorney in US history, it is also a little masterpiece in the literature of social criticism and the struggle for freedom. In a few pages radiant with the forceful eloquence and dry humor for which he was so justly renowned, Darrow offers the man in the street - or more precisely in this case, in jail - a crash course in the theory and practice of law and criminology. He discusses what crime is, what causes it, why more people go to jail in winter than in summer, why the real criminals almost never go to prison, why punishment doesn't work, and - in the end - why the US criminal justice system is in fact a system of injustice, a colossal and barbaric failure. This new edition includes a remarkable essay 'Darrow's Crime And Criminals A Century Later' by Leon M Despres. Opening with valuable biographical and historical background regarding Darrow's views on crime and criminals, Despres also discusses the results of a survey made in 1996, in which a number of prisoners at Cook County Jail were invited to comment on Darrows 1902 talk. This edition also features excerpts from several other writings by Darrow on law, crime and punishment. An important Afterword by Carol Heises, an attorney and activist involved with prisoners on Cook County Jail's Death Row focuses on Darrow's views on capital punishment. Plus, a Foreword from Penelope Rosemont.


Nature And Other Writings

Author by : Ralph Waldo Emerson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Shambhala Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 367
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : Presenting some of the most memorable and influential expressions of American thought in a miniature format, these selected essays clearly reveal Emerson as the proponent of self-reliance and nature as manifestation of the divine spirit that has made him the hero to generations of naturalists and philosophers.


Justine Philosophy In The Bedroom And Other Writings

Author by : marquis de Sade
Languange : un
Publisher by : Grove Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 583
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : First pub. in French in 1791-5. Includes biographical material and a selection of writings.


Farewell My Youth And Other Writings

Author by : Arnold Bax
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 849
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : Arnold Bax (1883-1953) was an extraordinary figure. Growing up in a prosperous Hampstead family, devoted to cricket, he conformed outwardly to the role of English gentleman. His musical education was orthodox Edwardian; after a distinguished career he was appointed Master of the King's Musick, and spent his last years in retirement in Sussex. Behind this facade of respectability lurked a restless nomad, a musical individualist whose style is instantly recognisable from its highly personal combination of a brilliant orchestration, memorable melodic invention, and idiosyncratically tangy harmony. He was a pioneer on the British musical scene before and immediately after the First World War; symphonic poems, symphonies, ballets, chamber music and songs poured out in expression of his passionate individualism. Farewell, My Youth is Arnold Bax's autobiography, published in 1943 when the composer was sixty. The text concentrates on events in British music prior to 1914 in which Bax describes his childhood, his time at the Royal Academy of Music, his meeting with Elgar (1901) and his discovery of the poetry of Yeats. His lifelong commitment to Ireland exemplified one of many spiritual conflicts that at once inspired and tormented him, and was undoubtedly sublimated in some of his most powerful music. Arnold Bax also met Sibelius, Debussy, D'Indy and Schonberg, while his vivid vignettes of Beecham and British music of the period are minor classics of observation. The autobiography is thoroughly enhanced by a new introduction and notes by Lewis Foreman, who has expanded the text with Bax's previously uncollected writings. Over 100 photographs evoke the atmosphere of the period. This book is an important source on British music before the First World War, and a delightful and amusing read in its own right.


Crimes And Punishments And Bernard Shaw

Author by : Bernard F. Dukore
Languange : un
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 726
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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Description : This book analyzes the interaction of crimes, punishments, and Bernard Shaw in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It explores crimes committed by professional criminals, nonprofessional criminals, businessmen, believers in a cause, the police, the Government, and prison officials. It examines punishments decreed by judges, juries, colonial governors, commissars, and administered by the police, prison warders, and prison doctors. It charts Shaw's view of crimes and punishments in dramatic writings, non-dramatic writings, and his actions in real life. This book presents him in the context of his contemporaries and his world, inviting readers to view crimes and punishments in their context, history, and relevance to his ideas in and outside his plays, plus the relevance of his ideas to crimes and punishments in life.


World Of Criminal Justice

Author by : Shirelle Phelps
Languange : en
Publisher by : Gale Cengage
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 106
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : Welcome to the World of Criminal Justice. The individual entries in this ready-reference source explain in concise, detailed, and jargon-free language some of the most important topics, theories, discoveries, concepts, and organizations in criminal justice. Brief biographical profiles of the people who have made a significant and lasting impact on the field of criminal justice and society in general are also included. More than 320 photographs, statistical charts, and graphs aid the reader in understanding the topics and people covered in the reference work.


Gulliver S Travels And Other Writings

Author by : Jonathan Swift
Languange : en
Publisher by : Houghton Mifflin College Division
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
Total Download : 667
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : A selection of writings by seventeenth-century author Jonathan Swift, featuring the satirical novel "Gulliver's Travels," as well as poems, sermons, pamphlets, and letters, and including an introduction and critical essays.


The Handbook Of Crime Punishment

Author by : Michael H. Tonry
Languange : un
Publisher by : Oxford University Press on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 561
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : Consisting of 28 articles, this comprehensive reference work on the study of crime, examines: its causes, effects, trends, and institutions, current philosophies of punishment and ways of controlling crime.