One Semester Of Elliptic Curves

Author by : Torsten Ekedahl
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
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Description : These lecture notes grew out of a one semester introductory course on elliptic curves given to an audience of computer science and mathematics students, and assume only minimal background knowledge. After having covered basic analytic and algebraic aspects, putting special emphasis on explaining the interplay between algebraic and analytic formulas, they go on to some more specialized topics. These include the $j$-function from an algebraic and analytic perspective, a discussion of elliptic curves over finite fields, derivation of recursion formulas for the division polynomials, the algebraic structure of the torsion points of an elliptic curve, complex multiplication, and modular forms. In an effort to motivate basic problems the book starts very slowly but considers some aspects such as modular forms of higher level which are not usually treated. It presents more than 100 exercises and a Mathematica TM notebook that treats a number of calculations involving elliptic curves. The book is aimed at students of mathematics with a general interest in elliptic curves but also at students of computer science interested in their cryptographic aspects.


One Semester Of Elliptic Curves

Author by : TORSTEN EKEDAHL.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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The Arithmetic Of Elliptic Curves

Author by : Joseph H. Silverman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 61
Total Download : 292
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : The theory of elliptic curves is distinguished by its long history and by the diversity of the methods that have been used in its study. This book treats the arithmetic approach in its modern formulation, through the use of basic algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. Following a brief discussion of the necessary algebro-geometric results, the book proceeds with an exposition of the geometry and the formal group of elliptic curves, elliptic curves over finite fields, the complex numbers, local fields, and global fields. Final chapters deal with integral and rational points, including Siegels theorem and explicit computations for the curve Y = X + DX, while three appendices conclude the whole: Elliptic Curves in Characteristics 2 and 3, Group Cohomology, and an overview of more advanced topics.


Probability Theory

Author by : Nikolai Dokuchaev
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 92
Total Download : 588
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Description : This book provides a systematic, self-sufficient and yet short presentation of the mainstream topics on introductory Probability Theory with some selected topics from Mathematical Statistics. It is suitable for a 10- to 14-week course for second- or third-year undergraduate students in Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Finance, or Economics, who have completed some introductory course in Calculus. There is a sufficient number of problems and solutions to cover weekly tutorials.


Rational Points On Elliptic Curves

Author by : Joseph H. Silverman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 614
File Size : 40,6 Mb
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Description : The theory of elliptic curves involves a blend of algebra, geometry, analysis, and number theory. This book stresses this interplay as it develops the basic theory, providing an opportunity for readers to appreciate the unity of modern mathematics. The book’s accessibility, the informal writing style, and a wealth of exercises make it an ideal introduction for those interested in learning about Diophantine equations and arithmetic geometry.


A Course In Complex Analysis And Riemann Surfaces

Author by : Wilhelm Schlag
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Society
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Total Read : 31
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Description : Complex analysis is a cornerstone of mathematics, making it an essential element of any area of study in graduate mathematics. Schlag's treatment of the subject emphasizes the intuitive geometric underpinnings of elementary complex analysis that naturally lead to the theory of Riemann surfaces. The book begins with an exposition of the basic theory of holomorphic functions of one complex variable. The first two chapters constitute a fairly rapid, but comprehensive course in complex analysis. The third chapter is devoted to the study of harmonic functions on the disk and the half-plane, with an emphasis on the Dirichlet problem. Starting with the fourth chapter, the theory of Riemann surfaces is developed in some detail and with complete rigor. From the beginning, the geometric aspects are emphasized and classical topics such as elliptic functions and elliptic integrals are presented as illustrations of the abstract theory. The special role of compact Riemann surfaces is explained, and their connection with algebraic equations is established. The book concludes with three chapters devoted to three major results: the Hodge decomposition theorem, the Riemann-Roch theorem, and the uniformization theorem. These chapters present the core technical apparatus of Riemann surface theory at this level. This text is intended as a detailed, yet fast-paced intermediate introduction to those parts of the theory of one complex variable that seem most useful in other areas of mathematics, including geometric group theory, dynamics, algebraic geometry, number theory, and functional analysis. More than seventy figures serve to illustrate concepts and ideas, and the many problems at the end of each chapter give the reader ample opportunity for practice and independent study.


Basic Noncommutative Geometry

Author by : Masoud Khalkhali
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description : "Basic Noncommutative Geometry provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and some of its applications. The book can be used either as a textbook for a graduate course on the subject or for self-study. It will be useful for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics and all those who are interested in gaining an understanding of the subject. One feature of this book is the wealth of examples and exercises that help the reader to navigate through the subject. While background material is provided in the text and in several appendices, some familiarity with basic notions of functional analysis, algebraic topology, differential geometry and homological algebra at a first year graduate level is helpful. Developed by Alain Connes since the late 1970s, noncommutative geometry has found many applications to long-standing conjectures in topology and geometry and has recently made headways in theoretical physics and number theory. The book starts with a detailed description of some of the most pertinent algebra-geometry correspondences by casting geometric notions in algebraic terms, then proceeds in the second chapter to the idea of a noncommutative space and how it is constructed. The last two chapters deal with homological tools: cyclic cohomology and Connes-Chern characters in K-theory and K-homology, culminating in one commutative diagram expressing the equality of topological and analytic index in a noncommutative setting. Applications to integrality of noncommutative topological invariants are given as well."--Publisher's description.


Moonshine Of Finite Groups

Author by : Koichiro Harada
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
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Total Read : 46
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Description : This is an almost verbatim reproduction of the author's lecture notes written in 1983-84 at Ohio State University, Columbus. A substantial update is given in the bibliography. Over the last 20 plus years there has been energetic activity in the field of finite simple group theory related to the monster simple group. Most notably, influential works have been produced in the theory of vertex operator algebras from research that was stimulated by the moonshine of the finite groups. Still, we can ask the same questions now that we did 30-40 years ago: What is the monster simple group? Is it really related to the theory of the universe as it was vaguely so envisioned? What lies behind the moonshine phenomena of the monster group? It may appear that we have only scratched the surface. These notes are primarily reproduced for the benefit of readers who wish to start learning about modular functions used in moonshine.


Conics And Cubics

Author by : Robert Bix
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 773
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Description : Conics and Cubics offers an accessible and well illustrated introduction to algebraic curves. By classifying irreducible cubics over the real numbers and proving that their points form Abelian groups, the book gives readers easy access to the study of elliptic curves. It includes a simple proof of Bezout’s Theorem on the number of intersections of two curves. The subject area is described by means of concrete and accessible examples. The book is a text for a one-semester course.


A Course On Elation Quadrangles

Author by : Koen Thas
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 324
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : The notion of elation generalized quadrangle is a natural generalization to the theory of generalized quadrangles of the important notion of translation planes in the theory of projective planes. Almost any known class of finite generalized quadrangles can be constructed from a suitable class of elation quadrangles. In this book the author considers several aspects of the theory of elation generalized quadrangles. Special attention is given to local Moufang conditions on the foundational level, exploring, for instance, Knarr's question from the 1990s concerning the very notion of elation quadrangles. All the known results on Kantor's prime power conjecture for finite elation quadrangles are gathered, some of them published here for the first time. The structural theory of elation quadrangles and their groups is heavily emphasized. Other related topics, such as $p$-modular cohomology, Heisenberg groups, and existence problems for certain translation nets, are briefly touched. This book starts from scratch and is essentially self-contained. Many alternative proofs are given for known theorems. This course contains dozens of exercises at various levels, from very easy to rather difficult, and will stimulate undergraduate and graduate students to enter the fascinating and rich world of elation quadrangles. More accomplished mathematicians will find the final chapters especially challenging.


Splitting Methods For Partial Differential Equations With Rough Solutions

Author by : Helge Holden
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
Total Download : 559
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Description : Operator splitting (or the fractional steps method) is a very common tool to analyze nonlinear partial differential equations both numerically and analytically. By applying operator splitting to a complicated model one can often split it into simpler problems that can be analyzed separately. In this book one studies operator splitting for a family of nonlinear evolution equations, including hyperbolic conservation laws and degenerate convection-diffusion equations. Common for these equations is the prevalence of rough, or non-smooth, solutions, e.g., shocks. Rigorous analysis is presented, showing that both semi-discrete and fully discrete splitting methods converge. For conservation laws, sharp error estimates are provided and for convection-diffusion equations one discusses a priori and a posteriori correction of entropy errors introduced by the splitting. Numerical methods include finite difference and finite volume methods as well as front tacking. The theory is illustrated by numerous examples. There is a dedicated web page that provides MATLAB codes for many of the examples. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering.


Differential Harnack Inequalities And The Ricci Flow

Author by : Reto Müller
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 392
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Description : The text is a self-contained, modern introduction to the Ricci flow and the analytic methods to study it. It is primarily addressed to students who have a basic introductory knowledge of analysis and of Riemannian geometry and who are attracted to further study in geometric analysis. No previous knowledge of differential Harnack inequalities or the Ricci flow is required.


Lectures On Gaussian Integral Operators And Classical Groups

Author by : Yu. A. Neretin
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : This book is an elementary self-contained introduction to some constructions of representation theory and related topics of differential geometry and analysis. Topics covered include the theory of various Fourier-like integral operators such as Segal-Bargmann transforms, Gaussian integral operators in $L^2$ and in the Fock space, integral operators with theta-kernels, the geometry of real and $p$-adic classical groups and symmetric spaces. The heart of the book is the Weil representation of the symplectic group (real and complex realizations, relations with theta-functions and modular forms, $p$-adic and adelic constructions) and representations in Hilbert spaces of holomorphic functions of several complex variables. This book is addressed to graduate students and researchers in representation theory, differential geometry, and operator theory. Prerequisites are standard university courses in linear algebra, functional analysis, and complex analysis.


Finite Generalized Quadrangles

Author by : Stanley E. Payne
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
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Total Read : 93
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Description : Generalized quadrangles (GQ) were formally introduced by J. Tits in 1959 to describe geometric properties of simple groups of Lie type of rank 2. The first edition of Finite Generalized Quadrangles (FGQ) quickly became the standard reference for finite GQ. The second edition is essentially a reprint of the first edition. It is a careful rendering into LaTeX of the original, along with an appendix that brings to the attention of the reader those major new results pertaining to GQ, especially in those areas where the authors of this work have made a contribution. The first edition has been out of print for many years. The new edition makes available again this classical reference in the rapidly increasing field of finite geometries.


Wavelets Their Friends And What They Can Do For You

Author by : Martin J. Mohlenkamp
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
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Description : These notes introduce the central concepts surrounding wavelets and their applications. By focusing on the essential ideas and arguments, the authors enable readers to get to the heart of the matter as quickly as possible. A list of references guides readers interested in further study to the appropriate places in the literature for detailed proofs and real applications. The authors begin with the notion of time-frequency analysis, present the multiresolution analysis and basic wavelet construction, introduce the many friends, relatives, and mutations of wavelets, and finally give a selection of applications. This book is suitable for beginning graduate students and above. A preliminary chapter containing some of the prerequisite concepts and definitions is included for reference.


Lectures On Algebraic Topology

Author by : Sergeĭ Vladimirovich Matveev
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
Total Download : 642
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : Algebraic topology is the study of the global properties of spaces by means of algebra. It is an important branch of modern mathematics with a wide degree of applicability to other fields, including geometric topology, differential geometry, functional analysis, differential equations, algebraic geometry, number theory, and theoretical physics. This book provides an introduction to the basic concepts and methods of algebraic topology for the beginner. It presents elements of both homology theory and homotopy theory, and includes various applications. The author's intention is to rely on the geometric approach by appealing to the reader's own intuition to help understanding. The numerous illustrations in the text also serve this purpose. Two features make the text different from the standard literature: first, special attention is given to providing explicit algorithms for calculating the homology groups and for manipulating the fundamental groups. Second, the book contains many exercises, all of which are supplied with hints or solutions. This makes the book suitable for both classroom use and for independent study.


Faber Systems And Their Use In Sampling Discrepancy Numerical Integration

Author by : Hans Triebel
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 97
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Description : This book deals first with Haar bases, Faber bases and Faber frames for weighted function spaces on the real line and the plane. It extends results in the author's book, ``Bases in Function Spaces, Sampling, Discrepancy, Numerical Integration'' (EMS, 2010), from unweighted spaces (preferably in cubes) to weighted spaces. The obtained assertions are used to study sampling and numerical integration in weighted spaces on the real line and weighted spaces with dominating mixed smoothness in the plane. A short chapter deals with the discrepancy for spaces on intervals.


Mathematical Foundations Of Supersymmetry

Author by : Claudio Carmeli
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
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Description : Supersymmetry is a highly active area of considerable interest among physicists and mathematicians. It is not only fascinating in its own right, but there is also indication that it plays a fundamental role in the physics of elementary particles and gravitation. The purpose of the book is to lay down the foundations of the subject, providing the reader with a comprehensive introduction to the language and techniques, as well as detailed proofs and many clarifying examples. This book is aimed ideally at second-year graduate students. After the first three introductory chapters, the text is divided into two parts: the theory of smooth supermanifolds and Lie supergroups, including the Frobenius theorem, and the theory of algebraic superschemes and supergroups. There are three appendices. The first introduces Lie superalgebras and representations of classical Lie superalgebras, the second collects some relevant facts on categories, sheafification of functors and commutative algebra, and the third explains the notion of Frechet space in the super context.


Introduction To Applied Algebraic Systems

Author by : Norman R Reilly
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 164
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Description : This upper-level undergraduate textbook provides a modern view of algebra with an eye to new applications that have arisen in recent years. A rigorous introduction to basic number theory, rings, fields, polynomial theory, groups, algebraic geometry and elliptic curves prepares students for exploring their practical applications related to storing, securing, retrieving and communicating information in the electronic world. It will serve as a textbook for an undergraduate course in algebra with a strong emphasis on applications. The book offers a brief introduction to elementary number theory as well as a fairly complete discussion of major algebraic systems (such as rings, fields, and groups) with a view of their use in bar coding, public key cryptosystems, error-correcting codes, counting techniques, and elliptic key cryptography. This is the only entry level text for algebraic systems that includes an extensive introduction to elliptic curves, a topic that has leaped to prominence due to its importance in the solution of Fermats Last Theorem and its incorporation into the rapidly expanding applications of elliptic curve cryptography in smart cards. Computer science students will appreciate the strong emphasis on the theory of polynomials, algebraic geometry and Groebner bases. The combination of a rigorous introduction to abstract algebra with a thorough coverage of its applications makes this book truly unique.


Lectures On Differential Geometry

Author by : Iskander Asanovich Taĭmanov
Languange : en
Publisher by : European Mathematical Society
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 238
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Description : This book gives an introduction to the basics of differential geometry, keeping in mind the natural origin of many geometrical quantities, as well as the applications of differential geometry and its methods to other sciences. The book is based on lectures the author held repeatedly at Novosibirsk State University. It is addressed to students as well as to anyone who wants to learn the basics of differential geometry.


An Introduction To Cryptography

Author by : Richard A. Mollin
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 418
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Description : INTRODUCTION FOR THE UNINITIATED Heretofore, there has been no suitable introductory book that provides a solid mathematical treatment of cryptography for students with little or no background in number theory. By presenting the necessary mathematics as needed, An Introduction to Cryptography superbly fills that void. Although it is intended for the undergraduate student needing an introduction to the subject of cryptography, it contains enough optional, advanced material to challenge even the most informed reader, and provides the basis for a second course on the subject. Beginning with an overview of the history of cryptography, the material covers the basics of computer arithmetic and explores complexity issues. The author then presents three comprehensive chapters on symmetric-key cryptosystems, public-key cryptosystems, and primality testing. There is an optional chapter on four factoring methods: Pollard's p-1 method, the continued fraction algorithm, the quadratic sieve, and the number field sieve. Another optional chapter contains detailed development of elliptic curve cryptosystems, zero-knowledge, and quantum cryptography. He illustrates all methods with worked examples and includes a full, but uncluttered description of the numerous cryptographic applications. SUSTAINS INTEREST WITH ENGAGING MATERIAL Throughout the book, the author gives a human face to cryptography by including more than 50 biographies of the individuals who helped develop cryptographic concepts. He includes a number of illustrative and motivating examples, as well as optional topics that go beyond the basics presented in the core data. With an extensive index and a list of symbols for easy reference, An Introduction to Cryptography is the essential fundamental text on cryptography.


Conics And Cubics

Author by : Robert Bix
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 60
Total Download : 454
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : Algebraic curves are the graphs of polynomial equations in two vari 3 ables, such as y3 + 5xy2 = x + 2xy. By focusing on curves of degree at most 3-lines, conics, and cubics-this book aims to fill the gap between the familiar subject of analytic geometry and the general study of alge braic curves. This text is designed for a one-semester class that serves both as a a geometry course for mathematics majors in general and as a sequel to college geometry for teachers of secondary school mathe matics. The only prerequisite is first-year calculus. On the one hand, this book can serve as a text for an undergraduate geometry course for all mathematics majors. Algebraic geometry unites algebra, geometry, topology, and analysis, and it is one of the most exciting areas of modem mathematics. Unfortunately, the subject is not easily accessible, and most introductory courses require a prohibitive amount of mathematical machinery. We avoid this problem by focusing on curves of degree at most 3. This keeps the results tangible and the proofs natural. It lets us emphasize the power of two fundamental ideas, homogeneous coordinates and intersection multiplicities.


Computational Number Theory

Author by : Abhijit Das
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
Total Download : 840
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Description : Developed from the author's popular graduate-level course, Computational Number Theory presents a complete treatment of number-theoretic algorithms. Avoiding advanced algebra, this self-contained text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in engineering. It is also suitable for researchers new to the field and pract


Number Theory And Geometry An Introduction To Arithmetic Geometry

Author by : Álvaro Lozano-Robledo
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 320
File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : Geometry and the theory of numbers are as old as some of the oldest historical records of humanity. Ever since antiquity, mathematicians have discovered many beautiful interactions between the two subjects and recorded them in such classical texts as Euclid's Elements and Diophantus's Arithmetica. Nowadays, the field of mathematics that studies the interactions between number theory and algebraic geometry is known as arithmetic geometry. This book is an introduction to number theory and arithmetic geometry, and the goal of the text is to use geometry as the motivation to prove the main theorems in the book. For example, the fundamental theorem of arithmetic is a consequence of the tools we develop in order to find all the integral points on a line in the plane. Similarly, Gauss's law of quadratic reciprocity and the theory of continued fractions naturally arise when we attempt to determine the integral points on a curve in the plane given by a quadratic polynomial equation. After an introduction to the theory of diophantine equations, the rest of the book is structured in three acts that correspond to the study of the integral and rational solutions of linear, quadratic, and cubic curves, respectively. This book describes many applications including modern applications in cryptography; it also presents some recent results in arithmetic geometry. With many exercises, this book can be used as a text for a first course in number theory or for a subsequent course on arithmetic (or diophantine) geometry at the junior-senior level.


An Introduction To Mathematical Cryptography

Author by : Jeffrey Hoffstein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 800
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Description : This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cryptography, including primality testing, factorization algorithms, probability theory, information theory, and collision algorithms; an in-depth treatment of important cryptographic innovations, such as elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem. The second edition of An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography includes a significant revision of the material on digital signatures, including an earlier introduction to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new material on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections have been rewritten or expanded for clarity, especially in the chapters on information theory, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the chapter of additional topics has been expanded to include sections on digital cash and homomorphic encryption. Numerous new exercises have been included.


Mathematical Reviews

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 42
Total Download : 481
File Size : 43,6 Mb
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Description :


Conics And Cubics

Author by : Robert Bix
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 612
File Size : 48,5 Mb
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Description : Conics and Cubics offers an accessible and well illustrated introduction to algebraic curves. By classifying irreducible cubics over the real numbers and proving that their points form Abelian groups, the book gives readers easy access to the study of elliptic curves. It includes a simple proof of Bezout’s Theorem on the number of intersections of two curves. The subject area is described by means of concrete and accessible examples. The book is a text for a one-semester course.


Biscuits Of Number Theory

Author by : Arthur T. Benjamin
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 635
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Description : In Biscuits of Number Theory, the editors have chosen articles that are exceptionally well-written and that can be appreciated by anyone who has taken (or is taking) a first course in number theory. This book could be used as a textbook supplement for a number theory course, especially one that requires students to write papers or do outside reading. The editors give examples of some of the possibilities. The collection is divided into seven chapters: Arithmetic; Primes; Irrationality and Continued Fractions; Sums of Squares and Polygonal Numbers; Fibonacci Numbers; Number-Theoretic Functions; and Elliptic Curves, Cubes and Fermat's Last Theorem. As with any anthology, you don't have to read the Biscuits in order. Dip into them anywhere: pick something from the table of contents that strikes your fancy, and have at it. If the end of an article leaves you wondering what happens next, then by all means dive in and do some research. You just might discover something new!