Optical Properties Of Nanostructured Random Media

Author by : Vladimir M. Shalaev
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
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Description : The contributors to the book are world best experts in the optics of random media; they provide a state-of-the-art review of recent developments in the field including nonlinear optical and magneto-optical properties, Raman and hyper-Raman scattering, laser action, plasmon excitation and localized giant fields, imaging and spectroscopy of random media


Optics Of Nanomaterials

Author by : Vladimir I. Gavrilenko
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 88
Total Download : 170
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : Nanomaterials are mainly categorized into three groups: fundamental building blocks, dispersions or composites of building blocks in randomly ordered matrices, and spatially resolved, ordered nanostructures. Today, nanomaterials that offer some unique optical properties may find application as pure materials or may be integrated into larger structures. This book presents examples of both pure and composite materials that include organic–inorganic nanocomposites and quantum dots embedded into different matrices for various applications in modern nanotechnology. This edition has been thoroughly revised and updated with the most recent developments in the field. The newly added introductory paragraphs will help students and young researchers in better understanding the chapters. The new sections on frequently used physical constants and units conversions as well as the updated bibliography add to the book’s utility. This textbook is unique compared with its counterparts in the market in respect of its scope as it contains introductory sections to the important topics on nanomaterial optics. This feature broadens its readership from engineers and researchers working in the field of materials science and optics, to lecturers, graduate students, and beginners who want to deepen their knowledge in nanomaterial optics.


Optics Of Aperiodic Structures

Author by : Luca Dal Negro
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 802
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Description : This book presents state-of-the-art contributions from a number of leading experts that actively work worldwide in the rapidly growing, highly interdisciplinary, and fascinating fields of aperiodic optics and complex photonics. Edited by Luca Dal Negro, a prominent researcher in these areas of optical science, the book covers the fundamental, computational, and experimental aspects of deterministic aperiodic structures, as well as numerous device and engineering applications to dense optical filters, nanoplasmonics photovoltaics and technologies, optical sensing, light sources, and nonlinear optics.


Solid State Random Lasers

Author by : Mikhail Noginov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 131
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Description : Random lasers are the simplest sources of lasers, since they exhibit stimulated emission without a cavity, with the feedback provided by scattering in a gain medium. First proposed in the late 60's, random lasers have grown into a large research field. This book reviews the history and the state of the art of random lasers, providing an outline of the basic models explaining their behavior and describing the recent advances in the field. The major focus is solid-state random lasers, however, random lasers based on liquid dyes with scatterers are also briefly treated. Written with mostly self-contained chapters, Solid-State Random Lasers gives scientists or engineers interested in a particular aspect directly access to the relevant information. Researchers entering the field of random lasers will find in the book an excellent overview, while scientists already working in the field can use the book as a reference source.


Optical Properties Of Nanoparticle Systems

Author by : Michael Quinten
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 516
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Description : Filling the gap for a description of the optical properties of small particles with sizes less than 1000 nm and to provide a comprehensive overview on the spectral behavior of nanoparticulate matter, this is the most up-to-date reference on the optical physics of nanoparticle systems. The author, an expert in the field with both academic and industrial experience, concentrates on the linear optical properties, elastic light scattering and absorption of single nanoparticles and on reflectance and transmittance of nanoparticle matter.


Optical Nanotechnologies

Author by : Junji Tominaga
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 619
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : This book treats the phenomena and techniques of advanced optics confined in nanometer-scale regions, especially near-field optics and surface as well as local plasmons. Written by internationally distinguished scientists the coverage extends from the basics to the most advanced technologies, system characteristics and methods of manipulation.


The Physics Of Thin Film Optical Spectra

Author by : Olaf Stenzel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 974
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : The book bridges the gap between fundamental physics courses (such as optics, electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and solid state physics) and highly specialized literature on the spectroscopy, design, and application of optical thin film coatings. Basic knowledge from the above-mentioned courses is therefore presumed. Starting from fundamental physics, the book enables the reader derive the theory of optical coatings and to apply it to practically important spectroscopic problems. Both classical and semiclassical approaches are included. Examples describe the full range of classical optical coatings in various spectral regions as well as highly specialized new topics such as rugate filters and resonant grating waveguide structures. The second edition has been updated and extended with respect to probing matter in different spectral regions, homogenous and inhomogeneous line broadening mechanisms and the Fresnel formula for the effect of planar interfaces.


Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering

Author by : Katrin Kneipp
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
Total Download : 519
File Size : 47,7 Mb
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Description : Almost 30 years after the first reports on surface-enhanced Raman signals, the phenomenon of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is now well established. SERS gained particular interest after single-molecule Raman spectroscopy had been demonstrated. This book summarizes and discusses present theoretical approaches that explain the phenomenon of SERS and reports on new and exciting experiments and applications of the fascinating spectroscopic effect.


Physics Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures

Author by : Viktor Evgen?evich Borisenko
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
Total Download : 676
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : This proceedings volume presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this books gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.


Physics Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures

Author by : V. E. Borisenko
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 227
File Size : 41,7 Mb
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Description : This proceedings volume presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Governing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical uses of nanotechnology and nanostructures.


Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
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Description : From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.


Nanophysics Nanophotonics Surface Studies And Applications

Author by : Olena Fesenko
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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Description : This book presents some of the latest achievements in nanotechnology and nanomaterials from leading researchers in Ukraine, Europe, and beyond. It features contributions from participants in the 3rd International Science and Practice Conference Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials (NANO2015) held in Lviv, Ukraine on August 26-30, 2015. The International Conference was organized jointly by the Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, University of Tartu (Estonia), Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (Ukraine), University of Turin (Italy), Pierre and Marie Curie University (France), and European Profiles A.E. (Greece). Internationally recognized experts from a wide range of universities and research institutions share their knowledge and key results on topics ranging from nanooptics, nanoplasmonics, and interface studies to energy storage and biomedical applications.


Ultra Short Pulsed Laser Engineered Metal Glass Nanocomposites

Author by : Andrei Stalmashonak
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 906
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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Description : Glasses containing metallic nanoparticles exhibit very promising linear and nonlinear optical properties, mainly due to the surface plasmon resonances (SPRs) of the nanoparticles. The spectral position in the visible and near-infrared range and polarization dependence of the SPR are characteristically determined by the nanoparticles’ shapes. The focus of Ultra-Short Pulsed Laser Engineered Metal-Glass Nanocomposites is the interaction of intense ultra-short laser pulses with glass containing silver nanoparticles embedded in soda-lime glass, and nanostructural modifications in metal-glass nanocomposites induced by such laser pulses. In order to provide a comprehensive physical picture of the processes leading to laser-induced persistent shape transformation of the nanoparticles, series of experimental results investigating the dependences of laser assisted shape modifications of nanoparticles with laser pulse intensity, excitation wavelength, temperature are considered. In addition, the resulting local optical dichroism allows producing very flexibly polarizing optical (sub-) microstructures with well-specified optical properties. The achieved considerable progress towards technological application of this technique, in particular also for long-term optical data storage, is also discussed.


Ferroelectric Random Access Memories

Author by : Hiroshi Ishiwara
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 744
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : In fabrication of FeRAMs, various academic and technological backgrounds are necessary, which include ferroelectric materials, thin film formation, device physics, circuit design, and so on.This book covers from fundamentals to applications of ferroelectric random access memories (FeRAMs). The book consists of 5 parts; (1) ferroelectric thin films, (2) deposition and characterization methods, (3) fabrication process and circuit design, (4) advanced-type memories, and (5) applications and future prospects, and each part is further devided in several chapters. Because of the wide range of the discussed topics, each chapter in this book was written by one of the best authors knowing the specific topic very well. Thus, this is a good introduction book of FeRAM for graduate students and new comers to this field, as well as it helps specialists to understand FeRAMs more deeply.


Electrodynamics Of Metamaterials

Author by : Andrey K. Sarychev
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 62
Total Download : 744
File Size : 50,6 Mb
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Description : Local electromagnetic field fluctuations and related enhancement of nonlinear phenomena in metal-dielectric composites near the percolation threshold (percolation composites) have recently become an area of active study, because of the many fundamental problems involved and the high potential for various applications. It has been recognized recently that local field fluctuations can be especially large in the optical and infrared spectral ranges due to the surface plasmon resonance in metallic granules and their clusters. The strong fluctuations of the local electric and magnetic fields result in the enhancement of various optical effects: anomalous absorption, Rayleigh and Raman scattering, generation of the higher harmonic, Kerr nonlinearity, etc. Nonlinear percolation composites are potentially of great practical importance as media with intensity-dependent dielectric functions and, in particular, as nonlinear filters and optical bistable elements. The optical response of nonlinear composites can be tuned, for example, by controlling the volume fraction and morphology of constituents. This book presents a new theory of electromagnetic field distribution and nonlinear optical processes in metal-dielectric composites. The new approach is based on a percolation theory and the fact that the problem of optical excitations in percolation composites mathematically maps the Anderson transition problem in quantum mechanics. The theory predicts localization of the excitations (surface plasmons) in percolation composites and describes in detail the localization pattern that allows one to obtain relatively simple expressions for the enhancement of linear and nonlinear optical responses. Thistheory is supported by recent near-field experiments where the surface plasmon localization has been directly observed in the percolating composites in optical and microwave bands.


Nanoplasmonics

Author by : Grégory Barbillon
Languange : en
Publisher by : BoD – Books on Demand
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 602
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : Nanoplasmonics is a young topic of research, which is part of nanophotonics and nano-optics. Nanoplasmonics concerns to the investigation of electron oscillations in metallic nanostructures and nanoparticles. Surface plasmons have optical properties, which are very interesting. For instance, surface plasmons have the unique capacity to confine light at the nanoscale. Moreover, surface plasmons are very sensitive to the surrounding medium and the properties of the materials on which they propagate. In addition to the above, the surface plasmon resonances can be controlled by adjusting the size, shape, periodicity, and materials' nature. All these optical properties can enable a great number of applications, such as biosensors, optical modulators, photodetectors, and photovoltaic devices. This book is intended for a broad audience and provides an overview of some of the fundamental knowledges and applications of nanoplasmonics.


Glass Nanocomposites

Author by : Basudeb Karmakar
Languange : en
Publisher by : William Andrew
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 933
File Size : 47,9 Mb
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Description : Glass Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides the latest information on a rapidly growing field of specialized materials, bringing light to new research findings that include a growing number of technologies and applications. With this growth, a new need for deep understanding of the synthesis methods, composite structure, processing and application of glass nanocomposites has emerged. In the book, world renowned experts in the field, Professors Karmakar, Rademann, and Stepanov, fill the knowledge gap, building a bridge between the areas of nanoscience, photonics, and glass technology. The book covers the fundamentals, synthesis, processing, material properties, structure property correlation, interpretation thereof, characterization, and a wide range of applications of glass nanocomposites in many different devices and branches of technology. Recent developments and future directions of all types of glass nanocomposites, such as metal-glasses (e.g., metal nanowire composites, nanoglass-mesoporous silica composites), semiconductor-glass and ceramic-glass nanocomposites, as well as oxide and non-oxide glasses, are also covered in great depth. Each chapter is logically structured in order to increase coherence, with each including question sets as exercises for a deeper understanding of the text. Provides comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge and literature review for both the oxide and non-oxide glass nanocomposites (i.e., practically all types of glass nanocomposites) Reviews a wide range of synthesis types, properties, characterization, and applications of diverse types of glass nanocomposites Presents future directions of glass nanocomposites for researchers and engineers, as well as question sets for use in university courses


Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics

Author by : Mark L. Brongersma
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
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File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : This book discusses a new class of photonic devices, known as surface plasmon nanophotonic structures. The book highlights several exciting new discoveries, while providing a clear discussion of the underlying physics, the nanofabrication issues, and the materials considerations involved in designing plasmonic devices with new functionality. Chapters written by the leaders in the field of plasmonics provide a solid background to each topic.


Nanomaterials For Magnetic And Optical Hyperthermia Applications

Author by : Raluca Maria Fratila
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 827
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : Nanomaterials for Magnetic and Optical Hyperthermia Applications focuses on the design, fabrication and characterization of nanomaterials (magnetic, gold and hybrid magnetic-gold nanoparticles) for in vitro and in vivo hyperthermia applications, both as standalone and adjuvant therapy in combination with chemotherapy. The book explores the potential for more effective cancer therapy solutions through the synergistic use of nanostructured materials as magnetic and optical hyperthermia agents and targeted drug delivery vehicles, while also discussing the challenges related to their toxicity, regulatory and translational aspects. In particular, the book focuses on the design, synthesis, biofunctionalization and characterization of nanomaterials employed for magnetic and optical hyperthermia. This book will be an important reference resource for scientists working in the areas of biomaterials and biomedicine seeking to learn about the potential of nanomaterials to provide hyperthermia solutions. Explores the design of efficient nanomaterials for hyperthermia applications, allowing readers to make informed materials selection decisions Discusses the biofunctionalization of a range of nanomaterials and their interaction with living systems Provides an overview of the current clinical applications of nanomaterials in hyperthermia treatment


Optical Guided Wave Chemical And Biosensors I

Author by : Mohammed Zourob
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 45
Total Download : 495
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : For the first time, distinguished scientists from key institutions worldwide provide a comprehensive approach to optical sensing techniques employing the phenomenon of guided wave propagation for chemical and biosensors. This includes both state-of the-art fundamentals and innovative applications of these techniques. The authors present a deep analysis of their particular subjects in a way to address the needs of novice researchers such as graduate students and post-doctoral scholars as well as of established researchers seeking new avenues. Researchers and practitioners who need a solid foundation or reference will find this work invaluable. This first of two volumes contains eight chapters covering planar waveguides for sensing, as well as sensing techniques based on plasmonic waveguides.


Nonlinear Optics Of Random Media

Author by : Vladimir M. Shalaev
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 545
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Description : Nonlinear Optics of Random Media reviews recent advances in in one of the most prominent fields of physics. It provides an outline of the basic models of irregular structures of random inhomogeneous media and the approaches used to describe their linear electromagnetic properties. Nonlinearities in random media are also discussed. The chapters can be read independently, so scientists and students interested in a specific problem can go directly to the relevant text.


Nanochemistry

Author by : Geoffrey A Ozin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Royal Society of Chemistry
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 727
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : International interest in nanoscience research has flourished in recent years, as it becomes an integral part in the development of future technologies. The diverse, interdisciplinary nature of nanoscience means effective communication between disciplines is pivotal in the successful utilization of the science. Nanochemistry: A Chemical Approach to Nanomaterials is the first textbook for teaching nanochemistry and adopts an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach to the subject. It presents a basic chemical strategy for making nanomaterials and describes some of the principles of materials self-assembly over 'all' scales. It demonstrates how nanometre and micrometre scale building blocks (with a wide range of shapes, compositions and surface functionalities) can be coerced through chemistry to organize spontaneously into unprecedented structures, which can serve as tailored functional materials. Suggestions of new ways to tackle research problems and speculations on how to think about assembling the future of nanotechnology are given. Primarily designed for teaching, this book will appeal to graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It is well illustrated with graphical representations of the structure and form of nanomaterials and contains problem sets as well as other pedagogical features such as further reading, case studies and a comprehensive bibliography.


Noble Metal Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles

Author by : Satyabrata Mohapatra
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 109
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles: Fundamentals and Applications sets out concepts and emerging applications of hybrid nanoparticles in biomedicine, antibacterial, energy storage and electronics. The hybridization of noble metals (Gold, Silver, Palladium and Platinum) with metal-oxide nanoparticles exhibits superior features when compared to individual nanoparticles. In some cases, metal oxides act as semiconductors, such as nano zinc oxide or titanium oxide nanoparticles, where their hybridization with silver nanoparticles, enhanced significantly their photocatalytic efficiency. The book highlights how such nanomaterials are used for practical applications. Examines the properties of metal-metal oxide hybrid nanoparticles that make them so adaptable Explores the mechanisms by which nanoparticles interact with each other, showing how these can be exploited for practical applications Shows how metal oxide hybrid nanomaterials are used in a range of industry sectors, including energy, the environment and healthcare


Ferroelectric Thin Films

Author by : Masanori Okuyama
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 201
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description : Ferroelectric thin films continue to attract much attention due to their developing applications in memory devices, FeRAM, infrared sensors, piezoelectric sensors and actuators. This book, aimed at students, researchers and developers, gives detailed information about the basic properties of these materials and the associated device physics. The contributing authors are acknowledged experts in the field.


Nanoplasmonics

Author by : Hiroshi Masuhara
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 644
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : This second volume in the Handai Nanophotonics book series covers the area of Nanoplasmonics, a recent hot topic in the field of nanophotonics, impacting a diverse range of research disciplines from information technology and nanotechnology to the bio- and medical sciences. The interaction between photons and metal nanostructures leads to interesting and extraordinary scientific phenomena and produces new functions for nano materials and devices. Newly discovered physical phenomena include local mode of surface plasmon polariton excited in nanoparticles, hot spots on nano-rods and nano-cones, long range mode of surface plasmons excited on thin metal films, and dispersion relationship bandgaps of surface plasmons in periodic metal structures. These have been applied to, for example, single molecule detection and nano-imaging/spectroscopy, photon accumulation for lasing applications, optical nano-waveguides and nano-circuits. * interdisciplinary research text on the application of nanoplasmonics research and effects in devices for applications * bridges the gap between conventional photophysics & photochemistry and nanoscience * continuing the series that focuses on 'hot' areas of photochemistry, optics, material science and bioscience.


Few Cycle Laser Pulse Generation And Its Applications

Author by : Franz X. Kärtner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 78
Total Download : 467
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Description : This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have emerged over the last decade are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough introduction to this field. The existence of these sources has opened many new fields of research that were not possible before. These are UV and EUV generation from table-top systems using high-harmonic generation, frequency metrology enabling optical frequency counting, high-resolution optical coherence tomography, strong-field ultrafast solid-state processes and ultrafast spectroscopy, to mention only a few. Many new applications will follow. The book attempts to give a comprehensive, while not excessive, introduction to this exciting new field that serves both experienced researchers and graduate students entering the field. The first half of the book covers the current physical principles, processes and design guidelines to generate pulses in the optical range comprising only a few cycles of light. Such as the generation of relatively low energy pulses at high repetition rates directly from the laser, parametric generation of medium energy pulses and high-energy pulses at low repetition rates using external compression in hollow fibers. The applications cover the revolution in frequency metrology and high-resolution laser spectroscopy to electric field synthesis in the optical range as well as the emerging field of high-harmonic generation and attosecond science, high-resolution optical imaging and novel ultrafast dynamics in semiconductors. These fields benefit from the strong electric fields accompanying these pulses in solids and gases during events comprising only a few cycles of light.


Biosensors And Molecular Technologies For Cancer Diagnostics

Author by : Keith E. Herold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Taylor & Francis
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 492
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : Bridging the gap between research and clinical application, Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics explores the use of biosensors as effective alternatives to the current standard methods in cancer diagnosis and detection. It describes the major aspects involved in detecting and diagnosing cancer as well as the basic elements of biosensors and their applications in detection and diagnostics. The book addresses cancer molecular diagnostics, including genomic and proteomic approaches, from the perspective of biosensors and biodetection. It explains how to measure and understand molecular markers using biosensors and discusses the medical advantages of rapid and accurate cancer diagnostics. It also describes optical, electrochemical, and optomechanical biosensor technologies, with a focus on cancer analysis and the clinical utility of these technologies for cancer detection, diagnostics, prognostics, and treatment. Making biosensor technology more accessible to molecular biologists, oncologists, pathologists, and engineers, this volume advances the integration of this technology into mainstream clinical practice. Through its in-depth coverage of a range of biosensors, the book shows how they can play instrumental roles in the early molecular diagnosis of cancer.


Solid State Mid Infrared Laser Sources

Author by : Irina T. Sorokina
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 440
File Size : 46,8 Mb
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Description : This collection of authoritative reviews by leading experts provides a broad and instructive introduction to the most advanced techniques for generating coherent light in the mid-infrared region of the spectrum. With a wealth of up-to-date references – also available online.