# Optics Of Charged Particles

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## Optics of Charged Particles

Author | : Hermann Wollnik |

Publsiher | : Academic Press |

Total Pages | : 318 |

Release | : 2021-10-23 |

ISBN | : 012821466X |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Optics of Charged Particles Book Excerpt:**

Optics of Charged Particles, 2nd edition, describes how charged particles move in the fields of magnetic and electrostatic dipoles, quadrupoles, higher order multipoles, and field-free regions. Since the first edition, published over 30 years ago, new technologies have emerged and have been used for new ion optical instruments like, for instance, time-of-flight mass analyzers, which are described now. Fully updated and revised, this new edition provides ways to design mass separators, spectrographs, and spectrometers, which are the key tools in organic chemistry and for drug developments, in environmental trace analyses and for investigations in nuclear physics like the search for super heavy elements as well as molecules in space science. The book discusses individual particle trajectories as well as particle beams in space and in phase-space, and it provides guidelines for the design of particle optical instruments. For experienced researchers, working in the field, it highlights the latest developments in new ion optical instruments and provides guidelines and examples for the design of new instruments for the transport of beams of charged particles and the mass/charge or energy/charge analyses of ions. Furthermore, it provides background knowledge required to accurately understand and analyze results, when developing ion-optical instruments. By providing a comprehensive overview of the field of charged particle optics, this edition of the book supports all those working, directly or indirectly, with charged-particle research or the development of ion- and electron-analyzing instruments. Provides enhanced, clear descriptions, and derivations making complex aspects of the general motion of charged particles understandable as well as features of charged particle analyzing instruments Assists the reader in applying insights obtained from the principles of charged particle optics to the design of new transporting and mass- or energy-analyzing instruments for ions Discusses new applications and newly occurring issues, which have arisen since the first edition

## Applied Charged Particle Optics

Author | : Helmut Liebl |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 131 |

Release | : 2008-01-12 |

ISBN | : 3540719253 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Applied Charged Particle Optics Book Excerpt:**

Written by a pioneer in the field, this overview of charged particle optics provides a solid introduction to the subject area for all physicists wishing to design their own apparatus or better understand the instruments with which they work. It begins by introducing electrostatic lenses and fields used for acceleration, focusing and deflection of ions or electrons. Subsequent chapters give detailed descriptions of electrostatic deflection elements, uniform and non-uniform magnetic sector fields, image aberrations, and, finally, fringe field confinement.

## Charged Particle Optics Theory

Author | : Timothy R. Groves |

Publsiher | : CRC Press |

Total Pages | : 369 |

Release | : 2017-12-19 |

ISBN | : 1351831208 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Charged Particle Optics Theory Book Excerpt:**

Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction identifies the most important concepts of charged particle optics theory, and derives each mathematically from the first principles of physics. Assuming an advanced undergraduate-level understanding of calculus, this book follows a logical progression, with each concept building upon the preceding one. Beginning with a non-mathematical survey of the optical nature of a charged particle beam, the text: Discusses both geometrical and wave optics, as well as the correspondence between them Describes the two-body scattering problem, which is essential to the interaction of a fast charged particle with matter Introduces electron emission as a practical consequence of quantum mechanics Addresses the Fourier transform and the linear second-order differential equation Includes problems to amplify and fill in the theoretical details, with solutions presented separately Charged Particle Optics Theory: An Introduction makes an ideal textbook as well as a convenient reference on the theoretical origins of the optics of charged particle beams. It is intended to prepare the reader to understand the large body of published research in this mature field, with the end result translated immediately to practical application.

## Handbook of Charged Particle Optics

Author | : Jon Orloff |

Publsiher | : CRC Press |

Total Pages | : 666 |

Release | : 2017-12-19 |

ISBN | : 1420045555 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Charged Particle Optics Book Excerpt:**

With the growing proliferation of nanotechnologies, powerful imaging technologies are being developed to operate at the sub-nanometer scale. The newest edition of a bestseller, the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition provides essential background information for the design and operation of high resolution focused probe instruments. The book’s unique approach covers both the theoretical and practical knowledge of high resolution probe forming instruments. The second edition features new chapters on aberration correction and applications of gas phase field ionization sources. With the inclusion of additional references to past and present work in the field, this second edition offers perfectly calibrated coverage of the field’s cutting-edge technologies with added insight into how they work. Written by the leading research scientists, the second edition of the Handbook of Charged Particle Optics is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution probe instrumentation.

## Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators

Author | : Ramaswamy Jagannathan,Sameen Ahmed Khan |

Publsiher | : CRC Press |

Total Pages | : 356 |

Release | : 2019-05-20 |

ISBN | : 1351868268 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators Book Excerpt:**

Classical Charged Particle Beam Optics used in the design and operation of all present-day charged particle beam devices, from low energy electron microscopes to high energy particle accelerators, is entirely based on classical mechanics. A question of curiosity is: How is classical charged particle beam optics so successful in practice though the particles of the beam, like electrons, are quantum mechanical? Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics answers this question with a comprehensive formulation of ‘Quantum Charged Particle Beam Optics’ applicable to any charged particle beam device.

## Applied Charged Particle Optics

Author | : Albert L. Septier |

Publsiher | : Unknown |

Total Pages | : 135 |

Release | : 1980 |

ISBN | : 1928374650XXX |

Category | : Electron optics |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Applied Charged Particle Optics Book Excerpt:**

## Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Author | : Harald H. Rose |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 412 |

Release | : 2009 |

ISBN | : 3540859152 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book Excerpt:**

This resource covering all theoretical aspects of modern geometrical charged-particle optics is aimed at anyone involved in the design of electron optical instruments and beam-guiding systems for charged particles.

## Geometrical Charged Particle Optics

Author | : Harald Rose |

Publsiher | : Springer |

Total Pages | : 507 |

Release | : 2013-02-02 |

ISBN | : 3642321194 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Geometrical Charged Particle Optics Book Excerpt:**

This second edition is an extended version of the first edition of Geometrical Charged-Particle Optics. The updated reference monograph is intended as a guide for researchers and graduate students who are seeking a comprehensive treatment of the design of instruments and beam-guiding systems of charged particles and their propagation in electromagnetic fields. Wave aspects are included in this edition for explaining electron holography, the Aharanov-Bohm effect and the resolution of electron microscopes limited by diffraction. Several methods for calculating the electromagnetic field are presented and procedures are outlined for calculating the properties of systems with arbitrarily curved axis. Detailed methods are presented for designing and optimizing special components such as aberration correctors, spectrometers, energy filters monochromators, ion traps, electron mirrors and cathode lenses. In particular, the optics of rotationally symmetric lenses, quadrupoles, and systems composed of these elements are discussed extensively. Beam properties such as emittance, brightness, transmissivity and the formation of caustics are outlined. Relativistic motion and spin precession of the electron are treated in a covariant way by introducing the Lorentz-invariant universal time and by extending Hamilton’s principle from three to four spatial dimensions where the laboratory time is considered as the fourth pseudo-spatial coordinate. Using this procedure and introducing the self action of the electron, its accompanying electromagnetic field and its radiation field are calculated for arbitrary motion. In addition, the Stern-Gerlach effect is revisited for atomic and free electrons.

## Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams

Author | : Martin Reiser |

Publsiher | : John Wiley & Sons |

Total Pages | : 634 |

Release | : 2008-09-26 |

ISBN | : 3527617639 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Theory and Design of Charged Particle Beams Book Excerpt:**

Although particle accelerators are the book's main thrust, it offers a broad synoptic description of beams which applies to a wide range of other devices such as low-energy focusing and transport systems and high-power microwave sources. Develops material from first principles, basic equations and theorems in a systematic way. Assumptions and approximations are clearly indicated. Discusses underlying physics and validity of theoretical relationships, design formulas and scaling laws. Features a significant amount of recent work including image effects and the Boltzmann line charge density profiles in bunched beams.

## Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles

Author | : Anonim |

Publsiher | : Academic Press |

Total Pages | : 463 |

Release | : 1995-11-29 |

ISBN | : 9780080860176 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Charged Particles Book Excerpt:**

With this volume, Methods of Experimental Physics becomes Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, a name change which reflects the evolution of todays science. This volume is the first of three which will provide a comprehensive treatment of the key experimental methods of atomic, molecular, and optical physics; the three volumes as a set will form an excellent experimental handbook for the field. The wide availability of tunable lasers in the pastseveral years has revolutionized the field and lead to the introduction of many new experimental methods that are covered in these volumes. Traditional methods are also included to ensure that the volumes will be a complete reference source for the field.

## Charged particle Optics for Neutral Particles

Author | : Gary Zabow |

Publsiher | : Unknown |

Total Pages | : 638 |

Release | : 2003 |

ISBN | : 1928374650XXX |

Category | : Electron optics |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Charged particle Optics for Neutral Particles Book Excerpt:**

## Electron and Ion Optics

Author | : Miklos Szilagyi |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 556 |

Release | : 2012-12-06 |

ISBN | : 1461309239 |

Category | : Technology & Engineering |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Electron and Ion Optics Book Excerpt:**

The field of electron and ion optics is based on the analogy between geometrical light optics and the motion of charged particles in electromagnetic fields. The spectacular development of the electron microscope clearly shows the possibilities of image formation by charged particles of wavelength much shorter than that of visible light. As new applications such as particle accelerators, cathode ray tubes, mass and energy spectrometers, microwave tubes, scanning-type analytical instruments, heavy beam technologies, etc. emerged, the scope of particle beam optics has been exten ded to the formation of fine probes. The goal is to concentrate as many particles as possible in as small a volume as possible. Fabrication of microcircuits is a good example of the growing importance of this field. The current trend is towards increased circuit complexity and pattern density. Because of the diffraction limitation of processes using optical photons and the technological difficulties connected with x-ray processes, charged particle beams are becoming popular. With them it is possible to write directly on a wafer under computer control, without using a mask. Focused ion beams offer especially great possibilities in the submicron region. Therefore, electron and ion beam technologies will most probably playa very important role in the next twenty years or so.

## Charged Particle Beams

Author | : Stanley Humphries |

Publsiher | : Courier Corporation |

Total Pages | : 864 |

Release | : 2013-07-25 |

ISBN | : 0486315851 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Charged Particle Beams Book Excerpt:**

Detailed enough to serve as both text and reference, this volume addresses topics vital to understanding high-power accelerators and high-brightness-charged particle beams, including stochastic cooling, high-brightness injectors, and free electron laser. 1990 edition.

## Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators

Author | : Ramaswamy Jagannathan,Sameen Ahmed Khan |

Publsiher | : CRC Press |

Total Pages | : 356 |

Release | : 2019-05-20 |

ISBN | : 1351868284 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics Understanding Devices from Electron Microscopes to Particle Accelerators Book Excerpt:**

Classical Charged Particle Beam Optics used in the design and operation of all present-day charged particle beam devices, from low energy electron microscopes to high energy particle accelerators, is entirely based on classical mechanics. A question of curiosity is: How is classical charged particle beam optics so successful in practice though the particles of the beam, like electrons, are quantum mechanical? Quantum Mechanics of Charged Particle Beam Optics answers this question with a comprehensive formulation of ‘Quantum Charged Particle Beam Optics’ applicable to any charged particle beam device.

## Remote and Robotic Investigations of the Solar System

Author | : C.R. Kitchin |

Publsiher | : CRC Press |

Total Pages | : 362 |

Release | : 2017-09-18 |

ISBN | : 1498704948 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Remote and Robotic Investigations of the Solar System Book Excerpt:**

Interest in and knowledge of the techniques utilised to investigate our solar system has been growing rapidly for decades and has now reached a stage of maturity. Therefore, the time has now arrived for a book that provides a cohesive and coherent account of how we have obtained our present knowledge of solar system objects, not including the Sun. Remote and Robotic Investigations of the Solar System covers all aspects of solar system observations: the instruments, their theory, and their practical use both on Earth and in space. It explores the state-of-the-art telescopes, cameras, spacecraft and instruments used to analyse the interiors, surfaces, atmospheres and radiation belts of solar system objects, in addition to radio waves, gamma rays, cosmic rays and neutrinos. This book would be ideal for university students undertaking physical science subjects and professionals working in the field, in addition to amateur astronomers and anyone interested in learning more about our local astronomical neighbours.

## Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration

Author | : Stanley Humphries |

Publsiher | : Courier Corporation |

Total Pages | : 592 |

Release | : 2013-09-11 |

ISBN | : 0486320634 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Principles of Charged Particle Acceleration Book Excerpt:**

This authoritative text offers a unified, programmed summary of the principles underlying all charged particle accelerators — it also doubles as a reference collection of equations and material essential to accelerator development and beam applications. The only text that covers linear induction accelerators, the work contains straightforward expositions of basic principles rather than detailed theories of specialized areas. 1986 edition.

## Focusing of Charged Particles

Author | : Albert Septier |

Publsiher | : Academic Press |

Total Pages | : 524 |

Release | : 2013-10-22 |

ISBN | : 1483270610 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Focusing of Charged Particles Book Excerpt:**

Focusing of Charged Particles, Volume I deals with the various aspects of problems in corpuscular optics such as the need for new focusing principles to guide the beams of fast particles over long distances and to increase the internal efficiency of particle accelerators. This volume is comprised of articles from specialists who attempt to find solutions to various problems in geometrical corpuscular optics. The topics discussed in the book include the general properties of potentials, fields and trajectories, the methods for resolving Laplace's and Poisson's equations and computing trajectories with or without space charge, and a description of the methods used for the measurement of magnetic fields. The optics of straight axis systems for producing and focusing low-intensity beams: high-brightness electron guns, electrostatic and magnetic electron lenses, and strong focusing lenses for high-energy beams are covered as well. The text ends with the elucidation of the problem of the production of electron microprobes. Physicists, students, researchers, and engineers working with charged particles will find the book invaluable.

## Particle Accelerator Physics

Author | : Helmut Wiedemann |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 948 |

Release | : 2007-08-01 |

ISBN | : 3540490450 |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Particle Accelerator Physics Book Excerpt:**

This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. This is the first modern and comprehensive textbook in the field. It begins by gathering the basic tools, recalling the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. It includes coverage of advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics. There is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charges. Appendices gather useful mathematical and physical formulae, parameters and units, and solutions to the many end-of-chapter problems are given.

## Charged Particle Optics of Magnetic Sector Spectrometers

Author | : Anonim |

Publsiher | : Unknown |

Total Pages | : 278 |

Release | : 1960 |

ISBN | : 1928374650XXX |

Category | : Magnetic spectrometer |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Charged Particle Optics of Magnetic Sector Spectrometers Book Excerpt:**

Tables include: general trajectory functions; profile curves; and dispersion and transmission functions for symmetrical instruments.

## Interaction of Charged Particles with Solids and Surfaces

Author | : Alberto Gras-Martí,Herbert M. Urbassek,Nestor R. Arista,Fernando Flores |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 726 |

Release | : 2012-12-06 |

ISBN | : 146848026X |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Interaction of Charged Particles with Solids and Surfaces Book Excerpt:**

Early in 1989, while most of us were gathered in the Mediterranean five-centuries-old city of Alacant, the idea of a school on stopping and particle penetration phenomena came to our minds. Later that year when discussing this plan with some of the participants in the 13th International Conference on Atomic Collisions in Solids in Aarhus, we were pleased to note that the proposal was warmly welcomed indeed by the community. An Advanced Study Institute on this or a related subject had not been organized in the last decade. Because of the progress made particularly in the interaction of high energy beams with matter, and the many applications which the general subject of the stopping of charged particles (ions and electrons) in matter enjoys, a Study Institute appeared a worthy enterprise. Even though several international conference series cover developments in these areas, they miss tutorial introductions to the field. The title chosen was Interaction of Charged Particles with Solids and Surfaces, and the objectives were stated as follows: "to cover theory and experiments, including selected applications and hot topics, of the stopping of charged particles (ions and electrons) in matter. The emphasis will be on outlining the areas where further effort is needed, and on specifying the basic needs in applications. Fundamental concepts will prevail over applications, and the character of the Institute as a school will be stressed. " The school was directed by Fernando Flores (Spain), Herbert M. Urbassek (Germany), Nestor R.