Introduction To Optimum Design

Author by : Jasbir Arora
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
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Description : Optimization is a mathematical tool developed in the early 1960's used to find the most efficient and feasible solutions to an engineering problem. It can be used to find ideal shapes and physical configurations, ideal structural designs, maximum energy efficiency, and many other desired goals of engineering. This book is intended for use in a first course on engineering design and optimization. Material for the text has evolved over a period of several years and is based on classroom presentations for an undergraduate core course on the principles of design. Virtually any problem for which certain parameters need to be determined to satisfy constraints can be formulated as a design optimization problem. The concepts and methods described in the text are quite general and applicable to all such formulations. Inasmuch, the range of application of the optimum design methodology is almost limitless, constrained only by the imagination and ingenuity of the user. The book describes the basic concepts and techniques with only a few simple applications. Once they are clearly understood, they can be applied to many other advanced applications that are discussed in the text. * Allows engineers involved in the design process to adapt optimum design concepts in their work using the material in the text. * Basic concepts of optimality conditions and numerical methods are described with simple examples, making the material high teachable and learnable. * Classroom-tested for many years to attain optimum pedagogical effectiveness.


The Optimum Quantity Of Money

Author by : Milton Friedman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers
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Description : This classic set of essays by Nobel Laureate and leading monetary theorist Milton Friedman presents a coherent view of the role of money, focusing on specific topics related to the empirical analysis of monetary phenomena and policy. The early chapters cover factors determining the real quantity of money held in a community and the welfare implications of policies that affect the quantity held. The following chapters formally restate why quantity analysis has become central to the science of economics. Friedman's presidential address to the American Economic Association, included here, provides a general summary of his views on the role of monetary policy, with an emphasis on its limitations and its possibilities. This theoretical framework is used in examining a number of empirical problems: the demand for money, the explanation of price changes in wartime periods, and the role of money in business cycles. These essays summarize some of the most important results of Friedman's extensive research over the course of his lifetime. The chapters on policy that follow survey the positions of earlier economists and deal with the importance of lags and the implications of destabilizing speculation in foreign markets. Taken as a whole, The Optimum Quantity of Money provides a comprehensive view of the body of monetary theory developed in leading centers of monetary analysis. This work is essential reading for economists and graduate students in the field. The volume will be no less important for practicing business and banking personnel as well. The new statement by Michael Bordo, a student of Friedman's and an expert in the field, provides a sense of where the field now stands in the economy and academy. Milton Friedman is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University. Before that, he was Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago. He has also taught at Columbia University, the University of Wisconsin, the University of Minnesota, and Cambridge University. Among his many books are Essays in Positive Economics, A Program for Monetary Stability, Capitalism and Freedom, and A Monetary History of the United States. Michael D. Bordo is professor of economics at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, and author, with Lars Jonung, of, among other works, Demand for Money.


Optimum Array Processing

Author by : Harry L. Van Trees
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 58
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Description : Well-known authority, Dr. Van Trees updates array signal processing for today's technology This is the most up-to-date and thorough treatment of the subject available Written in the same accessible style as Van Tree's earlier classics, this completely new work covers all modern applications of array signal processing, from biomedicine to wireless communications


Metaheuristic Approaches For Optimum Design Of Reinforced Concrete Structures Emerging Research And Opportunities

Author by : Kayabekir, Aylin Ece
Languange : en
Publisher by : IGI Global
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Total Read : 28
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Description : Reinforced concrete structures are one of the major structural types and must adhere to design regulation codes. It is ideal to find the best design (section dimension, material type, and amount of reinforcement) with the minimum cost providing the design constraints (design formulation considering loading of structure). Metaheuristic methods inspired by natural phenomena can consider design constraints by combining the analyses of formulation of reinforced concrete structures with an iterative numerical algorithm using several convergence options of random generation of candidate design solutions. Metaheuristic Approaches for Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a pivotal reference source that focuses on several metaheuristic algorithms and the design of several types of structural members. Additionally, retrofit applications and seismic design issues are considered for readers in earthquake zones. Highlighting a wide range of topics including algorithms, design variables, and retrofit design, this book is ideally designed for architects, engineers, urban designers, government officials, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and students.


Optimum Design Of Digital Control Systemsby Julius T Tou

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
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Description : In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation; methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; and methods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particular branches, such as optimal filtering and information compression. - Best operator approximation, - Non-Lagrange interpolation, - Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform - Generalised low-rank matrix approximation - Optimal data compression - Optimal nonlinear filtering


The Optimum Shape

Author by : James Bennett
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
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Description : This book contains the papers presented at the International Symposium, "The Optimum Shape: Automated Structural Design," held at the General Motors Research Laboratories on September 3D-October 1, 1985. This was the 30th symposium in a series which the Research Laboratories began sponsoring in 1957. Each symposium has focused on a topic that is both under active study at the Research Laboratories and is also of interest to the larger technical community. While attempts to produce a structure which performs a certain task with the minimum amount of resources probably predates recorded civilization, the idea of coupling formal optimization techniques with computer-based structural analysis techniques was first proposed in the early 1960s. Although it was recognized at this time that the most fundamental description of the problem would be in terms of the shape or contours of the structure, much of the early work described the problem in terms of structural sizing parameters instead of geometrical descriptions. Within the past few years, several research groups have started to explore this more fundamental area of shape design. Initial research has raised many new questions about appropriate selection of design variables, methods of calculating derivatives, and generation of the underlying analysis problem.


Optimum And Equilibrium For Regional Economies

Author by : Komei Sasaki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Total Read : 85
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Description : This volume reproduces some important contributions to regional and urban economics made by Noboru Sakashita - one of the lead ing scholars in this field. Since graduation from the University of Tokyo, Noboru Sakashita has been teaching and advancing the re search at Hokkaido University, Tohoku University, Osaka University and the' University of Tsukuba. The career of Noboru Sakashita as a regional and urban econo mist started in 1965 when he visited the University of Pennsylvania's Regional Science Department as a Fulbright scholar. While staying there, he concentrated on research on regional science in a stimula tive atmosphere surrounded by Walter Isard, the founder of Region al Science, and Isard's young colleagues, all of who were full of pas sion for this newborn research field. The first two papers in this vo lume were written during his stay at the University of Pennsylvania. Since returning to Japan, he has been carrying out his own research activities as well as fostering many promising disciplines in the field of regional and urban economics. Of course, Noboru Sakashita is a world renowned famous scholar, presenting many influential papers at World Congress, North American and European Meetings of the Regional Science Association, and other conferences, and publishing many articles in respected journals. He was elected president of the Regional Science Association International for 1987-88, and served as the first president of the Applied Regional Science Conference from 1987 to 1989.


Optimum Health

Author by : Stephen T. Sinatra
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bantam
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 381
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Description : Now you can achieve optimum health. In this groundbreaking book, Dr. Stephen Sinatra shows us how we can take control of our health through the latest findings of mind-body medicine. As a leading cardiologist and psychotherapist, Dr. Sinatra is a uniquely qualified expert in the field. Dr. Sinatra's well-balanced, totally natural program of nutritional, emotional, and physical strategies can dramatically improve the quality of your life and help you live longer. Eight simple rules for optimum health--they could save your life The insulin-resistance epidemic and the Great Fat Debate The myth, fact, and fiction of cholesterol Discover the heart-healing secrets of the Mediterranean diet Coenzyme Q10: a miracle vitamin for heart health A natural approach to healing arthritis Dr. Sinatra's natural cholesterol-lowering formula Recipes for preventive medicine Dr. Sinatra's antiaging prescription And much more!


Optimum Society

Author by : Anwar El-Tawil
Languange : en
Publisher by : AuthorHouse
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 16
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Description : The book discusses the advantages and disadvantages of two types of socio-economic systems: free market economies with minimal intervention by the state and economies with substantial intervention by the state in the economy. Particular cases are discussed in some detail: the USA, the ex-Soviet Union, China, former Yugoslavia and Vietnam. The book describes desirable features that an optimum society should have, discusses how change may be realized and reflects on the chances that such change to an optimum society might take place.


Super Optimum Solutions And Win Win Policy

Author by : Stuart S. Nagel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 89
Total Download : 722
File Size : 49,6 Mb
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Description : Introduces the basic concepts and principles of a unique and highly effective technique--super-optimizing decision making--and explains how public-sector policy makers can use it in various fields.


The Optimum Utilization Of Knowledge

Author by : Kenneth E. Boulding
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 61
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Description : We all have more knowledge than we use; even so, say the editors of this book, ignorance often governs our actions. Society continues to find ways to misuse knowledge–from manipulating information to gain political power to restricting what ideas are explored on university campuses. Thus, when some of the best minds in the country met to focus on the optimum utilization of knowledge, it was not an idle academic inquiry. In these proceedings from that conference, which was sponsored by the Academy of Independent Scholars, the contributors examine several of the key aspects of learning: the importance of knowledge in decision making, the role of our educational system and other systems in producing and disseminating knowledge, and the relationship between knowledge and the physiological, psychological, and cultural bases of the learning process. The misuse of knowledge–or the overuse of ignorance–the authors note, could threaten the existence of the entire planet, if the kind of thinking exemplified by the nuclear arms race prevails.


Resolving International Disputes Through Super Optimum Solutions

Author by : Stuart S. Nagel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Nova Publishers
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
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File Size : 53,6 Mb
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Description : This book concerns resolving conflicts on an international level. The author states that for the purposes of this book, the dispute would have to be at the level of a war, revolution, or other dispute that involves substantial bloodshed on one or more sides, rather than a dispute that merely involves words, economic competition, or non-violent conflict. The SOS Resolution is a special kind of Win-Win dispute resolution where one where both or all sides come out ahead of even their best initial expectations simultaneously. The steps and strategies of this resolution are fully explained.


Choosing Optimum Financial Strategies

Author by : United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
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File Size : 49,8 Mb
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Description :


Optimum Aerodynamic Design Parallel Navier Stokes Computations Ecarp European Computational Aerodynamics Research Project

Author by : Jacques Periaux
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 898
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : This book is one of three volumes entitled "ECARP-European Computational Aerodynamics Research Project", which was supported by the European Union in the Aeronautics Area of the Industrial and Materials Technology Programme. This volume contains optimization techniques for a number of inviscid and viscous problems like drag reduction, inverse, multipoint, wing-pylon-nacelle and riblets (Part A); and methodologies for solving the Navier Stokes equations on parallel architectures for compressible viscous flows in two and three dimensions (Part B). The main objective of this book is to disseminate information about cost effective methodologies for practical design problems and parallel CFD to be used by computer scientists and multidisciplinary engineers.


Optimum Nutrition For The Mind

Author by : Patrick Holford
Languange : en
Publisher by : ReadHowYouWant.com
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
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Description : This book is one of the better ones because of its wide coverage of every aspect of orthomolecular practice, with descriptions of all the syndromes with which psychiatrists must deal. For interested physicians, this makes it much easier to enter the field, as they can find the information they need in one or two books. We desperately need doctors to transform their practices as quickly as possible in order to slow the ever-increasing rate of disease development. The curve that relates prevalence of serious chronic illness against time is not linear. It is curvilinear upward, and if unchecked we will see over 75 percent of our populations suffer from one or more serious chronic illnesses in the next decade or two. Optimum Nutrition for the Mind gives us a most powerful weapon in our fight against mental disease. It is also essential reading for anyone wanting to stay in top mental health throughout life, free from depression, memory decline, and, even worse, senility.


Optimum Currency Areas Is Southern Africa Ready To Form A Monetary Union

Author by : Christian Sorgenfrei
Languange : en
Publisher by : diplom.de
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Total Read : 54
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Description : Inhaltsangabe:Introduction and Course of Work: In 2007, at their meeting in Tanzania, the central bank governors of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) laid out a strategy to strengthen regional integration, containing the development of a common market by 2015, fixed exchange rates by 2016, and, ultimately, a monetary union with a single currency in 2018. In pursuit of this agenda, a free trade area absent of intra-regional tariffs was arranged in August 2008 with a regional customs union to follow this year. The currently fourteen member countries of the SADC committed themselves towards achieving economic convergence and to deepen monetary cooperation. In the 21st century, Africa finds itself increasingly separated from economic developments in the remaining world and fails to prosper from increased globalization. Despite a large abundance in natural resources, many countries have suffered from an extremely poor economic performance, which mainly originated from internal strives and weak and distortionary policies. Inward looking governments, conducting clientele policies, are focused on reaping economic rents rather than on fostering growth. Furthermore, tribal conflicts and civil war have sparked recurring border conflicts with neighboring countries. Although Africa has seen a large number of regional arrangements and trading blocs throughout the continent, the overall success for growth and trade expansion was limited. Against this background, the formation of a monetary union is believed to counteract economic and political weaknesses, to improve regional cooperation and to enhance both the political and economic standing in the world. A monetary union and a common currency entails both gains and losses for its members. On the cost side, countries in a monetary union effectively loose the ability to pursue independent monetary policies and to use the exchange rate as adjustment instrument to stabilize the economy. On the other hand, countries inside a monetary union benefit from reduced transaction costs and the elimination of internal exchange rate volatility. Furthermore, countries which suffer from weak internal stability and high inflation rates benefit by using the fixed exchange rate in a monetary union as external anchor. By transferring the power over monetary policy to a supranational central bank, the risk of homegrown inflation and currency devaluations is banished and economic agents are able to borrow at more [...]